Bhuta, aka: Bhūtā, Bhūta; 23 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Bhūta (भूत):—The term bhūta (‘being’), has many meanings:

  1. In some cases, it means the principal thing, e.g., in such expressions as ‘this Brāhmaṇa woman is the being in this house;’
  2. sometimes it means ‘ghost;’ e.g., ‘this person is obsessed by a being;’
  3. sometimes it means the contrary thing; e.g., ‘he says, what is bhūta;’
  4. sometimes it is used in the sense of the past,—e g., ‘this verb denotes the bhūta;’
  5. sometimes it stands for particular deities,—e.g., ‘offering to the bhūtas;’
  6. sometimes it stands for all conscious beings,—e.g., ‘one should not kill bhūtas;’
  7. sometimes it denotes approach,— ‘our Moon is bhūta, become, large;’
  8. sometimes it denotes similitude,—e.g., ‘this is kāvya—bhūta, as if it were a poem;’
  9. and sometimes it means coming into existence,—e.g., ‘Devadatta’s son is bhūta, born.’

(See the Manubhāṣya verse 4.32)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Bhūta (भूत) is a Sanskrit word referring to spirits. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.82-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned the Bhūtas to the railing of seats (beams, dhāraṇī). He also assigned the Bhūtas, the Piśāca, the Yakṣas and the Guhyakas to the pillars of the Mattavāraṇī (two side corridors of the stage used for peripheral acting or partial entry/exit). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

2) Bhūtas are to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Bhūtas).

3) The masks of the bhūtas should be represented with long hair (lambakeśaka), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhūta (भूत).—Bhūtas are known to be of various colours (varṇa). They are dwarfs with odd faces and may have faces of boars, rams, buffaloes and deer as well.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Bhūta (भूत).—A sage who married two daughters of Dakṣa —Bhūtā and Sarūpā. Had sons; eleven Rudras, besides crores of their attendants.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 2, 17-18.

1b) A son of Pauravī and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 47.

1c) A name for Prajāpati.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 239.

1d) A member of the Rohiṇī family.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 22.

1e) (also Bhūtapatis)—fierce, and abandoned by those who seek mokṣa; spirits harassing children;1 followers of Rudra (Śiva) some born of sexual union; and some mind-born; belong to the line of Krodhavaśā; vanquished by Rāvaṇa;2 sons of Bhūti and followers of Rudra and Niśācaras; described.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 2. 26; II. 6. 13; IV. 2. 15; VI. 8. 24; IX. 14. 6; X. 6. 27; 66. 34; XI. 10. 28.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 39; III. 7. 256, 359-74; 440; 8. 71; Matsya-purāṇa 8. 5.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 37-43; 69. 242-56.

1f) Five elements—pṛthvī, vāyu, āpa, ākāśa and jyoti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 54; IV. 2. 116.

2a) Bhūtā (भूता).—A wife of Bhūta and a daughter of Dakṣa. Her sons were the Ekādaśa Rudras.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 17.

2b) A daughter of Krodhavaśā (Krodhā, Vāyu-purāṇa.), and a wife of Pulaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 172; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 205.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhūta (भूत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.5, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhūta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

Bhūta (भूत).—Bhūta means any being, sentient, insentient, or divine; creatures in general; a spirit, ghost, an imp, a devil. Other meanings of the term refer to ‘an actual occurence’, ‘a fact’ (bhūtārtha), ‘the past’, ‘past-time’, ‘well-being’, ‘welfare’, and a symbolical expression for the number ‘five’. As singular, the word bhūta means any one of the five elements.

The most popular meaning of bhūta is the whole creation, movable or immovable, and empirical beings therein: “a king who protects the created beings in accordance with the sacred law and smites those worthy of corporal punishment, daily offers (as it were) sacrifices at which hundred thousands (are given as) fees.” (Manusmṛti 8.306)

Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 3
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Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Bhūta (भूत).—lit. what has become or happened. The word is used in books on grammar in the sense of past tense in general, which has been subdivided into (a) unseen past (परोक्षभूत (parokṣabhūta) or लिट् (liṭ)), (b) past, not of today (अनद्यतनभूत (anadyatanabhūta) or लङ् (laṅ)) and (c) past in general (सामान्यभूत (sāmānyabhūta) or लुङ् (luṅ)),cf. भूते (bhūte) P.III.2.84, परोक्षे लिट् (parokṣe liṭ) P.III.2.116 and अनद्यतने लङ् (anadyatane laṅ) P.III.2.111.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Bhūta : A ghost, imp, goblin. Malignant spirits which haunt cemeteries, lurk in trees, animate dead bodies, and delude and devour human beings.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

bhūta = the five elements; matter

Source: Ashtanga Yoga: Yoga Sutrani Patanjali

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Bhuta Thera. The son of a very wealthy councillor of Saketa, his last and only child, the others having been devoured by a Yakkha. The child was, therefore, well guarded at his birth, but the Yakkha had meanwhile gone to wait on Vessavana and had not returned. The boy was called Bhuta so that non humans might protect him. He grew up in great luxury, but, like Yasa, having heard the Buddha preach at Saketa, he entered the Order and dwelt on the banks of the Ajakarani, where he attained arahantship. Later, when visiting his relations, he stayed in the Anjanavana. They besought him to remain there, but this he refused to do.

In the time of Siddhattha Buddha he was a brahmin and, seeing the Buddha, he sang his praises in four verses. Fourteen kappas ago he became king four times under the name of Uggata. Thag.vs.518 26; ThagA.i.493ff.

He is probably identical with Parappasadaka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.i.113f.

2. Bhuta. An officer of Parakkamabahu I. He bore the title Bhandarapotthaki, and later came to be called Adhikari. Cv.lxxii.196; lxxiv. 72, 119, 136; lxxv. 196.

3. Bhuta. The son of a householder of Savatthi, his mother being Tissa and his step mother Matta. PvA.82.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Bhūta (भूत) refers to the “true saṃgha” and represents one of the four types of saṃghas (assemblies) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter VI. Accordingly, “what is the true (bhūta) assembly (saṃgha)? The true assembly is that of the śaikṣas and the aśaikṣas who reside in the four fruits (phala) and practice the four paths leading to them”.

Bhūtas, together with other deities constitute the Asuras, according to chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “great gods such as the Asuras, Kiṃnaras, Gandharvas, Kumbhāndas, Yakṣas, Rakṣasas, Bhūtas, etc., are Asuras, and when their troops increase, those of the Devas decrease. Their power (anubhāva) and their transformations (nirmāṇa) were exercised at will. The Asura destiny is called thus because the Asuras appear at the head of a list; the others, namely, the Kiṃnaras, Gandharvas, Kuṃbhāṇḍas, Yakṣas, Bhūtas, etc. constitute one and the same destiny with them”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1) Bhūta (भूत).—The bhūtas are a group of deities categorised as belonging to the vyantara class of Gods (devas). The vyantaras represent a class of Gods (devas) comprising eight groups of deities that wander about the three worlds (adhaloka, madhyaloka and ūrdhvaloka).

2) Bhūta (भूत) is the shorter name of Bhūtadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Bhūtasamudra (or simply Bhūta), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Bhūta is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Bhūta (भूत).—A class of vyantara gods;—All Bhūtas are black according to both the sects (Digambara and Śvetāmbara). The Bhūtas are divided into seven classes (according to Digambara):

  1. Svarūpa,
  2. Pratirūpa,
  3. Bhūtottama,
  4. Mahābhūta,
  5. Praticchanna,
  6. Ākāśabhūta.

The Tulasī-plant is their Caitya-tree.

According to Śvetāmbara traditions there are nine classes of Bhūtas:

  1. Surūpa,
  2. Pratirūpa,
  3. Atirūpa,
  4. Bhūtottama,
  5. Skanda,
  6. Mahāskanda,
  7. Mahāvega,
  8. Praticchanda,
  9. Ākāśaga.

They are said to be beautiful though black and are peaceful in appearance (saumya), adorned with paste marks of various motifs (bhakti-citra). their flags bear the mark of a Sulasa tree.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Bhūta (भूत) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning bhūta) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Bhūta (भूत) refers to the “devil” class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itself a category of devas (celestial beings), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.10. Who are the lords amongst the devil (bhūta) class of peripatetic (forest)celestial beings? Pratirupa and Svarupa are the two lords in the devil class of peripatetic celestial beings.

 

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Bhūta.—(CII 1), a living being. (IE 8-5), the element or nature. (IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. (CII 3, etc.), a fiscal term; cf. sa-bhūta-pāta-pratyāya, in which we have sometimes pātta (mistake for upātta), upātta, āvāta or vāta. See bhūta-pāta, etc. Note: bhūta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bhuta in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhūta : (pp. of bhavati) become; existed.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bhūta, (pp. of bhavati, Vedic etc. bhūta) grown, become; born, produced; nature as the result of becoming. ‹-› The (exegetical) definition by Bdhgh of the word bhūta is interesting. He (at MA. I, 31) distinguishes the foll. 7 meanings of the term: (1) animate Nature as principle, or the vital aggregates (the 5 Khandhas), with ref. M. I, 260; (2) ghosts (amanussā) Sn. 222; (3) inanimate Nature as principle, or the Elements (the 4 dhātus) S. III, 101 (mahābhūtā); (4) all that exists, physical existence in general (vijjamānaṃ) Vin. IV, 25 (bhūtaṃ); (5) what we should call a simple predicative use, is exemplified by a typical dogmatic example, viz. “kālaghaso bhūto, " where bhūta is given as meaning khīṇāsava (Arahant) J. II, 260; (6) all beings or specified existence, animal kingdom (sattā) D. II, 157; (7) the vegetable kingdom, plants, vegetation (rukkh’ādayo) Vin. IV, 34 (as bhūta-gāma).—Meanings: 1. bhūtā & bhūtāni (pl.) beings, living beings, animate Nature Sn. 35 (expld at Nd2 479 as 2 kinds, viz. tasā & thāvarā, movable & immovable; S. II. 47 (K. S. II. 36) mind and body as come-to-be; Dh. 131 (bhūtāni), 405; M. I, 2 sq. (paṭhavī, āpo etc., bhūtā, devā, Pajāpatī etc.), 4; MA. I, 32. The pl. nt. bhūtāni is used as pl. to meaning 2; viz. inanimate Nature, elements, usually enumd under term mahā-bhūtāni.—2. (nt.) nature, creation, world M. I, 2 (bhūte bhūtato sañjānāti recognises the beings from nature, i.e. from the fact of being nature); DhsA. 312 (°pasāda-lakkhaṇa, see Expos. 409). See cpds. °gāma, °pubba (?).—3. (nt. adj.) that which is, i.e. natural, genuine, true; nt. truth; neg. abhūta falsehood, lie Sn. 397; PvA. 34. See cpds. °bhāva, °vacana, °vāda.—4. a supernatural being, ghost, demon, Yakkha; pl. bhūtā guardian genii (of a city) J. IV, 245. See cpds. °vijja, °vejja.—5. (-°) pp. in predicative use (cp. on this meaning Bdhgh’s meaning No. 5, above): (a) what has been or happened; viz. mātu-bhūtā having been his mother PvA. 78; abhūtapubbaṃ bhūtaṃ what has never happened before happened (now) DA. I, 43 (in expln of abbhuta);— (b) having become such & such, being like, acting as, being, quâsi (as it were), consisting of, e.g. andha° blind, as it were J. VI, 139; aru° consisting of wounds DhA. III, 109; udapāna° being a well, a well so to speak PvA. 78; opāna° acting as a spring A. IV, 185; hetu° as reason, being the reason PvA. 58; cp. cakkhu° having become an eye of wisdom. Sometimes bhūta in this use hardly needs to be translated at all.

—kāya body of truth DhA. I, 11.—gāma vegetation, as trees, plants, grass, etc. Under bhūtagāma Bdhgh understands the 5 bīja-jātāni (5 groups of plants springing from a germinative power: see bīja), viz. mūla-bījaṃ, khandha°, phala°, agga°, bīja°. Thus in C. on Vin. IV, 34 (the so-called bhūtagāma-sikkhāpada, quoted at DhA. III, 302 & SnA 3); cp. M. III, 34; J. V, 46; Miln. 3, 244. —gāha possession by a demon Miln. 168 (cp. Divy 235). —ṭṭhāna place of a ghost KhA 170. —pati (a) lord of beings J. V, 113 (of Inda); VI, 362 (id.); Vv 641 (id.). (b) lord of ghosts, or Yakkhas J. VI, 269 (of Kuvera). —pubba (a) as adj. (-°) having formerly been so & so, as mātā bhūtapubbo satto, pitā etc., in untraced quotation at Vism. 305; also at SnA 359 (Bhagavā kuṇāla-rājā bhūtapubbo).—(b) as adv. (bhūtapubbaṃ) meaning: before all happening, before creation, at a very remote stage of the world, in old times, formerly Vin. II, 201; D. I, 92; II, 167, 285, 337; M. I, 253; III, 176; S. I, 216, 222, 227; IV, 201; V, 447; A. IV, 136=Vism. 237; A. IV, 432; J. I, 394; DhA. I, 56. —bhavya past and future D. I, 18. —bhāva truthful character, neg. a° PvA. 14. —vacana statement of reality or of the truth SnA 336. —vādin truthful, speaking the truth M. I, 180; D. III, 175; Pug. 58; untruthful Dh. 306; J. II, 416. —vikāra a natural blemish, fault of growth, deformity SnA 189 (opp. nibbikāra). —vijjā knowledge of demons, exorcism D. I, 9; Dh. I, 93, cp. Dial. I. 17). —vejja a healer of harm caused by demons, an exorcist Vin. IV, 84; J. II, 215; III, 511; Miln. 23. (Page 507)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

bhuṭā (भुटा) [or ट्टा, ṭṭā].—m ( H) An ear of Indian corn, a maize-top.

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bhutā (भुता).—m R (Commonly bhutyā) A devotee of the goddess bhavānī.

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bhūta (भूत).—n m (S) A goblin or fiend; a malignant spirit haunting cemeteries, lurking in trees, animating carcasses, and devouring human beings. Sometimes bhūta is applied to a god or the inhering spirit of an idol; as paṇḍharīcēṃ bhūta mōṭhēṃ || bhāvārthīyā jhaḍapī nēṭēṃ ||. (paṇḍharīcēṃ bhūta is the great idol viṭhṭhōbā.) 2 The spirit or shade of a deceased person, a ghost, an apparition. 3 m A demigod of a particular class. 4 n A common term for the five elements, viz. earth, fire, water, air, akash. 5 Any created thing, animate or inanimate; or any material, element, or principle. Ex. sōḷā sūkṣma bhūtādi satrāvā jīva viz. pañcakarmēndriya, pañcajñānēndriya, pañcatanmātrā, mana, jīva. 6 In law. Fact, matter of fact, the actual occurrence or case. 7 A term at sōṅgaṭyā. A killed sōṅgaṭī restored to life and power. bhūta mhaṇatāṃ bhūta lāgatēṃ or lāgāyācēṃ Cry out devil! and a devil enters: cry ghost! and forthwith a ghost. bhutēṃ nācatāta (tyā gharānta-gāvānta-rānānta &c.) A figure expressive of desolation. "The satyr shall dance there &c." Is. xxxiv, 13--15.

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bhūta (भूत).—p (S) Elapsed, past, gone by, been. 2 In comp. Been, become, entered into and standing in the state of. Ex. pātrabhūta, viṣayabhūta, ādhārabhūta, āśrayabhūta, siddhabhūta, sādhanabhūta, kāraṇabhūta, aṅgabhūta, pramāṇabhūta, nimittabhūta, avadhibhūta, maryādābhūta, dravyabhūta, bhārabhūta, sārabhūta, trāsabhūta &c. Become, being, or constituting a vessel, an object, support, protection, an effect, a means, a cause, a member or part, proof or evidence, a reason or an occasion, a term or bound &c. The first member of the compound taking the augment cci, another class of compounds arises; as kāraṇībhūta, pramāṇībhūta, śuddhībhūta, pavitrībhūta, bhasmībhūta, vaśībhūta, dravībhūta, cūrṇībhūta, namrī- bhūta, jaḍībhūta, jarajarībhūta, avayavībhūta, aṅgībhūta, guṇībhūta, gaṇībhūta, āśrayībhūta, arthībhūta, upasarjanībhūta, sādhanībhūta, dhanībhūta, jivanībhūta, grahaṇībhūta, viśēṣaṇī- bhūta &c. Become affected by; become the subject or recipient of; as Become caused or occasioned; become proved or evidenced; become purified or cleansed; reduced to ashes; brought under subjection or government; melted; pulverized; softened; solidified, paralysed, or stupefied; attenuated &c. Such compounds are valuable; but as they are quite numberless, and as their sense and power and the law of their formation are sufficiently apparent from the instances now explained or presented, they will not occur in order. na bhūtō na bhaviṣyati A Sanskrit phrase. It never has been and it never will be.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhuṭā (भुटा) [-ṭṭā, -ट्टा].—m An ear of Indian corn, a maize-top.

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bhutā (भुता).—A devotee of the goddess bhavānī.

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bhūta (भूत).—p Past. In comp. Been, become, entered into and standing in the state of. Ex. ādhārabhūta, kāraṇabhūta. n m A goblin; a ghost. n An element. Any created thing. bhūta mhaṇatā bhūta lāgāvayācēṃ Cry out devil and a devil enters. Fact.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūta (भूत).—p. p. [bhū-kta]

1) Become, being, existing.

2) Produced, formed.

3) Actually being, really happened, true; भूताश्चार्था विरुद्ध्यन्ति देशकालविरोधिताः (bhūtāścārthā viruddhyanti deśakālavirodhitāḥ) Rām.5.3.37.

4) Right, proper, fit; अभूतेनापवादेन कीर्तीं निपतितामिव (abhūtenāpavādena kīrtīṃ nipatitāmiva) Rām. 5.15.34; भूतार्थव्याहृतिः सा हि न स्तुतिः परमेष्ठिनः (bhūtārthavyāhṛtiḥ sā hi na stutiḥ parameṣṭhinaḥ) R.1.33.

5) Past, gone.

6) Obtained.

7) Mixed or joined with.

8) Being like, similar, (see bhū); मग्नां द्विषच्छद्मनि पङ्कभूते (magnāṃ dviṣacchadmani paṅkabhūte) Ki.3.39.

-taḥ 1 A son, child.

2) An epithet of Śiva.

3) The fourteenth day of the dark half of a lunar month (also bhūtā).

4) A great devotee.

5) Name of a priest of the gods.

6) The dark fortnight of a month (kṛṣṇapakṣa).

7) see भूतगण (bhūtagaṇa).

-tam 1 Any being (human, divine or even inanimate); इत्थं रतेः किमपि भूतमदृश्यरूपं मन्दीचकार मरणव्यवसायबुद्धिम् (itthaṃ rateḥ kimapi bhūtamadṛśyarūpaṃ mandīcakāra maraṇavyavasāyabuddhim) Ku.4.45; Pt.2. 87.

2) A living being, an animal, a creature; क्षरः सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थोऽक्षर उच्यते (kṣaraḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni kūṭastho'kṣara ucyate) Bg.15.16; भूतेषु किं च करुणां बहुली- करोति (bhūteṣu kiṃ ca karuṇāṃ bahulī- karoti) Bv.1.122; U.4.6.

3) A spirit, ghost, an imp, a devil (m. also in these senses); ततो रक्षां महातेजः कुरु भूतविनाशिनीम् (tato rakṣāṃ mahātejaḥ kuru bhūtavināśinīm) Rām.7.66.3.

4) An element; (they are five, i. e. pṛthvī, ap, tejas, vāyu, and ākāśa); तं वेधा विदधे नूनं महाभूतसमाधिना (taṃ vedhā vidadhe nūnaṃ mahābhūtasamādhinā) R.1.29.

5) An actual occurrence, a fact, a matter of fact.

6) The past, past time.

7) The world.

8) Well-being, welfare.

9) A symbolical expression for the number 'five'.

1) Fitness, propriety.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 564 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mahabhuta
Mahābhūta (महाभूत) refers to “four great elements”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāra...
Pancabhuta
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Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ).—m. (-jñaḥ) 1. Offering viands, &c. to all created beings. 2. Worshipp...
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Itthambhuta
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Bhutapati
Bhūtapati (भूतपति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.19, XIV.8) and represents...
Bhutasrishti
Bhūtasṛṣṭi (भूतसृष्टि).—f. 1) the illusion effected by the power of Bhūtas. 2) the whole class ...
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Bhūtasamplava (भूतसम्प्लव).—m. (-vaḥ) A deluge, a drowning of the world. E. bhūta all beings, a...
Bhutesha
Bhūteśa (भूतेश).—m. (-śaḥ) Siva. E. bhūta an imp, īśa lord.

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