Vimukta: 21 definitions


Vimukta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vimukt.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vimukta (विमुक्त):—Loose

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vimukta (विमुक्त) means “freed from”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “When Jupiter (bṛhaspati) reappears at the beginning of the constellation of Dhaniṣṭhā in the month of Māgha, the first year of the cycle of 60 years of Jupiter known as Prabhava commences. [...] The next year is known as Vibhava the third as Śukla, the fourth as Pramoda, and the fifth as Prajāpati: in each of these years mankind will be happier than in the next preceding year. In the same four years there will be good growth of the Śālī crop, of sugarcane, of barley and other crops in the land; mankind will be freed from all fears [i.e., vimukta] and they will live at peace, in happiness and without the vices of the Kaliyuga”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vimukta (विमुक्त) refers to “(being) liberated” (from all suffering), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.84-85, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“The tradition is secret and confers happiness and the best of all fortune. The pleased and pious adepts strive to obtain the favor of [Mṛtyujit]. They are liberated from all suffering (sarvaduḥkha-vimukta). What I say is true, not false”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Vimukta (विमुक्त) refers to one of the nine kinds of upaveśana or “sitting postures” (in Sanskrit Dramas), as conveyed through Āṅgikābhinaya: one of the four divisions of Abhinaya or “ways to convey or represent one’s emotion to others”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra and the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, nine kinds of upaveśana i.e., sitting postures are accepted for Drama. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, nine kinds of upaveśana i.e., sitting postures are accepted for Drama, e.g., vimukta.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Vimukta in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Vimukta (विमुक्त) refers to “throwing (a bird)” (at their quarry), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “The Śikārās which are thrown (vimukta) at their quarry from a great distance never fail, and deserve the highest praise. Who can describe the swiftness and the unfailing aim of the Śikārās when they take partridges and other birds by twos and threes?”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vimukta (विमुक्त) refers to “letting go of someone (in a particular country)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.20 (“The fight between the Gaṇas and the Asuras”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “Rāhu had been let off (vimukta) in the land of the outcastes. He too became an outcaste and came to be known in the world as such. Considering that as his second birth he became humble. He became free from haughtiness. He slowly wended his way to the city of Jalandhara. After approaching Jalandhara the lord of Daityas, he explained everything concerning Śiva in detail, O Vyāsa. [...]”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Vimukta (विमुक्त) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Vimukta is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Vimukta (विमुक्त) refers to “(becoming) liberated (from all disease)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Becoming a golden color, liberated from all disease (vimuktasarvarogair vimuktaḥ), Best among gods and men, a bright beautiful moon, Accomplishes the golden prize, born in a royal lineage, In the highest Buddha abode, the one who makes the Mandala”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vimukta (विमुक्त).—p S Loosed, liberated, freed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vimukta (विमुक्त).—p Loosed, liberated, freed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vimukta (विमुक्त).—p. p.

1) Set free, released, liberated.

2) Abandoned, given up, quitted, left, let loose; वाजिनः स्यन्दने भानोर्विमुक्तप्रग्रहा इव (vājinaḥ syandane bhānorvimuktapragrahā iva) Bhaṭṭikāvya 7.5.

3) Freed from.

4) Hurled, discharged; विमुक्तः सर्वपापेभ्यो विष्णुलोकं स गच्छति (vimuktaḥ sarvapāpebhyo viṣṇulokaṃ sa gacchati).

5) Given vent to.

6) = युक्त (yukta); कुसुमरसविमुक्तं वस्त्रमागुण्ठितेव (kusumarasavimuktaṃ vastramāguṇṭhiteva) Rām.7.59.23 (com.)

7) Launched (as a ship).

8) Dispassionate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vimukta (विमुक्त).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.137.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimukta (विमुक्त).—mfn.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Loosed, liberated. 2. Hurled, thrown. 3. Quitted, abandoned. 4. Issued or let loose from, given vent to. E. vi before mukta the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimukta (विमुक्त).—[adjective] unyoked, unharnessed, unbound, loosened, dishevelled (hair); deprived of ([instrumental]), escaped or freed from ([ablative], [instrumental], °— or —°); free from sin; clear (ship); emancipated ([ritual or religion]); given up, abandoned, relinquished by (°— or —°); hurled, cast, thrown, sent forth by (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vimukta (विमुक्त):—[=vi-mukta] a See under I. vi-√muc.

2) [=vi-mukta] [from vi-muc] b mfn. unloosed, unharnessed etc.

3) [v.s. ...] set free, liberated ([especially] from mundane existence), freed or delivered or escaped from ([ablative] [instrumental case], or ifc.; rarely [in the beginning of a compound]; cf. -śāpa), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] deprived of ([instrumental case]), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] launched (as a ship), [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] given up, abandoned, relinquished, deserted, [ib.; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] hurled, thrown, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] emitted or discharged by, flowing from ([compound]), [Ratnāvalī]

9) [v.s. ...] shed or bestowed on ([locative case]), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

10) [v.s. ...] (a snake) which has recently cast its skin, [Mahābhārata viii, 740]

11) [v.s. ...] dispassionate, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 32, 18]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimukta (विमुक्त):—[vi-mukta] (ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) a. Loosed, hurled; abandoned; let loose.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vimukta (विमुक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vimukka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vimukta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vimukta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vimukta (विमुक्त) [Also spelled vimukt]:—(a) acquitted, released; exempted; emancipated, delivered, liberated; ~[kti] acquittal, release; exemption; emancipation, deliverance, liberation; •[vādī] a liberationist.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vimukta (ವಿಮುಕ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] released (from the bow, as an arrow).

2) [adjective] released from bondages, restrictions, another’s rule, etc.

3) [adjective] not bound, tied; left free.

4) [adjective] released from worldly attachments, sufferings; free from the cycle of birth, death, rebirth and emancipated.

--- OR ---

Vimukta (ವಿಮುಕ್ತ):—

1) [noun] that which is discharged from the body; faeces; excrements.

2) [noun] a man, who is freed from bondage, another’s control, authority, obligation.

3) [noun] a man who is not bound by the worldly obligations, relations, attachments, etc.

4) [noun] a man whose soul is emancipated.

5) [noun] any hand-weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc.

6) [noun] (dance.) a drawing in of a long breath and holding within for a long time, to depict the pose of meditation, prāṇāyāma etc.

7) [noun] (dance.) a falling on the ground.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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