Vamsha, Vaṃśa, Vaṃsa, Vamsa, Vamsā, Vāṃśa, Vaṃśā, Vamshakara, Vamshacchedi, Vamshaja, Vamsharocana, Vamsharocane, Vamshalocana, Vamshavihina, Vamshavriksha, Vamshavriddhi, Vamshastha, Vamshasthala: 26 definitions
Vamsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Vaṃśa and Vāṃśa and Vaṃśā can be transliterated into English as Vamsa or Vamsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Vansh.
Images (photo gallery)
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Vaṃśa (वंश).—As the first Indian flute was made from vaṃśa or bamboo, it was called Vaṃśa. Śārṅgadeva mentions also horns besides flutes made of wood (khadira and sandal), ivory and different metals (iron, kāṃsya, silver, and gold), which came into use in later times (see Śārṅgadeva’s Saṃgītaratnākara VI. 424ff). The conchshell (śaṅkha) is also another hollow (suṣira) instrument, but it is scarcely used as a musical appliance.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Vaṃśā (वंशा).—A daughter born to Prajāpati Kaśyapa by his wife Pradhā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 45).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vaṃśa (वंश).—A topic of the purāṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 10.
1b) A Pārā god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 57.
Vaṃśa (वंश) refers to “genealogical description of Gods, patriarchs, sagas and kings” and represents one of the various aspects of the Pañcalakṣaṇa definition of Purāṇas, according to Amarakoṣa: the famous Sanskrit lexicon of the 5th Century A.D.—Accordingly, the Purāṇas are supposed to contain theories about [viz., vaṃśa (genealogical description of Gods, patriarchs, sagas and kings)].—Accounts of Vaṃśa in the Saurapurāṇa is based on the Kūrmapurāṇa chapters 13 and 14 and most of the verses are the same as that of Kūrma. The account of Vaṃśa is given in chapters 26,27 ,28,29 and 30 of the Saurapurāṇa.
Accordingly, the vaṃśa account of the Saurapurāṇa begins as follows: “Brahmā was ordered by Śiva to create. After mental creation Brahmā desired to have progeny by sexual union (maithuna prabhava). He divides himself in two—male portion and female portion. The male portion is known as Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and the female portion became Śatarūpā. By penance Śatarūpā got Manu as her husband. As a result two sons—Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and two daughters—Ākūti and Prasūti were born. [...]
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children
Vaṃśa (वंश) refers to the medicinal plant known as Bambusa bambos, S.C., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Vaṃśa. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
1) Vaṃśa (वंश) denoting the ‘rafters’ or ‘beams’ of the house as made of bamboo cane, is found in this sense from the Rigveda onwards. Cf. Tiraścīnavaṃśa, Prācīnavaṃśa, and see Gṛha.
2) Vaṃśa (वंश, ‘bamboo’) in the sense of ‘spiritual genealogy’, ‘list of teachers’, is found in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (x, 6, 5, 9), the Vaṃśa-brāhmaṇa, and the Śāṅkhāyana-āraṇyaka.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The Vamsas and their country.
It lay to the south of Kosala, and its capital was Kosambi (E.g., J.iv.28) on the Yamuna. Udena, son of Parantapa, also called Vamsaraja (E.g., J.iv.370,390), was its king in the time of the Buddha.
Avanti lay to the south of the Vamsa country. The Vamsa were also called Vatsa (Bud. India, 3, 27; Mtu.i.34). The country formed one of the sixteen Mahajanapada.
The district of Bhagga, in which was Sumsumaragiri, seems to have been subject to the Vamsa in the Buddhas time, for we find Udenas son, Bodhi, living there (J.iii.157, also Mahabharata ii.30, 10f). In nominal lists (E.g., D.ii.200) the Vamsa, are generally mentioned with the Ceti.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Vaṃśā (वंशा) refers to the “flute” and the deification thereof, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is red; her Symbol is the flute; she has two arms.
Vaṃśā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (vajraḍāka-maṇḍala) as follows:—
Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
“Vaṃśā is red in colour. She holds the flute in her two hands and plays on it”.
[All these deities are collectively described as nude, violent in appearance, wearing garlands of skulls and severed heads and dancing in pratyālīḍha. They display the different instruments as their special symbols.]
Vaṃśā (वंशा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Vaṃśa forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Ākāśacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the ākāśacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Vaṃśā] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife. Alternatively, the Ḍākinīs have their own marks and motions according to the taste instead of a small drum and a skull staff.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
Vamsa, Venu or Kicaka is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Vamsa refers to the “Bamboo-tree” and its woods in the Vindhya mountains and great and marvellous forests on the Hemakuta peak of the Himalaya mountain are mentioned.
Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (e.g., Vamsa), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vamsa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Vaṃsa (वंस) or Vatsa refers to one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The kingdom of the Vaṃsas or Vatsas is mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya as one of the sixteen great countries of India. The capital of the country was Kausāmbī (Kosambī) identical with modern Kosam near Allahabad.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vaṃsa : (m.) 1. a race; lineage; family; 2. a bamboo tree; 3. a bamboo flute.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vaṃśa (वंश).—S Race, lineage, family. 2 Progeny. 3 A bamboo.
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vaṃsā (वंसा) [or वसा, vasā].—m A self-imposed religious observance or obligation to hold it. v ghē, hō. Among women only.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vaṃśa (वंश).—m Race, family. A bamboo.
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vaṃsā (वंसा).—m A self-imposed religious observance.
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vāṃsā (वांसा).—m A rafter. khāllā gharacē vāsē mōjaṇēṃ To seek the evil of a bene- factor.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vaṃśa (वंश).—[vamati udgirati vam-śa tasya netvam Uṇ.4.116]
1) A bamboo; धनुर्वशविशुद्धोऽपि निर्गुणः किं करिष्यति (dhanurvaśaviśuddho'pi nirguṇaḥ kiṃ kariṣyati) H. Pr.23; वंशभवो गुणवानपि संगविशेषेण पूज्यते पुरुषः (vaṃśabhavo guṇavānapi saṃgaviśeṣeṇa pūjyate puruṣaḥ) Bv.1.8 (where vaṃśa has sense 2 also); Me.81.
2) A race, family, dynasty, lineage; स जातो येन जातेन याति वंशः समुन्नतिम् (sa jāto yena jātena yāti vaṃśaḥ samunnatim) H.2; सूर्यप्रभवो वंशः (sūryaprabhavo vaṃśaḥ) R.1.2. &c.; see वंशकर, वंशस्थिति (vaṃśakara, vaṃśasthiti) &c.
3) A shaft.
4) A flute, pipe, reed-pipe; कूजद्भिरापादितवंशकृत्यम् (kūjadbhirāpāditavaṃśakṛtyam) R.2.12.
5) A collection, assemblage, multitude (usually of similar things); सान्द्रीकृतः स्यन्दनवंशचक्रैः (sāndrīkṛtaḥ syandanavaṃśacakraiḥ) R.7.39.
6) A cross-beam; यदस्थिभिर्निर्मित- वंशवंश्यस्थूणं त्वचा रोमनखैः पिनद्धम् (yadasthibhirnirmita- vaṃśavaṃśyasthūṇaṃ tvacā romanakhaiḥ pinaddham) Bhāg.11.8.33.
7) A joint (in a bamboo).
8) A sort of sugar-cane.
9) The back-bone.
1) The Śāla tree.
11) A particular measure of length (equal to ten hastas).
12) The central projecting part of a sabre.
15) A son.
16) A particular musical note.
17) Pride, arrogance.
Derivable forms: vaṃśaḥ (वंशः).
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Vāṃśa (वांश).—a. (
-śī f. [vaṃśa-aṇ] Made of bamboo.
-śī Bamboo-manna.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vaṃśa (वंश).—m., (1) (compare Pali vaṃsa, tradition, as in Dpvs. 18.3 saddhamma-vaṃsa-kovidā, knowing the tradition of the true religion; compare Miln. 190.24, 27, syn. paveṇi 31, traditional usage, orig. line of descent), tradition: (na… parinirvāsyāmi) yāvan mayā buddhadharmasaṃgha-vaṃśo loke na pratiṣṭhāpito bhaviṣyati Lalitavistara 377.17 (prose); Tibetan sgra, voice, sound, hence Foucaux (for [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]) renommée, but I cannot find evidence for this meaning in Sanskrit or MIndic; (2) (= Pali Vaṃsa = Sanskrit Vatsa, q.v., which is also used as Vaccha, personal name, in Pali) name of a people: idaṃ Vaṃśarājakulaṃ ṛddhaṃ…Lalitavistara 21.1 (no v.l.), also 3 (v.l. Vaṃsa); Tibetan bad sa (= Vatsa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-śaḥ) 1. Race, lineage, family. 2. Assemblage, multitude. 3. A bamboo, (Bambusa arundinacea.) 4. The back-bone, the spine. 5. A staff. 6. A joint. 7. The Sal tree. 8. A sort of sugarcane. 9. A particular measure of length equal to ten hastas. mf. (-śaḥ-śī) 1. A pipe, a fife, a flute. 2. Bamboo-manna. E. vaṃś to shine, gha aff., and num augment; or van to sound, to serve, aff. śa . According the Vachaspatya:—vamati udgirāta vama-śa tasya nettvam .
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(-śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) Bamboo, of or belonging to, made from a bamboo, &c. f. (-śī) The manna of the bamboo. E. vaṃśa a bamboo, aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vaṃśa (वंश).—I. m. 1. A bambu, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 23, M.M.; a staff, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 8. 2. Lineage, race, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 24; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 153; bambu (or tree in general), and race, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 189. 3. Multitude, [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 5. 4. The back-bone. Ii. m., and f. śī. 1. A pipe, a flute, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 12; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 362 (m.). 2. Bambu manna.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vaṃśa (वंश).—[masculine] cane, [especially] of the bamboo; rafter, lath; reed-pipe, flute (also [feminine] ī); the spine; lineage, family, race.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vaṃśa (वंश):—m. (derivation doubtful) the bamboo cane or any cane (accord. to, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘sugarcane’ and ‘Shorea Robusta’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) the upper timbers or beams of a house, the rafters or laths fastened to the beams (of a roof; cf. prācīna-v), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.
3) a cross-beam, joist, joint, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
4) a reed-pipe, flute, fife, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]
5) the back-bone, spine, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
6) a hollow or tubular bone, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (B.) [Scholiast or Commentator]
7) the upper nasal bone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) the central projecting part of a scimitar or sabre, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
9) the line of a pedigree or genealogy (from its resemblance to the succession of joints in a bamboo), lineage, race, family, stock, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. ([especially] a noble race, a dynasty of kings, a list of teachers etc.; cf. [Pāṇini 2-1, 19 [Scholiast or Commentator]])
10) offspring, a son, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
11) (ifc.) a succession or collection of similar things, assemblage multitude, host (as of chariots, stars etc.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
12) a [particular] measure of length (= 10 Hastas), [Līlāvatī of bhāskara]
13) a [particular] musical note, [Śiśupāla-vadha]
14) pride, arrogance, [Vāsavadattā]
15) bamboo-manna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) Vaṃśā (वंशा):—[from vaṃśa] Name of an Apsaras (daughter of Prādhā), [Mahābhārata]
18) Vāṃśa (वांश):—mf(ī)n. ([from] vaṃśa) relating or belonging to sugar-cane, [Caraka]
19) made of bamboo, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vaṃśa (वंश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. Race, family; assemblage; bambu; spine. m. f. (śī) A pipe, a flute; bambu manna.
2) Vāṃśa (वांश):—[(śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) a.] Of bambu. f. Manna of bambu.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Vaṃśa (वंश) [Also spelled vansh]:—(nm) lineage; family; clan; stock; dynasty; a bamboo; [unnati-śāstra] eugenics; -[kirti] fame/reputation of a family; -[kṣaya] family decay; ~[gata] pertaining to a family/lineage; ~[carita] genealogy; family history; ~[ja] a descendant, progeny; -[tālikā] genealogy or genealogical table; ~[dhara] a descendant, progeny; -[nāśa] the end or extermination of a family; -[paraṃparā] lineage; family tradition; -[lakṣmī] family goddess; prosperity of a family; ~[locana] a whitish earthy formation in the hollow of a bamboo used for medicinal purposes; ~[vṛkṣa] a genealogical tree; genealogy; bamboo tree; ~[vṛddhi] family prosperity, family development.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Vaṃsa (वंस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vaṃśa.
2) Vaṃsā (वंसा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vaṃśā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+132): Vamsaga, Vamsagata, Vamsaja, Vamsaraja, Vamshabahya, Vamshabhara, Vamshabharika, Vamshabhava, Vamshabhojya, Vamshabhrit, Vamshabrahmana, Vamshacarita, Vamshacaritra, Vamshacarmakrit, Vamshacchandasika, Vamshaccheda, Vamshacchettar, Vamshacchettri, Vamshacharita, Vamshacharitra.
Ends with (+108): Adhivamsha, Adityavamsha, Adivamsha, Agnivamsha, Ailavamsha, Ajamidhavamsha, Alapikavamsha, Angarajavamsha, Antarvamsha, Anudruhyuvamsha, Anuvamsha, Apavamsha, Arkavamsha, Aryavamsha, Avamsha, Avantivamsha, Bharatavamsha, Bhriguvamsha, Bodhisattvamsha, Brihadishuvamsha.
Full-text (+916): Vamsaja, Vamshakara, Vamshavriddhi, Vamshastha, Vamshi, Vamshavali, Vamshabhojya, Prishthavamsha, Vamshanucarita, Adivamsha, Nasavamsha, Vamshastanita, Candravamsha, Vatsa, Raghuvamsha, Vamshika, Veshtavamsha, Vamshabharika, Vamshakathinika, Vamsagata.
Search found 56 books and stories containing Vamsha, Vaṃśa, Vaṃsa, Vamsa, Vamsā, Vaṃsā, Vāṃsā, Vāṃśa, Vaṃśā, Vamśa, Vamshakara, Vaṃśakara, Vamshacchedi, Vaṃśacchēdi, Vamsacchedi, Vamshaja, Vaṃśaja, Vamsharocana, Vaṃśarōcana, Vamsharocane, Vaṃśarōcane, Vamsarocane, Vamshalocana, Vaṃśalōcana, Vamshavihina, Vaṃśavihīna, Vamsavihina, Vamshavriksha, Vaṃśavṛkṣa, Vamsavrksa, Vamshavriddhi, Vaṃśavṛddhi, Vamshastha, Vaṃśastha, Vamshasthala, Vaṃśasthala, Vamsasthala, Vāmśa, Vāṃsa, Vāmsa; (plurals include: Vamshas, Vaṃśas, Vaṃsas, Vamsas, Vamsās, Vaṃsās, Vāṃsās, Vāṃśas, Vaṃśās, Vamśas, Vamshakaras, Vaṃśakaras, Vamshacchedis, Vaṃśacchēdis, Vamsacchedis, Vamshajas, Vaṃśajas, Vamsharocanas, Vaṃśarōcanas, Vamsharocanes, Vaṃśarōcanes, Vamsarocanes, Vamshalocanas, Vaṃśalōcanas, Vamshavihinas, Vaṃśavihīnas, Vamsavihinas, Vamshavrikshas, Vaṃśavṛkṣas, Vamsavrksas, Vamshavriddhis, Vaṃśavṛddhis, Vamshasthas, Vaṃśasthas, Vamshasthalas, Vaṃśasthalas, Vamsasthalas, Vāmśas, Vāṃsas, Vāmsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Chapter I - Origin of the Rākṣasavaṃśa and Vānaravaṃśa < [Book VII - Jain Ramayana (Rāmāyaṇa)]
Part 8: Story of Kulabhūṣaṇa and Deśabhūṣaṇa < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 5: Expedition of conquest < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa III, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Third Kāṇḍa]
Introduction to volume 1 (kāṇḍa 1-2) < [Introductions]
Kāṇḍa III, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Third Kāṇḍa]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 6.59.3 < [Sukta 59]
Rig Veda 10.106.3 < [Sukta 106]
Rig Veda 2.12.8 < [Sukta 12]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 26 - The deception or dodging of Kāla < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)