Matra, Mātrā: 32 definitions


Matra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

The term ‘mātrā,’ ‘moment,’ stands for that point of time which is taken up in the pronouncing of a simple unmodified vowel; and in as much as this cannot be consistent with the time-limit prescribed by Yājñavalkya, this latter cannot be accepted as applicable to what is prescribed by Gautama; in which connection again no mantras are laid down. From this it is clear that there can be ‘ Breath-suspensions ’ even without the uttering of the syllable ‘oṃ.’ And thus there need be no mutual interdependence. (Manubhāṣya, II.75)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mātrā (मात्रा) refers to the “measure of time” (e.g., of the Atharvaṇaveda) and is used to describe Goddess Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] you are the essential feature of five elements. You are Justice in those who uphold justice. You are endeavour personified. Of the Ṛgveda you are the invocation; of the Yajurveda you are the blending knot of the mantras; of Sāmaveda you are the song and of the Atharvaṇa Veda you are the measure of time (i.e., mātrā), you are the final goal”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mātrā (मात्रा).—The shortest period of time.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 3. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mātrā (मात्रा) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Mātrā (मात्रा, “measure”).—A verse in Sanskrit is of four feet or quarters or pādas. Each pāda is regulated either by a number of syllables (akṣaras) or by a number of syllabic instant or measures (mātrās). The metres regulated by akṣaras are called vṛttas and those regulated by mātrās are called jātis. A vṛtta is divided into three classes viz. samavṛtta, ardhasamavṛtta, and viṣamavṛtta. Again, yati or pause or caesura is a part of a verse, at which the reader is required to stop his breath and then proceed on.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Mātra (मात्र).—The neuter noun mātram aiso derives from √, “to measure”. Lexicographers give its meaning as “a measure”, in the concrete and not abstract sense, that is, an actual measurement of any kind (length, breadth, height, depth, distance, size, number and so on). It is usually found at the end of compounds, such as rekhāmātra and arthamātra. In such cases, the compounds are interpreted as tatpuruṣa compounds; thus rekhāmātra would be glossed as rekhāyaḥ mātram, “the measurement (such as length) of a line”, and arthamātra as arthasya mātram, “a certain sum of money”.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Mātra (मात्र) refers to “= aṅgula §§ 2.1-4.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Mātrā (मात्रा).—Measure, quantity ; cf भवति हि तत्र या च यावती च अर्थमात्रा (bhavati hi tatra yā ca yāvatī ca arthamātrā) M. Bh. on P.I.2.45 and II.1.1 ;

2) Mātrā.—Mora, prosodial unit of one instant i.e. the length of time required to pronounce a short vowel: cf. भूयसी मात्रा इवर्णोवर्णयोः, अल्पीयसी अवर्णस्य (bhūyasī mātrā ivarṇovarṇayoḥ, alpīyasī avarṇasya), M.Bh. on I.1.48 Vart. 4: cf. मात्रा ह्रस्वस्तावद-वग्रहान्तरं, द्वे दीर्धः,तिस्रः प्लुत उच्यते स्वरः (mātrā hrasvastāvada-vagrahāntaraṃ, dve dīrdhaḥ, tisraḥ pluta ucyate svaraḥ) R. Pr.I.16: cf also R. Pr. I.34, T. Pr.I.37, V.Pr.I.59, R.T.28 also cf अर्धमात्रालाघवेन पुत्रोत्सवं मन्यन्ते वैयाकरणाः (ardhamātrālāghavena putrotsavaṃ manyante vaiyākaraṇāḥ) Par. Sek. Pari. 132. The instant is taken to be equal to the throbbing of the eye, or a flash of lightning, or a note of a wood-cock.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mātrā (मात्रा).—The Classical metres are divided into three types viz. 1. vṛtta or varṇa, 2. mātrā or jāti 3. gadya. The metres (chandas) which are calculated through letters are called as varṇa type, and the mātrā type is calculated by syllabic instances. The gadya type of metres are not accepted by all prosodicians, but authorities like Gaṅgādāsa, Candraśekhara, Raghunātha and Gopīnātha advocate for this metre.

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume II: Apabhramsa metres (1)

Mātrā (मात्रा) is the only metre consisting of five lines, as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Mātrā seems to be a very old Apabhraṃśa metre since it was known to Virahāṅka (see Vṛttajātisamuccaya) who describes four different varieties of it, i.e., Karahī, Mādanikā, Cārunetrī and Rāhusenī. The uneven pādas (for it is an Ardhasama metre and contains five pādas) of these respectively contain 13, 14, 15 and 16 mātrās, the even ones having 11, 12, 13 and 14. Hemacandra’s normal mātrā is different. It contains 16 mātrās in the odd lines and 12 mātrās in the even ones. He gives five more varieties derived from mātrā but does not reckon them as the divisions of it. They are Mattabālikā, Mattamadhukarī, Mattavilāsinī, Mattakariṇī and Bahurūpā. The uneven lines of these contain 14, 16 or 17 mātrās, while the even ones have either 11, 12 or 13 mātrās (cf. p. 36a, line 9 ff).

Piṅgala discusses this metre under Raḍḍā, and gives seven varieties of it. They are Karahī (13,11,13,11,13), Nandā (14,11,14,11,14), Mohinī (19.11,19,11.19), Cārusenī (15,11,15,11,15), Bhadrā (15.12,15.12.15), Rājasenā (15,12,15,11,15) and Tālaṅkinī (16,12,16,11,16). Chandaḥkośa also does not define the metre independently but only in connection with the strophic metre called Vastu or Raḍḍā and there too gives only one variety (t.e., Piṅgala’s Cārusenī containing 15,11,15,11 and 15 mātrās in its five pādas). It is again curious to note how Chandaḥkośa calls this metre by the name Rāḍhaka and not Mātrā. From this great divergence of views regarding the formation of its lines, the metre appears to have enjoyed very great freedom. In ancient times it was probably a popular metre of the Apabhraṃśa poets but in course of time seems to have been displaced by other metres like Dohā.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Mātrā (मात्रा):—A specific measurement, quantity or dose :A standard of measure

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Mātra (मात्र) refers to “size” (measurements), according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages in the Pine Park, the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels as an ornament on their body. You do not even wear gold the size of a berry (guñjā-mātra) on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty, surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Mātra (मात्र) [=Mātraka?] refers to the “size (of an atom)”, according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] Therefore even if an infinite number of atoms were connected, they should be manifest as having the size of one [single] atom (eka-paramāṇu-mātra-prakāśa); or [rather], even this [manifestation] would not exist, because atom[s], [taken] one by one, are beyond the realm of the sense organs”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Mātrā; a word in Hindi and many languages of North India, means the length of time required to pronounce a syllable. Mātrā has several other meanings including measure, quantity, dose of medicine.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Mātra (मात्र) refers to “(one who knows the) proper measure”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] The Lord, having known the meaning (artha), is skilled in the knowledge of the division of words. The Lord, having known the proper time (kālajñā), is always free of faulty prediction. The Lord, having known the proper measure (mātra-jñā), teaches the dharma accordingly to each individual of all living being.[...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mātra (मात्र) refers to the “size (of the area)” (of the universe and the atmosphere), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith, wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance , place [com.—place (kṣetraṃ) is the size of the area of the universe and the atmosphere (lokākāśapradeśamātraṃ)], right time, life and intention”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mātra.—designation of a class of officers; cf. Mahāmātra in a similar sense. See Ep. Ind., Vol. XVIII, p. 117 (mentioned along with Mūlaprakṛti; cf. Prakṛti). Note: mātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Matra in India is the name of a plant defined with Vicia angustifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Vicia sativa subsp. angustifolia (L.) Gaudin (among others).

2) Matra is also identified with Vicia sativa It has the synonym Vicia intermedia Viv. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Compendio della Flora Italiana (1882)
· Flora Carpatorum Principalium (1814)
· Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (1834)
· Flora Taurico-Caucasica (1819)
· Lathyrogens.
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1995)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Matra, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mātra (मात्र).—n S The primitive subtil or invisible type of visible elementary matter. 2 The whole, the whole order or class, the entire thing. Ex. manuṣya- mātra pāpī āhē.

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mātra (मात्र).—ad (S) Only, merely, barely, solely. Ex. kāḍīmātra, aṇumātra, kṣaṇamātra, vitastimātra; bhātamātra khā bhājīpālā tulā varjya; tulā mātra bulāvilēṃ. 2 Used as s f and improperly for mātrā in its first sense.

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mātrā (मात्रा).—f (S) The oblique line raised upon the horizontal limb of the Nagari characters, conveying the power of the vowels ē or ओ; as ka with the matra becomes kē, kā with the matra becomes ; kai & kau are letters with double matra. 2 A short vowel; or the time that lapses in the utterance of it, a moment. 3 Quantity (in metre or prosody), a syllabic foot: musical or other measure. 4 A medicinal preparation of metals and minerals (esp. in the form of pill or powder): also, freely, any compound (mineral or herbal) of healing virtue, or any medicament or drug. 5 A small quantity. Ex. mṛdaṅgācē avājāpēkṣāṃ viṇyācā sūra ēka mātrā adhika āhē. 6 Wealth or property, material, substance, money or goods. Ex. mātrā āṇāvī majapāsīṃ || nāhīṃ tariṃ mukāla prāṇāsīṃ || mājhyā hastēṃ tatkāḷā ||. 7 In the vēdānta-philosophy. Any object of the affections or appetites.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mātra (मात्र).—ad Only. n The whole class, as mānuṣyamātrā.

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mātrā (मात्रा).—f A syllabic foot. A medicinal preparation. Wealth. The oblique line raised upon an alphabet. mātrā vara asaṇēṃ Have the upper hand or superiority.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mātra (मात्र).—a. (-trā, -trī f.) [मा-त्रन् (mā-tran)] An affix added to nouns in the sense of 'measuring as much as', 'as high or long, or broad as', 'reaching as far as', as in ऊरुमात्री भित्तिः (ūrumātrī bhittiḥ); पञ्चदशयोजनमात्रमध्वानमतिचक्राम (pañcadaśayojanamātramadhvānamaticakrāma) K.; (in this sense the word may as well be considered to be mātrā at the end of comp. q. v. below).

-traḥ A Brāhmaṇa of the lower order (by brith).

-tram 1 A measure, whether of length, breadth, height, size, space, distance or number; अग्रे तिष्ठत मात्रं मे (agre tiṣṭhata mātraṃ me) Bhāgavata 6.11.5; usually at the end of comp, i. e. अङ्गुलिमात्रम् (aṅgulimātram) a 'finger's breadth'; किंचिन्मात्रं गत्वा (kiṃcinmātraṃ gatvā) 'to some distance'; क्रोशमात्रे (krośamātre) 'at the distance of a Krośa', रेखामात्रमपि (rekhāmātramapi) 'even the breadth of a line, as much as a line'; रेखामात्रमपि क्षुण्णादा मनोर्वर्त्मनः परम् (rekhāmātramapi kṣuṇṇādā manorvartmanaḥ param), (na vyatīyuḥ) R.1.17; so क्षणमात्रम्, निमिष- मात्रम् (kṣaṇamātram, nimiṣa- mātram) 'the space of an instant', शतमात्र (śatamātra) 'a hundred in number'; so गजमात्र (gajamātra) 'as high or big as an elephant'; तालमात्र, यवमात्र (tālamātra, yavamātra) &c.

2) The full measure of anything, the whole or entire class of things, totality; जीवमात्रम् (jīvamātram) or प्राणिमात्रम् (prāṇimātram) 'the entire class of living beings'; मनुष्य- मात्रो मर्त्यः (manuṣya- mātro martyaḥ) 'every man is mortal'; वस्तुमात्रपक्षकोऽनुपसंहारी (vastumātrapakṣako'nupasaṃhārī) (hetuḥ) Tarka K.; मानुषमात्रदुष्करं कर्मानुष्ठितम् (mānuṣamātraduṣkaraṃ karmānuṣṭhitam) Dk.

3) The simple measure of anything, the one thing and no more, often translateable by 'mere', 'only', 'even'; जातिमात्रेण (jātimātreṇa) H.1.58 'by mere caste', टिट्टिभमात्रेण समुद्रो व्याकुलीकृतः (ṭiṭṭibhamātreṇa samudro vyākulīkṛtaḥ) 2.149. 'by a mere wag-tail', वाचामात्रेण जाप्यसे (vācāmātreṇa jāpyase) Ś.2 'merely by words'; so अर्थमात्रम्, संमानमात्रम् (arthamātram, saṃmānamātram) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.83; used with past participles मात्र (mātra) may be translated by 'as soon as', 'no sooner than', 'just'; विद्धमात्रः (viddhamātraḥ) R.5.51 'as soon as pierced'; 'when just pierced'; भुक्तमात्रे (bhuktamātre) 'just after eating'; प्रविष्टमात्र एव तत्र- भवति (praviṣṭamātra eva tatra- bhavati) Ś.3 &c.

4) An element, elementary matter; अहं पयो ज्योतिरथानिलो नभो मात्राणि देवा मन इन्द्रियाणि (ahaṃ payo jyotirathānilo nabho mātrāṇi devā mana indriyāṇi) Bhāg. 1.59.31.

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Mātrā (मात्रा).—1 A measure; see मात्रम् (mātram) above.

2) A standard of measure, standard, rule.

3) The correct measure; तस्य मात्रा न विद्यते (tasya mātrā na vidyate) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.93.45.

4) A unit of measure, a foot.

5) A moment.

6) A particle, an atom; पृथिवी च पृथिवीमात्रा (pṛthivī ca pṛthivīmātrā) &c. Praśna Up.4.8.

7) A part, portion; लभेमहि धनमात्रान् (labhemahi dhanamātrān) Ch. Up.1.1.6; सुरेन्द्रमात्राश्रितगर्भगौरवात् (surendramātrāśritagarbhagauravāt) R.3.11.

8) A small portion, a little, trifle, a little quantity, a small measure only; see मात्र (mātra) (3).

9) Account, consideration; राजेति कियती मात्रा (rājeti kiyatī mātrā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.4 'of what account or consideration is a king', i. e. I hold him of no account; कायस्थ इति लध्वी मात्रा (kāyastha iti ladhvī mātrā) Mu.1.

1) Money, wealth, property; शून्यमठिकायां मात्राः समवतार्य (śūnyamaṭhikāyāṃ mātrāḥ samavatārya) Daśakumāracarita 2.8; नक्तंदिनं कक्षा- न्तरात्तां मात्रां न मुञ्चति (naktaṃdinaṃ kakṣā- ntarāttāṃ mātrāṃ na muñcati) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; कथमस्यार्थमात्रा हर्तव्या (kathamasyārthamātrā hartavyā) ibid.

11) (In prosody) A prosodial or syllabic instant, the time required to pronounce a short vowel; गच्छेत् षोडशमात्राभिः (gacchet ṣoḍaśamātrābhiḥ) Śukra.4.963; एकमात्रो भवेद् ह्रस्वः (ekamātro bhaved hrasvaḥ).

12) An element.

13) The material world, matter.

14) The upper part of the Nāgarī characters.

15) An ear-ring.

16) An ornament; a jewel.

17) A measure of time (in music.).

18) Function of the organs (indriyavṛtti).

19) Change (vikāra); सन्निवेश्यात्ममात्रासु सर्वभूतानि निर्ममे (sanniveśyātmamātrāsu sarvabhūtāni nirmame) Manusmṛti 1.16.

2) = बुद्धिः (buddhiḥ); न मात्रामनुरुध्यन्ते (na mātrāmanurudhyante) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.27.12. (com. mīyate viṣayā anayeti mātrā buddhiḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mātra (मात्र).—(-mātra) (for -mātraṃ, adv.; m.c.), in composition with [Page429-a+ 71] preceding gerund, as in Sanskrit and Pali often with parti- ciples: utsṛjya-mātra bhaviyā (ger.) navapuṣpadāmāḥ Lalitavistara 298.9, as soon as they had thrown (their bodies), having become fresh-flower-garlands,… (or is -mātra for -mātrāḥ, adj., with same meaning?). On *mātra, adj., maternal, see mātrī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātra (मात्र).—n.

(-traṃ) 1. The whole, the entire thing or class of things. 2. (Adv.) Only, solely, (exclusive and identical, the very thing.) 3. The primitive subtle or invisible type of visible elementary matter. 4. A pleonastic addition to words. f.

(-trā) 1. Requisite, material. 2. Quantity, measure. 3. A little. 4. An ear-ring. 5. Wealth, substance. 6. A short vowel. 7. A moment. 8. Quantity in metre or prosody, a syllabic foot. 9. The upper or horizontal limb of the Nagari characters. E. to measure, Unadi aff. tran, fem. aff. ṭāp

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātra (मात्र).—[mā + tra], I. f. trā. 1. Measure, [Hitopadeśa] 121, 5 (distance). 2. Quantity, [Pañcatantra] 32, 24; 226. 14 (dravya-, f. All things of value). 3. Wealth, substance, [Pañcatantra] 34, 13. 4. Requisite, [Pañcatantra] 265, 5 (luggage); material. 5. A little, a trifle, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 46; an atom, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 27; an element. [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 14 (also n., [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 11, 9). 6. A moment. 7. A short vowel. 8. Quantity in metre, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 43. 9. An ear-ring. Ii. n. 1. The totality, the whole, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 17. 2. As latter part of comp. words (Being limited), alone, only, [Cāṇakya] 70 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 411 (cf. comp.). 3. As latter part of compounds, often almost without any signification; cf. e. g. artha -mātra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātrā (मात्रा).—[feminine] measure, limit (in sp. & time), quantity, size, duration (also mātra [neuter]); unity of measure, foot; prosodial instant, moment i.[grammar]; particle, atom; element, matter (ph.); wealth, money, utensils; [neuter] —° in subst. all — whatever, or only, mere —; in adj. ([feminine] ā & ī) so and so long, high, large, etc.; having or being only, consisting only of —; after a [participle] just, scarcely.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mātra (मात्र):—[from ] a m. a Brāhman of the lowest order id est. only by birth, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

2) Mātrā (मात्रा):—[from mātra > mā] a f. See sub voce

3) Mātra (मात्र):—[from ] n. an element, elementary matter, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) measure, quantity, sum, size, duration, measure of any kind (whether of height, depth, breadth, length, distance, time or number e.g. aṅgula-mātram, a finger’s breadth, [Pañcatantra]; artha-mātram, a certain sum of money, [ib.]; krośa-mātre, at the distance of a Kos, [Hitopadeśa] ; māsa-mātre, in a month, [Lāṭyāyana]; śata-mātram, a hundred in number, [Kathāsaritsāgara])

5) [v.s. ...] the full or simple measure of anything, the whole or totality, the one thing and no more, often = nothing but, entirely, only (e.g. rāja-mātram, the whole class of kings, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]; bhaya-m, all that may be called danger, any danger, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]; rati-m, nothing but sensuality, [Manu-smṛti]; śabda-mātreṇa, only by a sound, [Śakuntalā])

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā and ī)n. (ifc.) having the measure of id est. as large or high or long or broad or deep or far or much or many (cf. aṅguṣṭha-, tāla-, bāhu-, yava-, tāvan-, etāvan-m)

7) [v.s. ...] Possessing (only) as much as or no more than (cf. prāṇa-yātrika-m)

8) [v.s. ...] amounting (only) to (pleonastically after numerals; cf. tri-m)

9) [v.s. ...] being nothing but, simply or merely (cf. padāti-, manuṣya-m; after a pp. = scarcely, as soon as, merely, just e.g. jāta-m, scarcely or just born, [Manu-smṛti]; kṛṣṭa-m, merely ploughed, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]; bhukta-mātre, immediately after eating, [Manu-smṛti])

10) Mātrā (मात्रा):—[from ] b f. measure (of any kind), quantity, size, duration, number, degree etc., [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (bhūyasyā mātrayā, in a higher degree, [Lalita-vistara])

11) [v.s. ...] unit of measure, foot, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

12) [v.s. ...] unit of time, moment, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā] (= nimeṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]; ifc. = lasting so many moments, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra])

13) [v.s. ...] metrical unit, a mora or prosodial instant id est. the length of time required to pronounce a short vowel (a long vowel contains 2 Mātrās, and a prolated vowel 3), [Prātiśākhya]

14) [v.s. ...] musical unit of time (3 in number), [Pañcatantra]

15) [v.s. ...] (only once ifc.) the full measure of anything (= mātra), [Harivaṃśa 7125]

16) [v.s. ...] right or correct measure, order, [Ṛg-veda; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

17) [v.s. ...] a minute portion, particle, atom, trifle, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (trayā, ind. in small portions, in slight measure, moderately, [Daśakumāra-carita; Suśruta])

18) [from ] [f.] rājeti kiyatī mātrā, of what account is a king? a king is a mere trifle, [Pañcatantra]

19) [v.s. ...] kā mātrā samudrasya, what is the importance of the sea? the sea will easily be managed, [ib.]

20) [v.s. ...] an element (5 in number), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] matter, the material world, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

22) [v.s. ...] materials, property, goods, household, furniture, money, wealth, substance, livelihood (also [plural]), [Vasiṣṭha; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

23) [v.s. ...] a mirror, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

24) [v.s. ...] an ear-ring, jewel, ornament, [Kādambarī]

25) [v.s. ...] the upper or horizontal limb of the Nāgarī characters, [Horace H. Wilson]

26) Mātra (मात्र):—b traka etc. See p.804, [columns] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātra (मात्र):—(traṃ) 1. n. The whole; the invisible type of visible matter; an addition. f. (trā) A little; a moment; quantity in metre; short vowel; wealth. adv. Only.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mātra (मात्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Matta, Mattā, Metta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Matra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) mother (used in this form only in compound words); ~[ka] maternal, related to the mother; ~[gami] one who commits incest with one’s mother; ~[ghataka/ghati] a matricide; ~[tamtra] matriarchy; ~[tva] maternity, motherhood; ~[paksha] maternal side; ~[pitrihina] an orphan; ~[pujana] mother-worship; ~[pujaka] mother-worshipper; ~[puja] mother-worship; ~[bhakta] devotee of one’s mother; ~[bhasha] mother-tongue; ~[bhumi] mother-land; ~[vat] motherly, mother-like; ~[shri] respected mother; ~[satta] matriarchy; ~[sattatmaka] matriarchical; ~[stanya] mother’s milk; ~[hamta] matricide; ~[hatya] matricide; ~[hina] motherless..—matra (मातृ) is alternatively transliterated as Mātṛ.

2) Mātra (मात्र):—(ind) only; merely, barely; mere, bare, sheer.

3) Mātrā (मात्रा):—(nf) quantity; scale; a dose; degree; a vowelmark in the Devnagri: and other allied scripts; length of time taken in pronouncing a vowel or consonant; ~[tmaka/mūlaka] quantitative; based on [mātrā].

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mātra (ಮಾತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the extent, dimension, capacity, etc. of anything, esp. as determined by a standard; measure.

2) [noun] that much quantity, extent, degree, etc.

--- OR ---

Mātra (ಮಾತ್ರ):—

1) [adverb] and no other; and no (or nothing) more; solely; only.

2) [adverb] merely; simply; only.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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