Vayu, aka: Vāyu; 24 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vayu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Vayu in Ayurveda glossaries]

This vital Vāyu (nerve force), which courses through the body, is self-begotten in its origin, and is regarded as identical with the divine energy of eternal life (God), inasmuch as it is unconditional and absolute in its actions and effects, eternal and self-origined, and is subtile and all-pervading (like the sky and the atoms). It is the primary factor, which determines the principle of cause and effect in all forms of created things, whether mobile or immobile. It is so called (Vāyu) from the fact of its coursing (skr. Vā—to move) throughout the universe.

It determines the growth, origin and disintegration of all animated organisms, and as such, it receives the homage of all created beings. Although invisible in itself, yet its works are patent or manifest. It is cold, light, mobile, dry and piercing, and follows a transverse course. It is characterised by the two attributes (proper-sensibles or Gunas) of sound and touch. It abounds in the fundamental quality of Rajas (principle of cohesion and action), is of inconceivable prowess, propels all the deranged or obstructing prinicples (Doshas) in the organism, (or in other words, is primarily concerned with the deranged principles of the body which are pathogenic in their actions).

It is instantaneous in its action, and radiates or courses through the organism in constant currents. It has its primary field of action in the intestinal tract (Pakvādhāna) and the rectum (Guda). In its deranged state, it is the principal factor, which, (in combination with the deranged Pittam and Kapham), lies at the root of all diseases, and is accordingly termed the king of diseases (Rogarāt).

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

The term Vayu may not only be rightly interpreted to mean the nerve force, but is often extended to include any kind of electro-motor or molecular force (as when we speak of the Vayu of the soil), though the term is loosely applied now to signify gas or air.

The Vāyu is a self-origined principle in the human organism.

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Vayu in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Deva-vibhāvana (hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas).—Vayu: left hand–Ardha-patāka, right hand–Arāla.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[Vayu in Yoga glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु, “air”):—One of the five gross elements assigned as a zone (or sphere) to the human body (bhūtamaṇḍala), according the Yogatattva-upaniṣad. The element air is seated between the heart and the eyebrows. Air is represented by a hexagon (ṣaṭkoṇa), the colour black (kṛṣṇa) and the syllable ya (य). The deity presiding over this region is Īśvara.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Vastushastra (architecture)

[Vayu in Vastushastra glossaries]

Air (वायु, vāyu) is one of the five primary elements (pañcabhūta) forming the basic components of the world, according to Vāstu-śāstra literature. It is because of the presence and balance of these five elements that our planet thrives with life.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana

[Vayu in Purana glossaries]

1a) Vāyu (वायु).—A God and father of Ilā;1 and Mudā clan of Apsarasas: presented Pṛthu with cāmaras worshipped through prāṇāyama in Śākadvīpa;2 A Lokapāla and father of Bhīma. Took part in the Devāsura wars and killed the Asuras. Deprived of his force by the Asuras;3 set out on a black antelope against Kṛṣṇa taking pārijāta, but returned afraid of him;4 his city was visited by Arjuna in search of the dead child of a Dvārakā Brāhmaṇa;5 Born of Ākāśa: the wind-god loved Añjanā and gave birth to Hanumān: overlord of the winds, formless creatures and of time. Presiding deity of Bhuvarloka and hence Bhuvaspati (also Mātariśva). Addressed by the sages engaged in sacrifice to speak on lokāloka;6 narrates the fourth pāda of the brahmāṇḍa purāṇa,7 reported to Umā in penance of a lady in her chamber little knowing her to be Ādi in disguise;8 worship of;9 Icon of, mounted on a black deer,10 a sthāna of Rudra;11 father of Manojava and Bhīma;12 Kṛṣṇa's messenger to Indra.13

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 10. 2; 14. 26.
  • 2) Ib. V. 15. 15; 20. 27.
  • 3) Ib. VIII. 5. 19; 10. 26; 11. 1 and 42; IX. 22. 27. Matsya-purāṇa 31. 12; 46. 9. 266. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 244.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [65 (v) 44]: [66 (v) 27-32]; Matsya-purāṇa 148. 60-61.
  • 5) Ib. X. 89. 44; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 67.
  • 6) Ib. II. 20. 1 and 7; 25. 5-14; III. 7. 23, 224-5, 296; 8. 12; IV. 2. 20; 195-7, 212, 245-6.
  • 7) Ib. IV. 1. 227; 4. 44.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 156. 39.
  • 9) Ib. 236, 5; 253. 24; 265. 39 and 41. 268. 12.
  • 10) Ib. 261. 19; 289. 6.
  • 11) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 7.
  • 12) Ib. I. 8. 11; IV. 20. 40.
  • 13) Ib. V. 21. 14-17; 37. 16-28.

1b) Is a transformation of ākāśa with the two qualities of śabda and sparśa. Its subtle element is sparśa from which came tejas;1 it is prāṇa, apāna and samāna;2 role of, in sustaining life.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 3. 24.
  • 2) Ib. 166. 5.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 41-5.

1c) A Vasu: a son of Dharma and Sudevī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 47.

1d) A son of Anuhrāda;1 the lord of sabda, ākāśa and bala,2 the appointed father of Vṛkodara;3 presented Skanda with the banners of the cuckoo and hen.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 12; 67. 75.
  • 2) Ib. 70. 12.
  • 3) Ib. 99. 244.
  • 4) Ib. 72. 45.

1e) A tirtha sacred to, in the Sarasvatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 22.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

[Vayu in Vaisheshika glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु, “air”) is one of the nine dravyas (‘substances’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These dravyas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings. Vāyu is also regarded as one of the five bhūtas (‘elements’) possessing a specific quality making it cognizable.

(Source): Wikipedia: Vaisheshika
Vaisheshika book cover
context information

Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Vaisheshika from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Vayu in Pancaratra glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Vāyunṛsiṃha or Vāyunarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Vayu in Shaktism glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the northern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Vāyu).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Vayu in Itihasa glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.40) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāyu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Itihasa from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Vayu in Hinduism glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु, “air”):—The Lord of the wind;—In Vedic hinduism, he is the regent of the north-western direction and represents the cosmic life breath. He is the universal “spirit” (the impeller of life and the living). He is also the substance and the essence of speech (vāc). As a Vedic deity, he is also the messenger of the gods and the leader of sacrifices. He is known by other names, eg. Vāta, Marut, Anila or Pāvana. He has a son named Hanumān.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vāyu (वायु, “wind”) refers to one of the devatāpañcaka (fivefold divinities), defined in the Taittirīya-āraṇyaka 7.7.1. The devatāpañcaka, and other such fivefold divisions, are associated with the elemental aspect (adhibhūta) of the three-fold division of reality (adhibhūta, adhidaiva and adhyātma) which attempts to explain the phenomenal nature of the universe. Adhibhūta denotes all that belongs to the material or elemental creation.

The Taittirīya-āraṇyaka is associated with the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda and dates from at least the 6th century BCE. It is composed of 10 chapters and discusses vedic rituals and sacrifices (such as the mahāyajña) but also includes the Taittirīya-upaniṣad and the Mahānārāyaṇa-upaniṣad.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āraṇyaka

Vayu is one of the principal Devas, and is responsible for the wind. He is very powerful, capable of blowing away mountains with his mighty gusts. His wife is Anjala, and he had many sons. The most famous of those sons is Hanuman, followed by Bheema, whom he begat on Kunti.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vayu (वायु): The god of air and wind who is also father of Bhima and Hanuman.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Vayu in Theravada glossaries]

A deity, whose son was Vijjadhara. See the Samugga Jataka.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Vayu in Buddhism glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु) refers to the last of the “eight world protectors” (aṣṭalokapāla) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 8). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., aṣṭalokapāla and Vāyu). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Vāyu is, besides one of the “eight world protectors” (aṣṭalokapāla), one of the “ten world protectors” (daśalokapāla) and one of the “fourteen world protectors” (caturdaśalokapāla).

Vāyu (“windy”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 38).

Vāyu (“wind”) refers to one of the “five great elements” (mahābhūta) as well as one of the “six elements” (ṣaḍdhātu), defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 39 and 58 respectively).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Vayu in Jainism glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु, “air”) refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., jala.

What is the meaning of air (vāyu)? The crust/layer of the air having no consciousness is called air. What is meant by air-bodied living beings? These are the living beings that have air as their body. How many types of air are there? Four types of air namely air, air bodied, life in air body and life tending towards an air body.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Vayu in Pali glossaries]

vāyu : (nt.) wind; the mobile principle.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vāyu, (Vedic vāya, fr. : vāyati2) wind Miln. 385; PvA. 156. See next. (Page 609)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

[Vayu in Marathi glossaries]

vāyu (वायु).—m (S) Wind or air. 2 The deity-personification of wind or air. 3 A vital air of the animal system: also the vital airs collectively. 4 Air considered as one of the humors (vāyu or vāta, kapha, pitta): also disease attributed to the predominance of this humor; viz. flatulence, rheumatism, spasm, cramp &c. Ex. of comp. unmattavāyu, tridōṣavāyu, dhanurvāyu, sandhivāyu, jñānavāyu vāyu sōḍaṇēṃ or mōkaḷā karaṇēṃ To break wind: and -saraṇēṃ or mōkaḷā hōṇēṃ To burst forth or escape. For other phrases see the popular word vārā.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vāyu (वायु).—m Wind or air. Flatulence. Vital airs of the animal system. vāyu sōḍaṇēṃ-mōkaḷā karaṇēṃ Break wind; and saraṇēṃ-mōkaḷā hōṇēṃ Burst forth or escape.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Vayu in Sanskrit glossaries]

Vāyu (वायु).—[vā uṇ yuk ca Uṇ.1.1]

1) Air, wind; वायुर्विधूनयति चम्पकपुष्परेणून् (vāyurvidhūnayati campakapuṣpareṇūn) K. R.; आकाशात्तु विकुर्वाणात् सर्वगन्धवहः शुचिः । बलवाञ्जायते वायुः स वै स्पर्शगुणो मतः (ākāśāttu vikurvāṇāt sarvagandhavahaḥ śuciḥ | balavāñjāyate vāyuḥ sa vai sparśaguṇo mataḥ) || Ms.1.76. (There are seven courses of wind one above the other :āvahaḥ pravaha- ścaiva saṃvahaścodvahastathā | vivahākhyaḥ parivahaḥ parāvaha iti kramāt ||).

2) The god of wind, the deity supposed to preside over wind, (who is the regent of the north-west quarter).

3) A life-wind or vital air, of which five kinds are enumerated:-प्राण, अपान, समान, व्यान (prāṇa, apāna, samāna, vyāna) and उदान (udāna).

4) Morbid affection or vitiation of the windy humour.

5) Breathing, breath.

6) A mystical Name of the letter य (ya).

Derivable forms: vāyuḥ (वायुः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vayu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 5267 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vayuvega
Vāyuvega (वायुवेग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.58) and represents one of ...
Pranavayu
prāṇavāyu (प्राणवायु).—m (S) The breath of life,--the first and chief of the five vital airs. S...
Udanavayu
Udānavāyu (उदानवायु).—One of the five life-breaths. The five life-breaths are Prāṇa, Apāna, Sam...
Vyanavayu
Vyānavāyu (व्यानवायु).—One of the internal bodily airs which is controlled by the aṣṭā...
Apanavayu
apānavāyu (अपानवायु).—m or, by abridgment, apāna m (S) The air stationed or seated in the anus,...
Vayugrasta
Vāyugrasta (वायुग्रस्त).—a. 1) affected by wind, flatulent. 2) gouty. Vāyugrasta is a Sanskrit ...
Adhovayu
Adhovāyu (अधोवायु).—[adhogāmī vāyuḥ śāka. ta.] breaking wind, flatulency. Derivable forms: adho...
Samanavayu
Samānavāyu (समानवायु):—A Sanskrit technical term referring to “stimulating digestive f...
Vayupurana
Vāyupurāṇa (वायुपुराण).—One of the eighteen Purāṇas. (See under Purāṇa).
Vayuskandha
Vāyuskandha (वायुस्कन्ध).—the region of the wind.Derivable forms: vāyuskandhaḥ (वायुस्कन्धः).Vā...
Vayumandala
Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल).—A son of the hermit Maṅkaṇaka. See para 3, under Maṅkaṇaka.
Prasutivayu
Prasūtivāyu (प्रसूतिवायु).—wind produced in the womb during the pangs of travail.Derivable form...
Pittavayu
Pittavāyu (पित्तवायु).—flatulence caused by the excess and vitiation of the bilious humour. Der...
Urdhvavayu
Ūrdhvavāyu (ऊर्ध्ववायु).—the wind in the upper part of the body (udāna). Derivable forms: ūrdhv...
Indravayu
Indravāyū (इन्द्रवायू).—(du.) Indra and Vāyu. इन्द्रवायू उभाविह सुहवेह हवामहे (indravāyū ubhāvi...

Relevant text