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Vayu, aka: Vāyu; 13 Definition(s)


Vayu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism


1a) Vāyu (वायु).—A God and father of Ilā;1 and Mudā clan of Apsarasas: presented Pṛthu with cāmaras worshipped through prāṇāyama in Śākadvīpa;2 A Lokapāla and father of Bhīma. Took part in the Devāsura wars and killed the Asuras. Deprived of his force by the Asuras;3 set out on a black antelope against Kṛṣṇa taking pārijāta, but returned afraid of him;4 his city was visited by Arjuna in search of the dead child of a Dvārakā Brāhmaṇa;5 Born of Ākāśa: the wind-god loved Añjanā and gave birth to Hanumān: overlord of the winds, formless creatures and of time. Presiding deity of Bhuvarloka and hence Bhuvaspati (also Mātariśva). Addressed by the sages engaged in sacrifice to speak on lokāloka;6 narrates the fourth pāda of the brahmāṇḍa purāṇa,7 reported to Umā in penance of a lady in her chamber little knowing her to be Ādi in disguise;8 worship of;9 Icon of, mounted on a black deer,10 a sthāna of Rudra;11 father of Manojava and Bhīma;12 Kṛṣṇa's messenger to Indra.13

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 10. 2; 14. 26.
  • 2) Ib. V. 15. 15; 20. 27.
  • 3) Ib. VIII. 5. 19; 10. 26; 11. 1 and 42; IX. 22. 27. Matsya-purāṇa 31. 12; 46. 9. 266. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 244.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [65 (v) 44]: [66 (v) 27-32]; Matsya-purāṇa 148. 60-61.
  • 5) Ib. X. 89. 44; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 67.
  • 6) Ib. II. 20. 1 and 7; 25. 5-14; III. 7. 23, 224-5, 296; 8. 12; IV. 2. 20; 195-7, 212, 245-6.
  • 7) Ib. IV. 1. 227; 4. 44.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 156. 39.
  • 9) Ib. 236, 5; 253. 24; 265. 39 and 41. 268. 12.
  • 10) Ib. 261. 19; 289. 6.
  • 11) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 7.
  • 12) Ib. I. 8. 11; IV. 20. 40.
  • 13) Ib. V. 21. 14-17; 37. 16-28.

1b) Is a transformation of ākāśa with the two qualities of śabda and sparśa. Its subtle element is sparśa from which came tejas;1 it is prāṇa, apāna and samāna;2 role of, in sustaining life.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 3. 24.
  • 2) Ib. 166. 5.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 41-5.

1c) A Vasu: a son of Dharma and Sudevī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 47.

1d) A son of Anuhrāda;1 the lord of sabda, ākāśa and bala,2 the appointed father of Vṛkodara;3 presented Skanda with the banners of the cuckoo and hen.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 12; 67. 75.
  • 2) Ib. 70. 12.
  • 3) Ib. 99. 244.
  • 4) Ib. 72. 45.

1e) A tirtha sacred to, in the Sarasvatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaiśeṣika (school of philosophy)

Vāyu (वायु, “air”) is one of the nine dravyas (‘substances’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These dravyas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings. Vāyu is also regarded as one of the five bhūtas (‘elements’) possessing a specific quality making it cognizable.

Source: Wikipedia: Vaisheshika

about this context:

Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक, vaisheshika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (āstika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upaniṣads. Vaiśeṣika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similair to Buddhism in nature

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Air (वायु, vāyu) is one of the five primary elements (pañcabhūta) forming the basic components of the world, according to Vāstu-śāstra literature. It is because of the presence and balance of these five elements that our planet thrives with life.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Vāyu (वायु, “air”):—One of the five gross elements assigned as a zone (or sphere) to the human body (bhūtamaṇḍala), according the Yogatattva-upaniṣad. The element air is seated between the heart and the eyebrows. Air is represented by a hexagon (ṣaṭkoṇa), the colour black (kṛṣṇa) and the syllable ya (य). The deity presiding over this region is Īśvara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

about this context:

Yoga refers to the Ancient Indian school of philosophy combining the physical, mental and spiritual.

Āyurveda (science of life)

The term Vayu may not only be rightly interpreted to mean the nerve force, but is often extended to include any kind of electro-motor or molecular force (as when we speak of the Vayu of the soil), though the term is loosely applied now to signify gas or air.

The Vāyu is a self-origined principle in the human organism.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

This vital Vāyu (nerve force), which courses through the body, is self-begotten in its origin, and is regarded as identical with the divine energy of eternal life (God), inasmuch as it is unconditional and absolute in its actions and effects, eternal and self-origined, and is subtile and all-pervading (like the sky and the atoms). It is the primary factor, which determines the principle of cause and effect in all forms of created things, whether mobile or immobile. It is so called (Vāyu) from the fact of its coursing (skr. Vā—to move) throughout the universe.

It determines the growth, origin and disintegration of all animated organisms, and as such, it receives the homage of all created beings. Although invisible in itself, yet its works are patent or manifest. It is cold, light, mobile, dry and piercing, and follows a transverse course. It is characterised by the two attributes (proper-sensibles or Gunas) of sound and touch. It abounds in the fundamental quality of Rajas (principle of cohesion and action), is of inconceivable prowess, propels all the deranged or obstructing prinicples (Doshas) in the organism, (or in other words, is primarily concerned with the deranged principles of the body which are pathogenic in their actions).

It is instantaneous in its action, and radiates or courses through the organism in constant currents. It has its primary field of action in the intestinal tract (Pakvādhāna) and the rectum (Guda). In its deranged state, it is the principal factor, which, (in combination with the deranged Pittam and Kapham), lies at the root of all diseases, and is accordingly termed the king of diseases (Rogarāt).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Deva-vibhāvana (hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas).—Vayu: left hand–Ardha-patāka, right hand–Arāla.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Vāyu (वायु, “air”):—The Lord of the wind;—In Vedic hinduism, he is the regent of the north-western direction and represents the the cosmic life breath. He is the universal “spirit” (the impeller of life and the living). He is also the substance and the essence of speech (vāc). As a Vedic deity, he is also the messenger of the gods and the leader of sacrifices. He is known by other names, eg. Vāta, Marut, Anila or Pāvana. He has a son named Hanumān.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vayu (वायु): The god of air and wind who is also father of Bhima and Hanuman.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vayu is one of the principal Devas, and is responsible for the wind. He is very powerful, capable of blowing away mountains with his mighty gusts. His wife is Anjala, and he had many sons. The most famous of those sons is Hanuman, followed by Bheema, whom he begat on Kunti.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism


Vāyu, (Vedic vāya, fr. : vāyati2) wind Miln. 385; PvA. 156. See next. (Page 609)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

vāyu : (nt.) wind; the mobile principle.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

A deity, whose son was Vijjadhara. See the Samugga Jataka.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

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