Jagat: 18 definitions
Jagat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 27.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 51.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 1. 4, 31.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 156-86.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Jagat (जगत्) refers to the “world”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“[...] That is supreme strength, that is supreme amṛt. The highest of splendors is highest light of light. The divine Lord is the supreme cause of all the world (jagat—sarvasya jagato). The creator, supporter, and destroyer are not as strong as this. This receptacle of mantras is the word of all perfections and characteristics [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Jagat (जगत्) refers to “living beings”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (5) When you teach your practice (caryā) to living beings (jagat), there is no change in the body of the Sugata. But still, you teach in a manner in accordance with the power of retaining [in memory], the thinking, the qualities, characteristics and behavior (īryāpatha) [of you listeners]. [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Jagat (जगत्) refers to the “(three) worlds”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool , having formed a delight in pleasure which is produced by the objects of the senses [and is] continually transitory, the three worlds [com.—jagattraya] are destroyed”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Jagat.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: jagat is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Jagat, (nt.) (Vedic jagat, intens. of gam, see gacchati) the world, the earth A. II, 15, 17 (jagato gati); S. I, 186 (jagatogadha plunged into the world). (Page 277)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jagat (जगत्).—n S The whole world, the universe. 2 The earth or its inhabitants; man or his world.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jagat (जगत्).—n The universe; the earth or its inhabitants.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jagat (जगत्).—a. (-tī f.)
1) Moving, movable; सूर्य आत्मा जगतस्तस्थुषश्च (sūrya ātmā jagatastasthuṣaśca) Ṛgveda 1.115.1; इदं विश्वं जगत्सर्वमजगच्चापि यद्भवेत् (idaṃ viśvaṃ jagatsarvamajagaccāpi yadbhavet) Mb. -m. Wind, air. -n. The world, the universe; जगतः पितरौ वन्दे पार्वतीपरमेश्वरो (jagataḥ pitarau vande pārvatīparameśvaro) R.1.1.
2) 'The world of the soul', body; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.2.
3) A multitude of animals. ...... स्याज्जगद्विष्टपे पुमान् । इङ्गे वायौ ना जङ्गमे मृगषण्डेऽ प्ययं त्रिषु (syājjagadviṣṭape pumān | iṅge vāyau nā jaṅgame mṛgaṣaṇḍe' pyayaṃ triṣu) | Nm.
-tī (dual) Heaven and the lower world.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jagat (जगत्).—mfn. (-gan-gatī-gat) Moveable, loco-motive, transitory, nf. (-t-tī) The world, the universe. m. (-t) Air, wind. f. (-tī) 1. The earth. 2. people, mankind. 3. A sort of metre, a stanza of forty-eight syllables variously disposed so as to form thirty varieties. 4. A field of Jambu flowers. E. gam to go, Unadi affix ati, jaga substituted for the root, and ṅīp fem. affix, or gam as before, and śatṛ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jagat (जगत्).— (i. e. an old ptcple. of the pres. of vb. gam, ii. 3), I. adj. Moveable, Mahābhārata 12, 12465. Ii. n. 1. Race of men, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 22. 2. The world, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 52; dual, jagatī, Heaven and earth, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 20. Iii. f. tī, 1. The earth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 100. 2. The world, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 69, 11. 3. The name of a metre, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 12, 45.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jagat (जगत्).—[adjective] moving, alive. [masculine] [plural] men; [feminine] jagatī a female animal, the earth or world, [Name] of a metre; [neuter] what moves or is alive, men and (or) animals, the earth, world or universe, [dual] heaven and the lower world.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jagat (जगत्):—[from jaga] mfn. (√gam [reduplicated] [Pāṇini 3-2, 178], [vArttika] 3) moving, movable, locomotive, living, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (= jāgata) composed in the Jagatī metre, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 23; ṢaḍvBr. i, 4; Lāṭyāyana i, 8, 9]
3) [v.s. ...] m. air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] people, mankind, [Rājataraṅgiṇī (C) iii, 494]
5) [v.s. ...] n. that which moves or is alive, men and animals, animals as opposed to men, men ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 3]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc. (to madhye, ‘within everybody’s sight’ [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 97, 1; 5 and 10])
6) [v.s. ...] the world, [especially] this world, earth, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] the Jagatī metre, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 25]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman See - sāman
9) [v.s. ...] n. [dual number] heaven and the lower world, [Kirātārjunīya v, 20]
10) [v.s. ...] n. [plural] the worlds (= gat-traya), [Prabodha-candrodaya i, 10]
11) [v.s. ...] people, mankind, [Kāvyaprakāśa x, 50/51] ([Sāhitya-darpaṇa] and, [Kuvalayānanda])
12) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some also ‘a river’, [Ṛg-veda x, 75, 2]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jagat (जगत्):—[(t-tī)] 5. n. 3. f. The world. m. Air, wind. f. Earth; mankind. a. Moveable, transitory.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Jagat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) the world, universe; (nf) a raised circular curb (around a well); ~[guru] ([jagadguru]) a title of certain Hindu scholarly priests (4 in number); preceptor of the universe; ~[pati] master of the universe—God; ~[pita] Creator of the universe; ~[prasiddha] world renowned, of world fame..—jagat (जगत) is alternatively transliterated as Jagata.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+162): Jagacchandrika, Jagacchitra, Jagaccitta, Jagachchhakshus, Jagachchhandrika, Jagachchhitra, Jagadacara, Jagadadhara, Jagadadhipati, Jagadadi, Jagadadija, Jagadakhila, Jagadamba, Jagadambika, Jagadananda, Jagadankura, Jagadantaka, Jagadapyaya, Jagadartha, Jagadarthavat.
Full-text (+196): Jaya, Jaga, Jagatsrashtri, Jagadatman, Sarvajagat, Jagatkritsna, Trijagat, Jagatkshaya, Jagatprana, Jagattraya, Jagadvaha, Jagadbala, Jaganmatri, Jagadisha, Jagatsamagra, Jagatsarva, Jagaty, Jagatsakshin, Jagatkartri, Jagatprabhu.
Search found 96 books and stories containing Jagat; (plurals include: Jagats). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 196-200 [Reflection by Śakti in Ardhabindu, a cup-shaped mirror] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 208-210 [Śakti shines as Anubhava and Smṛti] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Verse 193 [Śakti as Māyā projects the limitations in manifestation] < [Chapter 4 - Fourth Vimarśa]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 8.13.118 < [Chapter 13 - A Thousand Names of Lord Balarāma]
Verse 2.9.32 < [Chapter 9 - Brahmā’s Prayers]
Verse 2.1.48 < [Chapter 1 - Description of the Entrance in Vṛndāvana]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.16.142 < [Chapter 16 - The Glories of Śrī Haridāsa Ṭhākura]
Verse 3.4.321 < [Chapter 4 - Descriptions of Śrī Acyutānanda’s Pastimes and the Worship of Śrī Mādhavendra]
Verse 1.12.93 < [Chapter 12 - The Lord’s Wandering Throughout Navadvīpa]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 10.15 < [Chapter 10 - Vibhūti-yoga (appreciating the opulences of the Supreme Lord)]
Verse 11.30 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Verse 11.7 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 6.49.6 < [Sukta 49]
Rig Veda 10.25.6 < [Sukta 25]
Rig Veda 4.53.3 < [Sukta 53]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)