Jagat: 18 definitions


Jagat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jagat (जगत्).—The universe as issuing from the mind and body of Brahmā;1 Agniṣomātmakam2 born of Viṣṇu and abides in Viṣṇu.3 Spatial description of; its relation to Īśvara and other creations.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 27.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 51.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 1. 4, 31.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 156-86.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Jagat (जगत्) refers to the “world”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“[...] That is supreme strength, that is supreme amṛt. The highest of splendors is highest light of light. The divine Lord is the supreme cause of all the world (jagatsarvasya jagato). The creator, supporter, and destroyer are not as strong as this. This receptacle of mantras is the word of all perfections and characteristics [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Jagat (जगत्) refers to “living beings”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (5) When you teach your practice (caryā) to living beings (jagat), there is no change in the body of the Sugata. But still, you teach in a manner in accordance with the power of retaining [in memory], the thinking, the qualities, characteristics and behavior (īryāpatha) [of you listeners]. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jagat (जगत्) refers to the “(three) worlds”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool , having formed a delight in pleasure which is produced by the objects of the senses [and is] continually transitory, the three worlds [com.—jagattraya] are destroyed”.

Synonyms: Buvana.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jagat.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: jagat is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jagat, (nt.) (Vedic jagat, intens. of gam, see gacchati) the world, the earth A. II, 15, 17 (jagato gati); S. I, 186 (jagatogadha plunged into the world). (Page 277)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jagat (जगत्).—n S The whole world, the universe. 2 The earth or its inhabitants; man or his world.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jagat (जगत्).—n The universe; the earth or its inhabitants.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).—a. (- f.)

1) Moving, movable; सूर्य आत्मा जगतस्तस्थुषश्च (sūrya ātmā jagatastasthuṣaśca) Ṛgveda 1.115.1; इदं विश्वं जगत्सर्वमजगच्चापि यद्भवेत् (idaṃ viśvaṃ jagatsarvamajagaccāpi yadbhavet) Mb. -m. Wind, air. -n. The world, the universe; जगतः पितरौ वन्दे पार्वतीपरमेश्वरो (jagataḥ pitarau vande pārvatīparameśvaro) R.1.1.

2) 'The world of the soul', body; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.2.

3) A multitude of animals. ...... स्याज्जगद्विष्टपे पुमान् । इङ्गे वायौ ना जङ्गमे मृगषण्डेऽ प्ययं त्रिषु (syājjagadviṣṭape pumān | iṅge vāyau nā jaṅgame mṛgaṣaṇḍe' pyayaṃ triṣu) | Nm.

-tī (dual) Heaven and the lower world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).—mfn. (-gan-gatī-gat) Moveable, loco-motive, transitory, nf. (-t-tī) The world, the universe. m. (-t) Air, wind. f. (-tī) 1. The earth. 2. people, mankind. 3. A sort of metre, a stanza of forty-eight syllables variously disposed so as to form thirty varieties. 4. A field of Jambu flowers. E. gam to go, Unadi affix ati, jaga substituted for the root, and ṅīp fem. affix, or gam as before, and śatṛ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).— (i. e. an old ptcple. of the pres. of vb. gam, ii. 3), I. adj. Moveable, Mahābhārata 12, 12465. Ii. n. 1. Race of men, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 22. 2. The world, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 52; dual, jagatī, Heaven and earth, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 20. Iii. f. , 1. The earth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 100. 2. The world, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 69, 11. 3. The name of a metre, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 12, 45.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).—[adjective] moving, alive. [masculine] [plural] men; [feminine] jagatī a female animal, the earth or world, [Name] of a metre; [neuter] what moves or is alive, men and (or) animals, the earth, world or universe, [dual] heaven and the lower world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jagat (जगत्):—[from jaga] mfn. (√gam [reduplicated] [Pāṇini 3-2, 178], [vArttika] 3) moving, movable, locomotive, living, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (= jāgata) composed in the Jagatī metre, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 23; ṢaḍvBr. i, 4; Lāṭyāyana i, 8, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] m. air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] people, mankind, [Rājataraṅgiṇī (C) iii, 494]

5) [v.s. ...] n. that which moves or is alive, men and animals, animals as opposed to men, men ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 3]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc. (to madhye, ‘within everybody’s sight’ [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 97, 1; 5 and 10])

6) [v.s. ...] the world, [especially] this world, earth, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] the Jagatī metre, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 25]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman See - sāman

9) [v.s. ...] n. [dual number] heaven and the lower world, [Kirātārjunīya v, 20]

10) [v.s. ...] n. [plural] the worlds (= gat-traya), [Prabodha-candrodaya i, 10]

11) [v.s. ...] people, mankind, [Kāvyaprakāśa x, 50/51] ([Sāhitya-darpaṇa] and, [Kuvalayānanda])

12) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some also ‘a river’, [Ṛg-veda x, 75, 2]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagat (जगत्):—[(t-tī)] 5. n. 3. f. The world. m. Air, wind. f. Earth; mankind. a. Moveable, transitory.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jagat (जगत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jaga, Jaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jagat in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jagat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) the world, universe; (nf) a raised circular curb (around a well); ~[guru] ([jagadguru]) a title of certain Hindu scholarly priests (4 in number); preceptor of the universe; ~[pati] master of the universe—God; ~[pita] Creator of the universe; ~[prasiddha] world renowned, of world fame..—jagat (जगत) is alternatively transliterated as Jagata.

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