Jagat: 10 definitions

Introduction

Jagat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jagat (जगत्).—The universe as issuing from the mind and body of Brahmā;1 Agniṣomātmakam2 born of Viṣṇu and abides in Viṣṇu.3 Spatial description of; its relation to Īśvara and other creations.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 27.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 51.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 1. 4, 31.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 156-86.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jagat.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: jagat is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jagat, (nt.) (Vedic jagat, intens. of gam, see gacchati) the world, the earth A. II, 15, 17 (jagato gati); S. I, 186 (jagatogadha plunged into the world). (Page 277)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jagat (जगत्).—n S The whole world, the universe. 2 The earth or its inhabitants; man or his world.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jagat (जगत्).—n The universe; the earth or its inhabitants.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).—a. (- f.)

1) Moving, movable; सूर्य आत्मा जगतस्तस्थुषश्च (sūrya ātmā jagatastasthuṣaśca) Rv.1.115.1; इदं विश्वं जगत्सर्वमजगच्चापि यद्भवेत् (idaṃ viśvaṃ jagatsarvamajagaccāpi yadbhavet) Mb. -m. Wind, air. -n. The world, the universe; जगतः पितरौ वन्दे पार्वतीपरमेश्वरो (jagataḥ pitarau vande pārvatīparameśvaro) R.1.1.

2) 'The world of the soul', body; Māl.5.2.

3) A multitude of animals. ...... स्याज्जगद्विष्टपे पुमान् । इङ्गे वायौ ना जङ्गमे मृगषण्डेऽ प्ययं त्रिषु (syājjagadviṣṭape pumān | iṅge vāyau nā jaṅgame mṛgaṣaṇḍe' pyayaṃ triṣu) | Nm.

-tī (dual) Heaven and the lower world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).—mfn. (-gan-gatī-gat) Moveable, loco-motive, transitory, nf. (-t-tī) The world, the universe. m. (-t) Air, wind. f. (-tī) 1. The earth. 2. people, mankind. 3. A sort of metre, a stanza of forty-eight syllables variously disposed so as to form thirty varieties. 4. A field of Jambu flowers. E. gam to go, Unadi affix ati, jaga substituted for the root, and ṅīp fem. affix, or gam as before, and śatṛ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jagat (जगत्).— (i. e. an old ptcple. of the pres. of vb. gam, ii. 3), I. adj. Moveable, Mahābhārata 12, 12465. Ii. n. 1. Race of men, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 22. 2. The world, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 52; dual, jagatī, Heaven and earth, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 20. Iii. f. , 1. The earth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 100. 2. The world, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 69, 11. 3. The name of a metre, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 12, 45.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jagat (जगत्):—[from jaga] mfn. (√gam [reduplicated] [Pāṇini 3-2, 178], [vArttika] 3) moving, movable, locomotive, living, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (= jāgata) composed in the Jagatī metre, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 23; ṢaḍvBr. i, 4; Lāṭyāyana i, 8, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] m. air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] people, mankind, [Rājataraṅgiṇī (C) iii, 494]

5) [v.s. ...] n. that which moves or is alive, men and animals, animals as opposed to men, men ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 3]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc. (to madhye, ‘within everybody’s sight’ [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 97, 1; 5 and 10])

6) [v.s. ...] the world, [especially] this world, earth, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] the Jagatī metre, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 25]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman See - sāman

9) [v.s. ...] n. [dual number] heaven and the lower world, [Kirātārjunīya v, 20]

10) [v.s. ...] n. [plural] the worlds (= gat-traya), [Prabodha-candrodaya i, 10]

11) [v.s. ...] people, mankind, [Kāvyaprakāśa x, 50/51] ([Sāhitya-darpaṇa] and, [Kuvalayānanda])

12) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some also ‘a river’, [Ṛg-veda x, 75, 2]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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