Kapardin: 12 definitions
Kapardin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.
While the gaṇas such as Kapardin were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 68; III. 25. 12; IV. 34. 27.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 39; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 122.
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्) is the name of an ancient Śiva devotee, according to the Skandapurāṇa (IV.54.12-74).—The Skandapurāṇa relates the legend associated with Piśācamocana thus: “Once, long ago, there was a devotee of Śiva named Kapardin. He established a liṅga outside Kāśī and built a kuṇḍa called Vimalodaka. A Pāśupata named Vālmīki began practising penance at the kuṇḍa. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Sreenivasaraos blog: Bodhayana the Vrttikara – Part One
1) Kapardin is a peculiar name. It does not seem to be the proper name of the person. It is a descriptive term. Kapardin indicates one who has matted, braided hair or hair twisted into a bun on top (Kaparda—kapardi). Rudra is often addressed as Kapardin. And, it seems during the Vedic times some men and women sported braids or plaits of hair. For instance; a woman having four plaits of hair was called Chatush-kapardin; and, the Vasithas wearing their hair in a plait on the right side were known as Dakshinatas-kaparda.
2) It is also said; a certain Kapardin (Ca. 800-25 A.D.) assisted a Rashtrakuta Chieftain in extending his rule in the region due to which act the region came to be known in his honour as Kapardika–Dvipa or Kavadi–Dvipa. The term Kapardika Dvipa occurs in the inscriptions of the Kadamba Kings who ruled over Goa and Banavasi region of North Karnataka. Some surmise that the name of the strip along the west coast – Konkan, may have derived from Kapardika.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Kapardin (I) (कपर्दिन्) is the name of king from the Śīlāra dynasty mentioned in the “Prince of Wales museum plates of Chadvaideva”.—Accordingly, “In the family known as Śīlāra there shone the king Kapardin (I), who by his arms vanquished the god of love and who, having churned the ocean, namely, his enemies, bore royal fortune in the form of his golden bracelet... His son was named Pulaśakti, who resembled Pṛthu and was famous like Arjuna. His prowess was well known on the earth. To the feet of that king all his feudatories paid obeisance”.
Kapardin (II) is also mentioned in the same grant. Accordingly, “To Pulaśakti was born a son, also known as Kapardin (i.e. Kapardin II), who became a king. After him was Vappuvana of unmeasured prowess, who ruled over the circle of the earth”.
These copper plates (mentioning Kapardin) were in the collection of George Da Gunha and was purchased by the Trustees of the Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay, in 1919. The inscription refers itself to the reign of the Śīlāra (i.e. Śilāhāra) Mahāsāmanta Chadvaideva of North Koṅkaṇ. The object of it is to record that Chadvaideva executed the grant which had been made by Vajjaḍadeva, the son of Goggi, who, as shown below, was Chadvaideva’s elder brother and predecessor on the throne.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्).—a. [kaparda-ini]
2) Wearing braided and matted hair. -m. Name of Śiva; पुष्पोपहारं शनकैः करिष्यामि कपर्दिनः (puṣpopahāraṃ śanakaiḥ kariṣyāmi kapardinaḥ) Rām.7.31.34.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्).—name of a nāga: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 454.15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्).—i. e. kaparda + in, m. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 3, 1624.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्).—[adjective] wearing braided or knotted hair (v. kaparda), shaggy (of a bull); [masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kapardin (कपर्दिन्):—[from kaparda] mfn. wearing braided and knotted hair (like the cowrie shell), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (said of Rudra, Pūṣan, etc.)
2) [v.s. ...] shaggy, [Ṛg-veda x, 102, 8]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] of one of the eleven Rudras, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣa, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]
6) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda i, 60, 1]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्):—(von kaparda) adj. dessen Haar in Form einer Muschel aufgewunden ist, von Rudra [Ṛgveda 1, 114, 1. 5.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 16, 10. 29. 43. 48. 59.] von Pūṣan [Ṛgveda 6, 55, 2. 9, 67, 11.] von den Vasiṣṭhiden [7, 83, 8]; vgl. dakṣiṇataskaparda; von der Durgā: mṛṇālavyālavalayā veṇībandhakapardinī . harānukāriṇī pātu līlayā pārvatī jagat .. [Sāhityadarpana 54, 1.] zottig, vom Stiere: śu.amaṣṭrā.yacaratkapa.dī [Ṛgveda 10, 102, 8.] Als subst. ein Beiname Śiva’s [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 27.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 196.] [Mahābhārata 3, 1624. 1936. 14126. 13, 609. 1159. 14, 192.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 231.] Nomen proprium eines der  Rudra [Harivaṃśa 166.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 121.]
--- OR ---
Kapardin (कपर्दिन्):—m. Śiva [Spr. 4705.] einer der  Rudra [Oxforder Handschriften 82,b,26.] kapardisvāmin [Sāyaṇa] zu [Ṛgveda I, 538, 6.] kapardinī f. Nomen proprium der Schutzgöttin der Bhṛgu [Oxforder Handschriften 19,a,6.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. — a) dessen Haar in Form einer Muschel aufgewunden ist. — b) zottig. —
2) m. — a) Beiname Śiva’s [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra] — b) Nomen proprium — α) eines der 11 Rudra. — β) eines Yakṣa [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14,246.253.] — γ) eines Autors [Sāyaṇa. ] zu [Ṛgveda (roth). 1,60,1.] —
3) f. nī Nomen proprium der Schutzgöttin der Bhṛgu.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+10): Kapardikarika, Kapardisvamin, Kapardibhashya, Vappuvanna, Kapardishalinga, Kapardishvaratirtha, Kapardini, Trikapardin, Bhatta kapardin, Drapa, Darshapurnamasasutra, Vimalodaka, Pulashakti, Budh, North Konkan, Bahurupa, Valmiki, Trijata, Gaudavishaya, Kaparda.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Kapardin; (plurals include: Kapardins). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 38 - Kapardi-Vināyaka < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 26 - The Glory of Mandākinī-Kṣetra < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 51 - Greatness of Ketvīśvra (Ketu-īśvra) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 35 - Greatness of Kapardin < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 96 - The Birth of Jalandhara < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 40 - The army of Demons (Asuras) < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 2.2 - Different names of Śiva < [Chapter 4 - Religious aspects of the Matsyapurāṇa]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 87 - The Story of Ila < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Chapter 31 - Ravana goes to the Banks of the Narmada River < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Chapter 6 - Vishnu goes to the defence of the Gods < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XLIX < [Indralokagamana Parva]
Section CXC < [Uluka Dutagamana Parva]
Section LXXX < [Abhimanyu-badha Parva]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 31 - Description of Creation (2) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 13 - The creation of Brahmā and Viṣṇu < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
Chapter 41 - The incarnation of lord Śiva as Kirāta < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]