Lavana, Lavaṇa, Lavaṇā: 34 definitions


Lavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lavan.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of the Seven Oceans.—Lavaṇa: the Mukula hands moved upwards and downwards (vyāvṛttacāpaveṣṭitau). Note: Representing the up and down motion of waves.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Lavaṇa (लवण) or Saindhava refers to “salt”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We cannot see any reference to the salt in Ṛgveda. But most of the non-Ṛgvedic Saṃhitas, Brāhmaṇas and Upaniṣads refer to salt in the name of lavaṇa or saindhava. Mahābhārata refers the non-usage of viḍa (biḍa) and black salt in śrāddha ceremonies. According to Mahābhārata (Anuśāsanaparva 161.99), eating salt in the palms of one’s hands and eating salt at night should be avoided.

Kauṭilya (Arthaśāstra II.15.16) mentions six varieties of salt—

  1. saindhava,
  2. sāmudra,
  3. biḍa,
  4. yavakṣāra,
  5. sauvarcala,
  6. udbhedaja.

He also mentions that there should be a superintendent (lavaṇādhyakṣa)for salt in a state.

Caraka (Carakasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna I.88-89) mentions only five varieties of salts which are—

  1. sauvarcala,
  2. saindhava,
  3. biḍa,
  4. audbhida,
  5. sāmudra.

Suśruta (Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.336) adds some more varieties such as—

  1. romaka,
  2. vālukaila,
  3. śailamūlākarodbhava,
  4. ūṣara,
  5. gauṭikā,
  6. yavakṣāra,
  7. svarjikākṣāra,
  8. pākima,
  9. ṭaṅkaṇakṣāra.

Of all these varieties, the rock salt (saindhava) was considered the best.

In the Lavaṇa or “salts” group of foodstuffs, the following substances are beneficial (hita) to the body: Saindhava (rock-salt). The following substances are harmful (ahita) to the body: Auṣara salt.

Lavaṇa or “salt” is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., lavaṇa (salt)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., taṇḍulavāri (rice water)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Lavaṇa (salt) is also mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by jambharasa (extract of lemon) and mātuluṅgaphala (citron fruit).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Lavana (“saline”) is a taste which imparts a greater relish to food and produces salivation and softness of a part. A saline taste is mostly endued with attributes which characterise the elements of water (toya or ap) and fire (agni or dahana). [...] The pungent, acid and saline (lavana) ones exercise fiery or heat making virtues. The tastes such as sweet, acid and saline (lavana) are heavy and emollient in their character. Tastes such as sweet, acid and saline (lavana) are endued with the virtues of subduing Vayu.

Virtue of Lavana—A saline taste is possessed of corrective (purgative and emetic) virtues, favours the processes of suppuration and spontaneous bursting of swellings, brings about the looseness or resolution of any affected part (ulcer), is heat-engendering in its property and proves incompatible with all other tastes. It cleanses the internal passages or channels of the organism and produces softness of the limbs and members of the body.

A saline (lavana) taste, though possessed of the aforesaid properties, may bring on scabies urticaria, oedematous swellings, loss or discoloration of the natural complexion of the body, loss of virile potency, distressing symptoms affecting the sense-organs, inflammation of the mouth and the eyes, hemoptysis, Vāta-rakta (a kind of leprosy) and acid eructations etc., in the event of its being largely partaken of to the exclusion of all other tastes.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Lavaṇa (लवण):—Salty; one of the six rasa.

2) Salt; e. g. common table salt, rock salt

3) [lavaṇaṃ] Salt, Saline

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (ayurveda)

Lavaṇa (लवण) or Lavaṇarasa refers to an “salty taste”, according to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā (Khilasthāna, verse 9.43-45ab) in a chapter on abdominal swelling caused by vitiation of the blood.—Accordingly, “Listen to the cause of that which produces the cravings [of a seemingly pregnant woman with raktagulma]. Generally, there is desire for those tastes which cause an increase of the bodily constituents because of the true similarity of their origin. [When] the vitiated blood has a Vāta or Pitta [imbalance] and is accumulating, it fuels desire for tastes such as [those which are] acrid, sour, salty (lavaṇa) and so on [kaṭvamlalavaṇādīnāṃ rasānāṃ]”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “salt”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Lavaṇa (लवण).—A hell. (See under Kāla I). (See full article at Story of Lavaṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Lavaṇa (लवण).—A demon. He was the son of a demon called Madhu. Madhuvana on the banks of the river Kālindī was the abode of this demon. This demon was a great oppressor of the Devas and Śatrughna had to kill him Śatrughna then constructed a beautiful city there and lived there. In recognition of the increasing prosperity of the city it was named Madhurā. After the death of Śatrughna his two sons lived there. (4th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

3) Lavaṇa (लवण).—A King who was a grandson of Hariścandra. He once conducted a Rājasūya in his imagination and became a Caṇḍāla. (story in Jñānavāsiṣṭha). This story was narrated to Śrī Rāma by Vasiṣṭha to teach him the truth that man does not realise that this whole universe is an illusion only because of his ignorance. Lavaṇa was the King of Uttarapāṇḍava, a country of great fame. He was the grandson of Hariścandra and wished to earn fame by performing a Rājasūya yāga as Hariścandra had done. Lavaṇa decided to perform the yāga in his mind only. He made grand preparations for the yajña. He invited the Ṛtviks and after invoking the devas inflamed the sacrificial fire. For one year he observed yāga like that and in the end gave gifts to the brahmins and the poor. It was all an imaginary performance that the King had in the course of a single day when he indulged in a reverie. In the evening as usual he continued his day to day duties.

One who performs Rājasūya will have to bear woes and sorrows for a period of twelve years and since Lavaṇa had performed it mentally, Indra sent his agent to give Lavaṇa worries mentally. Indra’s agent appeared in the court of King Lavaṇa in the guise of a magician. The magician bowing before the King with awe said, "Lord, I shall show you a magic. See it sitting on your throne. It will be as astounding as if seeing moon rise on the earth".

4) Lavaṇa (लवण).—A demon who lived in the island of Rāmaṇīyaka. He had come to the island long before the serpents came to that place. The serpents saw him when they went there to live. (Śloka 2, Chapter 27, Ādi Parva).

5) Lavaṇa (लवण).—Another King of the family of Hariścandra. Yogavāsiṣṭha says that this King had participated in several Rājasūya yajñas.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “salt” (suitable for a marriage ceremony)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Then he began collecting foodstuffs and other requisite articles intended for the performance of the marriage. [...] Mountainous masses of rice, beaten rice, jaggery, sugar candies and salt (lavaṇa) were heaped up. He caused huge tanks and receptacles built for milk, ghee and curds as well as for fried flour cakes of barley and other grains and ball-like sweets. Big tanks and receptacles were made for the nectar, sugarcane juice, baked cakes, and the sugar candies. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Lavaṇa (लवण).—A son of Rākṣasa Madhu, killed by Śatrughna in Madhuvana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 11. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 186; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 185; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 12. 4; IV. 4. 101.

1b) A son of Jyotiṣmat, after whom Lavaṇavarṣa took the name.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 27-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 24.

1c) A son of Mahogra, prayed to Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 91.

1d) A hell; disrespect to guru, reviling and selling of the Vedas and laxity in sex relations lead to it.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 6. 2 and 13.

1e) One of the eight saubhāgyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 9.

1f) A kingdom of Kuśadvīpa after Lavaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 29; 19. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 25; 49. 53.

1g) Also Lavaṇa sindhu, Lavaṇāmbudhi— an ocean of salt;1 origin from waters of the aṇḍam;2 jalam.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 52. 42; IV. 31. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 2. 34.
  • 3) Ib. 251. 34.

1h) Unfit for śrāddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “salt”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Āśleṣā, the creatures of water and serpents will suffer; if through the constellation of Maghā, the Bāhlīkas, the Cīna (Chinese), the people of Gāndhāra, of Śūlika, of Pārata, the Vaiáyas, store houses and merchants will suffer. If his course should lie through the constellation of Pūrvaphālguni, juice-sellers, prostitutes, virgins and the people of Mahāraṣṭras will suffer miseries; if through Uttaraphālguni, kings, ascetics, jaggery, salt [i.e., lavaṇa], water and the town of Takṣaśilā will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “salt”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] As salt (lavaṇa) put into water dissolves gradually, so the mind as well dissolves [thus] in Brahma by means of the practice [of absorption]. As salt by contact with water becomes water, so the mind by contact with Brahma becomes Brahma. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Shiva Purana - (Ganesha)

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “salt” (to be avoided during the worship of Gaṇeśa), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.18 (“Gaṇeśa crowned as the chief of Gaṇas”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Gaṇeśa: “[...] Gaṇeśa shall be adored with incense, lamps and different kinds of food-offerings. After worshipping you with various articles of worship like betel etc. and eulogising you with hymns, the devotee shall worship the crescent moon. Afterwards, he shall feed the brahmins joyously with sweets with due honour. He himself shall take sweets and avoid salt (lavaṇa). [...]”.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Ganapatya from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Lavana—An ocean mentioned in the Mahabharata (1.5.27): Lavana-samudra (ocean of salt).

According to the Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam (8.5.1-31):

“In the north of this Īlāvarṣa (center of Jambu-dvīpa) are the three mountains the Nīlagiri, the Śvetagiri and the Śringavau, forming the boundaries respectively of the three Varṣas named Ramyaka, Hiraṇmaya and Kuru respectively. These run along from the east and gradually extend at their base and towards the salt ocean (Lavana Samudra).”

2) Lavaṇa (लवण)—A daitya mentioned in the Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam (4.20.54–56):

“In days of yore, on the delightful banks of the river Kālindī, there was a place, called Madhuban, where lived a powerful Daitya named Lavana, the son of Madhu. That wicked Demon was exceedingly arrogant, on getting a boon, and he used to give an enormous amount of trouble to the Dvijas. Satrughṇa the younger of Lakṣmaṇ, killed that uncontrollable Daitya and built a very beautiful city there and named it Mathurā.”

Śatrughna also killed a Rākṣasa named Lavaṇa, who was the son of Madhu Rākṣasa. (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam IX.9.11)

3) Lavana—One of the hells mentioned in the Garuḍa Purāṇa (57). It was during the reign of Rāma, that the demon Lavana was killed by Shatrughna (Garuḍa Purāṇa 143).

4) Lavana is one of the seven sons of king Jyotiṣmat, after whom the seven portions or Varṣas of the island were called Udbhida, &c. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa II.4)

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Lavaṇa (लवण, “salty”) refers to one of the “six kinds of tastes” (rasa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 36). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., lavaṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Lavaṇa (लवण) is the shorter name for Lavaṇasamudra, an ocean (samudra) surrouding the continent (dvīpa) known as Jambū (or, Jambūdvīpa), according to Jain cosmology. Lavaṇa and Jambū are situated in the middle-world (madhyaloka), which contains innumerable concentric continents (dvīpa), each surrounded by their own ocean. The middle-world, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Lavaṇa is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “rock salt”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (e.g., lavaṇa). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Lavaṇa (लवण) refers to “saltiness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the cycle of rebirth consisting of endless misfortune, sentient beings roam about repeatedly, struck down by spear, axe, vice, fire, corrosive liquid [com.—saltiness, etc. (lavaṇādi)] or razor in hell, consumed by the multitude of flames from the fire of violent actions in the plant and animal world, and subject to unequalled trouble in the human condition [or] full of desire among the gods. [Thus ends the reflection on] the cycle of rebirth.”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Lavaṇa.—cf. a-lavaṇa-khātaka (IE 8-5); salt [the produc- tion of which was the monopoly of the king or landlord]. (IE 7-1-2), ‘five’; also ‘cutting [of plants]’. Note: lavaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lavaṇa : (nt.) salt.

-- or --

lavana : (nt.) mowing; reaping.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lavana, (nt.) (fr. lunāti) cutting, reaping Miln. 360. (Page 582)

— or —

Lavaṇa, (nt.) (cp. late Vedic lavaṇa, cp. Zimmer, Altind. Leben 54) salt, lotion Miln. 112; Sdhp. 158. See loṇa. (Page 582)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lavaṇa (लवण).—n (S) Salt, whether sea-salt or fossile salt.

--- OR ---

lavaṇa (लवण).—a (S) Salt, saline.

--- OR ---

lavaṇa (लवण).—n f (lavaṇēṃ) A depressed or low spot (in the ground &c.); a hollow or sinking more generally; as pāyācī la0 The hollow of the knee; mānēcī la0 The hollow or bend of the neck; hātācī la0 The hollow of the arm. 2 A bend or winding (of a road, river &c.)

--- OR ---

lāvaṇa (लावण).—a S lāvaṇika a S Salt, saline, relating to salt.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lavaṇa (लवण).—n Salt. n f A low spot. a Saline.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lavaṇa (लवण).—a. [lū-lyuṭ pṛṣo° ṇatvam]

1) Saline, saltish, briny; यतो यतस्त्वाददीत लवणमेवैवम् (yato yatastvādadīta lavaṇamevaivam) Bṛ. Up.2.4.12.

2) Lovely, handsome.

-ṇaḥ 1 Saline taste.

2) The sea of salt water.

3) Name of a demon, son of Madhu, who was killed by Śatrughna; लवणेन विलुप्तेज्यास्तामिस्रेण तमभ्ययुः (lavaṇena viluptejyāstāmisreṇa tamabhyayuḥ) R.15.2,5,17,26.

4) Name of a hell.

-ṇam 1 Salt, seasalt.

2) A factitious salt.

--- OR ---

Lavaṇā (लवणा).—Lustre, beauty.

--- OR ---

Lavana (लवन).—[lū-bhāve karmaṇi ca lyuṭ]

1) Mowing, cutting, reaping (of corn &c.).

2) An instrument for mowing, a sickle, scythe.

Derivable forms: lavanam (लवनम्).

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (लावण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [लवणं संस्कृतम् अण् (lavaṇaṃ saṃskṛtam aṇ)]

1) Salt.

2) Salted, dressed with salt; लावणस्य समुद्रस्य विष्कम्भो द्विगुणः स्मृतः (lāvaṇasya samudrasya viṣkambho dviguṇaḥ smṛtaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.11.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṇa (लवण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Salt, saline. 2. Handsome, beautiful. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Sea-salt. 2. Rock or fossile salt. 3. Factitious salt, or salt obtained by boiling clay found near the sea-shore, or any earth impregnated with saline particles. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. The saline or salt taste, saltness. 2. The sea of salt-water. 4. The name of a Rakshasa mentioned in the Ramayana. f.

(-ṇā) 1. Saline, briny. 2. Light, lustre, beauty. 3. A small river in Tirhut. E. to cut, (rawness, or to assist digestion,) aff. lyuṭ, and the final letter made nasal by special rule.

--- OR ---

Lavana (लवन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Reaping. 2. Cutting. f. (-nī) A coarse kind of custardapple, (Annona reticulata.) “loṇā ātā .” E. to cut, aff. lyuṭ .

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (लावण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) 1. Salted, dressed or cooked with salt. 2. Salt, belonging or relating to it, &c. E. lavaṇa salt, aff. aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṇa (लवण).—for original ravaṇa cf. rumaṇvant, I. n. Salt, [Pañcatantra] 184, 9. Ii. m. 1. Saltness, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 56. 2. The sea of salt water. 3. The name of a Rākṣasa, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 176, 8. Iii. f. ṇā. 1. Light, beauty. 2. The name of a river. Iv. adj. 1. Salt, saline, [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] iv. 4, 24. 2. Charming, beautiful.

--- OR ---

Lavana (लवन).—i. e. lū + ana, n. Cutting, reaping.

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (लावण).—i. e. lavaṇa + a, adj. 1. Relating to salt. 2. Salted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṇa (लवण).—[neuter] salt, [especially] sea-salt, [adjective] salt; [feminine] ā or ī [Name] of [several] rivers.

--- OR ---

Lavana (लवन).—[neuter] cutting or implement for cutting.

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (लावण).—[adjective] saline, salt, salted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lavana (लवन):—[from lava] a mfn. one who cuts etc., a cutter, reaper [gana] nandy-ādi

2) [from lava] n. the act of cutting, reaping, mowing etc., [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] an implement for cutting, sickle, knife etc., [Kauśika-sūtra] (See darbha-l).

4) Lavaṇa (लवण):—mf(ā)n. (derivation doubtful) saline, salt, briny, brinish, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (ṇaṃ kṛtvā, or kṛtya [gana] sākṣādi)

5) tasteful, graceful, handsome, beautiful, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) m. saltness, saline taste, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) the sea of salt water (in, [Mahābhārata vi, 236 etc.] one of the seven oceans which surround the Dvīpas in concentric belts), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 420]

8) Name of a hell, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] savana)

9) of a Rākṣasa or Daitya, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

10) of a king belonging to the family of Hariścandra, [Catalogue(s)]

11) of a son of Rāma (= lava q.v.), [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

12) of a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) = bala and asthi-deva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Lavaṇā (लवणा):—[from lavaṇa] f. lustre, grace, beauty, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. lāvaṇya)

15) [v.s. ...] Cardiospermum Halicacabum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mālatīmādhava]

17) Lavaṇa (लवण):—n. (according to some also m. and f(ā). ) salt ([especially] sea-salt, rock or fossil salt; but also factitious salt or salt obtained from saline earth), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

18) n. oversalted food, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) lustre, beauty, charm, grace (ifc. See, nir-l and lava-ṇākara)

20) a [particular] mode of fighting ([probably] [wrong reading] for lambana), [Harivaṃśa]

21) Lavana (लवन):—b etc. See p. 898, col. 3.

22) Lāvaṇa (लावण):—mf(ī)n. ([from] lavaṇa) saline, salt, salted, cooked or dressed with salt, [Harivaṃśa; Suśruta]

23) m. Name of the salt sea which surrounds Jambudvīpa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) Lavana (लवन):—[from ] c etc. See p.898, [columns] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lavaṇa (लवण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Saline. n. Salt. m. Saltness. f. Lustre; beauty.

2) Lavana (लवन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Reaping, cutting. f. () A coarse kind of custard apple.

3) Lāvaṇa (लावण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Salted, salt.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lavana (लवन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Lavaṇa, Lūṇa, Loṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lavana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Lavaṇa (लवण) [Also spelled lavan]:—(nm) salt; — [kaccha] salt marsh; -[kāca] salt glaze; -[kṣāra] a kind of salt; -[jala] saline water, sea water; ~[] salinity; beauty; -[paṭala] salt-pan; -[bhāskara] a kind of medicinal powder (mixture of many kinds of salts and other things) used for curing stomach disorders; -[samudra] sea of salt.

2) Lavana (लवन):—(nm) reaping, harvesting.

context information


Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Lavaṇa (लवण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Lavana.

2) Lavaṇa (लवण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Lavaṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lavaṇa (ಲವಣ):—

1) [noun] a white, crystalline substance, sodium chloride, NaCl, with a characteristic taste, made from sea water, etc., and used for seasoning and preserving foods, etc.; common salt.

2) [noun] natural sodium chloride occuring in solid form in rock-like masses; rock-salt.

3) [noun] a product formed by the neutralisation of an acid by a base; a chemical salt.

4) [noun] that which is beautiful, charming.

5) [noun] a tax levied on common salt.

--- OR ---

Lavana (ಲವನ):—

1) [noun] the act of cutting or reaping (of crops).

2) [noun] a cutting tool, having a crescent-shaped blade one end of which is fixed into a handle; a sikcle.

--- OR ---

Lavāṇa (ಲವಾಣ):—

1) [noun] a nomadic Romany caste.

2) [noun] a person belonging to this caste.

3) [noun] their language.

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (ಲಾವಣ):—[noun] the muster roll of soldiers.

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (ಲಾವಣ):—[adjective] of, tasting of or containing salt (sodium carbonate).

--- OR ---

Lāvaṇa (ಲಾವಣ):—[noun] a white, crystalline substance, sodium chloride, NaCl, with a characteristic taste, made from sea water, etc., and used for seasoning and preserving foods, etc.; common salt.

--- OR ---

Lāvana (ಲಾವನ):—[noun] an instrument for cutting; a sickle.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of lavana in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: