Janman: 8 definitions

Introduction

Janman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Janman (जन्मन्) refers to a “bed slab”. When a temple is built over a sheet of bedrock, a ‘bed slab’ (janman) is placed over the upper contour of the bedrock. This is done only after the rock itself is cut and dressed in order to make it uniformly flat.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Janman (जन्मन्, “birth”).—How many types of birth (janman, method of getting born) are there? There are three types namely spontaneous generation (sammūrchina), uterus/womb (garbha) and by descent-in-the-special-bed (upapāda). What is the meaning of being born (birth)? Acquisition of the new body by the empirical soul is called birth or getting born.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Janman (जन्मन्).—n. [jan bhāve manin]

1) Birth; तां जन्मने शैलवधूं प्रपेदे (tāṃ janmane śailavadhūṃ prapede) Ku.1.21.

2) Origin, rise, production, creation; आकरे पद्मरागाणां जन्म काचमणेः कुतः (ākare padmarāgāṇāṃ janma kācamaṇeḥ kutaḥ) H. Pr.44; Ku.5.6; (at the end of comp.) arising or born from; सरलस्कन्धसंघट्ठजन्मा दवाग्निः (saralaskandhasaṃghaṭṭhajanmā davāgniḥ) Me.53.

3) Life, existence; पूर्वेष्वपि हि जन्मसु (pūrveṣvapi hi janmasu) Ms.9.1;5.38; Bg.4.5.

4) Birthplace.

5) Nativity.

6) A father, giver of birth, progenitor; Ś.7.18.

7) Natal star.

8) (In astr.) Name of the first mansion or Nakṣatra.

9) A creature, being.

1) People.

11) The people of a household.

12) Kind, race.

13) Nature; property, quality.

14) Custom, manner.

-adhipaḥ 1 an epithet of Śiva.

2) the regent of a constellation under which a person is born (in astrology); होराजन्माधिपयोर्जन्मर्क्षे वाशुभो राज्ञः (horājanmādhipayorjanmarkṣe vāśubho rājñaḥ) Bṛ. S.34.11.

-antaram 1 another life.

2) the preceding life, former birth; मनो हि जन्मान्तरसंगतिज्ञम् (mano hi janmāntarasaṃgatijñam) R.7.15.

3) regeneration.

4) the other world.

-antarīya a. belonging to or done in another life; जन्मान्तरीयैः साम्राज्यं मया प्रापीति चिन्तयन् (janmāntarīyaiḥ sāmrājyaṃ mayā prāpīti cintayan) Rāj. T.6.85.

-andhaḥ a. born blind.

-aṣṭamī the eighth day of the dark fortnight of Srāvaṇa, the birth-day of Kṛsna.

-āspadam birthplace.

-īśaḥ = 2 जन्माधिप (janmādhipa);

-kīlaḥ an epithet of Viṣṇu.

-kuṇḍalī a diagram in a horoscope in which the positions of different planets at the time of one's birth are marked.

-kṛt m. a father.

-kṣetram birth-place.

-tithiḥ m., f.,

-dinam, -divasaḥ birth-day; सुखाय तज्जन्मदिनं बभूव (sukhāya tajjanmadinaṃ babhūva) Ku.1.23.

-daḥ a father.

-nakṣatram, -bham the natal star.

-nāman n. the name received on the 12th day after birth.

-paḥ the regent of a planet under which a person is born.

-patram, -patrikā a horoscope.

-pādapaḥ a family-tree; उत्तराः कुरवोऽविक्षंस्तद्भयाज्जन्मपादपान् (uttarāḥ kuravo'vikṣaṃstadbhayājjanmapādapān) Rāj. T.4.175.

-pratiṣṭhā 1 a birth-place.

2) a mother; Ś.6 (between verses 9th and 1th).

-bhāj, bhṛt m. a creature, living being; मोदन्तां जन्मभाजः सततम् (modantāṃ janmabhājaḥ satatam) Mk.1.6. -a. one whose life is fruitful; अहो भोजपते यूयं जन्मभाजो नृणामिह (aho bhojapate yūyaṃ janmabhājo nṛṇāmiha) Bhāg.1.82. 29.

-bhāṣā a mother-tongue; यत्र स्त्रीणामपि किमपरं जन्मभाषा- वदेव प्रत्यावासं विलसति वचः संस्कृतं प्राकृतं च (yatra strīṇāmapi kimaparaṃ janmabhāṣā- vadeva pratyāvāsaṃ vilasati vacaḥ saṃskṛtaṃ prākṛtaṃ ca) Vikr.18.6.

-bhūmiḥ f. birth-place, native country.

-yogaḥ a horoscope.

-rogin a. sickly from birth.

-lagnam, -rāśiḥ the sign of the zodiac under which a person is born.

-vartman n. the vulva.

-vasudhā native country; पश्यद्भिर्जन्मवसुधाम् (paśyadbhirjanmavasudhām) Rāj. T.4.147.

-śodhanam discharging the obligations derived from birth.

-sāphalyam attainment of the ends of existence; एतद्धि जन्मसाफल्यं ब्राह्मणस्य विशेषतः (etaddhi janmasāphalyaṃ brāhmaṇasya viśeṣataḥ) Ms.12.93. Pt.1.28.

-sthānam 1 birth-place, native country, home.

2) the womb.

-hetuḥ cause of birth, author of one's being; पितरस्तासां केवलं जन्महेतवः (pitarastāsāṃ kevalaṃ janmahetavaḥ) R.1.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Janman (जन्मन्).—(for closest approach to this meaning which I have found, see [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 11), circumstance, condition, case; iha janmani, in this case, under these circumstances: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 56.18 meha janmani avandhyā me mantrasiddhiḥ; 56.29 iha janmani (Tibetan skabs der = en ce cas, Lalou, Icono- graphie, 21) saṃhartavyaḥ (see saṃharati). See also bodhisattva-janman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janman (जन्मन्).—n. (-nma) Birth, production. E. jan to be born, and manin Unadi affix, or with a final vowel janma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janman (जन्मन्).—[neuter] birth, origin, new birth; existence, life; birthplace, home; progenitor, father ([especially] —° begotten by); creature, being; relatives, people i.[grammar]; race, kind; nature quality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Janman (जन्मन्):—[from janīya] n. birth, production (kṛta-janman mfn. ‘planted’ [Kumāra-sambhava v, 60]), origin (ifc. ‘born from’ e.g. śūdra. q.v.), [Ṛg-veda iii, 26, 7; vii, 33, 10; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] existence, life, [Manu-smṛti; Bhagavad-gītā iv, 5; Yoga-sūtra ii, 12] (dṛṣṭādṛṣṭaj, ‘present and future life’), etc. (ma [accusative] ind. through the whole life, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan iv, 7])

3) [v.s. ...] nativity, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā i, 10]

4) [v.s. ...] re-birth, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha xi]

5) [v.s. ...] birthplace, home, [Ṛg-veda ii, 9, 3; viii, 69, 3; x, 5, 7; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] a progenitor, father, [Śakuntalā vii, 18]

7) [v.s. ...] natal star, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā iv, 28]

8) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) Name of the 1st lunar mansion, [civ]

9) [v.s. ...] a creature, being, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa iv, 10]

10) [v.s. ...] people, [Ṛg-veda ii, 26, 3; iii, 15, 2]

11) [v.s. ...] the people of a household, kind, race, [Ṛg-veda] (ubhayaj sg., [dual number] and [plural], ‘both races’ id est. gods and men or [x, 37, 11] men and animals)

12) [v.s. ...] nature, quality, [i, 70, 2]

13) [v.s. ...] custom, manner (pratnena janmanā, according to ancient custom), [, i, 87, 5; ix, 3, 9; Sāma-veda] ([varia lectio] manm, [Ṛg-veda]), [Harivaṃśa 15718] (dūta-janmanā, ‘like a messenger’)

14) [v.s. ...] water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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