Mountain: 1 definition

Introduction:

Mountain means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mountains, it seems, were amongst the earliest sacred places. The worship of sacred mountains is a feature of Epic and Purāṇic religion no less than Tantric. Amongst them the Kula mountains are considered to be the most sacred. According to the Epics and the Purāṇas they are seven. Considered to be the centre of the world by Buddhists, Jains and Hindus alike, Kailāśa is by far the best known of all the sacred mountains in Asia. As it is Śiva’s abode, it is understandably an important place in the sacred geography of the Kubjikā Tantras where it is identified with the triangular mount Meru. Said to be another form of Kailāśa, it is, as we have seen, one of many representations of the triangular Yoni located in the End of the Twelve above the head. The teachings are transmitted from here and so are said to come down along the Path of Meru. The Kularatnoddyota couples this mountain, which is located in Tibet behind the Himalayas, with mount Malaya in South India.

These mountains, which are the world and the body of the goddess, originate, according to the Kularatnoddyota, from the first two mountains—Kailāśa and Malaya—which represent the most fundamental of polarities. In their original transcendent oneness they constitute the Kramamaṇḍala of the goddess. Kailāśa stands for ‘Krama’, that is, the series of mantras that constitute the transmission, and Malaya for the ‘maṇḍala’ into which they are projected.

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context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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