Prishadhra, Pṛṣadhra: 8 definitions
Prishadhra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pṛṣadhra can be transliterated into English as Prsadhra or Prishadhra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र):—One of the ten sons of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa )Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र).—The ninth son of Vaivasvata Manu. He is described as one of the sacred and virtuous persons to be remembered during early mornings. He did penance at Kurukṣetra and attained Svarga. (Śloka 11, Chapter 20, Aśvamedha Parva).
Even from boyhood Pṛṣadhra started practice of penance. He got disgusted with life even from his boyhood. A story is told how it happened so. Once when Pṛṣadhra was studying under his Guru, a tiger entered the shed of the cows at night. Hearing the pitiable wails of the cow he went to the shed with his sword and gave a strong and fatal cut to the tiger with it. Unfortunately the stroke fell on the cow instead of the tiger and not knowing the truth in the darkness Pṛṣadhra went and slept peacefully. In the morning when he went to the shed he found the cow lying dead with his sword-cut. He then knew the mistake he had made at night and was so distressed with the accident that he at once left for Kurukṣetra and started doing penance there.
2) Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र).—A son of King Drupada. He was killed in the great battle by Aśvatthāmā. (Śloka 18, Chapter 156, Droṇa Parva).
3) Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र).—A brahmin boy. One night while he was living in the āśrama of his Guru he saw a lion going out from the premises of the āśrama with an āśrama cow in its mouth. The brahmin boy rushed at it and struck the lion with a sword. But due to want of proper light the sword-cut fell on the cow and the cow fell down dead. The next day the Guru finding the cow lying dead mistook it for a deliberate killing by his disciple and cursed Pṛṣadhra to death. to be born as a Śūdra. When Pṛṣadhra was thus roaming about in the forests in his cursed form he fell into a big forest fire and was burnt to death. (Chapter 2, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa; Chapter 1, Aṃśa 4, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र).—A son of Vaivasvata Manu. Being appointed by his teacher to be in charge of cattle he attended to it zealously. During nights he kept awake in vīrāsana posture. On a dark rainy night a tiger entered the stall and caught hold of a cow, when the other cows ran pell-mell. At this the prince drew the sword, and in the darkness he cut off the head of a cow and the ear of the tiger. Next morning he reported the sad news to the preceptor, who cursed him to become a śūdra. He however continued to live a life of celibacy, and detachment to things mundane, ever contemplating on Hari. He reached Brahmā by entering the forest-fire in the course of his wanderings.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 3; IX. 1. 12; 2. 3-14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 11. 41; 12. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 30; 86. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 34; IV. 1. 7, 17.
Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pṛṣadhra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र) occurs in a Vālakhilya hymn of the Ṛgveda as the name of a man. He is also mentioned in the Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-śūtra as a patron of Praskaṇva, and called Pṛṣadhra Medhya Mātariśvan (or Mātariśva); but for once there is a discrepancy between the statement of the Sūtra and the text of the Ṛgveda, for the hymns there attributed to Praskaṇva as in praise of Pṛṣadhra have nothing in them connected with Pṛṣadhra, while the Anukramaṇī (Index) ascribes to Pṛṣadhra himself the authorship of one of them. On the other hand, Medhya and Mātariśvan appear as separate persons in the Ṛgveda along with Pṛsadhra.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र):—[=pṛṣa-dhra] [from pṛṣa > pṛṣ] m. Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda viii, 52, 4] (supposed author of [Ṛg-veda viii, 56])
2) [v.s. ...] of a son of one of the Manus, [Mahābhārata]
3) [v.s. ...] of a warrior on the side of the Pāṇḍavas, [ib.] ([wrong reading] -dhru; cf. pṛśni-dhara).
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र):—m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Vālakhilya 4, 2.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16, 11, 26.] Liedverfasser von [Vālakhilya 8.] [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,223,b.] ein Sohn Manu's [Mahābhārata 1, 3141. 15, 548.] [Harivaṃśa 614. 659.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 348. 351.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 13, 3. 9, 1, 12. 2, 3.] pruṣadhru [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 79, 12.] pūṣadhra [111, 5. 112, 1. 7.] Wohl zusammengesetzt aus pṛṣant + dhra, so dass pṛṣaddhra etymologisch zu schreiben wäre, welche Form [Mahābhārata 13, 7683] erscheint.
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Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र):—[Z. 5. fg.] pṛṣadhra die ed. Bomb. [Mahābhārata 13, 7683.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Pṛṣadhra (पृषध्र):—m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer [Mahābhārata 7,156,183.Carakasaṃhitā 6,10.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 11 books and stories containing Prishadhra, Prisha-dhra, Pṛṣa-dhra, Prsa-dhra, Pṛṣadhra, Prsadhra; (plurals include: Prishadhras, dhras, Pṛṣadhras, Prsadhras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXVIII - Genealogy of royal princes (solar race) < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 36 - The description of the nine sons of and the race of Vaivasvata Manu < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)