Sharanya, Śaraṇya, Saraṇyā: 15 definitions


Sharanya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaraṇya can be transliterated into English as Saranya or Sharanya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sharny.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sharanya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saraṇyā (सरण्या).—A wife of Sūrya. (Ṛgveda, 10, 17, 2).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śaraṇya (शरण्य) refers to the “refuge of the refugees” and is used as an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to the great lord, greater than the greatest, the greatest of the great, the all-pervading omniformed lord. Obeisance to Viṣṇukalatra, Viṣṇukṣetra, the sun, Bhairava, the refuge of the refugees (i.e., Śaraṇya), the three-eyed and the sportive”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śaraṇya (शरण्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.30, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śaraṇya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaraṇya (शरण्य).—a S That affords protection or shelter; that is a refuge or an asylum unto. 2 (Possible, purposed, necessary, proper) to be protected or sheltered.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य).—a. [śaraṇe sādhuḥ yat]

1) Fit to protect, yielding protection, a protector, refuge; असौ शरण्यः शरणोन्मुखानाम् (asau śaraṇyaḥ śaraṇonmukhānām) R.6.21; शरण्यो लोकानाम् (śaraṇyo lokānām) Mv.4.1; R.2.3;14.64;15. 2; Kumārasambhava 5.76.

2) Needing protection, poor, miserable.

-ṇyaḥ An epithet of Śiva.

-ṇyam 1 A place of refuge, shelter.

2) A protector, who or what affords protection; लवणत्रासितः स्तोमः शरण्यं त्वामुपस्थितः (lavaṇatrāsitaḥ stomaḥ śaraṇyaṃ tvāmupasthitaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1.5.

3) Protection, defence; शरण्यौ सर्वसत्त्वानाम् (śaraṇyau sarvasattvānām) Rāma-rakṣā 19.

4) Injury. hurt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य).—mfn.

(-ṇyaḥ-ṇyā-ṇyaṃ) To be protected or aided, poor, miserable, helpless. n.

(-ṇyaṃ) 1. A protection, a protector, that which or who affords refuge and defence. 2. A house. 3. Protection, defence. 4. Injury, hurt. E. śṛ to hurt, Unadi aff. anya; or śaraṇa protection, and yat aff. of fitness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य).—i. e. śaraṇa + ya, I. adj. 1. Needing protection, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 90, 50; helpless, poor, miserable. 2. Yielding protection, helping, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 42, 3; [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 1, 2; Chr. 17, 25. Ii. n. 1. A house. 2. Refuge, protection, a protector. 3. (i. e. śṛ10 + ana + ya), Injury, hurt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य).—[adjective] affording or seeking protection, refuge, or help; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaraṇya (शरण्य):—[from śara] 1. śaraṇya n. (for 2. See, [ib.]) injury, hurt, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [from śaraṇa] 2. śaraṇya mf(ā)n. affording shelter, yielding help or protection to ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] needing shelter or protection, seeking refuge with ([compound]), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] n. who or what affords protection or defence, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] (with ācārya) Name of a Tāntric teacher, [Catalogue(s)]

7) Śaraṇyā (शरण्या):—[from śaraṇya > śaraṇa] f. Name of Durga, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) Saraṇya (सरण्य):—[from sara] [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] yati, to run, hasten, speed, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य):—(ṇyaṃ) 1. n. A shelter; a house; protector; injury. a. Protected, poor, miserable.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śaraṇya (शरण्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saraṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharanya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharanya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य) [Also spelled sharny]:—(a) seeking/needing or deserving shelter.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaraṇya (ಶರಣ್ಯ):—[adjective] fit to be protected or given shelter.

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Śaraṇya (ಶರಣ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಶರಣಾಗತರಕ್ಷಕ [sharanagatarakshaka].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharanya in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Śaraṇya (शरण्य):—adj. deserving protection; seeking protection; n. one who gives protection to a refugee;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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