Hrishta, Hṛṣṭa, Hṛṣṭā: 20 definitions


Hrishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Hṛṣṭa and Hṛṣṭā can be transliterated into English as Hrsta or Hrishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Hrasht.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Hṛṣṭā (हृष्टा, “joyful”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘dominant state’ (sthāyibhāva) of laughter (hāsa). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

A type of glance (or facial expression): Hṛṣṭa (merry): fluttering, pleasant, twinkling. Usage: laughter.

Source: Natya Shastra

Hṛṣtā (हृष्ता).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a dominant state (sthāyibhāva);—The Glance which is moving, slightly bent and in which eyeballs are not wholly visible (lit. entering), and there is winking, is called Hṛṣtā (joyful); it is used in laughter.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Hṛṣṭā (हृष्टा) refers to one of the Thirty six kinds of Glances (dṛṣṭi) or “proper accomplishment of glances” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Dṛṣṭi is very important in a dance form. The appropriate movements of eyes, eyeballs and eyebrows of an artist make the performance more charming. There are thirty six kinds of glances (dṛṣṭi) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, for example hṛṣṭā, belonging to the sthāyībhāvadṛṣṭi division.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट) refers to one who is “delighted”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Dakṣa was worried with thoughts. But he became greatly delighted at my sight. He asked me the purpose of my visit. Dakṣa said:—‘ [...] O creator of worlds, is your visit prompted by your love for your son or for any special task that you have come to my hermitage? I am delighted (hṛṣṭa) on seeing you’”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट).—(Vidas)—those censuring the eternal principle.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 115.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Hṛṣṭā (हृष्टा) means “delighted”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Thus (the goddess) was delighted [i.e., hṛṣṭā] in Śaṃkara and full of the bliss of (love) games. The goddess who bestows boons (to all) and to Śaṃkara, spoke: ‘In (this my) eighth birth having enjoyed pleasure (bhoga), with me, this is the debt that remains. We have mutually enjoyed the false object of enjoyment as it is (in the world and created) by Māyā. [...]’”.

2) Hṛṣṭā (हृष्टा) or Hṛṣṭākalā refers to one of the “eight energies” (Aṣṭakalā) that surround the sacred seat Kāmarūpa, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Then (after that comes the fourth sacred seat [i.e., Kāmarūpa] which) is in the locus of the heart and is surrounded by eight energies, namely Mohā, Āvṛtā, Prakāśyā, Kiraṇā, Rāgavatī, Hṛṣṭā, Puṣṭī, and Krodhā. One should know that it is located in the Wheel of the Heart surrounded by (this) group of energies set around it anticlockwise. (Brilliant) like the rising sun, its purpose is the emanation of the (many) diverse and true Yoginīs by means of (the energy) who (is full of the) attachment and passion (kāma) that comes from the joy of the heart (generated) by the countless energies of (the divine) will in order to (emanate) the many and diverse forms of creation. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट) refers to “(being) overjoyed”, according to verse 45.201-202 of the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, “The Sādhaka should make [her] sit down there. He should start kissing and embracing her and stimulating her. He should collect the purifying [substance, i.e. the sexual fluids]. Overjoyed (hṛṣṭa), they should consume [the fluids]...”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ḥṛṣṭa (ःऋष्ट) refers to “(being) delighted”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.1-2, while describing the interpretation of dreams]—“In the bright morning, at daybreak, after purification, etc., one by one as [explained in the previous chapter, the Ācārya] should enter the house. The pupil, who has sipped pure water, holds a flower in his hand. After bowing to the guru, delighted (ḥṛṣṭa), he should tell his dreams to the guru”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: 84000: Sampuṭodbhava Tantra (Emergence from Sampuṭa)

Hṛṣṭā (हृष्टा) refers to one of the primary thirty-two energy-channels in the body, according to the Sampuṭodbhavatantra chapter 1.—Accordingly, “[Vajragarbha asked, ‘What subtle energy channels are in the body?’]—The Blessed One said, ‘There are one hundred and twenty of them, corresponding to the divisions within the four cakras. The chief ones, those with bodhicitta as their innate nature, are thirty-two in number. They are: [i.e., Hṛṣṭā] [...]’.”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट) refers to “(having been) pleased”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘(31) [The Bodhisattvas] always give a gift with the pure thought for the sake of awakening and they do not expect any reward (vipāka). They, having been pleased and delighted (hṛṣṭa-tuṣṭa), never feel regret about it, and they always give a gift after having been liberated [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट).—p Rejoiced, pleased.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट).—p. p. [hṛṣ-kta]

1) Pleased, rejoiced (= hṛṣita).

2) Bristling, erect, standing on end.

3) Rigid, stiff.

4) Blunted.

5) Surprised.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Pleased, glad, delighted. 2. Laughing, smiling. 3. Having the hair of the body erect with pleasure. 4. Astonished, surprised. 5. Disappointed. E. hṛṣ to be pleased, or to affirm falsely, aff. ktaḥ see hṛṣita .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट).—[adjective] standing on end, erect (hair); stiff, rigid; glad, merry.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट):—[from hṛṣ] mfn. thrilling with rapture, rejoiced, pleased, glad, merry, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] bristling, erect, standing on end (said of the hairs of the body), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] rigid, stiff, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] blunted (cf. hṛṣita), [Patañjali]

5) [v.s. ...] surprised, astonished, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Pleased, smiling; surprised, disappointed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Haṭṭha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hrishta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hṛṣṭa (हृष्ट) [Also spelled hrasht]:—(a) glad, delighted, pleased; -[puṣṭa] stout, robust.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hṛṣṭa (ಹೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] pleased; satisfied.

2) [adjective] thrilled; excited from joy.

--- OR ---

Hṛṣṭa (ಹೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] a pleased feeling; delight; pleasure.

2) [noun] a gesture in which the chin is broadened and the eyelashes are closed little as in winking, eyes looking gracefully with a smiling face.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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