Kshana, aka: Kṣaṇa, Kṣāṇa; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṣaṇa and Kṣāṇa can be transliterated into English as Ksana or Kshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Kshana in Purana glossaries]

Kṣaṇa (क्षण).—A measure of time.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 56; III. 72 29; IV. 1. 211; 32. 14.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Kshana in Mahayana glossaries]

Kṣaṇa (क्षण, “moment”) refers to a unit of time according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXV).—Accordingly, “In the time of a finger-snap (acchaṭā-mātra), there are sixty moments (kṣaṇa); in each kṣaṇa, the mind is born (utpāda) and ceases (bhaṅga); but as it arises in a series, we know that this is a mind of desire (rāgacitta), that, a mind of anger (dveṣacitta), or a mind of delusion (mohacitta), a mind of faith (prasādacitta), or a pure mind (viśuddhacitta) of wisdom (prajñā) or rapture (dhyāna)”.

Note: The kṣaṇa, moment, is the shortest time. Buddhists of the Lesser Vehicle agree in saying that Dharmas are kṣaṇika, momentary, but disagree on the meaning of this epithet. Pāli scholars and the Sarvāstivādin-Vaibhāṣikas, who accept the existence of the past and the future and who recognize in the kṣaṇika dharma two, three or four characteristics of the conditioned dharma (saṃskṛtadharma-lakṣaṇa), are of the opinion that the dharma arises, perdures and perishes in the space of one kṣaṇa (cf. Visuddhimagga; Abhidhammaṭṭhasaṃgha; Kośa; Saṃghabhadra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Kshana in Marathi glossaries]

kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m (S) A measure of time equal to the twelfth of a muhūrtta or to four minutes. 2 A minute portion of time generally, a moment, an instant. 3 (From the implied moderateness of the invitation, that a kṣaṇa or short moment may be granted, and the presence vouchsafed.) The placing of the grass darbha on the hand of the invited (and arrived) Brahman, in order to summon him to the Shraddh formally. This is one of the karmēṃ or ceremonies composing this obsequial rite. 4 The fibre of darbha presented to a Brahman on inviting his attendance at a Shraddh. In modern day it is given to him after his arrival at the house. v dē, ghē. Hence the word comes to signify śrāddhabhōjana; as brāhmaṇa kṣaṇāsa basalā -ālā -gēlā &c. na lāgatāṃ kṣaṇa In less than a moment.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m A measure of time equal to 4 minutes. A moment. na lāgatāṃ kṣaṇa In less than a moment.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of kshana or ksana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

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Kṣaṇaprabhā (क्षणप्रभा).—lightning. Kṣaṇaprabhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
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Kshanabhangura
Kṣaṇabhaṅgura (क्षणभङ्गुर).—a. transient, frail, perishable; मृगतृष्णासमं वीक्ष्य संसारं क्षणभङ...
Kshananihshvasa
Kṣaṇaniḥśvāsa (क्षणनिःश्वास).—the porpoise. Derivable forms: kṣaṇaniḥśvāsaḥ (क्षणनिःश्वासः).Kṣa...
Kshanavidhvamsin
Kṣaṇavidhvaṃsin (क्षणविध्वंसिन्).—a. perishable in a moment. (-m.) a class of atheistic philoso...
Kshanakshepa
Kṣaṇakṣepa (क्षणक्षेप).—a momentary delay. Derivable forms: kṣaṇakṣepaḥ (क्षणक्षेपः).Kṣaṇakṣepa...
Kshanaprakasha
Kṣaṇaprakāśā (क्षणप्रकाशा).—lightning. Kṣaṇaprakāśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Kshanaramin
Kṣaṇarāmin (क्षणरामिन्).—m. a pigeon. Kṣaṇarāmin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Kshanantare
Kṣaṇāntare (क्षणान्तरे).—ind. the next moment, after a little while. Kṣaṇāntare is a Sanskrit c...
Kshanardha
Kṣaṇārdha (क्षणार्ध).—half a moment, small space of time. Derivable forms: kṣaṇārdham (क्षणार्ध...
Kshanada
Kṣaṇada (क्षणद).—an astrologer. (-dam) 1 night-blindness. 2) water. (-dā) 1 night; क्षणादथैष क्...
Kritakshana
Kṛtakṣaṇa (कृतक्षण).—A King of Videha, who was a member in Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. He made a prese...
Kshanadyuti
Kṣaṇadyuti (क्षणद्युति).—f. Derivable forms: kṣaṇadyutiḥ (क्षणद्युतिः).Kṣaṇadyuti is a Sanskrit...
Kshanamatram
Kṣaṇamātram (क्षणमात्रम्).—ind. for a moment; क्षणमात्रमृषिस्तस्थौ सुप्त- मीन इव ह्रदः (kṣaṇamā...
Kshanika
Kṣaṇika (क्षणिक).—a. [kṣaṇaḥ svasattāvyāpyatayā'styasya ṭhan] Momentary, transient; स्वप्नेषु क...

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