Kshana, aka: Kṣaṇa, Kṣāṇa; 7 Definition(s)


Kshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṣaṇa and Kṣāṇa can be transliterated into English as Ksana or Kshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kshana in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣaṇa (क्षण).—A measure of time.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 56; III. 72 29; IV. 1. 211; 32. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Kṣaṇa (क्षण, “moment”) refers to a unit of time according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXV).—Accordingly, “In the time of a finger-snap (acchaṭā-mātra), there are sixty moments (kṣaṇa); in each kṣaṇa, the mind is born (utpāda) and ceases (bhaṅga); but as it arises in a series, we know that this is a mind of desire (rāgacitta), that, a mind of anger (dveṣacitta), or a mind of delusion (mohacitta), a mind of faith (prasādacitta), or a pure mind (viśuddhacitta) of wisdom (prajñā) or rapture (dhyāna)”.

Note: The kṣaṇa, moment, is the shortest time. Buddhists of the Lesser Vehicle agree in saying that Dharmas are kṣaṇika, momentary, but disagree on the meaning of this epithet. Pāli scholars and the Sarvāstivādin-Vaibhāṣikas, who accept the existence of the past and the future and who recognize in the kṣaṇika dharma two, three or four characteristics of the conditioned dharma (saṃskṛtadharma-lakṣaṇa), are of the opinion that the dharma arises, perdures and perishes in the space of one kṣaṇa (cf. Visuddhimagga; Abhidhammaṭṭhasaṃgha; Kośa; Saṃghabhadra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m (S) A measure of time equal to the twelfth of a muhūrtta or to four minutes. 2 A minute portion of time generally, a moment, an instant. 3 (From the implied moderateness of the invitation, that a kṣaṇa or short moment may be granted, and the presence vouchsafed.) The placing of the grass darbha on the hand of the invited (and arrived) Brahman, in order to summon him to the Shraddh formally. This is one of the karmēṃ or ceremonies composing this obsequial rite. 4 The fibre of darbha presented to a Brahman on inviting his attendance at a Shraddh. In modern day it is given to him after his arrival at the house. v dē, ghē. Hence the word comes to signify śrāddhabhōjana; as brāhmaṇa kṣaṇāsa basalā -ālā -gēlā &c. na lāgatāṃ kṣaṇa In less than a moment.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m A measure of time equal to 4 minutes. A moment. na lāgatāṃ kṣaṇa In less than a moment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣaṇa (क्षण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A measure of time equal to thirty Kalas or four minn tes. 2. A moment. 3. A festival. 4. Vacation from work, state of being unemployed. 5. Leisure, opportunity. 6. A certain day of the fortnight, as the full, change, &c. see parbban 7. Dependence, servitude. 8. The centre, the middle. n. adv.

(-ṇaṃ) For a moment. E. kṣaṇ to injure, affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 45 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tatkṣaṇa (तत्क्षण).—m. (see BR s.v. 2, where citation from Julien's ‘Hiouen-Thsang’ is obviousl...
Kṣaṇabhaṅgura (क्षणभङ्गुर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Transient, frail, perishable. E. kṣaṇa, and bhaṅ...
Kṣaṇaprabhā (क्षणप्रभा).—lightning. Kṣaṇaprabhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Kṣaṇarāmin (क्षणरामिन्).—m. (-mī) A pigeon. E. kṣaṇa a moment, and ram to play, affix ṇini.
Kṛtakṣaṇa (कृतक्षण).—A King of Videha, who was a member in Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. He made a prese...
Cittakṣaṇa (चित्तक्षण).—m. (1) a moment of thought: Gv 222.22, see s.v. anujava; adv. praticitt...
Kṣaṇavīrya (क्षणवीर्य).—an auspicious moment (kṣaṇa, muhūrta).Derivable forms: kṣaṇavīryam (क्ष...
Kṣaṇakṣepa (क्षणक्षेप).—a momentary delay. Derivable forms: kṣaṇakṣepaḥ (क्षणक्षेपः).Kṣaṇakṣepa...
Dattakṣaṇa (दत्तक्षण).—a. to whom occasion or a festival has been given; रेमे क्षणदया दत्तक्षणस...
Kṣaṇabhaṅgavāda (क्षणभङ्गवाद).—the doctrine of the continual decay of things (Buddh.); Bādarāya...
Kṣaṇaprakāśā (क्षणप्रकाशा).—lightning. Kṣaṇaprakāśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Kṣaṇavidhvaṃsin (क्षणविध्वंसिन्).—a. perishable in a moment. (-m.) a class of atheistic philoso...
Kṣaṇamātram (क्षणमात्रम्).—ind. for a moment; क्षणमात्रमृषिस्तस्थौ सुप्त- मीन इव ह्रदः (kṣaṇamā...
Kṣaṇārdha (क्षणार्ध).—half a moment, small space of time. Derivable forms: kṣaṇārdham (क्षणार्ध...
Kṣaṇaniḥśvāsa (क्षणनिःश्वास).—the porpoise. Derivable forms: kṣaṇaniḥśvāsaḥ (क्षणनिःश्वासः).Kṣa...

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