Shari, Sari, Śāri, Sāri, Sārī: 15 definitions


Shari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāri can be transliterated into English as Sari or Shari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sārī (सारी).—Traditional Indian dress worn by Hindu women-six yards long as a rule; Vedic women’s dress.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mother of Śāriputra, but it also represents a particular bird's name (sanskrit 'the śārī birds').

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A brahminee, mother of Sariputta (1) (q.v.). Her full name was Rupasari.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śāri (शारि) is the daughter of Māṭhara: a Brāhmin from Rājagṛha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “Because this man [Māṭhara] was very skillful in debate, the king had given him as a privilege a large village situated not far from the capital. This Māṭhara married and his wife bore a daughter; because the eyes of this young girl resembled those of the Chö li (śāri, the heron) bird, she was called Śāri; later the mother bore a son whose knee-bones were very big, and for that reason he was called Kiu hi lo (Kauṣṭhila). After this Brāhmin married, he was busy raising his son and daughter; he forgot all the holy books he had studied and he did not put his mind to acquiring new knowledge”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Holy Sites in Buddhist Saṃvara Cycle

Sarī (सरी) refers to one of the sixty-four inner channels running through the nirmāṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Nirmāṇacakra is an inner circle of the shape of a lotus with sixty-four petals. This inner circle is visualized in one’s abdomen. The inner channels [viz., Sarī] run through the petals of these inner circles.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sari : (aor. of sarati) remembered; moved along. || sārī (adj.), (in cpds.) wandering; following.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sari, according to Payogasiddhi=sarisa (sadisa) cp. sarīvaṇṇa J. II, 439 (=samāna-vaṇṇa, C.). (Page 698)

— or —

Sāri, (cp. *Sk. śāri) chessman DA. I, 85. (Page 706)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śārī (शारी).—f A small kind of sāmatā or auger.

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sarī (सरी).—f (sara) A wire (of whatever metal). 2 An ornament for the neck of females, consisting of a chain of twisted (gold or silver) wire. Pr. gaḷāṃ nāhīṃ sarī sukhī nidrā karī; Pr. kōṇhīṃ ghātalī sarī kōṇhīṃ ghātalī dōrī (paṇa gaḷaphāsa basēla). 3 A narrow shred or slip off from a bamboo &c. 4 A water-channel (as in a garden-bed along a row of plants): also the line occupied by such a row, a row. 5 A line of loose texture from the turning aside of the threads. 6 The line along the top of a wall. 7 The laga or connecting beam of postheads (as along a veranda). 8 A ring of earth pressed around the mouth of a handmill (to add weight to the upper leaf). The ring is sometimes of stone. Called also mātīcā pēṇḍa & dagaḍācā pēṇḍa. 9 A clavicle or collar-bone. 10 An interior or subdividing ridge of a vāphā or garden-bed. 11 Equaling or rivaling; asserting or exhibiting equality with. Usually neg. con. v g. of s.

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sāri (सारि).—m S A man at chess, backgammon, draughts &c.

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sārī (सारी).—f S (Commonly sārikā) A bird, Turdus salica. Buch.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sarī (सरी).—f A wire. A water-channel. Equal- ling. A neck-ornament.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāri (शारि).—1 A chessman, a piece at chess &c; सुवर्णशारीः कपटेन भानां विहायसि द्यूतपडे वतत्य (suvarṇaśārīḥ kapaṭena bhānāṃ vihāyasi dyūtapaḍe vatatya) Rām. ch.6.41.

2) A small round ball.

3) A kind of die.

-riḥ f.

1) The bird called Sārikā.

2) Fraud, trick.

3) An elephant's housings or armour; शारिमशकदधिरोपयितुम् (śārimaśakadadhiropayitum) Śi.15.77.

Derivable forms: śāriḥ (शारिः).

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Śārī (शारी).—

1) A kind of bird.

2) Ved. An arrow.

3) Kuśa grass.

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Sari (सरि).—f.

1) A spring, fountain.

2) A cascade (m.).

3) A quarter of the compass.

Derivable forms: sariḥ (सरिः).

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Sāri (सारि) or Sārī (सारी).—f.

1) A man at chess, chessman.

2) A kind of bird.

Derivable forms: sāriḥ (सारिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śārī (शारी) or Śārikā.—: MSV iv.21.5 ff.

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Śārī (शारी).—(= Pali Sārī), also Śārikā, q.v., n. of the mother of Upatiṣya (Śāriputra): Mv iii.56.9 f. (v.l. Śālī); Av ii.186.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāri (शारि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. A piece or man at chess, draughts Chauper, &c. 2. An elephant’s housings or armour. 3. Fraud, trick. mf. (-riḥ-rī) A bird: see the next. E. śṝ to injure, Unadi aff. or ṅīp .

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Sari (सरि).—mf. (-riḥ-rī) A water-fall. E. sṛ to go, in aff.; also sara, &c.

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Sāri (सारि).—mf. (-riḥ-rī) 1. A man at chess or backgammon, &c. 2. A kind of bird. E. sṛ to go, causal form, in aff.; also śāri .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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