Vinata, aka: Vinatā; 16 Definition(s)


Vinata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Vinata in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vinatā (विनता).—One of the two wives of Kaśyapa, according to a story called “the dispute about the colour of the sun’s horses” in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 22. Accordingly, “Long ago Kadrū and Vinatā, the two wives of Kaśyapa, had a dispute in the course of a conversation which they were carrying on. The former said that the Sun’s horses were black, the latter that they were white, and they made an agreement that the one that was wrong should become a slave to the other”.

2) Vinatā (विनता) is also mentioned as the mother of Garuḍa according to the sixteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 90. Accordingly, as Mitrāvasu said to Jīmūtavāhana: “... long, long ago, Kadrū, the mother of the snakes, conquered Vinatā, the mother of Garuḍa, in a treacherous wager, and made her a slave. Through enmity caused thereby, the mighty Garuḍa, though he had delivered his mother, began to eat the snakes of the sons of Kadrū”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vinatā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vinata in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vinatā (विनता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vinatā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Vinata (विनत).—A captain of the monkey army which fought for Śrī Rāma. Under Vinata, the son of Śveta, there were eight lakhs of monkey-soldiers. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Śarga 26).

2) Vinatā (विनता).—A wife of Kaśyapa. Kaśyapa took the daughters of Dakṣa such as Vinatā, Kadrū and others as wives. Two sons, Aruṇa and Garuḍa and a daughter, Sumati were born to Vinatā. (Details relating to Sumati are given in Chapter 19 of Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa). The Nāgas (serpents) were horn to Kadrū. For details see under Garuḍa.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vinata (विनत).—A Vānara chief and son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 180.

1b) A son of Sudyumna: Lord of Western Kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 18.

2a) Vinatā (विनता).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Taikṣya, (Kaśyapa-m. p., vā. p., vi. p.), begot Garuḍa and Aruṇa (see also Suparṇā);1 known for flying in the air;2 had two sons and thirtysix daughters; they comprised the gāyatrī and other chandas and birds like Suparṇā;3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 29 and 468; 61. 42; Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 15. 40; VI. 6. 21-2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2, 33-4; 146. 18 and 22; 171. 29 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 83.
  • 3) Ib. 69. 66-7.

2b) A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vinatā (विनता) and Kadru, daughters of Dakṣa Prajāpati, are married to sage Kaśyapa. Once, Kaśyapa tells them to ask for a boon. Kadru asks for a thousand sons in the form of nāga, snakes, having equal extraordinary force. Vinatā asks for only two children whose parākrama “prowess” should be equal to that of the thousand snakes of Kadru. Kadru did not appreciate it.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Vinatā (विनता) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65, I.60.67). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vinatā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vinata (विनत).—Cerebralized, turned into a 42 cerebral letter ण् () or षू (ṣū) ; see the word नति (nati) meaning cerebralization or Murdhanyabhava.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vinata is a daughter of Daksha and was married to the great sage Kashyapa. She is the mother of Garuda and Aruna. When she lost a bet with her sister Kadru, she had to become her slave. Ultimately her son Garuda delivered her from slavery.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vinata was one of the thirteen daughters of Prajapati Daksha. She married to rishi Kashyapa along with her 12 sisters, and she bore him two sons, Aruṇá and Garuda (known as the Suparnas), bringing them out as eggs.

From the broken egg a flash of light, Aruṇá, sprang forth. He was as radiant and reddish as the morning sun. But, due to the premature breaking of the egg, Aruṇá was not as bright as the noon sun as he was promised to be. In some stories, Aruṇá drives the chariot of Surya, while in others, he is a manifestation of Surya, serving as a sign of the coming of the Sun.

Aruṇá's brother, Garuda, was born regularly, and eventually became the main vehicle of Vishnu. Aruna and Garuda were born in Thirumeeyachur, Tamilnadu at the Lord Meganathaswami Temple.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A river, probably in Himava (Ap.i.295, etc.).

In a former birth Vanvaccha lived there as a tortoise (ThagA.i.58).

Nanda also lived there. ThagA.i.276.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vinata in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vinata : (pp. of vinamati) bent. || vinatā (f.) the mother of the Garuda race.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vinata, (pp. of vi+nam) bent, bending PvA. 154 (°sākhā). (Page 623)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vinata (विनत).—p S Bowed, bent, curved. 2 Humble, lowly, submissive.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vinata (विनत).—p Bowed; humble.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vinata (विनत).—p. p.

1) Bent down, bowed.

2) Stooping, drooping, inclined; प्रकामविनतावंसौ (prakāmavinatāvaṃsau) Ś.3.9.

3) Sunk down, depressed.

4) Bent, crooked, curved.

5) Humble, modest.

6) Changed into a lingual letter; see विनाम (vināma).

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Vinatā (विनता).—

1) Name of the mother of Aruṇa and Garuḍa, said to be one of the wives of Kaśyapa; see गरुड (garuḍa).

2) A kind of basket.

3) An abscess on the back or abdomen.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vinata (विनत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Bent, bowed, stooping. 2. Crooked, curved. 3. Humble, modest. 4. Sunk down, depressed. f.

(-tā) 1. The wife of Kasyapa, and mother of Aruna and Garuda. 2. A sort of basket. E. vi before, nam to bow, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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