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Vinata, aka: Vinatā; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vinata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Vinatā (विनता).—One of the two wives of Kaśyapa, according to a story called “the dispute about the colour of the sun’s horses” in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 22. Accordingly, “Long ago Kadrū and Vinatā, the two wives of Kaśyapa, had a dispute in the course of a conversation which they were carrying on. The former said that the Sun’s horses were black, the latter that they were white, and they made an agreement that the one that was wrong should become a slave to the other”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vinatā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

Vinatā (विनता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vinatā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Vinata (विनत).—A Vānara chief and son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 180.

1b) A son of Sudyumna: Lord of Western Kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 18.

2a) Vinatā (विनता).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Taikṣya, (Kaśyapa-m. p., vā. p., vi. p.), begot Garuḍa and Aruṇa (see also Suparṇā);1 known for flying in the air;2 had two sons and thirtysix daughters; they comprised the gāyatrī and other chandas and birds like Suparṇā;3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 29 and 468; 61. 42; Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 15. 40; VI. 6. 21-2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2, 33-4; 146. 18 and 22; 171. 29 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 83.
  • 3) Ib. 69. 66-7.

2b) A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vinatā (विनता) and Kadru, daughters of Dakṣa Prajāpati, are married to sage Kaśyapa. Once, Kaśyapa tells them to ask for a boon. Kadru asks for a thousand sons in the form of nāga, snakes, having equal extraordinary force. Vinatā asks for only two children whose parākrama “prowess” should be equal to that of the thousand snakes of Kadru. Kadru did not appreciate it.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Vinata is a daughter of Daksha and was married to the great sage Kashyapa. She is the mother of Garuda and Aruna. When she lost a bet with her sister Kadru, she had to become her slave. Ultimately her son Garuda delivered her from slavery.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vinata was one of the thirteen daughters of Prajapati Daksha. She married to rishi Kashyapa along with her 12 sisters, and she bore him two sons, Aruṇá and Garuda (known as the Suparnas), bringing them out as eggs.

From the broken egg a flash of light, Aruṇá, sprang forth. He was as radiant and reddish as the morning sun. But, due to the premature breaking of the egg, Aruṇá was not as bright as the noon sun as he was promised to be. In some stories, Aruṇá drives the chariot of Surya, while in others, he is a manifestation of Surya, serving as a sign of the coming of the Sun.

Aruṇá's brother, Garuda, was born regularly, and eventually became the main vehicle of Vishnu. Aruna and Garuda were born in Thirumeeyachur, Tamilnadu at the Lord Meganathaswami Temple.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A river, probably in Himava (Ap.i.295, etc.).

In a former birth Vanvaccha lived there as a tortoise (ThagA.i.58).

Nanda also lived there. ThagA.i.276.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

vinata : (pp. of vinamati) bent. || vinatā (f.) the mother of the Garuda race.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vinata, (pp. of vi+nam) bent, bending PvA. 154 (°sākhā). (Page 623)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vinata (विनत).—p S Bowed, bent, curved. 2 Humble, lowly, submissive.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Garuda
Garuḍa (गरुड) is the “king of the birds”, and mentioned as the son of Vinatā (one of the two wi...
Aruna
Aruṇa (अरुण) is depicted as a sculpture on the fourth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍap...
Arjuna
Arjuna is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—...
Nanda
Nandā (नन्दा) is the mother of Acalabhrātā: the ninth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) o...
Kadru
Kadrū (कद्रू).—One of the two wives of Kaśyapa, according to a story called “the dispute about ...
Kashyapa
Kashyapa II (1350-1270 BCE) (Mahakashyapa, the disciple of Buddha was Kashyapa I) lived 500 yea...
Paccaya
Paccaya, (fr. paṭi+i, cp. Ved. pratyaya & P. pacceti, paṭicca) lit. resting on, falling back on...
Suparṇa
Suparṇā (सुपर्णा) is the name of a river mentioned in a list of rivers, flowing from the fiv...
Tarkshya
1a) Tārkṣya (तार्क्ष्य).—(also Tārkṣa)—see Garuḍa.1 Married four daughters of Dakṣ...
Garula
Garuḷa (“mythical bird”)–they are the eternal enemies of the Nagas. Garuḷa...
Venateyya
Venateyya, (fr. vinata) descended from Vinatā, Ep. of a garuḷa Ps. II, 196; J. VI, 260; Dāvs....
Sudyumna
1a) Sudyumna (सुद्युम्न).—One of the ten sons of Cākṣuṣa Manu; Ilā converted into a male:...
Shankhacuda
Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड) is the name of a nāga that was to be offered to Garuḍa, when Jīmūtavāhana ...
Taraniya
taraṇīya : (pt.p. of) crossable.
Chandamsi
Chandāṃsi (छन्दांसि).—The Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus and Sāma;1 Gāyatri and others, sons of V...

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