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Vinata, aka: Vinatā; 8 Definition(s)


Vinata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Vinatā (विनता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vinatā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Vinata (विनत).—A Vānara chief and son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 180.

1b) A son of Sudyumna: Lord of Western Kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 18.

2a) Vinatā (विनता).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Taikṣya, (Kaśyapa-m. p., vā. p., vi. p.), begot Garuḍa and Aruṇa (see also Suparṇā);1 known for flying in the air;2 had two sons and thirtysix daughters; they comprised the gāyatrī and other chandas and birds like Suparṇā;3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 29 and 468; 61. 42; Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 15. 40; VI. 6. 21-2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2, 33-4; 146. 18 and 22; 171. 29 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 83.
  • 3) Ib. 69. 66-7.

2b) A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vinatā (विनता) and Kadru, daughters of Dakṣa Prajāpati, are married to sage Kaśyapa. Once, Kaśyapa tells them to ask for a boon. Kadru asks for a thousand sons in the form of nāga, snakes, having equal extraordinary force. Vinatā asks for only two children whose parākrama “prowess” should be equal to that of the thousand snakes of Kadru. Kadru did not appreciate it.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Vinata is a daughter of Daksha and was married to the great sage Kashyapa. She is the mother of Garuda and Aruna. When she lost a bet with her sister Kadru, she had to become her slave. Ultimately her son Garuda delivered her from slavery.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vinata was one of the thirteen daughters of Prajapati Daksha. She married to rishi Kashyapa along with her 12 sisters, and she bore him two sons, Aruṇá and Garuda (known as the Suparnas), bringing them out as eggs.

From the broken egg a flash of light, Aruṇá, sprang forth. He was as radiant and reddish as the morning sun. But, due to the premature breaking of the egg, Aruṇá was not as bright as the noon sun as he was promised to be. In some stories, Aruṇá drives the chariot of Surya, while in others, he is a manifestation of Surya, serving as a sign of the coming of the Sun.

Aruṇá's brother, Garuda, was born regularly, and eventually became the main vehicle of Vishnu. Aruna and Garuda were born in Thirumeeyachur, Tamilnadu at the Lord Meganathaswami Temple.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A river, probably in Himava (Ap.i.295, etc.).

In a former birth Vanvaccha lived there as a tortoise (ThagA.i.58).

Nanda also lived there. ThagA.i.276.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


vinata : (pp. of vinamati) bent. || vinatā (f.) the mother of the Garuda race.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vinata, (pp. of vi+nam) bent, bending PvA. 154 (°sākhā). (Page 623)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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