Vinata, Vinatā: 26 definitions


Vinata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vinat.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Vinatā (विनता).—One of the two wives of Kaśyapa, according to a story called “the dispute about the colour of the sun’s horses” in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 22. Accordingly, “Long ago Kadrū and Vinatā, the two wives of Kaśyapa, had a dispute in the course of a conversation which they were carrying on. The former said that the Sun’s horses were black, the latter that they were white, and they made an agreement that the one that was wrong should become a slave to the other”.

2) Vinatā (विनता) is also mentioned as the mother of Garuḍa according to the sixteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 90. Accordingly, as Mitrāvasu said to Jīmūtavāhana: “... long, long ago, Kadrū, the mother of the snakes, conquered Vinatā, the mother of Garuḍa, in a treacherous wager, and made her a slave. Through enmity caused thereby, the mighty Garuḍa, though he had delivered his mother, began to eat the snakes of the sons of Kadrū”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vinatā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Vinatā (विनता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Vinatā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vinata (विनत).—A captain of the monkey army which fought for Śrī Rāma. Under Vinata, the son of Śveta, there were eight lakhs of monkey-soldiers. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Śarga 26).

2) Vinatā (विनता).—A wife of Kaśyapa. Kaśyapa took the daughters of Dakṣa such as Vinatā, Kadrū and others as wives. Two sons, Aruṇa and Garuḍa and a daughter, Sumati were born to Vinatā. (Details relating to Sumati are given in Chapter 19 of Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa). The Nāgas (serpents) were horn to Kadrū. For details see under Garuḍa.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vinata (विनत) refers to “bent”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Naradā: “[...] Immediately on being remembered, the seven sages came there with faces beaming with delight and praising their good fate. Bowing to Him with folded arms and bent shoulders [i.e., vinata-kandhara] they eulogised lord Śiva with extreme pleasure by means of words choked with devotional feelings”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vinata (विनत).—A Vānara chief and son of Śveta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 180.

1b) A son of Sudyumna: Lord of Western Kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 18.

2a) Vinatā (विनता).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the wives of Taikṣya, (Kaśyapa-m. p., vā. p., vi. p.), begot Garuḍa and Aruṇa (see also Suparṇā);1 known for flying in the air;2 had two sons and thirtysix daughters; they comprised the gāyatrī and other chandas and birds like Suparṇā;3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 29 and 468; 61. 42; Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 15. 40; VI. 6. 21-2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2, 33-4; 146. 18 and 22; 171. 29 and 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 54; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 83.
  • 3) Ib. 69. 66-7.

2b) A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 19.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Vinatā (विनता) and Kadru, daughters of Dakṣa Prajāpati, are married to sage Kaśyapa. Once, Kaśyapa tells them to ask for a boon. Kadru asks for a thousand sons in the form of nāga, snakes, having equal extraordinary force. Vinatā asks for only two children whose parākrama “prowess” should be equal to that of the thousand snakes of Kadru. Kadru did not appreciate it.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vinatā (विनता) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65, I.60.67). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vinatā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vinatā (विनता) refers to one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Svadhā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tamrā, Krodhavasā, Irā and Muni. Vinatā became the mother of Garuḍa and Aruṇa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vinata (विनत).—Cerebralized, turned into a 42 cerebral letter ण् () or षू (ṣū) ; see the word नति (nati) meaning cerebralization or Murdhanyabhava.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Vinata (विनत) refers to one of the Forty-nine kinds of Tānas (in Indian music), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Tāna refers to “that which spreads” (being dependent on mūrcchanā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, only forty nine kinds of tānas are accepted under three grāmas viz., madhyama, ṣaḍja and gāndhāra. The gāndhāragrāma contains twenty tānas [e.g., vinata].

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vinata is a daughter of Daksha and was married to the great sage Kashyapa. She is the mother of Garuda and Aruna. When she lost a bet with her sister Kadru, she had to become her slave. Ultimately her son Garuda delivered her from slavery.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vinata was one of the thirteen daughters of Prajapati Daksha. She married to rishi Kashyapa along with her 12 sisters, and she bore him two sons, Aruṇá and Garuda (known as the Suparnas), bringing them out as eggs.

From the broken egg a flash of light, Aruṇá, sprang forth. He was as radiant and reddish as the morning sun. But, due to the premature breaking of the egg, Aruṇá was not as bright as the noon sun as he was promised to be. In some stories, Aruṇá drives the chariot of Surya, while in others, he is a manifestation of Surya, serving as a sign of the coming of the Sun.

Aruṇá's brother, Garuda, was born regularly, and eventually became the main vehicle of Vishnu. Aruna and Garuda were born in Thirumeeyachur, Tamilnadu at the Lord Meganathaswami Temple.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A river, probably in Himava (Ap.i.295, etc.).

In a former birth Vanvaccha lived there as a tortoise (ThagA.i.58).

Nanda also lived there. ThagA.i.276.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vinata : (pp. of vinamati) bent. || vinatā (f.) the mother of the Garuda race.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vinata, (pp. of vi+nam) bent, bending PvA. 154 (°sākhā). (Page 623)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vinata (विनत).—p S Bowed, bent, curved. 2 Humble, lowly, submissive.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vinata (विनत).—p Bowed; humble.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vinata (विनत).—p. p.

1) Bent down, bowed.

2) Stooping, drooping, inclined; प्रकामविनतावंसौ (prakāmavinatāvaṃsau) Ś.3.9.

3) Sunk down, depressed.

4) Bent, crooked, curved.

5) Humble, modest.

6) Changed into a lingual letter; see विनाम (vināma).

--- OR ---

Vinatā (विनता).—

1) Name of the mother of Aruṇa and Garuḍa, said to be one of the wives of Kaśyapa; see गरुड (garuḍa).

2) A kind of basket.

3) An abscess on the back or abdomen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vinata (विनत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Bent, bowed, stooping. 2. Crooked, curved. 3. Humble, modest. 4. Sunk down, depressed. f.

(-tā) 1. The wife of Kasyapa, and mother of Aruna and Garuda. 2. A sort of basket. E. vi before, nam to bow, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vinata (विनत).—[adjective] bent, curved, stooped; deepened, depressed; bowing to ([genetive]), humble; cerebralized ([grammar]). [masculine] a kind of ant, a man’s name; [feminine] vinatā [Name] of a daughter of Dakṣa.

--- OR ---

Vināṭa (विनाट).—[masculine] bag.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vinata (विनत):—[=vi-nata] [from vi-nam] mfn. bent, curved, bent down, bowed, stooping, inclined, sunk down, depressed, deepened (am ind.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] bowing to ([genitive case]), [Ghaṭakarpara]

3) [v.s. ...] humble, modest, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] dejected, dispirited, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) changed into a cerebral letter, [Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. -nāma)

6) [v.s. ...] accentuated in a [particular] manner, [Sāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of ant, [Kauśika-sūtra]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Su-dyumna, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] (perhaps) n. Name of a place situated on the Go-mati, [Rāmāyaṇa]

11) Vinatā (विनता):—[=vi-natā] [from vi-nata > vi-nam] a f. See below

12) [=vi-natā] [from vi-nam] b f. a girl with bandy legs or a hunch back, [Gṛhya-sūtra]

13) [v.s. ...] an abscess on the back or abdomen accompanying diabetes, [Suśruta; Caraka]

14) [v.s. ...] a sort of basket, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of one of Kaśyapa’s wives (and mother of Suparṇa, Aruṇa and Garuḍa etc.; in [Mahābhārata i, 2520], Vinatā is enumerated among the thirteen daughters of Dakṣa; the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa makes her the wife of Tārkṣa; the Vāyu describes the metres of the Veda as her daughters, while the Padma gives her only one daughter, Saudāminī), [Suparṇādhyāya; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] Name of a female demon of illness, [Mahābhārata]

17) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī, [Rāmāyaṇa]

18) Vināṭa (विनाट):—m. (cf. nāḍa) a leather-bag, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vinata (विनत):—[vi-nata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Bent, crooked; humble. f. Wife of Kāsyapa; sort of basket.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vinaṭa (विनट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viṇaḍa, Viṇamia, Viṇaya, Viṇayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vinata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vinata (विनत) [Also spelled vinat]:—(a) bowing/bowed; modest, humble.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vinata (ವಿನತ):—

1) [adjective] with one’s top portion bent downward.

2) [adjective] bowed in reverence.

3) [adjective] sank down; hung down.

--- OR ---

Vinata (ವಿನತ):—[noun] a man who has bowed his head in respect; a prostrated man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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