Hari, aka: Hāri, Harī; 21 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Hari (हरि, “bearing , carrying”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. The meaning of this title is “The one who accepts oblations, or the remover of sin”. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Śuddhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Hari (हरि) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.335-336.—Accordingly, “who holds a gourd and is of the colour of gold is to be meditated upon. He has the hand placed on the seat, who introduces the portion dealing with acts always reading the śāstras giving importance to Pāñcarātra”. These Vibhavas (eg., Hari) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana

Hari (हरि) is another name for Mahiṣa, one of the seven major mountains in Kuśadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. Kuśadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Hari (हरि).—A synonym of Viṣṇu. (See under Viṣṇu).

2) Hari (हरि).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 61).

3) Hari (हरि).—A warrior who fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas and was killed by Karṇa.

4) Hari (हरि).—An asura, the son of Tārakākṣa, who got from Brahmā a boon enabling him to prepare Mṛtasaṅjīvanī. (a medicine to revive dead people). (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 33, Verse 27).

5) Hari (हरि).—Son of King Akaṃpana. Though he was as powerful and proficient in archery as Mahāviṣṇu, and equal in prowess to Indra in war he got into the hands of his enemies and was killed. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 27).

6) Hari (हरि).—A particular sect of the attendants of Rāvaṇa. They attacked the army of monkeys. (Vana Parva, Chapter 285).

7) Hari (हरि).—A very powerful bird born in Garuḍa’s dynasty. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 13).

8) Hari (हरि).—A particular species of horses. They possess long hairs on the neck and are golden in colour. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 23, Verse 13).

9) Hari (हरि).—A daughter born to Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife Krodhavaśā. Lions and monkeys originated from this Hari. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇyakāṇḍa, Canto 14).

10) Hari (हरि).—A son of Dharmadeva. Dharmadeva begot four sons, Hari, Kṛṣṇa, Nara and Nārāyaṇa of the daughters of Dakṣa. (Devi Bhāgavata, 4th Skandha).

11) Hari (हरि).—A sect of Devas. During the Tāmasamanvantara there were four such sects, viz. Haris, Satyas, Supāras and Sudhīs. (See Manvantara).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Hari (हरि).—Praise of: by Arjuna;1 by Kuntī;2 by Bhīṣma;3 by women of Hāstinapura;4 by Śuka;5 by Brahmā;6 by Jīva in embryo;7 by Devahūtī;8 by Dakṣa and others;9 by Sunīti;10 by Dhruva;11 by Pṛthu;12 by Pracetasas;13 by Nārada;14 Rudragītā in praise of: taught by Śiva to Pracetasas;15 praise of Hari leads to attain divine knowledge and also to mokṣa;16 praise of, by Manu (Svāyambhuva),17 by Gajendra;18 by Brahmā;19 by Śiva;20 by Aditi;21 by Bali in bondage22 , by Prahlāda;23 and by Satyavrata;24 by Trayī and Upaniṣadic and Yoga literature;25 praise of: by Garuḍa;26 by Mucukunda;27 by Jāmbavat;28 by Kṛtavarman, and Akrūra;29 by Bhūmi, mother of Naraka;30 by Rukmiṇī;31 by Indra;32 by Nṛga;33 and by Rudra;34 his deeds recalled by the citizens of Mathurā;35 praise of; nature of; much in evidence in Draviḍa;36 by Nārada;37 by kings in Jarāsandha's prison, and after their release;38 by Yudhiṣṭira;39 by Ṛṣis;40 by Vasudeva, Devakī and Bali;41 by Bahulāśva;42 by Śrutadeva;43 by Śrutis (Śrutigīti);44 by gods;45 by Brahmā;46 by Uddhava;47 by Nalakūbara and Maṇigrīva;48 by Kāliya and his wives;49 by Gopis (Gopigītā);50 by Indra.51

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 7. 22-26.
  • 2) Ib. 8. 18-43.
  • 3) Ib. 9. 32-42.
  • 4) Ib. 10. 21-30.
  • 5) Ib. II. 4. 12-24; 9. 5-16.
  • 6) Ib. 9. 24-29.
  • 7) Ib. III. 12-21.
  • 8) Ib. 33. 2-8.
  • 9) Ib. IV. 7. 26-47.
  • 10) Ib. 8. 19-3.
  • 11) Ib. 9. 6-17.
  • 12) Ib. 20. 23-31.
  • 13) Ib. 30. 22-42.
  • 14) Ib. 31. 9-22[4].
  • 15) Ib. 24. 33-79.
  • 16) Ib. VII. 1. 4-5 [1-2]; 7. 31.
  • 17) Ib. VIII. 1. 9-16.
  • 18) Ib. 3. 2-29.
  • 19) Ib. 5. 26-50; 6. 8-15; 17. 25-28.
  • 20) Ib. 12. 4-13.
  • 21) 17. 8-10.
  • 22) Ib. 22. 2-11, 21-23.
  • 23) Ib. 23. 6-8.
  • 24) Ib. 24. 29-30, 46-53.
  • 25) Ib. X. 8. 45.
  • 26) Ib. X. [53v 14-16].
  • 27) Ib. 51. 46-58.
  • 28) Ib. 56. 26-8.
  • 29) Ib. 40. 1-30; 57. 12-17.
  • 30) Ib. 59. 25-31.
  • 31) Ib. 60. 34-48.
  • 32) [67 (v) 24-30].
  • 33) Ib. 60. 44; 64. 10-29.
  • 34) Ib. 63. 34-45.
  • 35) Ib. X. 43. 22-31.
  • 36) Ib. XI. 5. 32-40.
  • 37) Ib. X. 37. 9-23; 69. 17-18; 70. 37-44.
  • 38) Ib. 70. 25-30; 73. 8-16.
  • 39) Ib. 74. 2-5.
  • 40) Ib. 84. 16-26.
  • 41) Ib. 85. (whole).
  • 42) Ib. 86. 31-6.
  • 43) Ib. 86. 44-9.
  • 44) Ib. 87. 14-41.
  • 45) Ib. XI. 6. 7-19.
  • 46) Ib. 6. 21-7; X. 14. 1-40.
  • 47) Ib. 42. 49; 7. 14-18; 11. 13, 34, 36; 29. 37-40.
  • 48) Ib. X. 10. 29-38.
  • 49) Ib. 16. 33-59.
  • 50) Ib. 21. 7-19; 31. 1-19; 35. 2-25.
  • 51) Ib. 27. 4-13.

1b) A name given to Viṣṇu by Svāyambhuva Manu for saving three worlds from affliction;1 acted as Brahmā in Soma's Rājasūya;2 adhidevata for the planet Budha;3 does praṇāma every day to Śaṅkara.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 2.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 21.
  • 3) Ib. 93. 13; 246. 4, 34: 247. 19; 248. 36.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 7; 35. 13.

1c) A son of Ṛṣabha and a Bhāgavata: expounded to Nimi the nature of a Bhāgavatottama.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 11; XI. 2. 21, 45-55.

1d) An avatār born as son of Hariṇī and Harimedhas: awarded mokṣa to Gajendra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 30.

1e) Son of Vasudeva and Devakī to put down adharma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 55-67.

1f) (Matsya).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 40. 17.

1g) (as horse) killed Madhu and Kaiṭabha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 40. 17.

1h) (Kūrma) bore Mandara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 40. 18.

1i) (Varāha) raised the Earth.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 40. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 5. 15.

1j) Narasimha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 40. 19.

1k) Nirguṇa and apart from Prakṛti: makes his devotees the poorest so as to create in them a spirit of detachment: Blesses and curses: In the garb of a Brahmacārin persuaded Vṛka to test Śiva's boon on himself: Bhṛgu kicked the sleeping Hari in his chest and helped him to get united with Lakṣmī: Bhṛgu's wonder at it;1 Has root in religious performances of Brahmanas and is himself Yajña and source of all Dharma: the 25th principle: Helped Śiva in regaining his lost glory through Maya: took the form of a cow and with Brahmā as calf drank the immortalising fluid of the well in Tripura;2 Vibhūtis of;3 Brahmā born of his grace and Rudra of his wrath.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. Chh. 88-89.
  • 2) Ib. VII. 2. 11; 8. 52; 10. 51 and 62; 11. 7.
  • 3) Ib. 16. 9-40.
  • 4) Ib. XII 5. 1.

1l) avatārs of: Puruṣa as Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Rudra, Naranārāyaṇa, Haṃsa, Datta, Kumāra, Ṛṣabha, Hayagrīva, Matsya, Varāha, Kūrma, Nṛsimha, Vāmana, Paraśurāma and Rāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 4 (whole).

1m) In a group—form of Vāsudeva, Sankarṣaṇa, Pradyumna and Aniruddha: as the indwellers of sūrya: spoken of in nine forms such as time, place and so on. In the form of time, for every month seven attendants lead him;1 other attendants of.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 21 and 28, 31-44.
  • 2) Ib. XI. 27. 27-9.

1n) A Tuṣita god in the Svārociṣa and a Sādhya in the Cākṣuṣa epoch.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 15.

1o) A son of Rukmakavaca appointed over Videha with his brother Parigha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 29; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 28-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 28.

1p) Same as Mahiṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 59.

1q) An attribute of Viṣṇu; everywhere in his universal form (Viśvarūpa).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 51; III. 8. 10; V. 1. 32; 4. 4; 13. 48, 50; 17. 8, 17; 18. 31; 20. 59; 21. 8, 11; 24. 1; 31. 20; 32. 8; 33. 11 ff; 34. 13, 17; VI. 4. 4; 8. 18, 31 ff.

1r) Mountain a chief hill of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 44. 41.

1s) A son of Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 38.

1t) The gods of the Tāmasa epoch, see Haraya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 28.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Hari (हरि) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa, according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as Harikhaṇḍa. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhyatantra, “to the south of that is the landmass called Hari, which is like Ramaṇa in dimensions and in which Hari was propitiated by the serpent Śeṣa”.

In the middle of these nine regions (eg., Hari) is situated the golden mountain named Meru which rises above the surface of the earth by 84,000 yojanas while it penetrates the circle of the earth to a depth of sixteen yojanas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Hari (हरि).—A short form used for भर्तृहरि (bhartṛhari), the stalwart grammarian Bhartrhari,by later grammarians and commentators in their references to him. See the word भर्तृहरि (bhartṛhari) above.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Hārī (हारी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., hārī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Hari (हरि) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hari) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Hari is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.12, IX.44.56, VI.9.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Lord Of Nature"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

Sanskrit Hari is in origin a colour term for yellowish hues, including yellow, golden, yellowish-brown or reddish brown, fallow or khaki, pale yellow, greenish or green-yellow It has important symbolism in the Rigveda and hence in Hinduism; in Rigvedic symbolism, it unites the colours of Soma, the Sun, and bay horses under a single term.

The word Hari is widely used in later Sanskrit and Prakrit literature, Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Sikh religions. It appears as 650th name of Vishnu in the Vishnu sahasranama of the Mahabharata and hence rose to special importance in Hindu Vaishnavism.

Usage in Indian religion and mythology

 

In Sikhism, it is the holy symbol consisting of the three Gurmukhi letters and is used as "हरि" "ਹਰਿ". The Guru Granth Sahib which Sikhs revere as their 11th guru contains this word more than 8500 times.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Harayo.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Hari (हरि).—One of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside. In Hari flows the twin rivers Harit and Harikāntā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Hari (हरि) or Harivarṣa refers to a region of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The green (harit) colour of the bodies of inhabitants of the 3rd region is the cause for assigning it the name Harivarṣa. The mountain chain Mahāhimavān separates the Haimavata and Harivarṣa. The mountain chain Niṣadha separates the Harivarṣa and Videha regions. Harit and Harit-Kāntā rivers divide Harivarṣa-kṣetra.

The life span of inhabitants of Haimavat, Harivarṣa and Devakuru beings is one, two and three palyopama. The five Harivarsia regions in which inhabitants live have a happy period (2nd time period) always. There the inhabitants have a life span of two palya, height of their bodies is 4000 bows, they take food once after an interval of two days, and the body are of white colour (like conch shell).

Jambūdvīpa (containing the Hari region) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Hari (हरि) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Hari) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Harī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Harī) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Harī) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

hari : (aor. of harati) carried; took away; plundered; stealed. (m.), the God Vishnu.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Hāri, (adj.) (fr. hṛ; cp. Sk. hāri) attractive, charming S.IV, 316; J.I, 204 (°sadda). (Page 731)

— or —

Hari, (adj.) (Idg. *ĝhel, as in Lat. helvus yellow, holus cabbage; Sk. harita, hariṇa pale (yellow or green), hiri (yellow); Av. ƶairi; Gr. xlόos green, xlόh “greens”; Ags. geolo=E. yellow. Also the words for “gold”: hāṭaka & hiraṇya) green, tawny Dhs.617; DhsA.317; °-ssavaṇṇa gold-coloured J.II, 33 (=hari-samāna-vaṇṇa suvaṇṇa° C.).

—candana yellow sandal Vv 831; DhA.I, 28; —tāla yellow orpiment Th.2, 393; DhA.III, 29; IV, 113; —ttaca gold-coloured Th.2, 333; ThA.235; —pada gold foot, yellow leg, a deer J.III, 184. (Page 729)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

hari (हरि).—m (S) A name of Vishn̤u, or as considered to be the same deity, of Krishn̤a. 2 In Sanskrit, and, accordingly, in old Prakrit books, the word signifies A horse; a lion; an ape or monkey; a frog; the sun; the god Indra; the god Yama; air or wind; the moon; a ray of light; a parrot; a snake; one of the nine Warsha or divisions of the earth.

--- OR ---

harī (हरी).—f (hāra) A line or row (as of trees, standing crops &c.) Used restrictedly.

--- OR ---

hārī (हारी).—f (Commonly hāra) A line or row.

--- OR ---

hārī (हारी).—a (S) That takes away or from; that seizes, plunders, robs; that bears off or removes generally; as duḥkhahārī, jvarahārī, rōṅgahārī, kāma- hārī, krōdhahārī, lōbhahārī, cintāhārī, santāpahārī, pāpahārī, puṇyahārī. See others under hāraka. 2 That carries away (the mind or affections); delightful, charming, captivating.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hari (हरि).—m A name of Vishnu. A lion. A horse. An ape. The God Indra.

--- OR ---

harī (हरी).—f A lion or row.

--- OR ---

hārī (हारी).—a That takes away or from, that ravishes, robs.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hari (हरि).—a. [hṛ-in]

1) Green, greenish-yellow; हरिता हरिभिः शष्पैरिन्द्रगोपैश्च लोहिताः (haritā haribhiḥ śaṣpairindragopaiśca lohitāḥ) Bhāg.1.2.11.

2) Tawny, bay, reddish-brown (kapila); हरियुग्यं रथं तस्मै प्रजिघाय पुरंदरः (hariyugyaṃ rathaṃ tasmai prajighāya puraṃdaraḥ) R. 12.84;3.43.

3) Yellow; महोरगवराहाद्य हरिकेश विभो जय (mahoragavarāhādya harikeśa vibho jaya) Mb.6.65.52;3.42.7.

-riḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu; हरिर्यथैकः- पुरुषोत्तमः स्मृतः (hariryathaikaḥ- puruṣottamaḥ smṛtaḥ) R.3.49.

2) Name of Indra; प्रजिधाय समाधि- भेदिनीं हरिरस्मै हरिणीं सुराङ्गनाम् (prajidhāya samādhi- bhedinīṃ harirasmai hariṇīṃ surāṅganām) R.8.79;3.55,68.

3) Name of Śiva.

4) Name of Brahman.

5) Name of Yama.

6) The sun; एवं स्तुतः स भगवान् वाजिरूपधरो हरिः (evaṃ stutaḥ sa bhagavān vājirūpadharo hariḥ) Bhāg.12. 6.73.

7) The moon.

8) A man.

9) A ray of light.

1) Fire.

11) Wind; तासां तु वचनं श्रुत्वा हरिः परमकोपनः । प्रविश्य सर्वगात्राणि बभञ्ज भगवान् प्रभुः (tāsāṃ tu vacanaṃ śrutvā hariḥ paramakopanaḥ | praviśya sarvagātrāṇi babhañja bhagavān prabhuḥ) || Rām.1.32.23.

12) A lion; करिणामरिणा हरिणा हरिणाली हन्यतां नु कथम् (kariṇāmariṇā hariṇā hariṇālī hanyatāṃ nu katham) Bv.1. 5,51.

13) A horse; ततः कदाचिद्धरिसंप्रयुक्तं महेन्द्रवाहं सहसोपयातम् (tataḥ kadāciddharisaṃprayuktaṃ mahendravāhaṃ sahasopayātam) Mb.3.165.1; Śukra.4.946.

14) A horse of Indra; सत्यमतीत्य हरितो हरींश्च वर्तन्ते वाजिनः (satyamatītya harito harīṃśca vartante vājinaḥ) Ś.1;7.7.

15) An ape, a monkey; व्रयर्थं यत्र कपीन्द्रसख्यमपि मे वीर्यं हरीणां वृथा (vrayarthaṃ yatra kapīndrasakhyamapi me vīryaṃ harīṇāṃ vṛthā) U.3.45; शत्रुर्वर्जधरात्मजेन हरिणा घोरेण घानिष्यते (śatrurvarjadharātmajena hariṇā ghoreṇa ghāniṣyate) Mv. 4.6; R.12.57.

16) The cuckoo.

17) A frog.

18) A parrot.

19) A snake.

2) The tawny green or yellow colour.

21) A peacock.

22) Name of the poet Bhartṛhari.

23) The sign of the zodiac, Leo.

24) An organ of sense (indriya); युक्ता ह्यस्य हरयः शता दशेति (yuktā hyasya harayaḥ śatā daśeti) Bṛ. Up.2.5. 19.

--- OR ---

Hāri (हारि).—a. Attraction, captivating, pleasing, charming.

-riḥ f.

1) Defeat.

2) Losing a game.

3) A body of travellers, caravan.

--- OR ---

Hārī (हारी).—f. A pearl; L. D. B.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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