Aryaman, Āryaman: 12 definitions



Aryaman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Aryaman).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—An Āditya, and a son of Aditi: named Mātṛkā: sons were Caṣaṇis.1 Acted for one hundred years as the Lord of Death when Yama was cursed to be a śūdra for that period.2 Identified with Hari;3 to be worshipped in houses and palace buildings;4 one of the hinder legs of Śiśumāra.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39-42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 67; II. 24. 33 and 40; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 3; 127. 23; 171. 56; 225. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 186; 66. 66; 110. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 13. 15.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 16. 15.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 253. 30: 268. 24.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 32.

1b) The name of the sun in the month of Mādhava (vaiśākha).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 2, 94; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 5; V. 18. 56.

1c) A chief Pitṛ who worships KūrmaHari in hiraṇmaya.1 Served as calf for Pitṛs to milk kavya from the earth.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 18. 29.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 18. 18.

1d) Represents the thigh of the Śisumāra planet; south of, is pitṛyāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 103: 25. 111.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Āryaman (आर्यमन्) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āryaman) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Aryaman is one of the Adityas, sons of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. His name literally means 'companion'. He is the Vedic God of hospitality. He is in general invoked along with Mitra and Varuna.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—m. [aryaṃ śreṣṭhaṃ mimīte; mā-kanin nipātoyam Uṇ.1. 156]

1) The Sun. अहं हि पृष्टोऽर्यमणो भवद्भिः (ahaṃ hi pṛṣṭo'ryamaṇo bhavadbhiḥ) Bhāg.1.18. 23; प्रोषितार्यमणं मेरोरन्धकारस्तटीमिव (proṣitāryamaṇaṃ merorandhakārastaṭīmiva) Śi.2.39; तिमिरमिवार्य- मरश्मिमभिः समग्रम् (timiramivārya- maraśmimabhiḥ samagram) Śiva. B.3.5.

2) The head of the Pitṛs or Manes; पितृणामर्यमा चास्मि (pitṛṇāmaryamā cāsmi) Bg.1.2.

3) The constellation उत्तराफल्गुनी (uttarāphalgunī).

4) Name of the arka plant.

5) One of the Ādityas; शं नो भवत्वर्यमा (śaṃ no bhavatvaryamā) T. UP.1.1.1.

6) A bosom-friend, play-fellow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) or Aryyaman.—m.

(-mā) 1. The sun. 2. A class of the Manes or deified progenitors. 3. The asclepias plant. E. to go, kanin Unadi affix, and māṅ inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—m. 1. The name of a deity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 8. 2. The chief of the Pitṛs, or Manes, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 10, 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—[masculine] intimate, friend, [especially] a bridegroom’s friend; [Name] of a god.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—[from arya] m. a bosom friend, play-fellow, companion, (especially) a friend who asks a woman in marriage for another, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an Āditya (who is commonly invoked together with Varuṇa and Mitra, also with Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and others; he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes, [Bhagavad-gītā] etc., the milky way is called his path [aryamṇaḥ panthāḥ, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]]; he presides over the Nakṣatra Uttaraphalgunī, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]; his name is used to form different male names, [Pāṇini 5-3, 84]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 39]

4) [v.s. ...] the Asclepias plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—[arya-man] (mā) 1. m. The sun.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—

--- OR ---

Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—

1) a.ya.eti.tamāhu.yo dadāti [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 2, 4.] —

2) sa (vajraḥ) divasamalikhat so rya.ṇaḥ panthā abhavat [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 7, 6, 6.] ist die Gottheit des Nakṣatra Uttaraphalgunī [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 6, 6.] — Vgl. āryamṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—m.

1) Busenfreund , Gefährte , Kamerad.

2) Brautwerber.

3) Nomen proprium eines Āditya. Steht an der Spitze der Manen. aryamṇaḥ panthāḥ die Milchstrasse. aryamṇo yanam eine best. Feier [Āśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtra 12,6,21.] aryamṇāmiti ca tryṛcam [Mānavadharmaśāstra. 11,254.] —

4) *die Sonne.

5) *eine best. Pflanze.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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