Aryaman, Aryamā, Aryama, Āryaman: 22 definitions


Aryaman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aryamā (अर्यमा).—One of the twelve Ādityas born to Kaśyapa and Aditi. (Ādityas = sons of Aditi). The twelve Ādityas are, Dhātā, Aryamā, Mitra, Śakra, Varuṇa, Aṃśa, Bhaga Vivasvān, Pūṣā, Savitā, Tvaṣṭā and Viṣṇu. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 15). Aṃśa is sometimes called AṂŚU.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) refers to the foremost among the Pitṛs, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] Among the Gandharvas you are Citraratha; among the Vasus you are certainly the fire; among the months you are the intercalary month; among the holy rites you are the Caturdaśī rite. Among all lordly elephants you are Airāvata; among all Siddhas you are Kapila; among all serpents you are Ananta, among all Pitṛs you are Aryaman. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—An Āditya, and a son of Aditi: named Mātṛkā: sons were Caṣaṇis.1 Acted for one hundred years as the Lord of Death when Yama was cursed to be a śūdra for that period.2 Identified with Hari;3 to be worshipped in houses and palace buildings;4 one of the hinder legs of Śiśumāra.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39-42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 67; II. 24. 33 and 40; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 3; 127. 23; 171. 56; 225. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 186; 66. 66; 110. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 13. 15.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 16. 15.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 253. 30: 268. 24.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 32.

1b) The name of the sun in the month of Mādhava (vaiśākha).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 2, 94; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 5; V. 18. 56.

1c) A chief Pitṛ who worships KūrmaHari in hiraṇmaya.1 Served as calf for Pitṛs to milk kavya from the earth.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 18. 29.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 18. 18.

1d) Represents the thigh of the Śisumāra planet; south of, is pitṛyāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 103: 25. 111.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Āryaman (आर्यमन्) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āryaman) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Aryamā (अर्यमा) is the name of one of the twelve Ādityas: the offspring of Aditi, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa. [...] Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Aditi]. Aditi gives birth to twelve Ādityas, [viz. Aryamā].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Aryamā (अर्यमा).—The demigod in charge of Pitṛloka, the planet where qualified departed ancestors reside.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Aryaman).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Āryama (आर्यम) is associated with the constellation Uttaraphālguni, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 6), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars (bhauma) should re-appear in the constellation of Pūrvaphālguni (sacred to Bhāga) or in that of Uttaraphālguni (sacred to Āryama), retrograde in the constellation of Uttarāṣāḍha (sacred to Viśvedeva) and disappear in the constellation of Rohiṇī (sacred to Bhauma), he will afflict the three worlds with miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Aryaman is one of the Adityas, sons of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. His name literally means 'companion'. He is the Vedic God of hospitality. He is in general invoked along with Mitra and Varuna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) refers to the “Sun”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Rudra, elephants of the quarters, gods, demons, aerial spirits, aquatic predators, the planets, the Vyantaras , the guardians of the quarters of the sky, the enemies [of Vāsudeva], Hari, Bala, the chief of the snakes, the lord of the discus (i.e. Viṣṇu) and others who are powerful, the wind, the sun (aryaman), etc. all themselves having come together are not able to protect an embodied soul even for an instant [when death is] initiated by the servants of Yama”.

Synonyms: Sūrya, Arka.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Aryama in India is the name of a plant defined with Calotropis gigantea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Periploca cochinchinensis Lour. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Contributions to the Botany of India (1834)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1820)
· Nepal Med. Coll. J. (2006)
· Contraception. (2007)
· Fitoterapia (2007)
· Chem. Pharm. Bull. (Tokyo) (2007)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Aryama, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—m. [aryaṃ śreṣṭhaṃ mimīte; mā-kanin nipātoyam Uṇādi-sūtra 1. 156]

1) The Sun. अहं हि पृष्टोऽर्यमणो भवद्भिः (ahaṃ hi pṛṣṭo'ryamaṇo bhavadbhiḥ) Bhāgavata 1.18. 23; प्रोषितार्यमणं मेरोरन्धकारस्तटीमिव (proṣitāryamaṇaṃ merorandhakārastaṭīmiva) Śiśupālavadha 2.39; तिमिरमिवार्य- मरश्मिमभिः समग्रम् (timiramivārya- maraśmimabhiḥ samagram) Śiva. B.3.5.

2) The head of the Pitṛs or Manes; पितृणामर्यमा चास्मि (pitṛṇāmaryamā cāsmi) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.2.

3) The constellation उत्तराफल्गुनी (uttarāphalgunī).

4) Name of the arka plant.

5) One of the Ādityas; शं नो भवत्वर्यमा (śaṃ no bhavatvaryamā) T. UP.1.1.1.

6) A bosom-friend, play-fellow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) or Aryyaman.—m.

(-mā) 1. The sun. 2. A class of the Manes or deified progenitors. 3. The asclepias plant. E. to go, kanin Unadi affix, and māṅ inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—m. 1. The name of a deity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 8. 2. The chief of the Pitṛs, or Manes, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 10, 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—[masculine] intimate, friend, [especially] a bridegroom’s friend; [Name] of a god.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—[from arya] m. a bosom friend, play-fellow, companion, (especially) a friend who asks a woman in marriage for another, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an Āditya (who is commonly invoked together with Varuṇa and Mitra, also with Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and others; he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes, [Bhagavad-gītā] etc., the milky way is called his path [aryamṇaḥ panthāḥ, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]]; he presides over the Nakṣatra Uttaraphalgunī, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]; his name is used to form different male names, [Pāṇini 5-3, 84]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 39]

4) [v.s. ...] the Asclepias plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryama (अर्यम):—[from arya] (in [compound] for aryaman).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—[arya-man] (mā) 1. m. The sun.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aryaman (अर्यमन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ajjama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aryaman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aryama (ಅರ್ಯಮ):—

1) [noun] the head of the Manes.

2) [noun] the Sun-God.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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