Aryaman, Āryaman: 11 definitions
Aryaman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Aryaman (अर्यमन्) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Aryaman).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—An Āditya, and a son of Aditi: named Mātṛkā: sons were Caṣaṇis.1 Acted for one hundred years as the Lord of Death when Yama was cursed to be a śūdra for that period.2 Identified with Hari;3 to be worshipped in houses and palace buildings;4 one of the hinder legs of Śiśumāra.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39-42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 67; II. 24. 33 and 40; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 3; 127. 23; 171. 56; 225. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 186; 66. 66; 110. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 13. 15.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 16. 15.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 253. 30: 268. 24.
- 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 32.
1b) The name of the sun in the month of Mādhava (vaiśākha).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 2, 94; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 5; V. 18. 56.
1d) Represents the thigh of the Śisumāra planet; south of, is pitṛyāna.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 103: 25. 111.
Āryaman (आर्यमन्) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āryaman) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Aryaman is one of the Adityas, sons of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. His name literally means 'companion'. He is the Vedic God of hospitality. He is in general invoked along with Mitra and Varuna.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—m. [aryaṃ śreṣṭhaṃ mimīte; mā-kanin nipātoyam Uṇ.1. 156]
1) The Sun. अहं हि पृष्टोऽर्यमणो भवद्भिः (ahaṃ hi pṛṣṭo'ryamaṇo bhavadbhiḥ) Bhāg.1.18. 23; प्रोषितार्यमणं मेरोरन्धकारस्तटीमिव (proṣitāryamaṇaṃ merorandhakārastaṭīmiva) Śi.2.39; तिमिरमिवार्य- मरश्मिमभिः समग्रम् (timiramivārya- maraśmimabhiḥ samagram) Śiva. B.3.5.
2) The head of the Pitṛs or Manes; पितृणामर्यमा चास्मि (pitṛṇāmaryamā cāsmi) Bg.1.2.
3) The constellation उत्तराफल्गुनी (uttarāphalgunī).
4) Name of the arka plant.
5) One of the Ādityas; शं नो भवत्वर्यमा (śaṃ no bhavatvaryamā) T. UP.1.1.1.
6) A bosom-friend, play-fellow.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aryaman (अर्यमन्) or Aryyaman.—m.
(-mā) 1. The sun. 2. A class of the Manes or deified progenitors. 3. The asclepias plant. E. ṛ to go, kanin Unadi affix, and māṅ inserted.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—m. 1. The name of a deity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 8. 2. The chief of the Pitṛs, or Manes, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 10, 29.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aryaman (अर्यमन्).—[masculine] intimate, friend, [especially] a bridegroom’s friend; [Name] of a god.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aryaman (अर्यमन्):—[from arya] m. a bosom friend, play-fellow, companion, (especially) a friend who asks a woman in marriage for another, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of an Āditya (who is commonly invoked together with Varuṇa and Mitra, also with Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and others; he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes, [Bhagavad-gītā] etc., the milky way is called his path [aryamṇaḥ panthāḥ, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]]; he presides over the Nakṣatra Uttaraphalgunī, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]; his name is used to form different male names, [Pāṇini 5-3, 84]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 39]
4) [v.s. ...] the Asclepias plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+17): Aditya, Aryamadeva, Carshani, Aryama, Aryamana, Aryamanandana, Aryamna, Aryamagrihapati, Dyuksha, Aryaman-muhurta, Aryamadaivata, Aryyaman, Yatayajjana, Pitriloka, Pativedana, Hiraṇmaya, Utpata, Muhurta, Varuna, Devata.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Aryaman, Arya-man, Āryaman; (plurals include: Aryamans, mans, Āryamans). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)