Bandhana; 11 Definition(s)
Bandhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Bandhana is the “binding” or “fixation” of mercury, which, like swooning (mūrcchana), leaves mercury stable and thereby manipulable, in a state in which it is not subject to evaporation, even when heated over fire. Left unbound, mercury remains volatile whenever it is exposed to heat or sunlight. Once purified, it can be “fixed” via any one of the twenty-five or twenty-six alchemical bandhas. Each of these bandhas has a specific medical application.Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Bandhana (बन्धन, “bond”).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13, there are two other types of bonds (bandhana): those that depend on craving (tṛṣṇāpatita) and those that depend on wrong views (dṛṣṭipatita). There are also three types of bandhana: those that depend on lust (rāgaptita), those that depend on hatred (dveṣapatita) and those that depend on delusion (mohapatita). They are called kleśa.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to “binding or union karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by binding or union (bandhana) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which the particles of physical and other bodies stay consolidated together are called binding body-making karma.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Bandhāṇa.—(Chamba), a settlement, an agreement. Note: bandhāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
bandhana : (nt.) bound; fetter; attachment; imprisonment; binding; bondage; something to bind with.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Bandhana, (nt.) (fr. bandh, cp. Vedic bandhana) 1. binding, bond, fetter Vin. I, 21; D. I, 226, 245 (pañca kāmaguṇā); III, 176; M. II, 44; S. I, 8, 24 (Māra°), 35, 40; IV, 201 sq. (5 fold) to bind the king of the Devas or Asuras, 291; Sn. 532, 948; Th. 1, 414; 2, 356 (Māra°) Dh. 345 sq. ; J. II, 139, 140; III, 59=PvA. 4; V, 285; Nd2 304III, B (var. bonds, andhu°, rajju° etc. cp. Nd1 433); DA. I, 121 (with ref. to kāmā).—2. binding, tying, band, ligature; tie (also fig.) Vin. I, 204 (°suttaka thread for tying) II. 135 (kāya° waistband); II, 117 (°rajju for robes); S. III, 155 (vetta° ligatures of bamboo; cp. V, 51); Sn. 44 (gihi°, cp. Nd2 228: puttā ca dāsī ca); DhA. I, 4 (ghara° tie of the house); KhA 51 (paṭṭa°).—3. holding together, composition, constitution Vin. I, 96 (sarīra°), cp. III, 28.—fig. composition (of literature) J. II, 224 (gāthā°).—4. joining together, union, company DhA. II, 160 (gaṇa° joining in companies).—5. handle Vin. II, 135.—6. piecing together Vin. I, 254 (°mattena when it, i.e. the stuff, has only been pieced together, see Vin. Texts II. 153 n.).—7. strap (？) doubtful reading in aṃsa° (q. v.) Vv 3340, where we should prefer to read with v. l. °vaṭṭaka.—8. doubtful in meaning in cpd. paṃca-vidha-bandhana “the fivefold fixing, ＂ as one of the torments in Niraya. It is a sort of crucifixion (see for detail pañca 3) Nd2 304III, C=Nd1 404; J. I, 174; PvA. 221; VbhA. 278. In this connection it may mean “set, ＂ cp. mūla°.—On use of bandhana in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 115. Cp. vini°.—âgāra “fetter-house, ＂ prison D. I, 72; M. I, 75; Vin. III, 151; J. III, 326; DhA. II, 152; VvA. 66; PvA. 153.—âgārika prison-keeper, head-jailer A. II, 207. (Page 482)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
bandhana (बंधन).—n (S) Tying, fastening, binding. 2 Fastened or bound state. 3 A tie or fastening, lit. fig. 4 with āṭha or dasa or sōḷa or māsa prefixed Ablution of the bridegroom and bride &c. See at large under āṭhanahāṇa.
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bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n C (bāndhaṇēṃ) Ground formed into a field (for rice &c.) by damming across a stream and causing it to overflow it. 2 n f A dam or an embankment built across a field to prevent the soil from being washed away. 3 Damming up (as of a water channel). v kara, ghāla. 4 A tie or fastening.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bandhana (बंधन).—n A tie. Fastening.
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bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n Tying material.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Binding, fettering.
2) Checking, stopping.
3) (At the end of comp.) Dependent upon; cf. निबन्धन (nibandhana).
1) The act of binding, fastening; tying; स्मरसि स्मर मेखलागुणैरुत गोत्रस्खलितेषु बन्धनम् (smarasi smara mekhalāguṇairuta gotraskhaliteṣu bandhanam) Ku.4.8.
2) Binding on or round, throwing round, clasping; विनम्रशाखाभुजबन्धनानि (vinamraśākhābhujabandhanāni) Ku.3.39; Pt.5.21; घटय भुजबन्धनम् (ghaṭaya bhujabandhanam) Gīt.1; R.19.17.
3) A bond, tie (fig. also); R.12.76; आशाबन्धनम् (āśābandhanam) &c.
4) Fettering, chaining, confining. गजभुजङ्गमयोरपि बन्धनम् (gajabhujaṅgamayorapi bandhanam) Bh.2.91.
5) A chain, fetter, tether, halter &c.
6) Capturing, catching.
7) Bondage confinement, imprisonment, captivity; as in बन्धनागार (bandhanāgāra).
8) A place of confinement, prison, jail; वसुदेवस्य देवक्यां जातो भोजेन्द्रबन्धने (vasudevasya devakyāṃ jāto bhojendrabandhane) Bhāg.3.2.25; त्वां कारयामि कमलोदरबन्धनस्थम् (tvāṃ kārayāmi kamalodarabandhanastham) Ś.6.2; द्विगुणं त्रिगुणं पश्चाद्यावज्जीवं तु बन्धनम् (dviguṇaṃ triguṇaṃ paścādyāvajjīvaṃ tu bandhanam) Śukra.4.8; Ms.9.288.
9) Forming, building, construction; सेतुबन्धनम् (setubandhanam) Ku.4.6.
1) Connecting, uniting, joining.
11) Hurting, injuring.
12) A stalk, stem, peduncle (of a flower); कृतं न कर्णार्पितबन्धनं सखे (kṛtaṃ na karṇārpitabandhanaṃ sakhe) Ś.6.18.; U.2.9; Ku.4.14.
13) A sinew, muscle; संधिन्नसंधिः प्रविकीर्णबन्धनो हतः क्षितौ वायुसुतेन राक्षसः (saṃdhinnasaṃdhiḥ pravikīrṇabandhano hataḥ kṣitau vāyusutena rākṣasaḥ) Rām.5. 47.36;5.24.4.
14) A bandage.
15) A bar, barrier.
16) Alloyage, mixing.
17) An embankment, a bridge.
18) A conjunction, connection.
19) (In phil.) Mundane bondage (opp. to liberation).
-nam, -nī 1 A bond, tie.
2) A rope, cord.
3) A string, thread.
4) A chain, fetter.
5) A bondage.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 15 books and stories containing Bandhana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.156 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 2.6.51 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
I. Eliminating the three poisons from the kṣetra < [Part 1 - Eliminating the three poisons]
Bodhisattva quality 24: excelled in saving appropriately < [Chapter XII - Unhindered Mind]
Sarvāstivādin-Sautrāntika Debate on Time < [Part 1 - Mahāyānist list of the eighteen special attributes of the Buddha]
Isha Upanishad (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Appendix 1.2: types of karma < [Appendices]
Part 11: Sermon by Pārśva < [Chapter III - Birth, youth, initiation, and omniscience of Śrī Pārśva]
Part 17: Incarnation as Nandana < [Chapter I - Previous births of Mahāvīra]
Teacher of the Devas (by Susan Elbaum Jootla)