Bandhana: 14 definitions


Bandhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Bandhana is the “binding” or “fixation” of mercury, which, like swooning (mūrcchana), leaves mercury stable and thereby manipulable, in a state in which it is not subject to evaporation, even when heated over fire. Left unbound, mercury remains volatile whenever it is exposed to heat or sunlight. Once purified, it can be “fixed” via any one of the twenty-five or twenty-six alchemical bandhas. Each of these bandhas has a specific medical application.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bandhana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bandhana (बन्धन).—Jail; escaping from and letting one to do so will be punished;1 also bandhasthāna.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 208-10.
  • 2) Ib. 256. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bandhana (बन्धन, “bond”).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13, there are two other types of bonds (bandhana): those that depend on craving (tṛṣṇāpatita) and those that depend on wrong views (dṛṣṭipatita). There are also three types of bandhana: those that depend on lust (rāgaptita), those that depend on hatred (dveṣapatita) and those that depend on delusion (mohapatita). They are called kleśa.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to “binding or union karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by binding or union (bandhana) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which the particles of physical and other bodies stay consolidated together are called binding body-making karma. 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bandhāṇa.—(Chamba), a settlement, an agreement. Note: bandhāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bandhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bandhana : (nt.) bound; fetter; attachment; imprisonment; binding; bondage; something to bind with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhana, (nt.) (fr. bandh, cp. Vedic bandhana) 1. binding, bond, fetter Vin. I, 21; D. I, 226, 245 (pañca kāmaguṇā); III, 176; M. II, 44; S. I, 8, 24 (Māra°), 35, 40; IV, 201 sq. (5 fold) to bind the king of the Devas or Asuras, 291; Sn. 532, 948; Th. 1, 414; 2, 356 (Māra°) Dh. 345 sq. ; J. II, 139, 140; III, 59=PvA. 4; V, 285; Nd2 304III, B (var. bonds, andhu°, rajju° etc. cp. Nd1 433); DA. I, 121 (with ref. to kāmā).—2. binding, tying, band, ligature; tie (also fig.) Vin. I, 204 (°suttaka thread for tying) II. 135 (kāya° waistband); II, 117 (°rajju for robes); S. III, 155 (vetta° ligatures of bamboo; cp. V, 51); Sn. 44 (gihi°, cp. Nd2 228: puttā ca dāsī ca); DhA. I, 4 (ghara° tie of the house); KhA 51 (paṭṭa°).—3. holding together, composition, constitution Vin. I, 96 (sarīra°), cp. III, 28.—fig. composition (of literature) J. II, 224 (gāthā°).—4. joining together, union, company DhA. II, 160 (gaṇa° joining in companies).—5. handle Vin. II, 135.—6. piecing together Vin. I, 254 (°mattena when it, i.e. the stuff, has only been pieced together, see Vin. Texts II. 153 n.).—7. strap (?) doubtful reading in aṃsa° (q. v.) Vv 3340, where we should prefer to read with v. l. °vaṭṭaka.—8. doubtful in meaning in cpd. paṃca-vidha-bandhana “the fivefold fixing,” as one of the torments in Niraya. It is a sort of crucifixion (see for detail pañca 3) Nd2 304III, C=Nd1 404; J. I, 174; PvA. 221; VbhA. 278. In this connection it may mean “set,” cp. mūla°.—On use of bandhana in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 115. Cp. vini°.—âgāra “fetter-house,” prison D. I, 72; M. I, 75; Vin. III, 151; J. III, 326; DhA. II, 152; VvA. 66; PvA. 153.—âgārika prison-keeper, head-jailer A. II, 207. (Page 482)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bandhana (बंधन).—n (S) Tying, fastening, binding. 2 Fastened or bound state. 3 A tie or fastening, lit. fig. 4 with āṭha or dasa or sōḷa or māsa prefixed Ablution of the bridegroom and bride &c. See at large under āṭhanahāṇa.

--- OR ---

bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n C (bāndhaṇēṃ) Ground formed into a field (for rice &c.) by damming across a stream and causing it to overflow it. 2 n f A dam or an embankment built across a field to prevent the soil from being washed away. 3 Damming up (as of a water channel). v kara, ghāla. 4 A tie or fastening.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bandhana (बंधन).—n A tie. Fastening.

--- OR ---

bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n Tying material.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—a.

1) Binding, fettering.

2) Checking, stopping.

3) (At the end of comp.) Dependent upon; cf. निबन्धन (nibandhana).

-nam [bandh-bhāve-lyuṭ]

1) The act of binding, fastening; tying; स्मरसि स्मर मेखलागुणैरुत गोत्रस्खलितेषु बन्धनम् (smarasi smara mekhalāguṇairuta gotraskhaliteṣu bandhanam) Ku.4.8.

2) Binding on or round, throwing round, clasping; विनम्रशाखाभुजबन्धनानि (vinamraśākhābhujabandhanāni) Ku.3.39; Pt.5.21; घटय भुजबन्धनम् (ghaṭaya bhujabandhanam) Gīt.1; R.19.17.

3) A bond, tie (fig. also); R.12.76; आशाबन्धनम् (āśābandhanam) &c.

4) Fettering, chaining, confining. गजभुजङ्गमयोरपि बन्धनम् (gajabhujaṅgamayorapi bandhanam) Bh.2.91.

5) A chain, fetter, tether, halter &c.

6) Capturing, catching.

7) Bondage confinement, imprisonment, captivity; as in बन्धनागार (bandhanāgāra).

8) A place of confinement, prison, jail; वसुदेवस्य देवक्यां जातो भोजेन्द्रबन्धने (vasudevasya devakyāṃ jāto bhojendrabandhane) Bhāg.3.2.25; त्वां कारयामि कमलोदरबन्धनस्थम् (tvāṃ kārayāmi kamalodarabandhanastham) Ś.6.2; द्विगुणं त्रिगुणं पश्चाद्यावज्जीवं तु बन्धनम् (dviguṇaṃ triguṇaṃ paścādyāvajjīvaṃ tu bandhanam) Śukra.4.8; Ms.9.288.

9) Forming, building, construction; सेतुबन्धनम् (setubandhanam) Ku.4.6.

1) Connecting, uniting, joining.

11) Hurting, injuring.

12) A stalk, stem, peduncle (of a flower); कृतं न कर्णार्पितबन्धनं सखे (kṛtaṃ na karṇārpitabandhanaṃ sakhe) Ś.6.18.; U.2.9; Ku.4.14.

13) A sinew, muscle; संधिन्नसंधिः प्रविकीर्णबन्धनो हतः क्षितौ वायुसुतेन राक्षसः (saṃdhinnasaṃdhiḥ pravikīrṇabandhano hataḥ kṣitau vāyusutena rākṣasaḥ) Rām.5. 47.36;5.24.4.

14) A bandage.

15) A bar, barrier.

16) Alloyage, mixing.

17) An embankment, a bridge.

18) A conjunction, connection.

19) (In phil.) Mundane bondage (opp. to liberation).

-nam, -nī 1 A bond, tie.

2) A rope, cord.

3) A string, thread.

4) A chain, fetter.

5) A bondage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Binding, tying, confining. 2. A rope foy tying cattle. 3. Killing. 4. Hurting, injuring. mfn. Subst.

(-naḥ-nā or -nī-naṃ) The implement of binding or tying, a rope, a chain, a bandage, a ligature, &c. E. bandh to tie, aff. lyuṭ or yuc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—[feminine] ī binding, fettering, holding fast; [neuter] the act of binding etc., capture, custody, prison; band, string, sinew, muscle; stem, stalk; chain, fetter, bondage ([opposed] mukti); constructing, building, covering with a bridge, embanking; dam, mole; union, connection, fixing or turning upon ([locative]) etc. = bandha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bandhana (बन्धन):—[from bandh] mf(ī)n. binding, tying, fettering, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] captivating (with [genitive case] or ifc.; cf. bhāva-b and, [Pāṇini 4-4, 96 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

3) [v.s. ...] holding fast, stopping, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) dependent on [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. the act of binding, tying, fastening, fettering, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] n. (also f(ī). , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a bond, tie (also [figuratively]), rope, cord, tether, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (ifc. with f(ā). = bound to or fettered by)

7) [v.s. ...] n. binding on or round, clasping, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] binding up, bandaging, a bandage, [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] catching, capturing, confining, detention, custody, imprisonment or a prison, [Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] building, construction, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] embanking or an embankment, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] bridging over, [Hitopadeśa]

13) [v.s. ...] alloying (of metals), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

14) [v.s. ...] joining, junction, connection, coherence, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

15) [v.s. ...] fixing upon, directing towards ([locative case]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] checking, suppressing, [Amaru-śataka]

17) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) mundane bondage (opp. to final liberation)

18) [v.s. ...] hurting, killing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] a stalk, stem, peduncle (of a flower), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

20) [v.s. ...] a sinew, muscle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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