Bandhana; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bandhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Bandhana is the “binding” or “fixation” of mercury, which, like swooning (mūrcchana), leaves mercury stable and thereby manipulable, in a state in which it is not subject to evaporation, even when heated over fire. Left unbound, mercury remains volatile whenever it is exposed to heat or sunlight. Once purified, it can be “fixed” via any one of the twenty-five or twenty-six alchemical bandhas. Each of these bandhas has a specific medical application.

(Source): Google Books: The Alchemical Body
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Purana

Bandhana (बन्धन).—Jail; escaping from and letting one to do so will be punished;1 also bandhasthāna.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 208-10.
  • 2) Ib. 256. 35.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Bandhana (बन्धन, “bond”).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13, there are two other types of bonds (bandhana): those that depend on craving (tṛṣṇāpatita) and those that depend on wrong views (dṛṣṭipatita). There are also three types of bandhana: those that depend on lust (rāgaptita), those that depend on hatred (dveṣapatita) and those that depend on delusion (mohapatita). They are called kleśa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to “binding or union karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by binding or union (bandhana) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which the particles of physical and other bodies stay consolidated together are called binding body-making karma. 

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

bandhana : (nt.) bound; fetter; attachment; imprisonment; binding; bondage; something to bind with.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhana, (nt.) (fr. bandh, cp. Vedic bandhana) 1. binding, bond, fetter Vin. I, 21; D. I, 226, 245 (pañca kāmaguṇā); III, 176; M. II, 44; S. I, 8, 24 (Māra°), 35, 40; IV, 201 sq. (5 fold) to bind the king of the Devas or Asuras, 291; Sn. 532, 948; Th. 1, 414; 2, 356 (Māra°) Dh. 345 sq. ; J. II, 139, 140; III, 59=PvA. 4; V, 285; Nd2 304III, B (var. bonds, andhu°, rajju° etc. cp. Nd1 433); DA. I, 121 (with ref. to kāmā).—2. binding, tying, band, ligature; tie (also fig.) Vin. I, 204 (°suttaka thread for tying) II. 135 (kāya° waistband); II, 117 (°rajju for robes); S. III, 155 (vetta° ligatures of bamboo; cp. V, 51); Sn. 44 (gihi°, cp. Nd2 228: puttā ca dāsī ca); DhA. I, 4 (ghara° tie of the house); KhA 51 (paṭṭa°).—3. holding together, composition, constitution Vin. I, 96 (sarīra°), cp. III, 28.—fig. composition (of literature) J. II, 224 (gāthā°).—4. joining together, union, company DhA. II, 160 (gaṇa° joining in companies).—5. handle Vin. II, 135.—6. piecing together Vin. I, 254 (°mattena when it, i.e. the stuff, has only been pieced together, see Vin. Texts II. 153 n.).—7. strap (?) doubtful reading in aṃsa° (q. v.) Vv 3340, where we should prefer to read with v. l. °vaṭṭaka.—8. doubtful in meaning in cpd. paṃca-vidha-bandhana “the fivefold fixing, " as one of the torments in Niraya. It is a sort of crucifixion (see for detail pañca 3) Nd2 304III, C=Nd1 404; J. I, 174; PvA. 221; VbhA. 278. In this connection it may mean “set, " cp. mūla°.—On use of bandhana in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 115. Cp. vini°.—âgāra “fetter-house, " prison D. I, 72; M. I, 75; Vin. III, 151; J. III, 326; DhA. II, 152; VvA. 66; PvA. 153.—âgārika prison-keeper, head-jailer A. II, 207. (Page 482)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

bandhana (बंधन).—n (S) Tying, fastening, binding. 2 Fastened or bound state. 3 A tie or fastening, lit. fig. 4 with āṭha or dasa or sōḷa or māsa prefixed Ablution of the bridegroom and bride &c. See at large under āṭhanahāṇa.

--- OR ---

bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n C (bāndhaṇēṃ) Ground formed into a field (for rice &c.) by damming across a stream and causing it to overflow it. 2 n f A dam or an embankment built across a field to prevent the soil from being washed away. 3 Damming up (as of a water channel). v kara, ghāla. 4 A tie or fastening.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bandhana (बंधन).—n A tie. Fastening.

--- OR ---

bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n Tying material.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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