Bandhana, Bamdhana: 28 definitions

Introduction:

Bandhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Bandhana is the “binding” or “fixation” of mercury, which, like swooning (mūrcchana), leaves mercury stable and thereby manipulable, in a state in which it is not subject to evaporation, even when heated over fire. Left unbound, mercury remains volatile whenever it is exposed to heat or sunlight. Once purified, it can be “fixed” via any one of the twenty-five or twenty-six alchemical bandhas. Each of these bandhas has a specific medical application.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bandhana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bandhana (बन्धन) (Cf. Bandha) refers to “that which binds”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Viṣṇu: “O Viṣṇu, O Brahmā, O gods, all of you please hear with attention. I am going to say a specific thing in a suitable manner. Marrying is not a proper thing for men. Marriage is a great fetter that binds firmly [i.e., dṛḍha-bandhana]. There are many base bondages in the world. Association with women is the toughest of all. One can free oneself from all bondages except that of women. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bandhana (बन्धन).—Jail; escaping from and letting one to do so will be punished;1 also bandhasthāna.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 227. 208-10.
  • 2) Ib. 256. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Bandhana (बन्धन) [or bandha] refers to “mortar §§ 2.11, 16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bandhana (बन्धन) [=Bandha?] or Janmabandhana refers to the “bondage (of birth)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Practice Yoga [i.e., yogābhyāsa] in the sphere of the Supreme Syllable. The thread (sūtra) of the Supreme Syllable is the heart that fulfils all desires. He who, established in the venerable (goddess) Kujā, knows (this) is liberated from the bondage of birth [i.e., janma-bandhana]. (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bandhana [बन्धना] in the Nepali language is the name of a plant identified with Eryngium foetidum L. from the Apiaceae (Carrot) family. For the possible medicinal usage of bandhana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to the “(three) bonds” (i.e. the three impurities), according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] Besides (bhūyas) the nirvāṇadīkṣā bestowing liberation is of many kinds: śivadharma-dīkṣā, lokadharma-dīkṣā and the initiation which kills quickly, causing the body to fall. [The initiation] which reveals everything through the attainment of Śiva through the performance of post-initiatory rites once the three bonds (bandhana-traya) (i.e. the three impurities) have ceased due to the purification of the consciousness on one [of the six] paths, [that] initiation is known to be the śivadharmadīkṣā, which bestows the attainment of liberation because it is contrary to the mundane practice. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bandhana (बन्धन) denotes a “rope” or other fastening in the Atharvaveda and later.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bandhana (बन्धन, “bond”).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13, there are two other types of bonds (bandhana): those that depend on craving (tṛṣṇāpatita) and those that depend on wrong views (dṛṣṭipatita). There are also three types of bandhana: those that depend on lust (rāgaptita), those that depend on hatred (dveṣapatita) and those that depend on delusion (mohapatita). They are called kleśa.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to “bondage”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (15) Having crossed over to the other side (uttīrya), saving (uttaraṇa) an inconceivable number of living beings (bahusatva), having been released yourself (muktvā), you completely release those still in bondage (bandhana), you care for the living beings of the world (jagat) in this unsurpassable (anuttara) great vehicle (mahāyāna), and you place them in extinction, which is the sameness of being beyond any way (nairyāṇa). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to “binding or union karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by binding or union (bandhana) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which the particles of physical and other bodies stay consolidated together are called binding body-making karma. 

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bandhana (बन्धन) refers to the “rope” (of Yama), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Yama’s noose [com.yamabandhana—‘Yama’s rope’] , which cannot be resisted even by the chiefs of gods, demons, men and the lord of snakes, in half a moment binds the world of living souls. Yama is clearly the one and only chief conqueror of the three worlds [and] by the mere wish of whom do the 30 gods die”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bandhāṇa.—(Chamba), a settlement, an agreement. Note: bandhāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bandhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bandhana : (nt.) bound; fetter; attachment; imprisonment; binding; bondage; something to bind with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhana, (nt.) (fr. bandh, cp. Vedic bandhana) 1. binding, bond, fetter Vin. I, 21; D. I, 226, 245 (pañca kāmaguṇā); III, 176; M. II, 44; S. I, 8, 24 (Māra°), 35, 40; IV, 201 sq. (5 fold) to bind the king of the Devas or Asuras, 291; Sn. 532, 948; Th. 1, 414; 2, 356 (Māra°) Dh. 345 sq. ; J. II, 139, 140; III, 59=PvA. 4; V, 285; Nd2 304III, B (var. bonds, andhu°, rajju° etc. cp. Nd1 433); DA. I, 121 (with ref. to kāmā).—2. binding, tying, band, ligature; tie (also fig.) Vin. I, 204 (°suttaka thread for tying) II. 135 (kāya° waistband); II, 117 (°rajju for robes); S. III, 155 (vetta° ligatures of bamboo; cp. V, 51); Sn. 44 (gihi°, cp. Nd2 228: puttā ca dāsī ca); DhA. I, 4 (ghara° tie of the house); KhA 51 (paṭṭa°).—3. holding together, composition, constitution Vin. I, 96 (sarīra°), cp. III, 28.—fig. composition (of literature) J. II, 224 (gāthā°).—4. joining together, union, company DhA. II, 160 (gaṇa° joining in companies).—5. handle Vin. II, 135.—6. piecing together Vin. I, 254 (°mattena when it, i.e. the stuff, has only been pieced together, see Vin. Texts II. 153 n.).—7. strap (?) doubtful reading in aṃsa° (q. v.) Vv 3340, where we should prefer to read with v. l. °vaṭṭaka.—8. doubtful in meaning in cpd. paṃca-vidha-bandhana “the fivefold fixing,” as one of the torments in Niraya. It is a sort of crucifixion (see for detail pañca 3) Nd2 304III, C=Nd1 404; J. I, 174; PvA. 221; VbhA. 278. In this connection it may mean “set,” cp. mūla°.—On use of bandhana in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 115. Cp. vini°.—âgāra “fetter-house,” prison D. I, 72; M. I, 75; Vin. III, 151; J. III, 326; DhA. II, 152; VvA. 66; PvA. 153.—âgārika prison-keeper, head-jailer A. II, 207. (Page 482)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bandhana (बंधन).—n (S) Tying, fastening, binding. 2 Fastened or bound state. 3 A tie or fastening, lit. fig. 4 with āṭha or dasa or sōḷa or māsa prefixed Ablution of the bridegroom and bride &c. See at large under āṭhanahāṇa.

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bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n C (bāndhaṇēṃ) Ground formed into a field (for rice &c.) by damming across a stream and causing it to overflow it. 2 n f A dam or an embankment built across a field to prevent the soil from being washed away. 3 Damming up (as of a water channel). v kara, ghāla. 4 A tie or fastening.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bandhana (बंधन).—n A tie. Fastening.

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bāndhaṇa (बांधण).—n Tying material.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—a.

1) Binding, fettering.

2) Checking, stopping.

3) (At the end of comp.) Dependent upon; cf. निबन्धन (nibandhana).

-nam [bandh-bhāve-lyuṭ]

1) The act of binding, fastening; tying; स्मरसि स्मर मेखलागुणैरुत गोत्रस्खलितेषु बन्धनम् (smarasi smara mekhalāguṇairuta gotraskhaliteṣu bandhanam) Kumārasambhava 4.8.

2) Binding on or round, throwing round, clasping; विनम्रशाखाभुजबन्धनानि (vinamraśākhābhujabandhanāni) Kumārasambhava 3.39; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.21; घटय भुजबन्धनम् (ghaṭaya bhujabandhanam) Gītagovinda 1; R.19.17.

3) A bond, tie (fig. also); R.12.76; आशाबन्धनम् (āśābandhanam) &c.

4) Fettering, chaining, confining. गजभुजङ्गमयोरपि बन्धनम् (gajabhujaṅgamayorapi bandhanam) Bhartṛhari 2.91.

5) A chain, fetter, tether, halter &c.

6) Capturing, catching.

7) Bondage confinement, imprisonment, captivity; as in बन्धनागार (bandhanāgāra).

8) A place of confinement, prison, jail; वसुदेवस्य देवक्यां जातो भोजेन्द्रबन्धने (vasudevasya devakyāṃ jāto bhojendrabandhane) Bhāgavata 3.2.25; त्वां कारयामि कमलोदरबन्धनस्थम् (tvāṃ kārayāmi kamalodarabandhanastham) Ś.6.2; द्विगुणं त्रिगुणं पश्चाद्यावज्जीवं तु बन्धनम् (dviguṇaṃ triguṇaṃ paścādyāvajjīvaṃ tu bandhanam) Śukra.4.8; Manusmṛti 9.288.

9) Forming, building, construction; सेतुबन्धनम् (setubandhanam) Kumārasambhava 4.6.

1) Connecting, uniting, joining.

11) Hurting, injuring.

12) A stalk, stem, peduncle (of a flower); कृतं न कर्णार्पितबन्धनं सखे (kṛtaṃ na karṇārpitabandhanaṃ sakhe) Ś.6.18.; Uttararāmacarita 2.9; Kumārasambhava 4.14.

13) A sinew, muscle; संधिन्नसंधिः प्रविकीर्णबन्धनो हतः क्षितौ वायुसुतेन राक्षसः (saṃdhinnasaṃdhiḥ pravikīrṇabandhano hataḥ kṣitau vāyusutena rākṣasaḥ) Rām.5. 47.36;5.24.4.

14) A bandage.

15) A bar, barrier.

16) Alloyage, mixing.

17) An embankment, a bridge.

18) A conjunction, connection.

19) (In phil.) Mundane bondage (opp. to liberation).

-nam, -nī 1 A bond, tie.

2) A rope, cord.

3) A string, thread.

4) A chain, fetter.

5) A bondage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Binding, tying, confining. 2. A rope foy tying cattle. 3. Killing. 4. Hurting, injuring. mfn. Subst.

(-naḥ-nā or -nī-naṃ) The implement of binding or tying, a rope, a chain, a bandage, a ligature, &c. E. bandh to tie, aff. lyuṭ or yuc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—[bandh + ana], I. n. 1. Binding, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 20; [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 21 (of the ocean, by a bridge), fastening, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 29, M. M.; catcing, [Pañcatantra] 114, 6. 2. Confining, [Hitopadeśa] 34, 3, M. M. (jāla-, by a net). 3. A prison, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 288. 4. A rope for tying cattle. Ii. m., f. or , and n. The instrument of tying, holding together, Utt. Rāmac, 40, 12; tic, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 19; string, [Hitopadeśa] 77, 1, M. M. (snāyu-, made of a sinew); a rope, a thread, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 78; a chain, snare, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 19; stem, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 53, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन).—[feminine] ī binding, fettering, holding fast; [neuter] the act of binding etc., capture, custody, prison; band, string, sinew, muscle; stem, stalk; chain, fetter, bondage ([opposed] mukti); constructing, building, covering with a bridge, embanking; dam, mole; union, connection, fixing or turning upon ([locative]) etc. = bandha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bandhana (बन्धन):—[from bandh] mf(ī)n. binding, tying, fettering, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] captivating (with [genitive case] or ifc.; cf. bhāva-b and, [Pāṇini 4-4, 96 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

3) [v.s. ...] holding fast, stopping, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) dependent on [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. the act of binding, tying, fastening, fettering, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] n. (also f(ī). , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a bond, tie (also [figuratively]), rope, cord, tether, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (ifc. with f(ā). = bound to or fettered by)

7) [v.s. ...] n. binding on or round, clasping, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] binding up, bandaging, a bandage, [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] catching, capturing, confining, detention, custody, imprisonment or a prison, [Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] building, construction, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] embanking or an embankment, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] bridging over, [Hitopadeśa]

13) [v.s. ...] alloying (of metals), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

14) [v.s. ...] joining, junction, connection, coherence, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

15) [v.s. ...] fixing upon, directing towards ([locative case]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] checking, suppressing, [Amaru-śataka]

17) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) mundane bondage (opp. to final liberation)

18) [v.s. ...] hurting, killing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] a stalk, stem, peduncle (of a flower), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

20) [v.s. ...] a sinew, muscle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhana (बन्धन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Binding; rope for tying cattle; killing. m. n. f. A rope, a chain, bandage, &c.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bandhana (बन्धन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Baṃdhaṇa, Baṃdhaṇayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bandhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Baṃdhaṇa (बंधण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bandhana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Baṃdhana (ಬಂಧನ):—

1) [adjective] binding; restrictive.

2) [adjective] opposing; resisting.

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Baṃdhana (ಬಂಧನ):—

1) [noun] a tying or being tied.

2) [noun] a building for confining undertrials and criminals sentenced after conviction; a jail; a prison.

3) [noun] the condition of being confined (in or as in a jail).

4) [noun] a rope, cord, chair, band or strip as a means for binding.

5) [noun] the act of capturing, seizing, arresting or imprisoning.

6) [noun] a control, check or restraint.

7) [noun] the way in which something is composed, constructed or formed.

8) [noun] (phil.) the worldly passions or attachments that bind the soul to the mundane life.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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