Vishva, Viśva, Viśvā, Viṣva: 24 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vishva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśva and Viśvā and Viṣva can be transliterated into English as Visva or Vishva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Viśva (विश्व):—Another name for Śuṇṭhī (Zingiber officinale), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), Viśvā is not only a synonym for Śuṇṭhī, but also for Śṛṅgavera, which is the Sanskrit word referring to fresh ginger (the same Zingiber officinale). The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Viśva (विश्व) (or Śuṇṭhī, Viśvabheṣaja, Nāgara, Śṛṅgavera) (one of the tryuṣaṇa) refers to the medicinal plant Zingiber officinale Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Viśva] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Zingiber officinale Roxb. (Viśva) is also known as Ārdraka according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Viśva (विश्व) is another name for “Nāgara” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning viśva] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Viśva (विश्व).—A Kṣatriya King. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 36, that this King was born from a portion of Mayūra, an asura.

2) Viśvā (विश्वा).—A daughter of Prajāpati Dakṣa. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 12).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Viśva (विश्व) or Viśvedeva refers to one of the various classifications of Gaṇas: a group of deities attached to Lord Śiva.—Gaṇas are troops who generally appear in classes. Nine such classes are mentioned in the Purāṇas: They are (1) Ādityas (2) Viśvas or Viśvedevas (3) Vasus (4) Tuṣitas (5) Ābhāsvaras (6) Anilas (7) Mahārājikas (8) Sādhyas (9) Rudras. These are attached to Lord Śiva and serve under the command of Gaṇeśa, dwelling on Gaṇaparvata identified with Kailāsa—a peak of the Himālaya mountain.

2) Viśva (विश्व) refers to the “universe”, and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Thee the blue-necked, the creator, the supreme soul, the universe (i.e., Viśva), the speed of the universe and the cause of the bliss of the universe. You are Oṃkāra, Vaṣaṭkāra, the initiator of enterprises, Hantakāra, Svadhākāra and the partaker of Havya and Kavya offerings always”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Viśva (विश्व).—A name of Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 22.

1b) The Gandharva presiding over the month, Tapasya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 40.

1c) A branch of the Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 96.

1d) A son of Upamadgu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 9.

1e) A Satya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 34.

1f) False; like a serpent in rope, and water in the desert, etc.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 39.

2a) Viśvā (विश्वा).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18.

2b) A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the ten wives of Dharma married by Brāhma form; her sons were Viśvedevas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4. and 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 3 and 30. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 16-17; 203. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 3, 31; 76. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105.

2c) One of the 13 wives of Kaśyapa; mother of Yakṣas and Rākṣasas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2; 146. 18.

2d) The Goddess enshrined at Viśveśvara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 29.

2e) The sons of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 15.

2f) The ten sons of Dharma and Viśvā. As a result of their penance in the Himālayas, they were blessed to enjoy a part of the Śrāddha offerings: Their duty was to protect the Śrāddha and be its guests. (see Viśvā).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 80; 12. 3-14.

2g) Residents of Bhuvarloka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 2; 73. 61; 101. 30.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Viśva (विश्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.32) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Viśvā (विश्वा) refers to one of the ten of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Dharma in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave ten daughters to Dharma in marriage] [...] The ten wives of Dharma are Sādhyā, Viśvā, Saṃkalpā, Muhūrtā, Arundhatī, Marutvatī, Vasu, Bhūnu, Lambā and Jāmī. Viśvā gave birth to Viśvedevas.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Viśva (विश्व) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vimaleśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Viśva) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Viśva (विश्व) or Viśvāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vātulāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Viśva Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vātula-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Viśva (विश्व) or Viśvasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (e.g., Viśva-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Viśva (विश्व) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Viśva) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Viśva.—(IE 7-1-2), same as viśvedevāḥ, ‘thirteen.’ Note: viśva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśva (विश्व).—n (S) The universe. 2 m A deity of a class in which ten are enumerated. They are worshiped particularly at the obsequies in honor of deceased progenitors.

--- OR ---

viśva (विश्व).—a S All or the whole.

--- OR ---

viśvā (विश्वा).—m (vīsa) A weight,--the twentieth part of a rati or seed of Abrus precatorius. 2 The twentieth of a rukā. 3 A term in astrology. See viṃśōpaka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viśva (विश्व).—n The universe. a All or the whole.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśva (विश्व).—pron. a. [viś-va Uṇ.1.151]

1) All, whole, entire, universal; स सर्वनामा स च विश्वरूपः (sa sarvanāmā sa ca viśvarūpaḥ) Bhāg.6.4.28.

2) Every, every one.

3) All-pervading, omnipresent. -m. pl. Name of a particular group of deities, ten in number and supposed to be sons of विश्वा (viśvā); their names are:वसुः सत्यः क्रतुर्दक्षः कालः कामो धृतिः कुरुः । पुरूरवा माद्रवश्च विश्वेदेवाः प्रकीर्तिताः ॥ देवाः साध्यास्तथा विश्वे तथैव च महर्षयः (vasuḥ satyaḥ kraturdakṣaḥ kālaḥ kāmo dhṛtiḥ kuruḥ | purūravā mādravaśca viśvedevāḥ prakīrtitāḥ || devāḥ sādhyāstathā viśve tathaiva ca maharṣayaḥ) Mb. 3.261.6; Bg.11.22.

-śvam 1 The universe, the (whole) world; इदं विश्वं पाल्यम् (idaṃ viśvaṃ pālyam) U.3.3; विश्वस्मिन्नधुनान्यः कुलव्रतं पाल- यिष्यति कः (viśvasminnadhunānyaḥ kulavrataṃ pāla- yiṣyati kaḥ) Bv.1.13.

2) Dry ginger.

3) Name of Viṣṇu.

-śvaḥ 1 The soul; Bhāg.7.15.54; A. Rām.7.5.49. 5; the intellectual faculty.

2) A citizen (nāgara).

-śvā 1 The earth.

2) Asparagus Racemosus (Mar. śatāvarī).

3) Dry ginger.

4) The plant अतिविषा (ativiṣā).

--- OR ---

Viṣva (विष्व).—a. Hurtful, injurious, mischievous.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viśva (विश्व).—all; this essentially Vedic word, occasionally used in Class. Sanskrit, is also occasionally found here: mohitā viśva-kalpanaiḥ Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 9.5 (verse); viśva-kamala-śara-kapāla- cāpa-dharām Sādhanamālā 460.5 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśva (विश्व).—mfn.

(-śvaḥ-śvā-śvaṃ) All, entire, whole, universal. n.

(-śvaṃ) The world, the universe. m. Plu.

(-śvaḥ) A deity of a particular class in which ten are enumerated; their names are Vasu, Satya, Kratu, Daksha, Kala, Kama, Dhriti, Kuru, Pururavas, Madravas: they are worshipped particularly at the funeral obsequies in honour of deceased progenitors in general, and receive an oblation of clarified butter at the daily and domestic Shrad'dha. nf.

(-śvaṃ-śvā) Dry ginger. f.

(-śvā) A tree, the bark of which is said to be used in dyeing red, commonly Atis, (Betula.) E. viś to enter, to pervade, Unadi aff. va .

--- OR ---

Viṣva (विष्व).—mfn.

(-ṣvaḥ-ṣvā-ṣvaṃ) Injurious, mischievous. E. viṣ to pervade, Unadi aff. va .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśva (विश्व).—probably vi-śvi (cf. the aor. of śvi, a-śvam, and śaśvant), I. adj. 1. All, every, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 97, 2 = [Rigveda.] vi. 64, 1; every one, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 101, 4 = [Rigveda.] vii. 16, 1; particularly former part of comp. words, cf. viśva-karman, viśvakṛt, etc. 2. Whole. 3. Universal. Ii. m. 1. A term of the Vedāntra philosophy, the faculty perceiving singleness, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 13. 2. pl. (viśve), A class of deities, [Indralokāgamana] 2, 13. Iii. n. The world, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 1. Iv. (n. and) f. , Dry ginger. V. f. , A tree, a plant, Aconitum ferox.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśva (विश्व).—[adjective] all, every ([neuter] every one); entire, whole, universal, pervading all (Viṣṇu, the intellect, etc.); [plural] viśve (±devās) all the gods or the All-gods (as a class). [masculine] the intellect (ph.); [neuter] the All or Universe.

--- OR ---

Viśvā (विश्वा).—[adverb] always, evermore.

--- OR ---

Viśvā (विश्वा) or Ucchvā or Praśvā.—& sam = [Simple] — Cf. ucchūna, saṃśūna.

Viśvā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and śvā (श्वा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Viśva (विश्व) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a common abbreviation for Viśvaprakāśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśva (विश्व):—mf(ā)n. ([probably] [from] √1. viś, to pervade cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 151]; declined as a [pronoun] like sarva, by which it is superseded in the Brāhmaṇas and later language) all, every, every one

2) whole, entire, universal, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) all-pervading or all-containing, omnipresent (applied to Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, the soul, intellect etc.), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) m. (in [philosophy]) the intellectual faculty or ([according to] to some) the faculty which perceives individuality or the individual underlying the gross body (sthūla-śarīra-vyaṣṭy-upahita), [Vedāntasāra]

5) Name of a class of gods cf. below

6) Name of the number ‘thirteen’ [Golādhyāya]

7) of a class of deceased ancestors, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

8) of a king, [Mahābhārata]

9) of a well-known dictionary = viśva-prakāśa

10) [plural] (viśve, with or [scilicet] devās cf. viśve-deva, p.995) ‘all the gods collectively’ or the ‘All-gods’ (a [particular] class of gods, forming one of the 9 Gaṇas enumerated under gaṇadevatā q.v.; [according to] to the Viṣṇu and other Purāṇas they were sons of Viśvā, daughter of Dakṣa, and their names are as follow, 1. Vasu, 2. Satya, 3. Kratu, 4. Dakṣa, 5. Kāla, 6. Kāma, 7. Dhṛti, 8. Kuru, 9. Purū-ravas, 10. Mādravas [?]; two others are added by some, viz. 11. Rocaka or Locana, 12. Dhvani [or Dhūri; or this may make 13] : they are particularly worshipped at Śrāddhas and at the Vaiśvadeva ceremony [Religious Thought and Life in India 416]; moreover [according to] to Manu [iii, 90, 121], offerings should be made to them daily these privileges having been bestowed on them by Brahmā and the Pitṛs, as a reward for severe austerities they had performed on the Himālaya: sometimes it is difficult to decide whether the expression viśve devāḥ refers to all the gods or to the particular troop of deities described above), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

11) etc.

12) Viśvā (विश्वा):—[from viśva] a f. the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([locative case] [plural] ‘in all places, everywhere’ [Ṛg-veda viii, 106, 2])

13) [v.s. ...] dry ginger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Piper Longum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Asparagus Racemosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] = ati-viṣā, or viṣā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the tongues of Agni, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

18) [v.s. ...] a [particular] weight, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (the wife of Dharma and mother of the Viśve Devāḥ), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

20) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

21) Viśva (विश्व):—n. the whole world, universe, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

22) dry ginger, [Suśruta]

23) myrrh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) a mystical Name of the sound o, [Upaniṣad]

25) Viśvā (विश्वा):—[from viśva] b in [compound] for viśva.

26) Viṣva (विष्व):—mfn. injurious, hurtful, mischievous (= hiṃsra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vishva or visva in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: