Vishva, aka: Viśva, Viśvā, Viṣva; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vishva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśva and Viśvā and Viṣva can be transliterated into English as Visva or Vishva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Viśva (विश्व):—Another name for Śuṇṭhī (Zingiber officinale), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), Viśvā is not only a synonym for Śuṇṭhī, but also for Śṛṅgavera, which is the Sanskrit word referring to fresh ginger (the same Zingiber officinale). The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

Vishva in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Viśva (विश्व).—A Kṣatriya King. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 36, that this King was born from a portion of Mayūra, an asura.

2) Viśvā (विश्वा).—A daughter of Prajāpati Dakṣa. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 12).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Viśva (विश्व).—A name of Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 22.

1b) The Gandharva presiding over the month, Tapasya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 40.

1c) A branch of the Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 96.

1d) A son of Upamadgu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 9.

1e) A Satya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 34.

1f) False; like a serpent in rope, and water in the desert, etc.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 39.

2a) Viśvā (विश्वा).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18.

2b) A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the ten wives of Dharma married by Brāhma form; her sons were Viśvedevas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4. and 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 3 and 30. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 16-17; 203. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 3, 31; 76. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105.

2c) One of the 13 wives of Kaśyapa; mother of Yakṣas and Rākṣasas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2; 146. 18.

2d) The Goddess enshrined at Viśveśvara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 29.

2e) The sons of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 15.

2f) The ten sons of Dharma and Viśvā. As a result of their penance in the Himālayas, they were blessed to enjoy a part of the Śrāddha offerings: Their duty was to protect the Śrāddha and be its guests. (see Viśvā).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 80; 12. 3-14.

2g) Residents of Bhuvarloka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 2; 73. 61; 101. 30.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Viśva (विश्व) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vimaleśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Viśva) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Viśva (विश्व) or Viśvāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vātulāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Viśva Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Vātula-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Viśva (विश्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.32) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Viśva (विश्व) or Viśvasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Viśva-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geogprahy

Viśva (विश्व) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Viśva) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

viśva (विश्व).—n (S) The universe. 2 m A deity of a class in which ten are enumerated. They are worshiped particularly at the obsequies in honor of deceased progenitors.

--- OR ---

viśva (विश्व).—a S All or the whole.

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viśvā (विश्वा).—m (vīsa) A weight,--the twentieth part of a rati or seed of Abrus precatorius. 2 The twentieth of a rukā. 3 A term in astrology. See viṃśōpaka.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśva (विश्व).—n The universe. a All or the whole.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśva (विश्व).—pron. a. [viś-va Uṇ.1.151]

1) All, whole, entire, universal; स सर्वनामा स च विश्वरूपः (sa sarvanāmā sa ca viśvarūpaḥ) Bhāg.6.4.28.

2) Every, every one.

3) All-pervading, omnipresent. -m. pl. Name of a particular group of deities, ten in number and supposed to be sons of विश्वा (viśvā); their names are:वसुः सत्यः क्रतुर्दक्षः कालः कामो धृतिः कुरुः । पुरूरवा माद्रवश्च विश्वेदेवाः प्रकीर्तिताः ॥ देवाः साध्यास्तथा विश्वे तथैव च महर्षयः (vasuḥ satyaḥ kraturdakṣaḥ kālaḥ kāmo dhṛtiḥ kuruḥ | purūravā mādravaśca viśvedevāḥ prakīrtitāḥ || devāḥ sādhyāstathā viśve tathaiva ca maharṣayaḥ) Mb. 3.261.6; Bg.11.22.

-śvam 1 The universe, the (whole) world; इदं विश्वं पाल्यम् (idaṃ viśvaṃ pālyam) U.3.3; विश्वस्मिन्नधुनान्यः कुलव्रतं पाल- यिष्यति कः (viśvasminnadhunānyaḥ kulavrataṃ pāla- yiṣyati kaḥ) Bv.1.13.

2) Dry ginger.

3) Name of Viṣṇu.

-śvaḥ 1 The soul; Bhāg.7.15.54; A. Rām.7.5.49. 5; the intellectual faculty.

2) A citizen (nāgara).

-śvā 1 The earth.

2) Asparagus Racemosus (Mar. śatāvarī).

3) Dry ginger.

4) The plant अतिविषा (ativiṣā).

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Viṣva (विष्व).—a. Hurtful, injurious, mischievous.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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