Vriddha, Vṛddha, Vṛddhā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Vriddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛddha and Vṛddhā can be transliterated into English as Vrddha or Vriddha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Vṛddha (वृद्ध).—A term used in Paninis grammar for such words or nouns (प्रातिपदिक (prātipadika)) which have for their first vowel a vrddhi vowel, i. e. either आ (ā) or ऐ (ai) or औ; e.g. शाला, माला (śālā, mālā) etc.; cf. वृद्धिर्यस्य अचामादिस्तद् वृद्धम् (vṛddhiryasya acāmādistad vṛddham);

2) Vṛddha.—A term applied to the eight pronouns headed by त्यत् (tyat) for purposes of the addition of tad. affixes prescribed for the Vrddha words, such as छ (cha) by वृद्धाच्छः (vṛddhācchaḥ) P. IV.2.114;

3) Vṛddha.—A term applied to words having ए (e) or ओ (o) as the first vowel in them, provided such words denote districts of Eastern India, e. g. गोनर्द, भोजकट (gonarda, bhojakaṭa) etc. cf. एङ् प्राचां देशे (eṅ prācāṃ deśe), P.I.1.73, 74 and 75;

4) Vṛddha.—A term used in the Pratisakhya works for a protracted vowel (प्लुत (pluta)) which has three matras; cf. तिस्रो वृद्धम् (tisro vṛddham) R. T.44.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vṛddhā (वृद्धा, “old dames”) or Sthavirā refers to one of the classes of “women” (strī) who have dealings with the king, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “women who know the manners of departed kings, and have been honoured by them, and who know the character of all the members of the harem are said to be old dames (vṛddhā)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Vṛddha (वृद्ध) is another name for the primary variety of Vṛddhadāruka, a medicinal plant identified with either a) Argyreia nervosa (synonym Argyreia speciosa or Hawaiian baby woodrose or elephant creeper) or b) Merremia peltata (synonym Ipomoea petaloidea), both from the Convolvulaceae or “moring glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.117-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Vṛddha and Vṛddhadāruka, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

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context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Vṛddha (वृद्ध) refers to “one who is unclean”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He with whom one constructs a temple should not be a Śaiva, or a Saura, nor a Naiṣṭhika, nor a naked one, nor born of mixed marriage, nor unclean, old (vṛddha), or one who is of a despicable form or marked by great sin. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., vṛddha), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., vṛddha) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vṛddha.—(LP), participle of vṛdh, ‘to cut’. Cf. Vṛddha-Gaṇeśa (IA 19), ‘the senior Gaṇeśa’. Note: vṛddha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛddha (वृद्ध).—p (S) Aged or old. 2 Full-grown; duly expanded or evolved. 3 Advanced or matured (in knowledge, wisdom &c.) Ex. of comp. vidyāvṛddha, vayōvṛddha, jñānavṛddha. 4 Increased, augmented, accumulated.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vṛddha (वृद्ध).—p Aged or old. Full-grown. Increas- ed. Advanced in, as in comp. vayōvṛddha, jñānavṛddha, tapōvṛddha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛddha (वृद्ध).—a. [vṛdh-kta] (compar. jyāyas or varṣīyas, superl. jyeṣṭha or varṣiṣṭha)

1) Increased, augmented.

2) Full grown, grown up; अतीव वृद्धा बहुला नामृष्यत पुनः प्रजाः (atīva vṛddhā bahulā nāmṛṣyata punaḥ prajāḥ) Mb.12.256.13.

3) Old, aged, advanced in years; वृद्धास्ते न विचारणीयचरिताः (vṛddhāste na vicāraṇīyacaritāḥ) U.5.35.

4) Advanced or grown up (at the end of comp.); cf. वयोवृद्ध, धर्मवृद्ध, ज्ञानवृद्ध, आगमवृद्ध (vayovṛddha, dharmavṛddha, jñānavṛddha, āgamavṛddha) &c.

5) Great, large.

6) Accumulated, heaped.

7) Wise, learned; वृद्धेभ्य एवेह मतिं स्म बाला गृह्णन्ति कालेन भवन्ति वृद्धाः (vṛddhebhya eveha matiṃ sma bālā gṛhṇanti kālena bhavanti vṛddhāḥ) Mb.3.133.1.

8) Eminent in, distinguished by.

-ddhaḥ 1 An old man; हैयंगवीनमादाय घोषवृद्धानुपस्थितान् (haiyaṃgavīnamādāya ghoṣavṛddhānupasthitān) R.1.45;9.78; प्राप्या- वन्तीनुदयनकथाकोविदग्रामवृद्धान् (prāpyā- vantīnudayanakathākovidagrāmavṛddhān) Me.3.

2) A worthy or venerable man.

3) A sage, saint.

4) A male descendant.

-ddham 1 Benzoin.

2) (In gram.) A word having a Vṛddhi vowel in the first syllable, as आ, ऐ (ā, ai) and औ (au).

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Vṛddhā (वृद्धा).—

1) An old woman.

2) A female descendant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vṛddha (वृद्ध).—n. of a disciple of Buddha (no v.l., and seems surely a noun, not adj.): Mv i.182.19 (Nīlakeśaṃ ca Vṛddhaṃ ca…).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛddha (वृद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Old, aged, ancient. 2. Full-grown, large, expanded to the proper size. 3. Wise, learned. 4. Heaped, accumulated. 5. Increased, augmented. m.

(-ddhaḥ) 1. An old man, or one past seventy. 2. A sage, a saint. 3. A male descendant. f.

(-ddhā) 1. An old woman, either one past child-bearing, or one with grey hair. 2. A female descendant. n.

(-ddhaṃ) Benzoin, (Styrax benzoin.) E. vṛdh to increase or grow, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛddha (वृद्ध):—1. vṛddha mfn. ([from] √vardh, p. 926, col. 1) cut, cut off, destroyed, [Mahābhārata]

2) n. what is cut off, a piece, [Śulba-sūtra] ([varia lectio] vṛdhra).

3) [from vṛdh] 2. vṛddha mfn. grown, become larger or longer or stronger, increased, augmented, great, large, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] grown up, full-grown, advanced in years, aged, old, senior (often in [compound] with the names of authors, [especially] of authors of law-books cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 300, 302], to denote either an older recension of their works or the [work] of some older authors of the same name; cf. vṛddha-kātyāyana, -garga etc.), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) older by, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra vi, 15]

6) [v.s. ...] experienced, wise, learned, [Mahābhārata; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

7) [v.s. ...] eminent in, distinguished by ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] important, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

9) [v.s. ...] exalted, joyful, glad (also applied to hymns), [Ṛg-veda]

10) [v.s. ...] (in gram., a vowel) increased (by Vṛddhi q.v.) to ā or ai or au, [Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya; Lāṭyāyana]

11) [v.s. ...] containing (or treated as containing) ā or ai or au in the first syllable, [Pāṇini 1-73 etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] m. an old man (ifc. ‘eldest among’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. [compound])

13) [v.s. ...] a religious mendicant, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

14) [v.s. ...] an elephant eighty years old, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

15) [v.s. ...] Argyreia Speciosa or Argentea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Vṛddhā (वृद्धा):—[from vṛddha > vṛdh] f. an old woman, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

17) Vṛddha (वृद्ध):—[from vṛdh] m. and (ā), f. an elder male or female descendant, a patronymic or [metronymic] designating an elder descendant (as opp. to yuvan q.v.; e.g. gārgya is vṛddha, gārgyāyaṇa is yuvan), [Pāṇini 1-2, 65 etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] n. a nominal stem (and some other stems) whose first syllable contains an ā or ai or au, [Pāṇini 1-1, 73 etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] the word vṛddha, [ib. v, 3, 62.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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