Vriddha, aka: Vṛddha, Vṛddhā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vriddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛddha and Vṛddhā can be transliterated into English as Vrddha or Vriddha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Vṛddha (वृद्ध).—A term used in Paninis grammar for such words or nouns (प्रातिपदिक (prātipadika)) which have for their first vowel a vrddhi vowel, i. e. either आ (ā) or ऐ (ai) or औ; e.g. शाला, माला (śālā, mālā) etc.; cf. वृद्धिर्यस्य अचामादिस्तद् वृद्धम् (vṛddhiryasya acāmādistad vṛddham);

2) Vṛddha.—A term applied to the eight pronouns headed by त्यत् (tyat) for purposes of the addition of tad. affixes prescribed for the Vrddha words, such as छ (cha) by वृद्धाच्छः (vṛddhācchaḥ) P. IV.2.114;

3) Vṛddha.—A term applied to words having ए (e) or ओ (o) as the first vowel in them, provided such words denote districts of Eastern India, e. g. गोनर्द, भोजकट (gonarda, bhojakaṭa) etc. cf. एङ् प्राचां देशे (eṅ prācāṃ deśe), P.I.1.73, 74 and 75;

4) Vṛddha.—A term used in the Pratisakhya works for a protracted vowel (प्लुत (pluta)) which has three matras; cf. तिस्रो वृद्धम् (tisro vṛddham) R. T.44.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vṛddhā (वृद्धा, “old dames”) or Sthavirā refers to one of the classes of “women” (strī) who have dealings with the king, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “women who know the manners of departed kings, and have been honoured by them, and who know the character of all the members of the harem are said to be old dames (vṛddhā)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Vṛddha (वृद्ध) is another name for the primary variety of Vṛddhadāruka, a medicinal plant identified with either a) Argyreia nervosa (synonym Argyreia speciosa or Hawaiian baby woodrose or elephant creeper) or b) Merremia peltata (synonym Ipomoea petaloidea), both from the Convolvulaceae or “moring glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.117-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Vṛddha and Vṛddhadāruka, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vriddha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vṛddha (वृद्ध).—p (S) Aged or old. 2 Full-grown; duly expanded or evolved. 3 Advanced or matured (in knowledge, wisdom &c.) Ex. of comp. vidyāvṛddha, vayōvṛddha, jñānavṛddha. 4 Increased, augmented, accumulated.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛddha (वृद्ध).—p Aged or old. Full-grown. Increas- ed. Advanced in, as in comp. vayōvṛddha, jñānavṛddha, tapōvṛddha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛddha (वृद्ध).—a. [vṛdh-kta] (compar. jyāyas or varṣīyas, superl. jyeṣṭha or varṣiṣṭha)

1) Increased, augmented.

2) Full grown, grown up; अतीव वृद्धा बहुला नामृष्यत पुनः प्रजाः (atīva vṛddhā bahulā nāmṛṣyata punaḥ prajāḥ) Mb.12.256.13.

3) Old, aged, advanced in years; वृद्धास्ते न विचारणीयचरिताः (vṛddhāste na vicāraṇīyacaritāḥ) U.5.35.

4) Advanced or grown up (at the end of comp.); cf. वयोवृद्ध, धर्मवृद्ध, ज्ञानवृद्ध, आगमवृद्ध (vayovṛddha, dharmavṛddha, jñānavṛddha, āgamavṛddha) &c.

5) Great, large.

6) Accumulated, heaped.

7) Wise, learned; वृद्धेभ्य एवेह मतिं स्म बाला गृह्णन्ति कालेन भवन्ति वृद्धाः (vṛddhebhya eveha matiṃ sma bālā gṛhṇanti kālena bhavanti vṛddhāḥ) Mb.3.133.1.

8) Eminent in, distinguished by.

-ddhaḥ 1 An old man; हैयंगवीनमादाय घोषवृद्धानुपस्थितान् (haiyaṃgavīnamādāya ghoṣavṛddhānupasthitān) R.1.45;9.78; प्राप्या- वन्तीनुदयनकथाकोविदग्रामवृद्धान् (prāpyā- vantīnudayanakathākovidagrāmavṛddhān) Me.3.

2) A worthy or venerable man.

3) A sage, saint.

4) A male descendant.

-ddham 1 Benzoin.

2) (In gram.) A word having a Vṛddhi vowel in the first syllable, as आ, ऐ (ā, ai) and औ (au).

--- OR ---

Vṛddhā (वृद्धा).—

1) An old woman.

2) A female descendant.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Vayovṛddha (वयोवृद्ध).—a. -vayovṛddha old, advanced in years. Vayovṛddha is a Sanskrit compound...
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Vriddhashravas
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Vriddhoksha
Vṛddhokṣa (वृद्धोक्ष).—m. (-kṣaḥ) An old bull. E. vṛddha old, and ukṣa a bull or ox.
Varavriddha
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Vriddhasutraka
Vṛddhasūtraka (वृद्धसूत्रक).—n. (-kaṃ) Flocculent seeds flying in the air. E. vṛddha old, sūtra...
Dharmavriddha
Dharmavṛddha (धर्मवृद्ध).—a. advanced in virtue or piety; न धर्मवृद्धेषु वयः समीक्ष्यते (na dha...
Vriddhasharma
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Kulavriddha
Kulavṛddha (कुलवृद्ध).—an old and experienced member of a family. Derivable forms: kulavṛddhaḥ ...
Vriddharaja
Vṛddharāja.—(EI 3; LL), ‘prosperous king’; title of a pious king. Note: vṛddharāja is defined i...
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Vṛddhakāka (वृद्धकाक).—a raven. Derivable forms: vṛddhakākaḥ (वृद्धकाकः).Vṛddhakāka is a Sanskr...
Vriddhadaruka
Vṛddhadāruka (वृद्धदारुक) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with either a) ...
Vriddhakala
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Vriddhasamyoga
Vṛddhasaṃyoga (वृद्धसंयोग).—association with the aged; Kau. A. 1.7. Derivable forms: vṛddhasaṃy...

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