Daru, Dāru: 19 definitions



Daru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Dāru (दारु) is another name for Devadāru, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Cedrus deodara (Himalayan cedar), from the Pinaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.28), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

2) Dāru can also represent a synonym for Dārvī, which is the Sanskrit name for Berberis aristata (Indian barberry).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Dāru (दारु) is another name for “Devadāru” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dāru] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Dāru (दारु) or Dārubera refers to “icons made with wood”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Vaiṣṇava Āgamas prescribe different materials for different types of icons installed in the temple. [...] Marīci and Bhṛgu state that the dhruva icons of Viṣṇu are made of processed earth (mṛd) with brick (iṣṭakā), wood (dāru), stone (śilā) and metal (loha) every succeeding one being superior to the one preceding in sequential order.

The deteriorated wooden icons [i.e., dāru-bera] must be burnt and mixed in the water of sea, river, etc., thus insists the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dāru (दारु, ‘wood’) is frequently mentioned in the Rigveda and later, denoting amongst other things the pole of a chariot, logs as fuel, the wooden parts of a car, possibly wooden stocks, and so forth.

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Daru or Devadaru is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Daru refers to the “timber-tree” and its forests are mentioned.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (e.g., Daru), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Daru, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dāru : (nt.) wood; timber; fire-wood.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dāru, (nt.) (Sk. dāru, *dereǔo (oak) tree; cp. Av. dāuru (wood) Gr. dόru (spear), drus (oak); Lat. larix (fr. *dārix)=larch; Oir. daur (oak); Goth. triu, Ags. treo= tree. Also Sk. dāruṇa, Lat. dūrus (hard) etc., Oir. dru strong. See also dabba2, dabbī & duma) wood, piece of wood; pl. woodwork, sticks A.I, 112; It.71; Dh.80; J.II, 102; III, 54; VI, 366; DhA.I, 393; PvA.76 (candana°), 141.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dārū (दारू).—f ( P) Spirituous or vinous liquor. 2 Gunpowder. dārū ṭhāsaṇēṃ To swill or swig strong drink. dārū pikaviṇēṃ To distil spirit.

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darū (दरू).—f R (dūrvā S) A grass sacred to gaṇapati, Agrostis linearis.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dāru (दारु).—f Spirituous, or vinous liquor. Gunpowder.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dāru (दारु).—a. [dīryate dṝ-uṇ]

1) Tearing, rending.

2) Liberal.

3) Kind.

-ruḥ 1 A liberal or munificent man.

2) A donor.

3) An artist.

-ru n. (said to be m. also)

1) Wood, a piece of wood, timber.

2) A block.

3) A lever.

4) A bolt.

5) The pine or Devadāru tree.

6) Ore.

7) Brass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dāru (दारु).—m. (always nt., according to Dictt., in Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit, except for one Sanskrit acc. sg. dārum), tree: dāruḥ Lalitavistara 188.14 (verse), end of line, all mss. according to Lefm. (Calcutta (see LV.) dāru).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāru (दारु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-rvī-ru) 1. Liberal, munificent, a giver, a donor. 2. An artist. 3. Tearing, rending, a tearer. mn. (-ruḥ-ru) Wood, timber. n. (-ru) 1. A sort of pine, (Pinus devadaru.) 2. Brass. E. dṝ to tear or split, Unadi affix uṇ, or to give, ru Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāru (दारु).—i. e. dṛ10 + vant = van = u, n. 1. Wood, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 100. 2. A species of pine, Pinus deodora Roxb., [Suśruta] 1, 161, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāru (दारु).—1. [adjective] breaking.

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Dāru (दारु).—2. [neuter] a piece of wood, wood i.[grammar]; [adverb] vat† like a piece of wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dāru (दारु):—[from ] 1. dāru mfn. liberal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [Pāṇini 3-2, 159])

2) [v.s. ...] m. See 2. dāru.

3) [from dāra] 2. dāru mfn. breaking, splitting (Indra), [Ṛg-veda vii, 6, 1]

4) [v.s. ...] m. an artist, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) 3. dāru m. n. ([gana] ardharcādi) a piece of wood, wood, timber, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (usually n., m. only, [Harivaṃśa 15522])

6) n. Pinus Devadāru, [Suśruta]

7) ore, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [connected with 4. dru and taru; cf. also [Zend] dauru; [Greek] δόρυ, δρῦς; [Gothic] triu; [German] trewo; [English] tree].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāru (दारु):—[(ruḥ-ru)] 2. m. n. Wood. n. Sort of pine; brass. a. Liberal; tearing.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dāru (दारु):—1. (wie eben) adj. zerbrechend [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] von Indra [Ṛgveda 7, 6, 1] [?(Sāmaveda v. l.).]

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Dāru (दारु):—

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Dāru (दारु):—3. adj. (von 1. ) freigebig [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 1, 5.] Nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 159] und [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 149] ist dāru nom. ag. von ; der Schol. des [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] identificirt dieses mit [1. 3 und 5.] . dāru Künstler, Handwerker [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] ist viell. auf 1. dar zurückzuführen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dāru (दारु):—1. Adj. zerbrechend.

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Dāru (दारु):—2. n.

1) Holzscheit , Holzstück , Pflock. Einmal Acc. + rum. —

2) Pinus Deodora.

3) *Erz.

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Dāru (दारु):—3. —

1) Adj. freigebig.

2) m. Künstler , Handwerker.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dārū (दारू):—(nf) liquor; medical treatment; medicine (as in [davā-dārū]).

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