Prabha, aka: Prabhā; 12 Definition(s)


Prabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

1) Prabhā (प्रभा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra (the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra). According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Prabhā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

She is also known by the name Samā, according to the Gorakṣa-saṃhitā.

2) Prabhā (प्रभा, “Light”):—Second of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Bhānumatī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Prabhā, embody several qualities expressive of the sun’s burning heat and glaring light. They are presided over by the Bhairava Ruru. Bhānumatī is the sixth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the sun.

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Prabhā (प्रभा) refers to the city of Kubera or Soma, situated on the northern lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.

Prabhā is also known by the name Prabhāvatī or Mahodayā, and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Prabha in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Prabhā (प्रभा).—A devī. This devī sits in the court of Brahmā worshipping him. (Chapter 11, Śānti Parva).

2) Prabhā (प्रभा).—A celestial maiden of Alakāpurī. Once when the sage Aṣṭāvakra went to Alakāpurī this maiden gave a dance performance in his honour. (Śloka 45, Chapter 19, Anu āsana Parva).

3) Prabhā (प्रभा).—Daughter of a dānava called Svarbhānu. She was married to king Āyus and Āyus begot of her sons like Nahuṣa and others (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa. 3—6—26).

4) Prabhā (प्रभा).—One of the two wives of King Puṣpārṇa. (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Prabhā (प्रभा).—A queen of Puṣpārṇa, and mother of Prāta, Mādhyandina, and Sāyam.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 13.

1b) A daughter of Svarbhānu; wife of Āyu and mother of Nahuṣa and four others;1 one of the nine Devis serving Soma;2 wife of Svarbhānu.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 23-4; 67. 1; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 22, 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 7.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 25.
  • 3) Ib. 92. 1.

1c) One of the three wives of Vivasvat;1 mother of Prabhātā; the goddess enshrined in Sūryabimba;2 abandoned her consort for Soma with eight other Devis.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 11. 2.
  • 2) Ib. 13. 52.
  • 3) Ib. 23. 25.

1d) The wife of Sagara; Yādavī and mother of 60,000 Sagaras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 12. 39, 42.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Prabhā (प्रभा).—, name of a commentary on the Sabdakaustubha by Raghavendracarya Gajendragadkar;

2) Prabhā.—Name of a commentary on Kaiyata's Mahabhasyapradipa.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Prabhā (प्रभा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Prabhā) in 20 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Prabhā (प्रभा).—The shadow of the gnomon. Note: Prabhā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Prabha in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prabhā (प्रभा) or Tarkacandrikā is a commentary on the Tarkasaṃgraha which is ascribed to Vaidyanātha Gāḍgīla.—The Tarkasaṃgraha of Annaṃbhaṭṭa is a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the ancient Indian system of logic and reasoning. It’s language is easily understandable and is meant primarily to unlock the doors of the twin-darśana of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika. There are about twenty five commentaries [viz., the Prabhā] both traditional and modern on this treatise which undoubtedly establishes the importance of Tarkasaṃgraha.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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India history and geogprahy

Prabhā (प्रभा) by Viśvanātha (alias Viśveśvara) is the name of a commentary on the Vṛttaratnākara of Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.), who was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

prabhā (प्रभा).—f (S) Light, esp. great or diffused light. 2 Shadow, esp. that cast by the style or gnomon of a dial. 3 (In popular misuse.) Account, regard, estimation, consideration. Neg. con. Ex tyācī kāya prabhā; mī kōṇhācī prabhā bāḷagīta nāhīṃ. See under kimmata.

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prabhā (प्रभा).—f S True knowledge. 2 Consciousness or perception.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabhā (प्रभा).—f Light. Shadow cast by the style or gnomon of a dial.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabhā (प्रभा).—2 P.

1) To appear, seem.

2) To shine forth, gleam.

3) To begin to become light, begin to dawn; ननु प्रभाता रजनी (nanu prabhātā rajanī) Ś.4; प्रभातकल्पा शशिनेव शर्वरी (prabhātakalpā śaśineva śarvarī) R.3.2.

4) To illuminate, enlighten.

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Prabhā (प्रभा).—

1) Light, splendour, lustre, effulgence, radiance; प्रभास्मि शशिसूर्ययोः (prabhāsmi śaśisūryayoḥ) Bg.7.8; प्रभा पतङ्गस्य (prabhā pataṅgasya) R.2.15,31; 6.18; Ṛs.1.2; Me.49; दृष्टस्त्वं प्रभया गोप्या युक्तो वृन्दावने वने (dṛṣṭastvaṃ prabhayā gopyā yukto vṛndāvane vane) Brahmavaivasvata P.

2) A ray of light.

3) The shadow of the sun on a sun-dial.

4) An epithet of Durgā; प्रभा प्रभानशीलत्वात् (prabhā prabhānaśīlatvāt) Devī. P.

5) Name of the city of Kubera.

6) Name of an Apsaras.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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