Nakula, aka: Nakulā, Nākula; 16 Definition(s)


Nakula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nakula in Purana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nakula (नकुल):—One of the sons of Pāṇḍu, begotten by the two Aśvinī-kumāra brothers (Nāsatya and Dasra) through the womb his second wife Mādrī. He had a son by his wife Draupadī named Śatānīka. He had another son named Naramitra by his wife Kareṇumatī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28, 9.22.32)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Nakula (नकुल).—Birth. The fourth of the Pāṇḍavas. Mādrī, the second of the two wives of Pāṇḍu meditated on the twin gods Aśvinīdevas, and recited one of the Mantras given to Kuntī by the hermit Durvāsas and the two sons Nakula and Sahadeva were born to her from those gods. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 111 that Nakula and Sahadeva were immensely handsome. (See full article at Story of Nakula from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Nākula (नाकुल).—An ancient country in India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 50, Stanza 53).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Nakula (नकुल).—Born to Mādrī (Mādravatī) through the favour of the Aśvins: father of Śatānīka and Niramitra, the latter by Kareṇumatī;1 felt joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit to Indraprastha; was sent to the northern countries, for gathering provisions for Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya;2 approved of Draupadī's desire to release Aśvathāma;3 consoled by Kṛṣṇa while in forest;4 heard from Bhiṣma the secret of the cycle of births and deaths.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 28-9, 32; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 135; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 10; 50. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 154; 99. 245; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 38; 20. 40.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 27; 72. 13; 75. 4.
  • 3) Ib. I. 7. 50; 10. 9.
  • 4) Ib. X. 58. 4; 64. 9.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 7. 8-13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nakula (नकुल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.85) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nakula) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Nākula is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.46.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Nakula: the Kaṭaka hand.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nakula (नकुल) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “Bengal mongoose”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Nakula is part of the sub-group named Bhūmiśaya, refering to animals “who sleep in burrows in earth”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Nakula was the fourth Pandava, the sons of Pandu. His mother was Madri and his fathers were the Ashwini twins. His twin brother was Sahadeva.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Nakula (नकुल): Fourth brother of the Pandavas.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Nakula: Second of the five sons of King Pandu, the others being Ajjuna, Bhimasena, Yudhitthila and Sahadeva. All of them became husbands of Kanha (q.v.). J. v. 424, 426.

2. Nakula: A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv. lxxvi. 139.3. Nakula: One of the chief lay supporters of Atthadassi Buddha. Bu. xv. 21.4. Nakula: Son of Nakulapita and Nakulamata. There is nothing further recorded of him. SA. ii. 181.Nakula Jataka (No. 165)

The Bodhisatta was once an ascetic in the Himalayas. Near his walk lived a mongoose and a snake who were always quarrelling. He preached to them the virtues of amity and dispelled their suspicions of each other.

The story was related to two of Pasenadis officers, who were always quarrelling. For details see the Uraga Jataka (No. 154). The two noblemen are identified with the two animals. J. ii. 52 ff.

3. Nakula Sutta: Records the incident of the grievous illness of Nakulapita, when his wife admonished him to be calm and collected, saying there was no reason to be fretful. A. iii. 295.2. Nakula Sutta

Nakulamata visits the Buddha at Bhesakalavana. The Buddha tells her of eight qualities which will secure for a woman birth among the Manapakayika devas. A. iv. 268 f.; 265 f.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Nakula in Pali glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nakula : (m.) a mongoose.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nakula, (Ved. nakula, cp. nakra crocodile) a mungoose, Viverra Ichneumon A. V, 289 sq.; J. II, 53; VI, 538; Miln. 118, 394. (Page 344)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

nakula (नकुल).—m S The Bengal mungoose, Viverra Ichneumon.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nakula (नकुल).—m The Bengal mungoose, Viverra Ichneumon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nakula (नकुल).—1 The mungoose, an ichneumon; यदयं नकुलद्वेषी सकुलद्वेषी पुनः पिशुनः (yadayaṃ nakuladveṣī sakuladveṣī punaḥ piśunaḥ) Vās.

2) Name of the fourth Pāṇḍava prince; the twin-brother of Sahadeva and a son of Mādrī. अहं तस्य अतिशयितदिव्यरूपिणो नकुलस्य दर्शनेनोत्सुका जाता (ahaṃ tasya atiśayitadivyarūpiṇo nakulasya darśanenotsukā jātā) Ve.2 (where nakula has really sense 1, but is taken in sense 2 by Duryodhana).

3) A son.

4) An epithet of Śiva.

5) Born of a base family; नकुलः पाण्डुतनये सर्पभुक् कुलहीनयोः (nakulaḥ pāṇḍutanaye sarpabhuk kulahīnayoḥ) Nm.

6) Name of a physician (author of a work on horses).

-lī 1 A female mungoose.

2) Saffron.

Derivable forms: nakulaḥ (नकुलः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nakula (नकुल).—(1) (m.; compare next; = AMg. ṇaula), a kind of musical instrument: LV 163.6; 206.14; 212.4; Mv ii.159.4; iii.407.19; all prose; Tibetan transliterates; (2) n. of a gandharva: Suv 162.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nakula (नकुल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Disgraced, rejected from a family or race. m.

(-laḥ) 1. The Bengal mungoose, (Viverra ichneumon) 2. A proper name, Nakula, the fourth of the five Pandu princes. 3. A son. 4. A name of Siva. f. (-lī) 1. Silk cotton tree, 2. Indian spikenard. 3. A sort of perfume: see śaṅkṣinī. Saffron. 4. The letter ha as used in the Tantras. E. na not, kula race or heap, fem. affix ṅīṣ.

--- OR ---

Nākula (नाकुल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Relating or belonging to an ichneumon. f. (-lī) 1. A plant; the ichneumon plant, a vegetable supposed to furnish the mungoose with an antidote, when bitten in a conflict with a snake, (Serpent ophioxylon) 2. The root of the Simul tree, (kukkuṭokanda) A sort of pepper, (Piper chavya) E. nakula the ichneumon, affixes aṇ and ṅīṣ . cavike, (cai) rāmnāyāṃ, yavatiktāyāṃ, śvetakaṇṭakāryāṃ ca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 98 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jalanakula (जलनकुल).—m. (-laḥ) An otter. E. jala, and nakula an ichneumon; the waterichneumon. ...
Nakuleṣṭā (नकुलेष्टा).—f. (-ṣṭā) A plant: see rāsnā. E. nakula an ichneumon, and iṣṭa wished; t...
Pānīyanakula (पानीयनकुल).—mf. (-laḥ-lā) An otter. E. pānīya water, nakula an ichneumon.
Veśmanakula (वेश्मनकुल).—m. (-laḥ) The musk shrew or rat. E. veśma a house, nakula an ichneumon...
Gandhanakula (गन्धनकुल).—m. (-laḥ) The musk-rat of Bengal. (Sorex moschata.) E. gandha scented,...
Nakuleṣṭakā (नकुलेष्टका).—a kind of medicinal plant (Mar. muṃgusa- vela). Nakuleṣṭakā is a Sans...
Ahinakula (अहिनकुल).—snakes and ichneumons. Derivable forms: ahinakulam (अहिनकुलम्).Ahinakula i...
Sahadeva (सहदेव).—m. (-vaḥ) The youngest of the five Pandava princes, begotten on Madri by the ...
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—m. (-vaḥ) A Pandava or descendant of Pandu; especially applied to Yudhist'Hir...
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु).—mfn. (-ṇḍuḥ-ṇḍuḥ-ṇḍu) Pale of yellowish white. m. (-ṇḍuḥ) 1. Pale or yellowish ...
Śatānīka (शतानीक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. An old man. 2. The name of a sovereign, the son and successor o...
Madrī (मद्री).—(= Pali Maddī), n. of the wife of Viśvaṃtara (or Sudaṃṣṭra): Jm 56.22 ff.; RP 22...
Yāma (याम) refers to a basic unit of time and equals 3 hours, while 8 yāmas corresponds to 24 h...
Jayā (जया) is another name for Śivā: the Goddess-counterpart of Śiva who incarnated first as Sa...
Yavana (यवन).—m. (-naḥ) 1. A Country; probably Bactria, or it may be extended from that colony ...

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