Bhojana; 8 Definition(s)


Bhojana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Bhojana in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhojana (भोजन).—Mt. of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Bhojana (भोजन) refers to a food that is to be eaten at the end of a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-90.—“After pūjā (worshiping), homa (fire-offering), japa (reciting), and dhyāna (meditating) for the deity, one should eat soft, warm, and well-cooked (or ripened) food in small portions. One should abandon spoiled food and poor porridge. The self-disciplined man should eat approved food. Then, one will enjoy the siddhi”.

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

(Food (solid and liquid)).

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bhojana in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhojana : (nt.) food; meal.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bhojana, (nt.) (fr. bhuñjati) food, meal, nourishment in general J. II, 218; IV, 103, 173; J. I, 178; IV, 223; Sn. 102, 128, 242, 366, 667; Dh. 7, 70; Pug. 21, 55; Miln. 370; Vism. 69, 106; Sdhp. 52, 388, 407. Some similes with bhojana see J. P. T. S. 1907, 119.—tika° food allowed for a triad (of reasons) Vin. II, 196. dub° having little or bad food J. II, 368; DhA. IV, 8. paṇīta° choice & plentiful meals Vin. IV, 88. sabhojane kule in the family in which a bhikkhu has received food Vin. IV, 94.—bhojane mattaññu(tā) knowing proper measure in eating (& abstr.); eating within bounds, one of the 4 restricttions of moral life S. II, 218; A. I, 113 sq. ; Nd1 483. ‹-› 5 bhojanāni or meals are given at Vin. IV, 75, viz. niccabhatta°, salākabhatta°, pakkhikaṃ, uposathikaṃ, pāṭipadikaṃ.—As part of the regulations concerning food, hours of eating etc. in the Saṅgha there is a distinction ascribed to the Buddha between gaṇabhojanaṃ, parampara-bhojanaṃ, atirittabhojanaṃ, anatirittabhojanaṃ mentioned at Kvu II. 552; see Vin. IV, 71, 77. All these ways of taking food are forbidden under ordinary circumstances, but allowed in the case of illness (gilāna-samaye), when robes are given to the Bhikkhus (cīvarasamaye) and several other occasions, as enumd at Vin. IV, 74.—The distinction is made as follows: gaṇabhojanaṃ said when 4 bhikkhus are invited to partake together of one of the five foods; or food prepared as a joint meal Vin. IV, 74; cp. II. 196; V, 128, 135; paramparabhojanaṃ said when a bhikkhu, invited to partake of one of the 5 foods, first takes one and then another Vin. IV, 78; atirittabhojanaṃ is food left over from that provided for a sick person, or too great a quantity offered on one occasion to bhikkhus (in this case permitted to be eaten) Vin. IV, 82; anatirittabhojanaṃ is food that is not left over & is accepted & eaten by a bhikkhu without inquiry Vin. IV, 84.

—aggadāna gift of the best of food SnA 270. —atthika in need of food, hungry Pv. II, 929. —pariyantika restricting one’s feeding Vism. 69. —vikati at J. V, 292 is to be read as bhājana° (q. v.). (Page 510)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Bhojana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhōjana (भोजन).—n (S) Making a meal. Ex. of comp. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses; bhōjanavēḷa Meal-time; brāhmaṇabhōjana Entertainment given to Brahmans; iṣṭabhōjana, āmrabhōjana, pathyabhōjana &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhōjana (भोजन).—n Making a meal. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhojana (भोजन).—a. भुज्-ल्यु ल्युट् वा (bhuj-lyu lyuṭ vā)]

1) Feeding, nourishing, giving to eat.

2) Voracious; (rākṣasī) अङ्गारकेति विख्याता छायामाक्षिप्य भोजनी (aṅgāraketi vikhyātā chāyāmākṣipya bhojanī) Rām.4.41.26.

-naḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Of Śiva.

-nam 1 Eating, eating food; taking one's meals; अजीर्णे भोजनं विषम् (ajīrṇe bhojanaṃ viṣam).

2) Food.

3) Giving (food) to eat, feeding.

4) Using, enjoying.

5) Any object of enjoyment.

6) That which is enjoyed; सहानुजैः प्रत्यवरुद्ध- भोजनः (sahānujaiḥ pratyavaruddha- bhojanaḥ) Bhāg.1.1.1.

7) Property, wealth, possessions.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Kṛmibhojana (कृमिभोजन).—One of the twentyeight hells. (See Naraka under Kāla I).
Prātarbhojana (प्रातर्भोजन).—morning meal, breakfast; अन्यथा प्रातराशाय कुर्याम त्वामलं वयम् (a...
Sahabhojana (सहभोजन).—eating in company with friends. Derivable forms: sahabhojanam (सहभोजनम्)....
Bhojana Sutta
Bhojana, (nt.) (fr. bhuñjati) food, meal, nourishment in general J. II, 218; IV, 103, 173; J. I...
Rātribhojana (रात्रिभोजन) refers to “taking food at night”.—Great importance has always been at...
Ucchiṣṭabhojana (उच्छिष्टभोजन).—a. one who eats the leavings of another or eats the leavings of...
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Bhojanavṛtti (भोजनवृत्ति).—f. a meal, food. Derivable forms: bhojanavṛttiḥ (भोजनवृत्तिः).Bhojan...
Naktabhojana (नक्तभोजन).—supper. Derivable forms: naktabhojanam (नक्तभोजनम्).Naktabhojana is a ...
Parimitabhojana (परिमितभोजन).—a. abstemious, eating little food. Parimitabhojana is a Sanskrit ...
Ekabhojana (एकभोजन).—a. 1) eating but one meal. 2) eating in common. Ekabhojana is a Sanskrit c...
Pitṛbhojana (पितृभोजन).—food offered to the Manes. Derivable forms: pitṛbhojanam (पितृभोजनम्).P...
Bhojanamāṇḍa (भोजनमाण्ड).—a dish of meat. Derivable forms: bhojanamāṇḍam (भोजनमाण्डम्).Bhojanam...
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Śeṣabhojana (शेषभोजन).—the eating of leavings; गृहस्थस्य (gṛhasthasya)......त्यागः शेषभोजनम् (t...

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