Bhojana; 8 Definition(s)


Bhojana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Bhojana (भोजन).—Mt. of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Bhojana (भोजन) refers to a food that is to be eaten at the end of a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-90.—“After pūjā (worshiping), homa (fire-offering), japa (reciting), and dhyāna (meditating) for the deity, one should eat soft, warm, and well-cooked (or ripened) food in small portions. One should abandon spoiled food and poor porridge. The self-disciplined man should eat approved food. Then, one will enjoy the siddhi”.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

(Food (solid and liquid)).

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

bhojana : (nt.) food; meal.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bhojana, (nt.) (fr. bhuñjati) food, meal, nourishment in general J. II, 218; IV, 103, 173; J. I, 178; IV, 223; Sn. 102, 128, 242, 366, 667; Dh. 7, 70; Pug. 21, 55; Miln. 370; Vism. 69, 106; Sdhp. 52, 388, 407. Some similes with bhojana see J. P. T. S. 1907, 119.—tika° food allowed for a triad (of reasons) Vin. II, 196. dub° having little or bad food J. II, 368; DhA. IV, 8. paṇīta° choice & plentiful meals Vin. IV, 88. sabhojane kule in the family in which a bhikkhu has received food Vin. IV, 94.—bhojane mattaññu(tā) knowing proper measure in eating (& abstr.); eating within bounds, one of the 4 restricttions of moral life S. II, 218; A. I, 113 sq. ; Nd1 483. ‹-› 5 bhojanāni or meals are given at Vin. IV, 75, viz. niccabhatta°, salākabhatta°, pakkhikaṃ, uposathikaṃ, pāṭipadikaṃ.—As part of the regulations concerning food, hours of eating etc. in the Saṅgha there is a distinction ascribed to the Buddha between gaṇabhojanaṃ, parampara-bhojanaṃ, atirittabhojanaṃ, anatirittabhojanaṃ mentioned at Kvu II. 552; see Vin. IV, 71, 77. All these ways of taking food are forbidden under ordinary circumstances, but allowed in the case of illness (gilāna-samaye), when robes are given to the Bhikkhus (cīvarasamaye) and several other occasions, as enumd at Vin. IV, 74.—The distinction is made as follows: gaṇabhojanaṃ said when 4 bhikkhus are invited to partake together of one of the five foods; or food prepared as a joint meal Vin. IV, 74; cp. II. 196; V, 128, 135; paramparabhojanaṃ said when a bhikkhu, invited to partake of one of the 5 foods, first takes one and then another Vin. IV, 78; atirittabhojanaṃ is food left over from that provided for a sick person, or too great a quantity offered on one occasion to bhikkhus (in this case permitted to be eaten) Vin. IV, 82; anatirittabhojanaṃ is food that is not left over & is accepted & eaten by a bhikkhu without inquiry Vin. IV, 84.

—aggadāna gift of the best of food SnA 270. —atthika in need of food, hungry Pv. II, 929. —pariyantika restricting one’s feeding Vism. 69. —vikati at J. V, 292 is to be read as bhājana° (q. v.). (Page 510)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

bhōjana (भोजन).—n (S) Making a meal. Ex. of comp. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses; bhōjanavēḷa Meal-time; brāhmaṇabhōjana Entertainment given to Brahmans; iṣṭabhōjana, āmrabhōjana, pathyabhōjana &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhōjana (भोजन).—n Making a meal. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 103 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kṛmibhojana (कृमिभोजन).—One of the twentyeight hells. (See Naraka under Kāla I).
Bhojana Sutta
Bhojana, (nt.) (fr. bhuñjati) food, meal, nourishment in general J. II, 218; IV, 103, 173; J. I...
Rātribhojana (रात्रिभोजन) refers to “taking food at night”.—Great importance has always been at...
Ucchiṣṭabhojana (उच्छिष्टभोजन).—a. one who eats the leavings of another or eats the leavings of...
Śaṣpabhojana (शष्पभोजन).—a grass-eater, animal.Derivable forms: śaṣpabhojanaḥ (शष्पभोजनः).Śaṣpa...
Bhojanavelā (भोजनवेला).—meal-time, dinner or supper time. Bhojanavelā is a Sanskrit compound co...
Mlecchabhojana (म्लेच्छभोजन).—wheat. -nam barley. Derivable forms: mlecchabhojanaḥ (म्लेच्छभोजन...
Bhojanakāla (भोजनकाल).—meal-time, dinner or supper time. Derivable forms: bhojanakālaḥ (भोजनकाल...
Parimitabhojana (परिमितभोजन).—a. abstemious, eating little food. Parimitabhojana is a Sanskrit ...
Pitṛbhojana (पितृभोजन).—food offered to the Manes. Derivable forms: pitṛbhojanam (पितृभोजनम्).P...
Bhojanamāṇḍa (भोजनमाण्ड).—a dish of meat. Derivable forms: bhojanamāṇḍam (भोजनमाण्डम्).Bhojanam...
Bhojanatyāga (भोजनत्याग).—abstaining from food, fasting. Derivable forms: bhojanatyāgaḥ (भोजनत्...
Viruddhabhojana (विरुद्धभोजन).—Unwholesome meal. Derivable forms: viruddhabhojanam (विरुद्धभोजन...
Balibhojana (बलिभोजन).—a crow; द्वितीयो बलिभोजानां (dvitīyo balibhojānāṃ) (panthāḥ) Rām.4.58.25...
Bhojanādhikāra (भोजनाधिकार).—charge of provender, superintendence over food or provisions, stew...

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