Bhojana: 13 definitions

Introduction

Bhojana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhojana (भोजन).—Mt. of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Bhojana (भोजन) refers to a food that is to be eaten at the end of a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-90.—“After pūjā (worshiping), homa (fire-offering), japa (reciting), and dhyāna (meditating) for the deity, one should eat soft, warm, and well-cooked (or ripened) food in small portions. One should abandon spoiled food and poor porridge. The self-disciplined man should eat approved food. Then, one will enjoy the siddhi”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

(Food (solid and liquid)).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhojana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhojana : (nt.) food; meal.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhojana, (nt.) (fr. bhuñjati) food, meal, nourishment in general J. II, 218; IV, 103, 173; J. I, 178; IV, 223; Sn. 102, 128, 242, 366, 667; Dh. 7, 70; Pug. 21, 55; Miln. 370; Vism. 69, 106; Sdhp. 52, 388, 407. Some similes with bhojana see J. P. T. S. 1907, 119.—tika° food allowed for a triad (of reasons) Vin. II, 196. dub° having little or bad food J. II, 368; DhA. IV, 8. paṇīta° choice & plentiful meals Vin. IV, 88. sabhojane kule in the family in which a bhikkhu has received food Vin. IV, 94.—bhojane mattaññu(tā) knowing proper measure in eating (& abstr.); eating within bounds, one of the 4 restricttions of moral life S. II, 218; A. I, 113 sq. ; Nd1 483. ‹-› 5 bhojanāni or meals are given at Vin. IV, 75, viz. niccabhatta°, salākabhatta°, pakkhikaṃ, uposathikaṃ, pāṭipadikaṃ.—As part of the regulations concerning food, hours of eating etc. in the Saṅgha there is a distinction ascribed to the Buddha between gaṇabhojanaṃ, parampara-bhojanaṃ, atirittabhojanaṃ, anatirittabhojanaṃ mentioned at Kvu II. 552; see Vin. IV, 71, 77. All these ways of taking food are forbidden under ordinary circumstances, but allowed in the case of illness (gilāna-samaye), when robes are given to the Bhikkhus (cīvarasamaye) and several other occasions, as enumerated at Vin. IV, 74.—The distinction is made as follows: gaṇabhojanaṃ said when 4 bhikkhus are invited to partake together of one of the five foods; or food prepared as a joint meal Vin. IV, 74; cp. II. 196; V, 128, 135; paramparabhojanaṃ said when a bhikkhu, invited to partake of one of the 5 foods, first takes one and then another Vin. IV, 78; atirittabhojanaṃ is food left over from that provided for a sick person, or too great a quantity offered on one occasion to bhikkhus (in this case permitted to be eaten) Vin. IV, 82; anatirittabhojanaṃ is food that is not left over & is accepted & eaten by a bhikkhu without inquiry Vin. IV, 84.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhōjana (भोजन).—n (S) Making a meal. Ex. of comp. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses; bhōjanavēḷa Meal-time; brāhmaṇabhōjana Entertainment given to Brahmans; iṣṭabhōjana, āmrabhōjana, pathyabhōjana &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhōjana (भोजन).—n Making a meal. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhojana (भोजन).—a. भुज्-ल्यु ल्युट् वा (bhuj-lyu lyuṭ vā)]

1) Feeding, nourishing, giving to eat.

2) Voracious; (rākṣasī) अङ्गारकेति विख्याता छायामाक्षिप्य भोजनी (aṅgāraketi vikhyātā chāyāmākṣipya bhojanī) Rām.4.41.26.

-naḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Of Śiva.

-nam 1 Eating, eating food; taking one's meals; अजीर्णे भोजनं विषम् (ajīrṇe bhojanaṃ viṣam).

2) Food.

3) Giving (food) to eat, feeding.

4) Using, enjoying.

5) Any object of enjoyment.

6) That which is enjoyed; सहानुजैः प्रत्यवरुद्ध- भोजनः (sahānujaiḥ pratyavaruddha- bhojanaḥ) Bhāg.1.1.1.

7) Property, wealth, possessions.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhojana (भोजन).—(compare the cognate Sanskrit, [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] bhoga, in this meaning; normally bhojana only food, in Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]), (carnal) enjoyment, sexual intercourse; only in phrase (or [compound]) sabhojana kula, a household in which sexual intercourse is going on or about to be practised; in such a house a monk is forbidden to ‘intrude’ (see anu- praskandati) and sit or stand: [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 511.8 (a Chin. version interprets as a house where man and wife engage, sc. habitually or excessively, in sexual intercourse); Mahāvyutpatti 8465 sabhojanakula-niṣadyā, and 8466 °sthānam (Tibetan ñal po byed pa[r] śom paḥi khyim na, in a house where pre- parations are being made to perform sexual intercourse); so in Pali Vin. iv.95.7, interpreted in this way by both the old and the later comms.; modern interpreters con- sistently refuse to admit this meaning, but the agreement of northern and southern tradition forbids anything else, and the cognate bhoga has the same meaning

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhojana (भोजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Food. 2. Eating. 3. Any object of enjoyment. 4. Wealth. E. bhuj to eat, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhojana (भोजन).—i. e. 2. bhuj + ana, n. 1. Enjoying, [Pañcatantra] 61, 22. 2. Eating, [Pañcatantra] 245, 22. 3. Food, [Pañcatantra] 138, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhojana (भोजन).—[adjective] feeding, nourishing. [masculine] enjoying, eating, feeding, nourishing, meal, food, wealth, possession, pleasure, joy; adj. —° feeding on or serving as food for.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhojana (भोजन):—[from bhoga] mf(ī)n. feeding, giving to eat (said of Śiva), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] voracious, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the act of enjoying, using, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] the act of eating (exceptionally with [accusative] of object), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] n. a meal, food, [ib.] (ifc. f(ā). , ‘feeding on’, ‘affording anything as food’, ‘serving as food for’; tridvy-eka-bhojana mfn. ‘taking food every 3rd day, every 2nd day and every day’)

7) [v.s. ...] n. anything enjoyed or used, property, possession, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]

8) [v.s. ...] enjoyment, any object of enj° or the pleasure caused by it, [Ṛg-veda]

9) [v.s. ...] ([from] [Causal]) the act of giving to eat, feeding, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti] ([varia lectio])

10) [v.s. ...] dressing food, cooking, [Nalopākhyāna]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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