Bhojana: 19 definitions
Bhojana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Bhojana (भोजन).—Mt. of Krauñcadvīpa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Bhojana (भोजन) refers to a food that is to be eaten at the end of a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-90.—“After pūjā (worshiping), homa (fire-offering), japa (reciting), and dhyāna (meditating) for the deity, one should eat soft, warm, and well-cooked (or ripened) food in small portions. One should abandon spoiled food and poor porridge. The self-disciplined man should eat approved food. Then, one will enjoy the siddhi”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
(Food (solid and liquid)).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
bhojana : (nt.) food; meal.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Bhojana, (nt.) (fr. bhuñjati) food, meal, nourishment in general J. II, 218; IV, 103, 173; J. I, 178; IV, 223; Sn. 102, 128, 242, 366, 667; Dh. 7, 70; Pug. 21, 55; Miln. 370; Vism. 69, 106; Sdhp. 52, 388, 407. Some similes with bhojana see J. P. T. S. 1907, 119.—tika° food allowed for a triad (of reasons) Vin. II, 196. dub° having little or bad food J. II, 368; DhA. IV, 8. paṇīta° choice & plentiful meals Vin. IV, 88. sabhojane kule in the family in which a bhikkhu has received food Vin. IV, 94.—bhojane mattaññu(tā) knowing proper measure in eating (& abstr.); eating within bounds, one of the 4 restricttions of moral life S. II, 218; A. I, 113 sq. ; Nd1 483. ‹-› 5 bhojanāni or meals are given at Vin. IV, 75, viz. niccabhatta°, salākabhatta°, pakkhikaṃ, uposathikaṃ, pāṭipadikaṃ.—As part of the regulations concerning food, hours of eating etc. in the Saṅgha there is a distinction ascribed to the Buddha between gaṇabhojanaṃ, parampara-bhojanaṃ, atirittabhojanaṃ, anatirittabhojanaṃ mentioned at Kvu II. 552; see Vin. IV, 71, 77. All these ways of taking food are forbidden under ordinary circumstances, but allowed in the case of illness (gilāna-samaye), when robes are given to the Bhikkhus (cīvarasamaye) and several other occasions, as enumerated at Vin. IV, 74.—The distinction is made as follows: gaṇabhojanaṃ said when 4 bhikkhus are invited to partake together of one of the five foods; or food prepared as a joint meal Vin. IV, 74; cp. II. 196; V, 128, 135; paramparabhojanaṃ said when a bhikkhu, invited to partake of one of the 5 foods, first takes one and then another Vin. IV, 78; atirittabhojanaṃ is food left over from that provided for a sick person, or too great a quantity offered on one occasion to bhikkhus (in this case permitted to be eaten) Vin. IV, 82; anatirittabhojanaṃ is food that is not left over & is accepted & eaten by a bhikkhu without inquiry Vin. IV, 84.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bhōjana (भोजन).—n (S) Making a meal. Ex. of comp. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses; bhōjanavēḷa Meal-time; brāhmaṇabhōjana Entertainment given to Brahmans; iṣṭabhōjana, āmrabhōjana, pathyabhōjana &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
bhōjana (भोजन).—n Making a meal. bhōjanakharca Table-expenses.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bhojana (भोजन).—a. भुज्-ल्यु ल्युट् वा (bhuj-lyu lyuṭ vā)]
1) Feeding, nourishing, giving to eat.
2) Voracious; (rākṣasī) अङ्गारकेति विख्याता छायामाक्षिप्य भोजनी (aṅgāraketi vikhyātā chāyāmākṣipya bhojanī) Rām.4.41.26.
-naḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.
2) Of Śiva.
-nam 1 Eating, eating food; taking one's meals; अजीर्णे भोजनं विषम् (ajīrṇe bhojanaṃ viṣam).
3) Giving (food) to eat, feeding.
4) Using, enjoying.
5) Any object of enjoyment.
6) That which is enjoyed; सहानुजैः प्रत्यवरुद्ध- भोजनः (sahānujaiḥ pratyavaruddha- bhojanaḥ) Bhāg.1.1.1.
7) Property, wealth, possessions.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Bhojana (भोजन).—(compare the cognate Sanskrit, [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] bhoga, in this meaning; normally bhojana only food, in Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]), (carnal) enjoyment, sexual intercourse; only in phrase (or [compound]) sabhojana kula, a household in which sexual intercourse is going on or about to be practised; in such a house a monk is forbidden to ‘intrude’ (see anu- praskandati) and sit or stand: [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 511.8 (a Chin. version interprets as a house where man and wife engage, sc. habitually or excessively, in sexual intercourse); Mahāvyutpatti 8465 sabhojanakula-niṣadyā, and 8466 °sthānam (Tibetan ñal po byed pa[r] śom paḥi khyim na, in a house where pre- parations are being made to perform sexual intercourse); so in Pali Vin. iv.95.7, interpreted in this way by both the old and the later comms.; modern interpreters con- sistently refuse to admit this meaning, but the agreement of northern and southern tradition forbids anything else, and the cognate bhoga has the same meaningSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. Food. 2. Eating. 3. Any object of enjoyment. 4. Wealth. E. bhuj to eat, aff. lyuṭ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhojana (भोजन).—i. e. 2. bhuj + ana, n. 1. Enjoying, [Pañcatantra] 61, 22. 2. Eating, [Pañcatantra] 245, 22. 3. Food, [Pañcatantra] 138, 2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhojana (भोजन).—[adjective] feeding, nourishing. [masculine] enjoying, eating, feeding, nourishing, meal, food, wealth, possession, pleasure, joy; adj. —° feeding on or serving as food for.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bhojana (भोजन):—[from bhoga] mf(ī)n. feeding, giving to eat (said of Śiva), [Mahābhārata]
2) [v.s. ...] voracious, [Rāmāyaṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] n. the act of enjoying, using, [Ṛg-veda]
5) [v.s. ...] the act of eating (exceptionally with [accusative] of object), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
6) [v.s. ...] n. a meal, food, [ib.] (ifc. f(ā). , ‘feeding on’, ‘affording anything as food’, ‘serving as food for’; tridvy-eka-bhojana mfn. ‘taking food every 3rd day, every 2nd day and every day’)
7) [v.s. ...] n. anything enjoyed or used, property, possession, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]
8) [v.s. ...] enjoyment, any object of enj° or the pleasure caused by it, [Ṛg-veda]
9) [v.s. ...] ([from] [Causal]) the act of giving to eat, feeding, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti] ([varia lectio])
10) [v.s. ...] dressing food, cooking, [Nalopākhyāna]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhojana (भोजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Food; eating.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Bhojana (भोजन) [Also spelled bhojan]:—(nm) food, meals; diet; victuals; -[kāla] time for meals; ~[gṛha/śālā] dining room; -[nalī] the food pipe; -[bhaṭṭa] a glutton; -[yogya] eatable/edible, esculent; -[vyavasthā] boarding; messing arrangements; -[sāmagrī] eatables, victuals; —[pānā] (said out of deference) to have food at.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the act of eating food.
2) [noun] the food served as a main meal of the day, as a lunch or dinner.
3) [noun] derivation of satisfaction by using an object.
4) [noun] the act of serving food.
5) [noun] ಭೋಜನಮಾಡು [bhojanamadu] bhōjana māḍu to have one’s meal.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+30): Bhojana Sutta, Bhojana Vagga, Bhojana-akshayani, Bhojana-catuhshala, Bhojana-mandapa, Bhojana-shala, Bhojanabhanda, Bhojanabhau, Bhojanabhiksha, Bhojanabhumi, Bhojanacchadana, Bhojanachchhadana, Bhojanadakshina, Bhojanadayaka, Bhojanadhikara, Bhojanagara, Bhojanaggadana, Bhojanagriha, Bhojanaka, Bhojanakala.
Ends with (+91): Abhojana, Adhibhojana, Agrabhojana, Alpabhojana, Amritabhojana, Ardhabhojana, Atibhojana, Atithibhojana, Avalibhojana, Avrishyaphalabhojana, Baddhabhojana, Bahubhojana, Balibhojana, Batubhojana, Brahmanabhojana, Dampatibhojana, Durbhojana, Dvikalabhojana, Ekabhojana, Ekakalabhojana.
Full-text (+209): Bhojanavishesha, Viruddhabhojana, Pratarbhojana, Sahabhojana, Parnabhojana, Ucchishtabhojana, Bhojanavyagra, Bhojanavyaya, Vishvabhojana, Mlecchabhojana, Bhojanadhikara, Ganabhojana, Ekabhojana, Sabhojana, Naktabhojana, Vayubhojana, Mrigabhojani, Adhibhojana, Sheshabhojana, Ekakalabhojana.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Bhojana, Bhōjana; (plurals include: Bhojanas, Bhōjanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Shri Gaudiya Kanthahara (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.5.120 < [Chapter 5 - Priya (the beloved devotees)]
Verse 2.4.166 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 2.1.138-140 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 18 < [Chapter 2 - Dvitīya-yāma-sādhana (Prātaḥ-kālīya-bhajana)]
Text 23 < [Chapter 4 - Caturtha-yāma-sādhana (Madhyāhna-kālīya-bhajana–ruci-bhajana)]
Vinaya Pitaka (1): Bhikkhu-vibhanga (the analysis of Monks’ rules) (by I. B. Horner)