Dirgha, aka: Dīrgha, Dīrghā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dirgha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Dīrgha (दीर्घ):—One of the persons joining Śiva during the preparations of the war between Śankhacūḍa and the Devas, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (9.20.22-53). All persons attending were remained seated on beautiful aerial cars, built of jewels and gems. The war was initiated by Puṣpadanta (messenger of Śiva) who was ordered to restore the rights of the Devas. .

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Śāktism book cover
context information

Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Purāṇa

Dīrghā (दीर्घा).—A Kalā of Viṣṇu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 95.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)

Dīrgha (दीर्घ).—One of the technical terms which have been used in the uṇādi-sūtras;—Dīrgha, “A term used in connection with the lengthened tone of a vowel described to be ‘dvimātra’ as contrasted with ‘hrasva’ having one ‘mātrā.” The terms, hrasva and dīrgha occur in as many as twenty-four sūtras.

(Source): archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Dīrgha (दीर्घ).—Long: a term used in connection with the lengthened tone of a vowel described to be dvimatra as contrasted with ह्रस्व (hrasva) having one matra and प्लुत (pluta) having three matras; cf. द्विस्तावान् दीर्घः (dvistāvān dīrghaḥ) V. Pr. I. 35, V. Pr. I. 57, also ऊकालोज्झ्रस्वदीर्घप्लुतः (ūkālojjhrasvadīrghaplutaḥ) P, I.2.27.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Dīrgha (दीर्घ) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Dīrghanṛsiṃha or Dīrghanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pāñcarātra book cover
context information

Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Dirgha (दिर्घ) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Dirgha (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a Krauñca. A flower is in his right hand and a viṇā in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Dirgha) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Dīrgha (दीर्घ, “long”).—A verse in Sanskrit is of four feet or quarters or pādas. Each pāda is regulated either by a number of syllables (akṣaras) or by a number of syllabic instant or measures (mātrās). A syllable is short or long i.e. hrasva or dīrgha according to its vowel is short or long. But short vowel becomes long in prosody, when it is followed by anusvāra, visarga or by a conjunct consonant. The last syllable of a pāda is optionally long or short according to the exigence of the metre, whatever be its natural length.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Dīrgha (दीर्घ, “long”) or Guru or Ga refers to long letter in a verse.—The whole chanda literature has several technical terms, by which it is controlled. Single letters are used to denote a specific instance. The letter ga stands for guru letter while the letter la stands for laghu letter. In a verse the letter which is guru is also known as dīrgha (long) and which is laghu is also known as hrasva (short). The dīrgha letter consists of two mātrās while the hrasva letter consists of one mātrā.

Guru symbols can be identified as the shape of tāṭaṅka, hāra or keyūra, and the laghu can be identified as menu, kāhāla (daṇḍa) or śara.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Dīrgha (दीर्घ, “long”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dīrgha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dīrgha (दीर्घ).—a (S) Long;--whether in space or time. 2 Long--a vowel. 3 Deep, grave, weighty--a deliberation &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dīrgha (दीर्घ).—a Long; deep.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dīrgha (दीर्घ).—a. (Compar. drāghīyas, Superl. drāghiṣṭha)

1) Long (in time or space), reaching far; दीर्घाक्षं शरदिन्दुकान्ति वदनम् (dīrghākṣaṃ śaradindukānti vadanam) M.2.3; दीर्घान् कटाक्षान् (dīrghān kaṭākṣān) Me.37; दीर्घापाङ्ग (dīrghāpāṅga) &c.

2) Of long duration, lasting long, tedious; दीर्घयामा त्रियामा (dīrghayāmā triyāmā) Me.11; V.3.4; Ś.4.15.

3) Deep (as a sigh); Amaru.13; दीर्घमुष्णं च निश्वस्य (dīrghamuṣṇaṃ ca niśvasya).

4) Long (as a vowel), as the आ (ā) in काम (kāma).

5) Lofty, high, tall.

6) Dilated, expanded; तृष्णादीर्घस्य चक्षुषः (tṛṣṇādīrghasya cakṣuṣaḥ) U.3.46.

-rghaḥ 1 A camel.

2) A long vowel.

3) The fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth signs of the zodiac.

4) A kind of grass or reed.

-rghā A long lake or oblong tank.

-rgham ind.

1) Long, for a long time.

2) Deeply.

3) Far.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 85 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dirghajihva
Dīrghajihva (दीर्घजिह्व).—A dānava (asura) born to Kaśyapa by his wife Danu. (Mahābhārata Ādi P...
Dirghabahu
Dīrghabāhu (दीर्घबाहु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.13) and represents on...
Dirghajangha
Dīrghajaṅghā (दीर्घजङ्घा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.93) and represents...
Dirghasutra
Dīrghasūtra (दीर्घसूत्र).—a. working slowly, slow, dilatory, procrastinating; दीर्घसूत्री विनश्...
Dirghanidra
Dīrghanidrā (दीर्घनिद्रा).—1) long sleep. 2) the long sleep, sleep of death; R.12.81. सोऽद्य मत...
Dirghadrishti
Dīrghadṛṣṭi (दीर्घदृष्टि).—a. far-sighted, shrewd, prudent. Dīrghadṛṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound ...
Dirghakashtha
Dīrghakāṣṭha (दीर्घकाष्ठ).—a beam. Derivable forms: dīrghakāṣṭham (दीर्घकाष्ठम्).Dīrghakāṣṭha i...
Dirghayus
Dīrghāyus (दीर्घायुस्).—Brother of Śrutāyus, the King of Kaliṅga. Arjuna killed him in the war....
Dirghamusha
Dirgha-musha:—Generally made of iron, a long crucible. Preparation: make ordinary mush...
Dirghapatraka
Dīrghapatraka (दीर्घपत्रक).—1) sugar-cane. 2) a kind of garlic. Derivable forms: dīrghapatrakaḥ...
Dirghapadapa
Dīrghapādapa (दीर्घपादप).—1) the cocoa-nut tree. 2) the areca-nut tree. 3) the palm tree. Deriv...
Dirghatana
Dirghatāna (दिर्घतान) is another name for dirgha: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in I...
Dirghanrisimha
Dīrghanṛsiṃha (दीर्घनृसिंह) is short for Dīrgha, one of the aspects of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), ac...
Dirghavaktra
Dīrghavaktra (दीर्घवक्त्र).—an elephant. Derivable forms: dīrghavaktraḥ (दीर्घवक्त्रः).Dīrghava...
Dirghadru
Dīrghadru (दीर्घद्रु).—the palm tree. Derivable forms: dīrghadruḥ (दीर्घद्रुः).Dīrghadru is a S...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.