Ijya: 12 definitions


Ijya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Ijyā (इज्या) refers to “serving one’s worshipful deity” and represents one of the five limbs of Arcana (“deity worship”), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Ijyā refers to serving one’s worshipful deity in various ways.

Generally, there are five limbs of Arcana [viz., ijyā]. This is also known as pañcāṅga-viṣṇu-yajña (fivefold sacrifice performed for the pleasure of Śrī Viṣṇu). [...] These five limbs of Arcana (pañcāṅga-arcana) are not temporary and mundane but eternal, supremely pure limbs of bhakti that help one attain the lotus feet of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ijya (इज्य) [?] refers to one of the ten Niyamas (restraint) prescribed for forest dwelling, as mentioned in the the Vaikhānasasmārtasūtra.—The Mānasollāsa verse 9.21-24ab lists thirty Yamas and Niyamas. The Vaikhānasasmārtasūtra (8.4), whose date has been estimated between the fourth and eighth centuries, is the earliest source for a list of twenty Yamas and Niyamas [e.g., ijya]. These were prescribed to a sage at the forest dwelling (vanāśrama) stage of life.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ijya (इज्य) refers to “sacrifices”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] The present and the next world can be won through her. A wifeless man is not authorized to perform the rites of gods, Pitṛs guests and sacrifices (ijya). He alone is the true householder in whose house there is a chaste lady. The others are devoured by an ogress or old age. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ijya (इज्य).—pot. p. (of yaj) To be worshipped.

-jyaḥ 1 A teacher; हंसा य एकं बहुरूपमिज्यैर्मायामयं वेद स वेद वेदम् (haṃsā ya ekaṃ bahurūpamijyairmāyāmayaṃ veda sa veda vedam) Bhāgavata 11.12.23.

2) An epithet of ब्रहस्पति (brahaspati), the teacher of the gods.

3) The Puṣya Nakṣatra.

4) The Supreme Being; स्वधीः कलत्रादिषु भौम इज्यधीः (svadhīḥ kalatrādiṣu bhauma ijyadhīḥ) Bhāgavata 1.84.13.

5) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-jyā 1 A sacrifice; जगत्प्रकाशं तदशेषमिज्यया (jagatprakāśaṃ tadaśeṣamijyayā) R.3.48,1.68,15.2; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.53, भूतानि यान्ति भूतेज्याः (bhūtāni yānti bhūtejyāḥ) 9.25.

2) A gift, donation.

3) An image.

4) Worship, reverence.

5) Meeting, union.

6) A bawd or procuress.

7) A cow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ijya (इज्य).—mfn.

(-jyaḥ-jyā-jyaṃ) A teacher. m.

(-jyaḥ) Vrihaspati, the teacher or Guru of the gods. f.

(-jyā) 1. A gift, a donation. 2. Sacrificing, making offerings to the gods or manes. 3. Worship, reverence. 4. Meeting, union. 5. A cow. 6. A bawd or procuress. R. yaj to sacrifice, &c. kyap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ijyā (इज्या).—i. e. yaj + yā, f. Sacrifice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 89.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ijya (इज्य).—[adjective] to be honoured or worshipped. [masculine] a teacher or a god, [especially] Bṛhaspati, the teacher of the gods. [feminine] ā offering, sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ijya (इज्य):—mfn. ([irregular] [future] pass. p. of √yaj), to be revered or honoured, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

2) m. a teacher, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) a deity, god, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Name of Bṛhaspati (the teacher or Guru of the gods)

5) of the planet Jupiter

6) Ijyā (इज्या):—[from ijya] f. a sacrifice, making offerings to the gods or manes, [Pāṇini 3-3, 98; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā; Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a gift, donation

8) [v.s. ...] worship, reverence

9) [v.s. ...] meeting, union, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a bawd or procuress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ijya (इज्य):—(jyaḥ) 1. m. A teacher; Vrihaspati. (jyā) 1. f. A gift; sacrifice; worship; union; a cow; a bawd.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ijyā (इज्या) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ijja, Ijjā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ijya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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