Damana, Damanā, Damaṇa: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Damana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Damana (दमन).—A brother of Damayantī. In Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 53, Stanza 8 it is mentioned that King Bhīma had a daughter named Damayantī, and three sons named Dama, Dānta and Damana.

2) Damana (दमन).—A hermit. Bhīma the King of Vidarbha pleased this hermit, who blessed the King and said that he would get children. Accordingly the king got Damayantī as his daughter and Dama, Dānta and Damana as his sons. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 53).

3) Damana (दमन).—The son of the King Paurava. Dhṛṣṭadyumna killed Damana in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 61, Stanza 20).

4) Damana (दमन).—A son of Bharadvāja. After the investiture with the Brahma string (upanayana) Damana started on a travel. On the way near Amarakaṇṭaka he met with the hermit Garga who talked to him about the glory of Kāśi. Damana who was a seeker of spiritual knowledge, stopped his travel and sat down to do penance and thus leaving his body he attained heaven. (Skanda Purāṇa, Chapter 2, 4, 74).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Damana (दमन).—A son of Vasudeva and Rohiṇi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 165; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 12. Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 163.

1b) A commander to aid Viṣanga, killed by Kāmesvarī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 25. 30, 46, 94.

1c) A son of Angirasa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 2.

1d) The avatār of the Lord in the third Dvāpara; had four sons, Viśoka, Vikeśa, etc.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 123.

1e) A Ṛtvik at Brahmā's sacrifice.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Damanā (दमना) refers to one of the maids (cellakā) associated with Pūrṇagiri, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Nine of the twelve female servants (three in each of the first four seats), are low-caste women who we find, in other contexts, embody the Mothers (mātṛkā). The maids (cellakā) [i.e., Damanā] are Yoginīs and the servants their male counterparts. These replace the spiritual ‘sons’ and ‘daughters’ the goddess generates and the guardians she appoints in the sacred seats listed in the ‘Kubjikāmatatantra’.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Damana (दमन) refers to “cutting down” (rogues and demons), according to the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 2.20.246 (“The Science of the Absolute Truth”).—(Cf. Śaktyāveśa).—The śaktyāveśa-avatāras are categorized into (1) forms of divine absorption (bhagavad-āveśa), such as Kapiladeva or ṛṣabhadeva, and (2) divinely empowered forms (śaktyāveśa), of whom seven are foremost: [i.e., (7) Paraśurāma, specifically empowered to cut down rogues and demons (duṣṭa-damana-śakti), [...]”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: WikiPedia: Mahayana Buddhism

Damana (दमन) or “taming” refers to one of the “nine mental abidings” (i.e., ‘nine stages of training the mind’) connected with śamatha (“access concentration”), according to Kamalaśīla and the Śrāvakabhūmi section of the Yogācārabhūmi-śāstra.—Damana (Tibetan: དུལ་བར་བྱེད་པ, dul-bar byed-pa) or “taming” refers to the stage where the practitioner achieves deep tranquility of mind, but must be watchful for subtle forms of laxity or dullness, peaceful states of mind which can be confused for calm abiding. By focusing on the future benefits of gaining śamatha, the practitioner can uplift (gzengs-bstod) their mind and become more focused and clear.

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context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Damana (दमन) or Damaṇa is the name of a river mentioned in two similair inscriptions sponsored by Uṣavadāta, the son-in-law of Nahapāna. According to the inscription, Uṣavadāta established free crossings at rivers such as Damana. He also established public watering-stations on both banks of these rivers. The first inscription is found at Karle (ancient Valūraka) and the other on the wall of a rock-cut cave at Nasik.

The Kṣaharātas called themselves kṣatrapas (originally referring to military governors of the Achaemenid empire) and established a small kingdom in modern Gujarat. In the middle of the first century, a ruler named Kṣaharāta Kṣatrapa Nahapāna obtained several Sātavāhana establishments which were later recaptured by Gautamīputra Śrī Sātakarṇi.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

damana : (nt.) taming; subjugation; restraint; mastery.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Damana, (adj.-nt.) taming, subduing, mastery PvA.251 (arīnaṃ d°-sīla=arindama). (Page 314)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

damana (दमन).—n (S) Taming, subduing, subjugation. 2 An agent or a power that subdues or suppresses. Ex. tapa hēṃ indriyāñcēṃ da0 āhē. Ex. of comp. indriya- damana, duṣṭadamana, rōgadamana, kāmadamana, krōdhadamana.

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damana (दमन).—n ( P Skirt &c.) The hood of a carriage. 2 Commonly damāna.

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damāna (दमान).—n ( P) A sea-term. The sheet (rope) of a sail: also that side of the vessel on which it may be, the lee-side.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

damana (दमन).—n Subduing, taming, subjugation. The hood of a carriage.

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damāna (दमान).—n The sheet (rope) of a sail; the lee-side.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Damana (दमन).—a. (- f.) [दम् भावे ल्युट् (dam bhāve lyuṭ)] Taming, subduing, overpowering, conquering, defeating; जामदग्न्यस्य दमने नैवं निर्वक्तुमर्हसि (jāmadagnyasya damane naivaṃ nirvaktumarhasi) U.5.32; Bh.3.89; so सर्वदमन, अरिदमन (sarvadamana, aridamana) &c.

2) Tranquil, passionless,

-naḥ 1 A charioteer; Bhāg.4.26.2.

2) A warrior.

3) The Kunda plant.

4) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

-nam 1 Taming, subjugation, curbing, restraint,

2) Punishing, chastising, दुर्दान्तानां दमनविधयः क्षत्रियेष्वायतन्ते (durdāntānāṃ damanavidhayaḥ kṣatriyeṣvāyatante) Mv.3.34.

3) Self-restraint.

4) Slaying, killing; जामदग्न्यस्य दमने न हि निर्बन्धमर्हसि (jāmadagnyasya damane na hi nirbandhamarhasi) U.5.31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Damana (दमन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A hero. 2. A philosopher. 3. A kind of flower, commonly Dona, (Artemisia.) n.

(-naṃ) Taming, subduing. E. dam to tame, bhāve lyuṭ aff.

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Dāmana (दामन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Relating to the Dona or Artemisia flower. E. dāmana, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Damana (दमन).—[dam + ana], I. adj., f. , Subduing, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 47. Ii. n. 1. Subduing, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 52. 2. Chastising, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 17, 14. Iii. m. A proper name, [Nala] 1, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Damana (दमन).—[adjective] ([feminine] ī) & [neuter] taming, controlling, chastising; [masculine] tamer of horses, charioteer, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Damana (दमन):—[from dam] mf(ī)n. ifc. taming, subduing, overpowering, [Mahābhārata viii; Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] self-controlled, passionless, 26, 2

3) [v.s. ...] m. a tamer of horses, charioteer, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 26, 2]

4) [v.s. ...] ([gana] nandy-ādi) Artemisia indica, [Mantramahodadhi xxiii]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha xvii, 18]

6) [v.s. ...] of Yāmāyana (author of [Ṛg-veda x, 16]), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vasu-deva by Rohiṇī, [Harivaṃśa 1951]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Brahmarṣi, [Nalopākhyāna i, 6; Vāyu-purāṇa i, 23, 115]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Bharadvāja, [Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa lxxiv]

10) [v.s. ...] of an old king, [Mahābhārata i, 224]

11) [v.s. ...] of a Vidarbha king, [Nalopākhyāna i, 9]

12) [v.s. ...] n. taming, subduing, punishing, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Brahmavaivarta-purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] self-restraint, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) Dāmana (दामन):—mf(ī)n. ([from] damana) relating to the Artemisia flower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Damana (दमन):—(naḥ) 1. m. A hero; a sage; a flower (Artemisia). n. Taming.

2) Dāmana (दामन):—[(naḥ-nī-naṃ) a.] Of the Artemisia.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Damana (दमन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Damaṇa, Dāmaṇa, Dāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Damana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Damana (दमन) [Also spelled daman]:—(nm) suppression, repression; subjugation, control; ~[kārī] suppressive; repressive; a suppressor; —[cakra] a series of suppressive/repressive acts; ~[śīla] suppressive/repressive; hence ~[śīlatā; damanīya] suppressible/repressible; fit to be kept under subjugation/control; hence [damanīyatā] (nf).

2) Dāmana (दामन) [Also spelled daman]:—(nm) skirt of a garment; the extreme end of a sari: etc.; ~[gīra] an adherent, dependant; claimant; —[pakaḍanā] to seek the protection of, to become an adherent or follower (of); —[phailānā] to beg; to supplicate; —[meṃ dāga laganā] a have a broken feather in one’s wing, to suffer a moral fall.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Damaṇa (दमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Damana.

2) Dāmaṇa (दामण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dāmana.

3) Dāmaṇa (दामण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dāmanī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ḍamāṇa (ಡಮಾಣ):—[noun] = ಡಮಾನ [damana].

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Ḍamāna (ಡಮಾನ):—[noun] a set of two big drums, hung on either side of an ox, horse, camel, etc. taken in procession on festive occasions.

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Damana (ದಮನ):—

1) [noun] a bringing under control; subjugation.

2) [noun] a chastising; punishment.

3) [noun] (according to Indian art of love-making) a particular class of men.

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Damāṇa (ದಮಾಣ):—[noun] = ದಬಾಣ [dabana].

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Damāna (ದಮಾನ):—[noun] = ದಬಾಣ [dabana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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