Adhya, Aḍhyā: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Adhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aadhy.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Āḍhya (आढ्य) is another name for “Cavya” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning āḍhya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āḍhya (आढ्य) refers to “one who is rich”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The Khañjinīmata consisting of 1,000 million (verses) [i.e., śatakoṭi] has been uttered . In this way, Śāmbhavīśakti that has no end has become infinite. Śāmbhava, Śākta, and Āṇava have come about by her impulse. She abides (thus) in the three worlds as will, knowledge and action. Bhairava, tranquil and free of defects, resides above Meru. He is rich with the jewels of countless qualities [i.e., anekaguṇa-ratna-āḍhya] and is encompassed by millions of Rudras”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

1) Āḍhya (आढ्य) refers to a “rich (hymn [=stotra])”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “[...] Having attained the strength of true intelligence through Jñānasvāmin, I know what there is to know and everywhere contemplate my own self. I, Sāhib Kaula, have composed this hymn to the lineage deity Śārikā, which contains the construction of her Mantra. Whoever chants this rich hymn (āḍhyastotram āḍhyaṃ) of praise with perfect devotion, hears it or has it recited, even if he be without mantra, he will, O supreme Goddess, without doubt reap the great fruit of this mantra”.

2) Āḍhya (आढ्य) refers to “being filled with (many felicities)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I uninterruptedly remember [you], the Vidyā leading to the ultimate well-being, embodiment of bliss, the cause of the extension of all prosperities. [You are] the primordial one, the insurpassable Kalā. You are Bālā, the beloved of Kulanātha (namely, Śiva). [Your] glory is incomparable, and you are filled with many felicities (bahu-maṅgala-āḍhyā)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Āḍhya (आढ्य) refers to “possessed (of wealth)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Maghā will be possessed of wealth (dhānya-āḍhya), grains and storehouses; will delight in frequenting hills and in the performance of religious rites; will be merchants; will be valiant; will take animal food and will be female haters. Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvaphālguni will delight in dance, in young women, in music, in painting, in sculpture and in trade; will be dealers in cotton, salt, honey and oil and will be forever in the enjoyment of the vigour of youth.. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āḍhyā (आढ्या) refers to “rich (clothes)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, after Śiva spoke to Viṣṇu and Brahmā: “[...] In the meantime, seeing the splendid vast army, O sage, Menā became delighted as usual. At the head of procession came the beautiful fastidious Gandharvas, dressed in rich clothes (śubhavastra-āḍhyā) and bedecked in fine ornaments. They rode on different vehicles. They played on musical instruments. Flags and banners of various colours and sizes fluttered on their chariots. The heavenly nymphs accompanied them. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Āḍhya (आढ्य) refers to “rich (persons)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “As the young so the old, as the rich (āḍhya) so the poor, as the brave so the cowardly—Yama devours [all] equally. When Yama is an opponent of embodied souls, all elephants, horses, men, and soldiers and the powers of mantras and medicines become useless”.

Synonyms: Dhanin.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Adhya refers to one of the five sub-divisions of the Nambutiris (the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar) according to Subramani Aiyar. Tampurakkal.—The Adhyas form eight families, called Ashtadhyas, and are said by tradition to be descended from the eight sons of a great Brahman sage, who lived on the banks of the river Krishna. The fund of accumulated spirituality inherited from remote ancestors is considered to be so large that sacrifices (yagas), as well as vanaprastha and sanyasa (the two last stages of the Brahman’s life), are reckoned as being supererogatory for even the last in descent. They are, however, very strict in the observance of religious ordinances, and constantly engage themselves in the reverent study of Hindu scriptures. The Tantris are Adhyas with temple administration as their specialised function. They are the constituted gurus of the temple priests, and are the final authorities in all matters of temple ritual.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aḍhyā (अढ्या).—m A common term for the two pegs around which is wound sūta in drawing or clearing thread.

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āḍhya (आढ्य).—a (S) Wealthy. In comp. as dhanāḍhya Rich in money or treasure; vidyāḍhya Rich in learning or science; balāḍhya Strong; guṇāḍhya Able, clever, possessing qualifications or good qualities. Also garvāḍhya, vittāḍhya, abhimānāḍhya, krōdhāḍhya, lōbhāḍhya, mōhāḍhya, kāmāḍhya, madāḍhya, rōgāḍhya, rasāḍhya and others.

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ādhyā (आध्या).—m (Vulgar corruption of adhyāya) A chapter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āḍhya (आढ्य).—a Wealthy. āḍhyatma f Arrogance. Repute; notoriety.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āḍhya (आढ्य).—a. [ā-dhyai-ka pṛṣo° Tv.]

1) Rich, wealthy; आढ्योऽभिजनवानस्मि कोऽन्योऽस्ति सदृशो मया (āḍhyo'bhijanavānasmi ko'nyo'sti sadṛśo mayā) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 16.15; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5. 8; Manusmṛti 8.169.

2) (a) Rich in, abounding in, possessing abundantly, with instr. or as the last member of comp.; सत्य° (satya°) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.9 very truthful; वंशसंपल्लावण्याढ्याय (vaṃśasaṃpallāvaṇyāḍhyāya) Daśakumāracarita 18; एवमादिगुणैराढ्यः (evamādiguṇairāḍhyaḥ) Vet.; समुद्रमिव रत्नाढ्यम् (samudramiva ratnāḍhyam) Rām. (b) Mixed with, watered with; गन्धाढ्य, स्रज उत्तमगन्धाढ्याः (gandhāḍhya, sraja uttamagandhāḍhyāḥ) Mb.; मूत्राढ्यैः करञ्जफलसर्षपैः (mūtrāḍhyaiḥ karañjaphalasarṣapaiḥ) Suśr.

3) Abundant, copious.

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Ādhyā (आध्या).—[ādhyā-aṅ] Remembering, especially with regret, sorrowful recollection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āḍhya (आढ्य).—mfn.

(-ḍhyaḥ-ḍhyā-ḍhyaṃ) 1. Opulent, wealthy, rich. 2. Abounding in, productive. 3. Having, being possessed of. E. āṅ, dhyai to consider, to meditate, ka irregular aff.

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Ādhyā (आध्या).—f.

(-dhyā) Recollection, remembering especially with regret. E. āṅ before dhyai to reflect, ac affix, and ṭāp fem.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āḍhya (आढ्य).—i. e. probably a transformation of ṛdh + a + ya. adj., f. . 1. Wealthy, Chr. 61, 38. 2. A bounding in.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āḍhya (आढ्य).—[adjective] opulent, wealthy; [abstract] † [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āḍhya (आढ्य):—mf(ā)n. (? [from] ārdhya, √ṛdh; or [from] ārthya, [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]), opulent, wealthy, rich, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ix]

2) [xiv; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) rich or abounding in, richly endowed or filled or mixed with ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra etc.]

4) (in [arithmetic]) augmented by ([instrumental case])

5) Ādhyā (आध्या):—a See under ā-√dhyai.

6) [=ā-dhyā] [from ā-dhyai] b f. = the next, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āḍhya (आढ्य):—[ā-ḍhya] (ḍhyaḥ-ḍhyā-ḍhyaṃ) a. Opulent.

2) Ādhyā (आध्या):—(dhyā) 1. f. Recollection; remembering with regret.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āḍhya (आढ्य) [Also spelled aadhy]:——a Sanskrit suffix denoting prosperity, plenty, abundance (as [dhanāḍhya, gaṇāḍhya]).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āḍhya (ಆಢ್ಯ):—[adjective] rich in; abounding in; possessing abundantly; having or containing.

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Āḍhya (ಆಢ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a man who possesses (great) wealth; a wealthy man.

2) [noun] a competent man.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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