Vesha, Veṣa, Vesa, Veśa: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Vesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Veṣa and Veśa can be transliterated into English as Vesa or Vesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Veṣa (वेष) refers to a “dress”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, Sage Nārada said to Menā:—“O Menā, O king of mountains, this daughter of yours has all auspicious signs. Like the first digit of the moon she will increase day by day. She will delight her husband, and heighten the glory of her parents. She will be a great chaste lady. She will grant bliss to everyone always. I see all good signs in the palm of your daughter, O lord of mountains. There is an abnormal line also. Listen to the indication thereof. Her husband will be a naked Yogin, without any qualities. He will be free from lust. He will have neither mother nor father. He will be indifferent to honours. His dress and manners will be inauspicious [i.e., aśiva-veṣa]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Veśa (वेश).—Married Nadhi; father of Marīca-Kaśyapa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 112.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Veṣa (वेष).—Clothes coming from many marts are of various kinds. They are chiefly of three kinds:

  1. śuddha (pure, white)
  2. vicitra (variegated, many-coloured),
  3. malina (impure, dark).

Costumes (veṣa) are of three kinds: white, variegated and soiled (malina). I shall now explain their difference according to use made by producers.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Veśa (वेश) [or veśana] refers to “re-entrant (of a molding) §§ 3.2, 25.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Veśa (वेश) refers to “(a door for) entry”, according to the Mohacūrottara (verse 4.234-243).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of the maṭha]—“[...] The installation of the houses is according to the wishes [of the patron]. There should be a [door for] entry and exit (veśasyād veśa nirgamaḥ) to the north. [The houses] may have one, two, or three floors, or as is pleasing. Externally, [the building] is surrounded by a long hall. In the eastern side of the building is the place for worship. One should install the kitchen and so forth as appropriate. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Veśa (वेश) refers to a “dress”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 9.—Accordingly, “[...] [The Lord spoke]:—Wearing half the dress of a woman (ardhastrī-veśa-dhārin) and half [that of] a man, on one half, he should place [feminine] tresses, on one half, he should wear matted locks. On one half, there should be a forehead mark; on one half a [forehead] eye. A ring [should be] in one ear; a [pendant] ear-ornament in one ear. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Veṣa (वेष) or Veṣavibhrama refers to “she who has a coquettish apparel”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she bore the coquettish apparel (veṣa-vibhrama) of a woman going out to meet Mahākāla at night, with a vine-like body furnished with a raiment reddened with saffron-dye, with a face with red eyes, whose brows were furrowed into a frown, whose lip was crimsoned with betel that was blood, whose cheeks were reddened by the light shed from ear-ornaments of pomegranate flowers, with a forehead on which there was a tilaka dot of vermillion made by a Śabara beauty, covered by a magnificent gold turban. She was worshipped by goats... mice... antelope and black serpents... She was praised on all sides by flocks of old crows; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Veśa (वेश) is a term of somewhat doubtful sense, apparently denoting ‘vassal’, ‘tenant’, in a few passages, and, according to Roth, ‘dependent neighbour’.

2) Veśa may be a proper name in two passages of the Rigveda;1 if so, it is quite uncertain whether a demon is meant or not. Veśantā, Veśantī, Veśāntā, all denote a ‘pond’ or ‘tank’. Cf. Vaiśanta.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Veśa (वेश) refers to “roles” (e.g., ‘the performance of different roles ’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A god becomes [filled] with lamenting, a dog ascends to heaven, a Brāhman might become discernible in substance [as a dog] or an insect or even a low outcaste [com.—In this regard, however, because of karma (karmaṇaḥ) there is not (na asti) the best (prādhānyaṃ) of re-birth (jāteḥ)—such is the meaning of the verse. Hence he speaks about the performance of different roles (nānāveśakāritvam) like an actor (naṭavan) for the living soul (jīvasya)”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vesa : (m.) appearance; dress.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vesa, (cp. Sk. veṣa, fr. viṣ to be active) dress, apparel; (more frequently: ) disguise, (assumed) appearance J. I, 146 (pakati° usual dress), 230 (āyuttaka°); III, 418 (andha°); Miln. 12; DhA. II, 4; PvA. 62, 93 (ummattaka°), 161 (tunnavāya°); Sdhp. 384; purisa° (of women) DA. I, 147. (Page 650)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēśa (वेश).—& vēśadhārī S See vēṣa & vēṣadhārī.

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vēṣa (वेष).—m (S) Dress, garb, habit. 2 A fashion or manner of dress, a costume. 3 A disguise or guise.

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vēsa (वेस).—f A gate of a village. 2 (Because it used to be enforced by closing the gates.) Payment of the Government-revenue. 3 A gate or door of a yard or other enclosure. vēśīsa or vēśīṃ bāndhaṇēṃ To proclaim aloud; to publish abroad. Pr. dukhaṇēṃ vēśīsa bāndhaṇēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēṣa (वेष).—m Dress, garb. A disguise.

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vēsa (वेस).—f A village-gate. vēśīsa bāndhaṇēṃ Publish abroad.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Veśa (वेश).—[viś-ghañ]

1) Entrance.

2) Ingress, access.

3) A house, dwelling; न वेशमाचक्रमुरस्य नीत्या (na veśamācakramurasya nītyā) Bu. Ch. 1.3.

4) A house or residence of prostitutes; तरुणजन- सहायश्चिन्त्यतां वेशवासः (taruṇajana- sahāyaścintyatāṃ veśavāsaḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.31.

5) Dress, apparel (also written veṣa in this sense); मृगयावेषधारी (mṛgayāveṣadhārī); विनीतवेषेण (vinītaveṣeṇa) Ś.1; कृतवेशे केशवे (kṛtaveśe keśave) Gītagovinda 11.

6) Disguise.

7) Hire, wages.

3) Thr prostitute-class (veśyājana); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.196.26; Daśakumāracarita 2.6.

9) The wages of prostitutes; वेशेनैव च जीवताम् (veśenaiva ca jīvatām) (na pratigṛhṇī- yāt) Manusmṛti 4.84.

Derivable forms: veśaḥ (वेशः).

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Veṣa (वेष).—See बेश (beśa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veśa (वेश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Dress, decoration. 2. Disguise, masquerade. 3. The abode of harlots. 4. Any house. 5. Entrance, ingress. E. viś to enter, (liter. or fig., as to enter or occupy the mind,) aff. ghañ .

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Veṣa (वेष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) Ornament, dress, decoration. E. viṣ to invest, aff. ac or ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veśa (वेश).—m. 1. i. e. viś + a. 1. Entrance. 2. A house. 3. A house of prostitutes, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 84; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 193, 13. Ii. also veṣa veṣa. 1. Dress, apparel, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 18, and 200 (); [Pañcatantra] 129, 17 (). 2. Ornament, decoration. 3. Disguise.

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Veṣa (वेष).—see veśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veśa (वेश).—1. [masculine] settler, neighbour; dwelling, tent, house, [especially] brothel.

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Veśa (वेश).—2. v. 1 veṣa.

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Veṣa (वेष).—1. [masculine] work, activity, attendance; dress, external appearance.

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Veṣa (वेष).—2. [adjective] working, active.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Veśa (वेश):—m. (√1. viś) ‘a settler’, small farmer, tenant, neighbour, dependent, vassal, [Ṛg-veda; Kāṭhaka] (once in [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] veśa)

2) entrance, ingress, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) a tent (See vastra-v)

4) a house, dwelling (cf. veśavāṭa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) prostitution or a house of ill fame, brothel, [Manu-smṛti; Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) the behaviour of a courtezan, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) trade, business (to explain vaiśya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) the son of a Vaiśya and an Ugrī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) often [wrong reading] for veṣa. ([For cognate words See under √1. viś.])

10) Veṣa (वेष):—m. (ifc. f(ā or ī). cf. bhūta-veṣī; [from] √viṣ) work, activity, management, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Kauśika-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

11) dress, apparel, ornament, artificial exterior, assumed appearance (often also = look, exterior, appearance in general), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([accusative] with √kṛ or ā-√sthā, ‘to assume a dress’, with √gam or vi-√dhā, ‘to assume an appearance’; with ā-cchādya, ‘concealing one’s appearance’, ‘disguising one’s self’; pracchanna-veṣeṇa idem)

12) often [wrong reading] for veśa

13) mfn. working, active, busy, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (cf. prātar-v).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Veśa (वेश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. Dress; disguise; house; entrance.

2) Veṣa (वेष):—(ṣaḥ) 1. m. Ornament, dress.

3) Vesa (वेस):—(ṛ) vesati 1. a. To go; to move.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Veṣa (वेष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vesa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Veśa (वेश) [Also spelled vesh]:—(nm) guise; external appearance; dress, costume; ~[dhārī] assuming the guise or appearance of; -[bhūṣā] apparel; get -up, appearance; —[dhāraṇa karanā] to apparel; to guise (as), to assume the appearance of.

2) Veṣa (वेष) [Also spelled vesh]:—(nm) see [veśa].

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Vesa (वेस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Veṣa.

2) Vesa (वेस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vyeṣya.

3) Vesa (वेस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Veṣa.

4) Vesa (वेस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Veṣya.

5) Vesa (वेस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dveṣya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vesa (ವೆಸ):—

1) [noun] a work or job done or to be done.

2) [noun] the work of carving wood, chiseling stone, etc.; sculpture.

3) [noun] an order given by one in authority; a command; behest.

4) [noun] a seeking information usu. by asking a question or questions.

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Vēśa (ವೇಶ):—

1) [noun] a place of entering; an entrance; an ingress.

2) [noun] a building where a person or a family normally lives; a residence; a houe.

3) [noun] the house of a prostitute; a brothel.

4) [noun] a dress or ornament that is or meant to be worn.

5) [noun] a false or deceiving appearance; pretense; a guise.

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Vēṣa (ವೇಷ):—

1) [noun] the act of dressing or ornamenting.

2) [noun] a set of clothes including accessories, typical of a certain country, region, profession, etc. or the ones worn in a play or at a masquerade.

3) [noun] a false or deceiving appearance; pretense; guise.

4) [noun] ವೇಷಭೂಷಣ [veshabhushana] vēṣa bhūṣaṇa = ವೇಷ - [vesha -] 2; ವೇಷಭೂಷೆ [veshabhushe] vēṣa bhūṣe = ವೇಷ - [vesha -] 2; ವೇಷಹಾಕು [veshahaku] vēṣa hāku to pretend; to make believe.

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Vēsa (ವೇಸ):—[noun] = ವೇಷ [vesha].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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