Balin, Bālin: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Balin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Balin (बलिन्).—A son of Kṛtavarman, married Cārumatī, a daughter of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 24.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Bālin (बालिन्) was slain by Rāma, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... there Rāvaṇa carried off his beloved Sītā by magic, and took her to the city of Laṅkā, having slain Jaṭāyus on the way. Then Rāma, in his bereaved state, made Sugrīva his friend by killing Bālin, and by sending Hanumān to Laṅkā obtained news of his wife”.

The story of Bālin was narrated by the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva, in order to demonstrate that “people who possess firmness endure for a long time mutual separation to which no termination is assigned”, in other words, that “heroic souls endure separation for so long a time”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bālin, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Balin (बलिन्) refers to “strong (flavours)” and is mentioned in verse 3.4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] pre-spring etc.—by these three (seasons) one shall know the northern course (of the sun), and this (is named) ‘absorption’ (as) it absorbs strength from man every day. [...] then the (rough) flavours bitter, astringent, (and) pungent (are) strong [balin] in succession. Therefore (the period of) absorption (is) fire-like”.

Note: Balin (“strong”) has been placed at the end of the sentence and rendered by stobs ni che-ba (“great in strength”). The missing copula has been added.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Balin (बलिन्) is the name of a Dānava king (i.e., Dānavendra) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Balin).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Balin, (adj.) (fr. bala) strong Th. 1, 12 (paññā°); Vv 647; Dh. 280; J. III, 484; VI, 147. (Page 483)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balin (बलिन्).—a. [balamastyasya ini]

1) Strong, powerful, mighty कुलध्वजस्तानि चलध्वजानि निवेशयामास बली बलानि (kuladhvajastāni caladhvajāni niveśayāmāsa balī balāni) R.16.37 Ms.7.174.

2) Stout, robust. -m

1) A buffalo.

2) A hog.

3) A camel.

4) A bull.

5) A soldier.

6) A kind of jasmine.

7) The phlegmatic humour.

8) An epithet of Balarāma.

--- OR ---

Bālin (बालिन्).—m. Name of a monkey; see वालि (vāli).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balin (बलिन्).—mfn. (-lī-linī-li) Strong, stout, robust. m. (-lī) 1. A camel. 2. A buffalo. 3. A bull. 4. A hog. 5. Phlegm. 6. A name of Bala- Rama. 7. A sort of pulse, (Phaseolus radiatus.) 8. A sort of jasmine, (J. Pubescens.) f. (-nī) Sida cordifolia. E. bala strength, ini aff.

--- OR ---

Bālin (बालिन्).—m. (-lī) The monkey-son of Indra. f. (-nī) The constellation AśHwini. E. See the last, aff. ini .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balin (बलिन्).—i. e. bala + in, I. adj., f. , Strong, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 128. Ii. m. 1. A bull. 2. A camel. 3. A hog. 4. A name of Balarāma. 5. A sort of pulse, Phaseolus radiatus. 6. A sort of jasmine. Iii. f. , Sida cordifolia.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balin (बलिन्).—[adjective] mighty, strong.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balin (बलिन्):—[from bal] mfn. powerful, strong, mighty, stout, robust, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a soldier, [Inscriptions] (cf. balastha)

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Vatsa-prī, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a hog bull, buffalo, camel, kind of sheep, serpent, Phaseolus Radiatus, a sort of jasmine, the phlegmatic humour, Name of a Bala-rāma

5) Bālin (बालिन्):—[from bāla] See vālin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balin (बलिन्):—(lī) 5. m. Balarāma; a sort of pulse; of jasmin; a camel; buffalo; bull; hog; phlegm. f. Sida cordifolia. a. Strong.

2) Bālin (बालिन्):—(lī) 5. m. Idem. f. () The constellation Ashwinī.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Balin (बलिन्):—(von 1. bala)

1) adj. kräftig, kraftvoll [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 136.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 448.] somenādi.yā ba.inaḥ [Ṛgveda 10, 85, 2.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 7, 8, 1.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 174.] [Mahābhārata 2, 1975. 1992. 3, 2025.] [Nalopākhyāna 1, 1.] [Hiḍimbavadha 4, 14.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 70. 54, 11 (55, 11 Gorresio).] [Suśruta 1, 158, 4. 204, 14. 323, 10.] [Sūryasiddhānta 7, 21.] [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 37.] [Spr. 1423. 1946. fg. 2091. 2836.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 39, 69. 42, 102. 43, 100.] ati [38, 132.] bāhu, ūru [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 9, 1, 3.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2023.] —

2) m. a) Eber. — b) Stier. — c) Büffel. — d) Kameel [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] — e) Soldat (vgl. balastha): balino ye sahasreṇa sāhasrāste sahasriṇaḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 30.] Inschr. in Journ. of the Am. Or. [?S. 6, 543, 9(?).] — f) = Balarāma [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 75.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — g) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Vatsaprī [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 118, 2.] — h) Phaseolus radiatus [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1171.] — i) eine Art Jasmin (kunda) . — k) der phlegmatische Humor (vgl. balāsa) [Jaṭādhara] —

3) f. Sida cordifolia (vgl. balā) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Balin (बलिन्):——

1) Adj. kräftig , kraftvoll.

2) m. — a) *Eber [Rājan 19,30.] — b) *Stier [Rājan 19,26.] — c) *Büffel [Rājan 19,22.] — d) *Kamel [Rājan 19,21.] — e) *eine Schafart [Rājan 19,42.] — f) *Schlange [Rājan 19,52.] — g) Soldat. — h) *Phaseolus radiatus. — i) *eine Art Jasmin. — k) *der phlegmatische Humor [Rājan 21,5.] — l) *Beiname Balarāma's. — m) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Vatsapri. —

3) *f. balinī Sida cordifolia.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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