Medicine: 1 definition

Introduction

Introduction:

Medicine means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Ayurvedic medicine are of different types. They can be used as single drugs, i.e. plants, metals and mineral drugs and animal drugs used in a single. It can be used as formulations also, i.e. a herb with a mineral or animal one and vice-versa. Herbo-mineral, herbo-animal and mineral-animal preparations can be used. All the three in combination is also a drug of choice. On this basis the source medicines are mentioned as jaṅgama (animal product) udbhida (herbs) and pārthiva (minerals).

Ayurvedic medicinal preparation and formulation are many in number.

  1. svarasa: which is the expressed juice of herbs;
  2. kalka: grounded paste of medicine and when they are dried known as cūrṇa (powder);
  3. kvātha: peapared kaṣāya;
  4. yavāgu and yūṣa are juices of dhānya or cereals;
  5. cold kaṣāya and hot kaṣāya;
  6. tablets and capsule;
  7. semi-solid lehya preparation;
  8. fermented preparation like ariṣṭas;
  9. mineral drug preparation.

The treatment principle of Āyurveda is addition to the body with same properties as that of doṣas and dhātus when they are of decreased level in the body. Deletion of the defected doṣas and dhātus with opposite properties when they are of excess in body.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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