Durvasas, Durvāsas, Dur-vasas: 10 definitions

Introduction

Durvasas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (D) next»] — Durvasas in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्) is the name of a hermit, attended upon by Kuntī (daughter of king Kuntibhoja), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 16. The story was told to Padmāvatī by her mother, in order to show her that “gods and hermits remain in the houses of good people for the sake of deluding them”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Durvāsas, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्).—Genealogy A sage, who used to lose his temper very easily. He is believed to have been born from an aṃśa (part, aspect) of Śiva. (See full article at Story of Durvāsas from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Śrīkaṇṭha (श्रीकण्ठ) is the name of a Sage who received the command to spread the Śaiva faith by Śrīkaṇṭha (a manifestation of Śiva) who appeared on mount Kailāsa, according to a commentary on the Tantrāloka.—Of these sixty-four Śaiva-śāstras most disappeared with the growing influence of the Kali age and with the gradual disappearance of the Ṛṣis who, having learnt the Śāstras, were the repositories of their knowledge. As, thus, with the disappearance of the Śāstras the world became engrossed in spiritual darkness, Śiva,—as the Deity is called,—took pity on men and, appearing on the Kailāsa mountain in the form of Śrīkaṇṭha, commanded the Sage Durvāsas to spread in the world the knowledge of these Śāstras again. Durvāsas, thus commanded, created, by the power of his mind, three sons,—Tryambaka, Āmardaka and Śrīnātha by names—whom he charged with the mission of establishing spiritual order and of teaching men again the ancient and eternal Śaiva faith and doctrine in their three aspects of Abheda, Bheda and Bhedābheda—of Unity, Diversity and Diversity-in-unity. [...]

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्).—a.

1) ill-dressed.

2) naked. (-m.) Name of a very irascible saint or Ṛiṣi, son of Atri and Anasūyā. (He was very hard to please, and he cursed many a male and female to suffer misery and degradation. His anger, like that of Jamadagni, has become almost proverbial.)

Durvāsas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and vāsas (वासस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्).—mfn.

(-sāḥ-sāḥ-saḥ) Ill dressed. m.

(-sāḥ) The name of a Rishi or saint, the son of Atri, and an incarnation or portion of Siva, famous for his choleric temperament. E. dur, and vāsas vesture.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्).—1. adj. poorly clothed, Mahābhārata 13, 1176. 2. a proper name, ib. 1, 2768.

Durvāsas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and vāsas (वासस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Durvāsas (दुर्वासस्):—[=dur-vāsas] [from dur] mfn. badly clad, naked, [Ṛg-veda vii, 1, 19; Mahābhārata xiii, 1176] (Śiva)

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi or saint (son of Atri by Anasūyā, and thought to be an incarnation of Śiva, known for his irascibility), [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā iv, 7; Purāṇa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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