Samyukta, Saṃyukta: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Samyukta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sayukt.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—Closely connected; cf. गृहपतिना संयुक्ते ञ्यः (gṛhapatinā saṃyukte ñyaḥ) P. IV. 4.90;

2) Saṃyukta.—Joint, conjoint; the term is used frequently in connection with two or more consonants in juxtaposition; cf. अननुस्वारसंयुक्तम् (ananusvārasaṃyuktam) T. Pr. XXII. 15.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) (Cf. Saṃbhinna) means “conjoined with”, according to all three of the basic Kubjikā texts, the Kubjikāmatatantra, Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā and Śrīmatottara.—Accordingly, “Everything generated within the Three Paths [i.e., tripatha-anta-samudbhava] is tranquil and has been placed in the (half-measure consisting of) three measures. Without the Three Paths the maṇḍala of the Yoni does not manifest. Without the Yoni there is no success (niṣpatti) in divine and profane matters. It is present (in all that is) most excellent, middling and the least. The three measures (mātrā) are said to be the Point, Power (śakti) and Sound. The abode, which is the Yoni (bhagālaya), is formed by the union of these three conjoined [i.e., saṃbhinna] with the supreme half-measure that is (known as) Praṇava in the Kulāgama. Conjoined with the letters A, U and Ma [i.e., a-u-ma-kāra-saṃyukta], this Praṇava is action. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to “being accompanied by”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 13), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “During the reign of Yudhisthira, 2526 years before the commencement of Vikrama Śaka, the Seven Ṛṣis (saptarṣi) were at the constellation of Maghā (Regulus). The Ṛṣis take a period of 100 years to go over each of the 27 asterisms. They rise in the north-east and are accompanied by [i.e., saṃyukta] the chaste Arundhatī—the consort of Vasiṣṭha. The eastern-most of the group is Bhagavān Marīci; the next to him is Vasiṣṭha; the next is Aṅgiras and the next two are—Atri and Pulastya. The next in order are the Ṛṣis—Pulaha and Kratu. The chaste Arundhatī closely attends her husband the sage Vasiṣṭha”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samyukta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to “endowed with (particular characteristics)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.11 (“Mode of worshipping the phallic form of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Sūta said to the Sages: “I shall tell you everything for your sake, please listen attentively. The time must be convenient and auspicious. The place must be a holy centre. It can be on the bank of a river or anywhere facilitating a daily worship. It can be of Pārthiva (Earth), Āpya (Watery) or Taijasa (fiery) type. If it has all the characteristics mentioned in the sacred texts [i.e., kalpalakṣaṇa-saṃyukta], the devotee derives the fruit of worship. If it has [i.e., saṃyukta] all characteristics, it accords the fruit of worship instantaneously. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to “(one) equipped (with attributes)”, according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘[...] This is the auspicious Raudra-vrata: imposing with a chignon of matted locks, marked by a trident and khaṭvāṅga, equipped with a clean half skull (śuddha-muṇḍārdha-saṃyukta), awe-inspiring with a third eye, clothed in the skin of a tiger, peaceful. For one firm [in this observance], the highest siddhi will arise in six months; middling [powers] in four months; the lowest [powers] will arise in three months. [...]’”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to “(being) adorned (with all jewels)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“[...] [He worships] Deva as Tumburu in the middle of an eight petaled lotus, in the maṇḍala, [starting] in the East, O Devī. [...] He [has] a half-moon in his topknot, sits in the blue lotus Āsana. [Tumburu is] white like a drop of frosty jasmine, similar to mountain snow. [He wears] a serpent as a sacred thread and is adorned with snake ornaments. [Tumburu is] adorned with all jewels (sarvābharaṇa-saṃyukta), a tiger skin on the ground [below his] hips, a garment of elephant skin, mounted on a very strong bull, and wears a rhino hide. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to “being decorated with (adornments)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “He should have the supreme Yantra constructed out of refined gold, with decorations of gems and coral and with all [the necessary] adornments (sarvālaṃkāra-saṃyukta). Just by making this, he shall obtain territory free of disorders. Having [properly] installed it, he should respectfully worship this [Yantra] which bestows all accomplishments. [...]”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to a “combination” (of drugs), according to sections on Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[Management of miscellaneous disorders]—The drugs along with decoction of triphalā are advised if the horse is affected by vraṇa (ulcers)/kuṣṭha/khañja (lameness). The medicines should be administered with gomūtra (cow’s-urine) in mandāgni (impaired digestion), śotharoga (swelling/oedema). If they are affected by vātapitta, vraṇa (ulcers) the ghṛtasaṃyukta-gokṣīra (cow's milk along with ghee) is advised. If the horse is kṛṣa (emaciated), the diet shall be supplemented by māṃsa (meat) for puṣṭyārtha (to improve the body).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) or Saṃyuktahasta refers to one of the three types of “hand gestures” (Hasta) (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers. The term saṃyukta refers to mean connected. So, etymologically saṃyukta-hasta means the posture where the hands are connected. Saṃyukta-hastas or the combined hand gestures are nothing but the mutual presentation of two hands with the postures of single hand gestures. Thirteen types of combined hand gestures are accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to “association”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “[If time does not exist, why is it permissible ‘to eat at the proper time’ (kāla-bhojana) and forbidden ‘to eat at the wrong time’ (akāla-bhojana)? Those are common disciplines (śīla)!]—[Answer:]—[...] Besides, the disciplines imposed by the Vinaya are true for the world without having the nature of an absolute, real dharma, for the Ātman and the dharmas do not really exist. But in order to moderate the impatience of the community, in order to protect the Buddhist doctrine and ensure its longevity, in order to regulate the disciples’ rituals, the Bhagavats of the triple world have set up prohibitions the subject of which one should not question whether it is true or conventional, what is associated (saṃyukta) or dissociated (viprayukta), what is a dharma with such and such a characteristic or without that characteristic. That is why no objection can be made there.”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) refers to the “joining together” (of flowers), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Jasmine born of spring, a mystical flower species, Thus beginning joined together (saṃyukta), an ascending flower garland”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—a (S) saṃyuta a S United or joined; conjoined, annexed, attached; connected generally. 2 Mingled, mixed, blended. 3 Endowed with.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—a United or joined; mingled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—p. p.

1) Joined, connected, united.

2) Blended, mixed, mingled.

3) Accompanied by.

4) Possessed of, endowed with.

5) Consisting of.

6) Devoted, attached to; प्रजापालनसंयुक्तो न रागोपहितेन्द्रियः (prajāpālanasaṃyukto na rāgopahitendriyaḥ) Rām.2.2.44.

7) Related (saṃbandhin); संयुक्त एकदुःखश्च वीर्यवांश्च महीपतिः (saṃyukta ekaduḥkhaśca vīryavāṃśca mahīpatiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5. 151.9.

8) Married to; अक्षमाला वसिष्ठेन संयुक्ताऽधमयोनिजा (akṣamālā vasiṣṭhena saṃyuktā'dhamayonijā) Manusmṛti 9.23.

-tam -ind. Jointly, together.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—mfn.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Joined with, connected, attached. 2. Mixed, blended. 3. Endowed with, possessed of. 4. Accompanied or attended by. 5. Consisting of, (with an inst.) 6. Relating to. E. sam together, yuj to join, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—[adjective] joined, united, married with ([instrumental]); endowed or furnished with ([instrumental] or —°). belonging or relating to (—°).

--- OR ---

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त).—[neuter] the being joined.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃyukta (संयुक्त):—[=saṃ-yukta] [from saṃ-yuj] mfn. conjoined, joined together, combined, united ([plural], ‘all together’), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] conjunct (as consonants), [Pāṇini 6-3, 59 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] connected, related (= sambandhin), [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] married to ([instrumental case]), [Manu-smṛti ix, 23]

5) [v.s. ...] placed, put, fixed in ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] accompanied or attended by, endowed or furnished with, full of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) connected with, relating to, concerning, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) Saṃyuktā (संयुक्ता):—[=saṃ-yuktā] [from saṃ-yukta > saṃ-yuj] f. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त):—[saṃ-yukta] (ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) a. Joined with, mixed; endowed with; possessed of.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃjutta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyukta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyukta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त) [Also spelled sayukt]:—(a) united; joint; mixed, blended; (two or more consonants) combined; —[kuṭūṃba/parivāra] joint family; —[khātā] joint account; hence [] (nf); —[maṃtrimaṃḍala] coalition cabinet; —[rāṣṭra saṃgha] United Nations Organisation; —[vākya] compound sentence; —[sampatti] joint property.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃyukta (ಸಂಯುಕ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] joined, united.

2) [adjective] mixed; blended.

3) [adjective] got; received; obtained.

4) [adjective] related; connected.

5) [adjective] pertaining to a union of states under a central government in which the individual governments retaining their autonomy in some aspects, agree to subordinate their powers to the central government in other aspects; federal.

--- OR ---

Saṃyukta (ಸಂಯುಕ್ತ):—

1) [noun] a man connected with, has connection with, involved in (something).

2) [noun] a product of mixing; a mixture.

3) [noun] (gram.) a verb formed by joining two or more verbs derived from different verbal roots.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyukta in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Saṃyukta (संयुक्त):—adj. combined; united; joined;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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