Mahaushadhi, Mahauṣadhī, Maha-aushadhi, Mahshadhi, Mahṣadhi, Maha-oshadhi: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mahaushadhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mahauṣadhī and Mahṣadhi can be transliterated into English as Mahausadhi or Mahaushadhi or Mahsadhi or Mahshadhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahaushadhi in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 9

Mahauṣadhi (महौषधि):—These are sixty seven in numbers and considered useful for sūta-bandhana and māraṇa etc. karmas (purposes). The names of Mahauṣadhis, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature), are:

  1. Ṛddhī
  2. Śoṣiṇī
  3. Adhoguptā
  4. Śrāvaṇī
  5. Sārivā
  6. Jyotiṣmatī
  7. Tejavatī
  8. Rāsnā
  9. Bākucī
  10. Vimbikā
  11. Viṣāṇikā
  12. Aśvagandhā
  13. Varṣābhū
  14. Śarapuṣpikā
  15. Balā
  16. Atibalā
  17. Nāgabalā
  18. Dantī
  19. Mahābalā
  20. Dravantī
  21. Nīlinī
  22. Śatapuṣpā
  23. Prasāriṇī
  24. Barā
  25. Śatāvarī
  26. Elā
  27. Hapuṣā
  28. Sātalā
  29. Tṛvṛt
  30. Svarṇakṣīrī
  31. Tugā
  32. Pṛthvī
  33. Viśālā
  34. Nāḷikā
  35. Amalī
  36. Indravārūṇi
  37. Kākāhva
  38. Sinduvārā
  39. Ajamodikā
  40. Trāyamāṇā
  41. Asurī
  42. Śaṅkhapuṣpī
  43. Girikarṇikā
  44. Dhātakī
  45. Kadalī
  46. Dūrvā
  47. Amlikā
  48. Kāsamardikā
  49. Jantupādī
  50. Nirguṇḍī
  51. Drākṣā
  52. Nīlotpalā
  53. Śamī
  54. Nālikerī
  55. Kharjūrī
  56. Phalgu
  57. Śiṃśī
  58. Mallikā
  59. Vārṣikī
  60. Śālmalī
  61. Jātī
  62. Grīṣmavarṣā
  63. Yūthikā
  64. Kekicūḍā
  65. Ajagandhā
  66. Lakṣmaṇā
  67. Taruṇī
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahaushadhi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी) is another name for Śuṇṭhī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Zingiber officinale (dried ginger). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī, according to verse 4.33-36 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Mahauṣadhī and Śvetakaṇṭakārī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Mahaushadhi is the name of a herb (oshadhi) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D). Mahaushadhi is a protecting plant that shines during night. It is effective for healing wounds.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees, creepers medicinal and flowering plants (eg., Mahaushadhi) and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Gardens of herbs were specially maintained in big cities. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mahaushadhi, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahaushadhi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahṣadhi (मह्षधि).—f.

1) a very efficacious medicinal plant, a sovereign drug.

2) the Dūrvā grass.

3) Name of various plants ब्राह्मी, श्वेतकण्टकारी, कटुका, अतिविष (brāhmī, śvetakaṇṭakārī, kaṭukā, ativiṣa) &c. °गणः (gaṇaḥ) a collection of great or medicinal herbs:-पृश्निपर्णी श्यामलता भृङ्गराजः शतावरी । गुड्चा सहदेवी च महौषधिगणः स्मृतः (pṛśniparṇī śyāmalatā bhṛṅgarājaḥ śatāvarī | guḍcā sahadevī ca mahauṣadhigaṇaḥ smṛtaḥ) || cf. also सहदेवी तथा व्याघ्री बला चातिबला त्वचा । शङ्खपुष्पी तथा सिंही अष्टमी च सुवर्चला ॥ महौषध्यष्टकं प्रोक्तं (sahadevī tathā vyāghrī balā cātibalā tvacā | śaṅkhapuṣpī tathā siṃhī aṣṭamī ca suvarcalā || mahauṣadhyaṣṭakaṃ proktaṃ)... .

Derivable forms: mahṣadhiḥ (मह्षधिः).

Mahṣadhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and oṣadhi (ओषधि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahauṣadhi (महौषधि).—name of a nāga maid: Kāraṇḍavvūha 4.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadhi (महौषधि).—f.

(-dhiḥ) 1. A sort of grass, commonly Durba. 2. A kind of sensitive plant, (Mimosa pudica.) “lajjāvatī latā” E. mahā large and auṣadhi a deciduous plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadhi (महौषधि).—f. a kind of sensitive plant, Mimosa pudica.

Mahauṣadhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and oṣadhi (ओषधि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahauṣadhi (महौषधि).—[feminine] a very efficacious medicinal plant.

--- OR ---

Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी).—[feminine] a very efficacious medicinal plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahauṣadhi (महौषधि):—[from mahā > mah] f. a great or very efficacious medicinal plant, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also dhī)

2) [v.s. ...] Dūrvā grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Mimosa Pudica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-maid, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

5) Mahauṣadhī (महौषधी):—[from mahauṣadhi > mahā > mah] f. Name of various medicinal plants (such as Hingtsha Repens, Aconitum Ferox etc.), [Suśruta; Pañcarātra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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