Svasti, Su-asti: 16 definitions


Svasti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swasti.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Svasti (स्वस्ति) or Svastika refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Offer [viz., svasti cakes], [...]. Cakes such as the above are either made with granular sugar or made by mixing in ghee or sesamum oil. As before, take them in accordance with the family in question and use them as offerings; if you offer them up as prescribed, you will quickly gain success. [...]”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., svasti cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., svasti]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Svasti (स्वस्ति) refers to “success”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the great Nāga kings said to the Bhagavān]: “[...] Bhagavān, we will not harm beings in Jambudvīpa again. We will guard them as an own son. O Bhagavān, we will guard all beings as authorized by the teachings of the Tathāgata in the last time, in the last age. We will preserve them. We will produce success (svasti), safety and plenty. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Svasti.—(CII 3, 4), welfare; auspicious word used at the beginning of some inscriptions to ensure success of the under- taking; an exclamation used at the commencement of inscrip- tions. Sometimes used as a neuter noun, with astu in the maṅgala at the end of documents. Note: svasti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svasti (स्वस्ति).—ind S A particle of benediction. Ex. rājā tulā svasti asō O king! may it be well with thee!; rāmāya svasti rāvaṇāya svasti! 2 An auspicious particle. 3 A term of sanction or approbation (so be it, amen &c.) 4 Used as s n Welfare, weal, happiness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svasti (स्वस्ति).—and A particle of benediction. n Weal

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति).—f., n. Welfare; समारम्भान्वुभूषेत हतस्वस्तिरकिच्चनः (samārambhānvubhūṣeta hatasvastirakiccanaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.8.6; जितं त आत्मविद्धुर्य स्वस्तये स्वस्तिरस्तु में (jitaṃ ta ātmaviddhurya svastaye svastirastu meṃ) Bhāg. 4.24.33. -ind. A particle meaning 'may it be well with (one)', 'fare-well', 'hail', 'adieu' (with dat.); स्वस्ति तेऽस्त्वान्तरिक्षेभ्यः पार्थिवेभ्यश्च भारत (svasti te'stvāntarikṣebhyaḥ pārthivebhyaśca bhārata) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.37.35; स्वस्ति भवते (svasti bhavate) Ś.2; स्वस्त्यस्तु ते (svastyastu te) R.5.17; it is also used in expressing one's approbation; (often used at the beginning of letters).

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Svasti (स्वस्ति).—see s. v.

Svasti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and asti (अस्ति). See also (synonyms): svastika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति).—(nt. ? compare Sanskrit svastika), a (gold) ornament, presumably in the shape of a svastika: (tad yathā…) suvarṇaṃ (so read with v.l. for °ṇa-) kaṭaka-rucaka- svasty-ādi-pariṇāmena pariṇāmyamānaṃ…Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 159.8 (prose), just as gold, in being altered by change into a bracelet, necklace, svasti(ka), or the like…

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति).—Ind. 1. A particle of benediction. 2. An auspicious particle. 3. A term of sanction or approbation, meaning “so be it,” “may it be well with you”, “amen,” “hail”, “adieu”, &c., (used with a dative.) E. su well, asv to be, aff. ktic or ti .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति).—i. e. su- 1. as + ti, I. f. Welfare, blessing, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 102, 12 = [Rigveda.] vii. 14, 3. Ii. indecl. 1. A particle of benediction, bliss, hail! happiness, in the sense of a nomin., Chr. 36, 16; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 87, 19; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 51, 37; or acc., [Nala] 12, 120. 2. A term of sanction or approbation, so be it!

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति).—[feminine] welfare, blessing, happiness; the same form as [adverb] with luck, happily (also svastibhis), as subst. [neuter] = [feminine], svastyastu te hail to thee!

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svasti (स्वस्ति):—[=sv-asti] n. f. ([nominative case] svasti, tis; [accusative] svasti, tim; [instrumental case] svasti, tyā; [dative case] svastaye; [locative case] svastau; [instrumental case] svastibhis; also personified as a goddess, and sometimes as Kalā cf. svasti-devī), well-being, fortune, luck, success, prosperity, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ind. well, happily, successfully (also = ‘may it be well with thee! hail! health! adieu! be it!’ a term of salutation [especially] in the beginning of letters or of sanction or approbation), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) Svastī (स्वस्ती):—[from sv-asti] ind. (with √as = svasti), [Siddhānta-kaumudī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति):—interj. (Be it well,) a particle of benediction, approbation, or auspiciousness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svasti (स्वस्ति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sotthi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svasti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svasti (स्वस्ति) [Also spelled swasti]:—(int) (a word of benediction) May you be happy !; (nf) well-being, prosperity; ~[pāṭha]/chanting of benedictory mantra; ~[vācana] bendictory words.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svasti (ಸ್ವಸ್ತಿ):—[noun] (a term denoting or wishing) well-being, fortune, luck, success, property, etc.

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Svāsti (ಸ್ವಾಸ್ತಿ):—[noun] = ಸ್ವಾಸ್ಥೆ [svasthe].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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