Tejas; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tejas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

tejas (Splendour) absolute sovereignity, defined as the power to defeat all others and Total self sufficiency the Lord is complete in Himself and needs nothing outside of Himself.

(Source): SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pāñcarātra book cover
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Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Tejas (तेजस्, “brightness”) is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Purāṇa

Tejas (तेजस्).—The son of Sumati, who was the son of Bharata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Bharata was the son of Ṛṣabha whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Tejas had a son named Indradyumna.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaiśeṣika (school of philosophy)

Tejas (तेजस्, “fire”) is one of the nine dravyas (‘substances’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These dravyas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings. Tejas is also regarded as one of the five bhūtas (‘elements’) possessing a specific quality making it cognizable.

(Source): Wikipedia: Vaisheshika
Vaiśeṣika book cover
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Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक, vaisheshika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (āstika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upaniṣads. Vaiśeṣika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similair to Buddhism in nature

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Tejas (तेजस्, “spirit”) refers to one of the eight aspects of the male’s sattva, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These sattvas form the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama and are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “that one does not tolerate even at the risk of one’s life, any reproach or insult made by others, is called ‘spirit’ (tejas)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Tejas (तेजस्) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Vīrāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The vīra-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Tejas in turn transmitted the Vīrāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Prajāpati who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Vīrāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Tejas (तेजस्) is regarded by Schrader1 as having in the Rigveda the specific sense of ‘axe’. But in all the passages the sense of the ‘bolt’ of the god is adequate.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Tejas (तेजस्, “fiery”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 38). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tejas). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Tejas (“fire”) also refers to one of the “five great elements” (mahābhūta) as well as one of the “six elements” (ṣaḍdhātu), defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 39 and 58 respectively).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Tejas (तेजस्, “fire”) or Agni refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., jala.

What is the meaning of fire (tejas)? The crust of the fire having heat and light as its own nature but no consciousness is called fire. What is meant by fire-bodied living beings? These are the living beings that have fire as their body. How many types of fire are there? There are four types of fire namely fire, fire-bodied, life in fire body and life tending towards a fire body.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Relevant definitions

Search found 128 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Teja
tēja (तेज).—n Light, lustre, splendour, brilliancy. Heat, esp. fervid or fierce heat (of the su...
Tejobhanga
Tejobhaṅga (तेजोभङ्ग).—1) disgrace, destruction of dignity. 2) depression, discouragement. Deri...
Tejaskaya
Tejaskāya (तेजस्काय) refers to “fire-embodied life forms” and is one of the five types of ‘immo...
Tejobhira
Tejobhīra (तेजोभीर).—f. shadow. Derivable forms: tejobhīraḥ (तेजोभीरः).Tejobhīra is a Sanskrit ...
Mamsatejas
Māṃsatejas (मांसतेजस्).—n. fat, adeps. Māṃsatejas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Brahmatejas
Brahmatejas (ब्रह्मतेजस्).—n. 1) the glory of Brahman. 2) Brahmanic lustre, the lustre or glory...
Tejorupa
Tejorūpa (तेजोरूप).—1) the Supreme Spirit, Brahman. 2) the nature of light. Derivable forms: te...
Aharatejas
Āhāratejas (आहारतेजस्).—Quicksilver. Āhāratejas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Tejomatra
Tejomātrā (तेजोमात्रा).—sense-organ; स एतास्तेजोमात्राः समभ्याददानो हृदयमेवान्ववक्रामति (sa etā...
Nistejas
Nistejas (निस्तेजस्).—a. destitute of fire, heat or energy, powerless, impotent; न भेतव्यं भृशं...
Tejomurti
Tejomūrti (तेजोमूर्ति).—the sun; Ms.3.93. Derivable forms: tejomūrtiḥ (तेजोमूर्तिः).Tejomūrti i...
Tejastattva
Tejastattva (तेजस्तत्त्व, “fire”):—One of the Thirty-six Tattvas, according to Śaiva d...
Annatejas
Annatejas (अन्नतेजस्).—a. having the vigour caused by food. Annatejas is a Sanskrit compound co...
Sutejas
Sutejas (सुतेजस्).—a. 1) very sharp. 2) very bright, or splendid. 3) very mighty. (-m.) a worsh...
Rasatejas
Rasatejas (रसतेजस्).—n. blood. Rasatejas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rasa an...

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