Tejas; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tejas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

tejas (Splendour) absolute sovereignity, defined as the power to defeat all others and Total self sufficiency the Lord is complete in Himself and needs nothing outside of Himself.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Tejas (तेजस्, “brightness”) is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Tejas (तेजस्).—The son of Sumati, who was the son of Bharata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Bharata was the son of Ṛṣabha whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Tejas had a son named Indradyumna.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Tejas (तेजस्, “fire”) is one of the nine dravyas (‘substances’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These dravyas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings. Tejas is also regarded as one of the five bhūtas (‘elements’) possessing a specific quality making it cognizable.

Source: Wikipedia: Vaisheshika

Tejas (तेजस्, “light”) refers to one of the nine substances (dravya) according to the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika school of philosophy (cf. Vaiśeṣikasūtra 1.1.5, Saptapadārthī, Tarkabhāṣā and Bhāṣāpariccheda). Tejas is the third dravya. Annaṃbhaṭṭa defines tejas as that which has hot touch. Praśastapāda states in his bhāṣya that there are colour, touch, number, magnitude, distinctness, conjunction, disjunction, remoteness, proximity, fluidity and velocity in tejas. It has also bright-white colour and hot touch. Śivāditya, in his Saptapadārthī and Viśvanātha in his, Bhāṣāpariccheda, discuss tejas in the same way. Kaṇāda also describes tejas as “tejo rūpa-sparśavat. Tejas uṣṇata”. That means tejas possesses colour and touch. The touch of it is hot.

The definition of tejas is not over pervasive to hot water because there heat is due to the tejas. Tejas is mainly divided into two types–eternal and noneternal. The atoms of tejas are nitya and products of tejas are anitya. Tejas is again of three types–śarīra (body), indriya (sense-organ) and viṣaya (object). The bodies of dwellers of solar region are made of fiery. The sense-organ is the eye which is located in the forepart of the black pupil. Fiery objects are of four types, viz. (i) bhauma (earthy), (ii) divya (heavenly), (iii) audarya (gastric) and (iv) ākaraja (mineral).

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)
Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Tejas (तेजस्, “spirit”) refers to one of the eight aspects of the male’s sattva, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These sattvas form the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama and are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “that one does not tolerate even at the risk of one’s life, any reproach or insult made by others, is called ‘spirit’ (tejas)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Tejas (तेजस्) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Vīrāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The vīra-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Tejas in turn transmitted the Vīrāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Prajāpati who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Vīrāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Tejas (तेजस्) is regarded by Schrader1 as having in the Rigveda the specific sense of ‘axe’. But in all the passages the sense of the ‘bolt’ of the god is adequate.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Tejas (तेजस्) refers to the element “fire”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “some say that the fire element (tejas) is the greatest. Why? Because it has no odor (gandha) or taste (rasa) and because if water greatly overflows its banks, fire can destroy it. The power of fire (tejas) is so great that it can burn the ten thousand things and illuminate all the shadows (andhakāra). From that, we know that fire is very great. This is why the Buddha says here that the Bodhisattva who wishes to extinguish the great fire by his breath (mukhavāta) should practice the perfection of wisdom.”.

By cultivating the Prajñāpāramitā, this great earth (mahāpṛthivī) is reduced to its subtle atoms (paramāṇu). Because the earth element (pṛthivī) possesses color (rūpa), odor (gandha), taste (rasa) and touch (spraṣṭavya), it is heavy (guru) and does not have activity (kriyā) on its own.—Because the water (ap-) element has no taste (rasa), it is superior to earth by means of its movement (calana).—Because the fire (tejas) element has neither odor (gandha) nor taste (rasa), it is superior to water (ap) in its power (prabhāva).—Because the wind (vāyu) element is neither visible (rūpa) nor has it any taste (rasa) or touch (spraṣṭavya), it is superior to fire by means of its movement (īraṇa).—The mind (citta) which has none of these four things [color, taste, smell and touch] has a still greater power.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Tejas (तेजस्, “fiery”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 38). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tejas). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Tejas (“fire”) also refers to one of the “five great elements” (mahābhūta) as well as one of the “six elements” (ṣaḍdhātu), defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 39 and 58 respectively).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Tejas (तेजस्, “fire”) or Agni refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., jala.

What is the meaning of fire (tejas)? The crust of the fire having heat and light as its own nature but no consciousness is called fire. What is meant by fire-bodied living beings? These are the living beings that have fire as their body. How many types of fire are there? There are four types of fire namely fire, fire-bodied, life in fire body and life tending towards a fire body.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tejas (तेजस्).—n. [tij-bhāve karuṇādai asun]

1) Sharpness.

2) The sharp edge (of a knife &c.).

3) The point or top of a flame.

4) Heat, glow. glare.

5) Lustre, light, brilliance, splendour; दिनान्ते निहितं तेजः (dinānte nihitaṃ tejaḥ) R.4.1; तेजश्चास्मि विभावसौ (tejaścāsmi vibhāvasau) Bg.7.9,1.

6) Heat or light considered as the third of the five elements of creation (the other four being pṛthivī, ap, vāyu and ākāśa).

7) The bright appearance of the human body, beauty; अरिष्टशय्यां परितो विसारिणा सुजन्मनस्तस्य निजेन तेजसा (ariṣṭaśayyāṃ parito visāriṇā sujanmanastasya nijena tejasā) R.3.15.

8) Fire of energy; शतप्रधानेषु तपोधनेषु गूढं हि दाहात्मकमस्ति तेजः (śatapradhāneṣu tapodhaneṣu gūḍhaṃ hi dāhātmakamasti tejaḥ) Ś. 2.7; U.6.14.

9) Might, prowess, strength, courage, valour; martial or heroic lustre; तेजस्तेजसि शाम्यतु (tejastejasi śāmyatu) U. 5.7; Ś.7.15.

1) One possessed of heroic lustre; तेजसां हि न वयः समीक्ष्यते (tejasāṃ hi na vayaḥ samīkṣyate) R.11.1; Pt.1.328;3.33.

11) Spirit, energy.

12) Strength of character, not bearing insult or ill-treatment with impunity.

13) Majestic lustre, majesty, dignity, authority, consequence; तेजोविशेषानुमितां (tejoviśeṣānumitāṃ) (rājalakṣmīṃ) दधानः (dadhānaḥ) R.2.7.

14) Semen, seed, semen virile; स्याद्रक्षणीयं यदि मे न तेजः (syādrakṣaṇīyaṃ yadi me na tejaḥ) R.14.65; 2.75; दुष्यन्तेनाहितं तेजो दधानां भूतये भुवः (duṣyantenāhitaṃ tejo dadhānāṃ bhūtaye bhuvaḥ) Ś.4.3.

15) The essential nature of anything.

16) Essence, quintessence.

17) Spiritual, moral, or magical power.

18) Fire; यज्ञसेनस्य दुहिता तेज एव तु केवलम् (yajñasenasya duhitā teja eva tu kevalam) Mb.3.239.9.

19) Marrow.

2) Bile.

21) The speed of a horse.

22) Fresh butter.

23) Gold.

24) Clearness of the eyes.

25) A shining or luminous body, light; ऋते कृशानोर्न हि मन्त्रपूतमर्हन्ति तेजांस्यपराणि हव्यम् (ṛte kṛśānorna hi mantrapūtamarhanti tejāṃsyaparāṇi havyam) Ku.1.51; Ś.4.2.

26) The heating and strengthening faculty of the human frame seated in the bile (pitta).

27) The brain.

28) Violence, fierceness.

29) Impatience.

3) Anger; मित्रैः सह विरोधं च प्राप्नुते तेजसा वृतः (mitraiḥ saha virodhaṃ ca prāpnute tejasā vṛtaḥ) Md.3.28.18.

31) The sun; उपप्लवांस्तथा घोरान् शशिनस्तेजसस्तथा (upaplavāṃstathā ghorān śaśinastejasastathā) Mb.12. 31.36.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 154 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Agnitejas
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