Asat; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Asat means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Asat (असत्) refers to “wrong knowledge”. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.32, “Owing to lack of discrimination between the real and the unreal, wrong knowledge is whimsical as that of a lunatic”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Asat, (Asanto) (a + sat, ppr. of asti) not being, not being good, i.e. bad, not genuine (cp. asa); freq. , e.g. Sn. 94, 131, 881, 950; Dh. 73, 77, 367; It. 69 (asanto nirayaṃ nenti). See also asaddhamma. *Asati (& Asanāti q. v.) (Sk. aśnāti, to partake of, to eat or drink cp. aṃśa share, part) to eat; imper. asnātu J V 376; fut. asissāmi Th. 1, 223; Sn. 970.—ppr. med. asamāna J. V, 59; Sn. 239. ger. asitvā Miln. 167; & asitvāna J. IV, 371 (an°). pp. asita (q. v.). See also the spurious forms asmiye & añhati (añhamāna Sn. 240), also āsita1. (Page 87)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

asat (असत्).—a (S) Untrue, unreal, false; not actual, just, genuine &c. 2 Bad, wicked, wrong. In comp. as asanmitra A false friend; asadvidyā Wicked science, i. e. necromancy; asanmārga An evil course or way; asadvyāpāra or asadvyavahāra Bad, foolish, wrong practices or proceedings; asadbhāva An evil disposition; asatkarma,asatpatha, asatputra, asatsaṃsarga, asadvicāra asadācāra, asadvṛtti.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asat (असत्).—a False; bad; not just.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asat (असत्).—a.

1) Not being or existing; तदभावे सदप्यसत् (tadabhāve sadapyasat) H.3.3; असति त्वयि (asati tvayi) Ku.4.12; Ms.9.154.

2) Nonexistent, unreal; आत्मनो ब्रह्मणोऽभेदमसन्तं कः करिष्यति (ātmano brahmaṇo'bhedamasantaṃ kaḥ kariṣyati).

3) Bad (opp. sat); सदसद्व्यक्तिहेतवः (sadasadvyaktihetavaḥ) R.1.1.

4) Wicked, vile, evil; °विचार (vicāra).

5) Not manifest.

6) Wrong, improper, false, untrue; इति यदुक्तं तदसत् (iti yaduktaṃ tadasat) (oft. occurring in controversial works).

7) Not answering its purpose. m (n) Indra. n. (t)

1) Non-existence, non-entity; नासदासीन्नो सदासीत् (nāsadāsīnno sadāsīt) Rv.1.129.1; असद्वा इदमग्र आसीत् ततो वै सदजायत (asadvā idamagra āsīt tato vai sadajāyata) Tait. Up.2.7.1; नासतो विद्यते भावः (nāsato vidyate bhāvaḥ) Bg.2.16. Ms.12.118;1.11,14,74.

2) An evil, a harm.

3) Untruth, falsehood.

-tī An unchaste woman; असती भवति सलज्जा (asatī bhavati salajjā) Pt.1.418.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asat (असत्).—mfn. (-san-satī-sat) 1. Non-existent, not being. 2. Untrue, unreal. 3. Bad, vile. E. a neg. and sat being, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 34 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Asadacara
Asadācāra (असदाचार).—a. following evil practices, wicked. -raḥ an evil practice. Asadācāra is a...
Asajjana
Asajjana (असज्जन).—a bad, wicked, or contemptible man. Derivable forms: asajjanaḥ (असज्जनः).Asa...
Asadvyavahara
Asadvyavahāra (असद्व्यवहार).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Following evil practices. m. (-raḥ) Evil practi...
Asatsamsarga
Asatsaṃsarga (असत्संसर्ग).—m. (-rgaḥ) Evil company. E. asat wicked, and saṃsarga association.
Asacchastra
Asacchāstra (असच्छास्त्र).—n. (-straṃ) Heretical or heterodox doctrine. E. asat untrue, śāstra ...
Asadadhyetri
Asadadhyetṛ (असदध्येतृ).—m. (-tā) A heterodox student. E. asat untrue, bad, adhi before iṅ to g...
Asatputra
Asatputra (असत्पुत्र).—m. (-traḥ) 1. A childless man. 2. A wicked or disreputable son. E. asat ...
Asadvritti
Asadvṛtti (असद्वृत्ति).—f. (-ttiḥ) 1. Low or degrading occupation or profession. 2. Wickedness....
Asatparigraha
Asatparigraha (असत्परिग्रह).—m. (-haḥ) Receiving unfit presents, or from improper persons. E. a...
Asadacarin
Asadācārin (असदाचारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) Wicked, vile, one who follows bad or heterodox prac...
Asadagama
Asadāgama (असदागम).—1) a heterodox Śāstra or doctrine. 2) acquisition (of wealth) by unfair or ...
Asadbhava
Asadbhāva (असद्भाव).—1) non-existence, absence. 2) a bad or wicked opinion. 3) an evil disposit...
Asatkhyati
Asatkhyāti (असत्ख्याति).—f. wrong or improper perception or knowledge; आत्मख्याति रसख्यातिरख्या...
Asatpatha
Asatpatha (असत्पथ).—1) a bad road (lit.) 2) evil practices or doctrines; नाशो हन्त सतामसत्पथजुष...
Asatpratigraha
Asatpratigraha (असत्प्रतिग्रह).—1) present of bad things; Ms.11.194. 2) receiving unfit present...

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