Asat; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Asat means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Asat (असत्) refers to “wrong knowledge”. according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.32, “Owing to lack of discrimination between the real and the unreal, wrong knowledge is whimsical as that of a lunatic”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Asat, (Asanto) (a + sat, ppr. of asti) not being, not being good, i.e. bad, not genuine (cp. asa); freq. , e.g. Sn. 94, 131, 881, 950; Dh. 73, 77, 367; It. 69 (asanto nirayaṃ nenti). See also asaddhamma. *Asati (& Asanāti q. v.) (Sk. aśnāti, to partake of, to eat or drink cp. aṃśa share, part) to eat; imper. asnātu J V 376; fut. asissāmi Th. 1, 223; Sn. 970.—ppr. med. asamāna J. V, 59; Sn. 239. ger. asitvā Miln. 167; & asitvāna J. IV, 371 (an°). pp. asita (q. v.). See also the spurious forms asmiye & añhati (añhamāna Sn. 240), also āsita1. (Page 87)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

asat (असत्).—a (S) Untrue, unreal, false; not actual, just, genuine &c. 2 Bad, wicked, wrong. In comp. as asanmitra A false friend; asadvidyā Wicked science, i. e. necromancy; asanmārga An evil course or way; asadvyāpāra or asadvyavahāra Bad, foolish, wrong practices or proceedings; asadbhāva An evil disposition; asatkarma,asatpatha, asatputra, asatsaṃsarga, asadvicāra asadācāra, asadvṛtti.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asat (असत्).—a False; bad; not just.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asat (असत्).—a.

1) Not being or existing; तदभावे सदप्यसत् (tadabhāve sadapyasat) H.3.3; असति त्वयि (asati tvayi) Ku.4.12; Ms.9.154.

2) Nonexistent, unreal; आत्मनो ब्रह्मणोऽभेदमसन्तं कः करिष्यति (ātmano brahmaṇo'bhedamasantaṃ kaḥ kariṣyati).

3) Bad (opp. sat); सदसद्व्यक्तिहेतवः (sadasadvyaktihetavaḥ) R.1.1.

4) Wicked, vile, evil; °विचार (vicāra).

5) Not manifest.

6) Wrong, improper, false, untrue; इति यदुक्तं तदसत् (iti yaduktaṃ tadasat) (oft. occurring in controversial works).

7) Not answering its purpose. m (n) Indra. n. (t)

1) Non-existence, non-entity; नासदासीन्नो सदासीत् (nāsadāsīnno sadāsīt) Rv.1.129.1; असद्वा इदमग्र आसीत् ततो वै सदजायत (asadvā idamagra āsīt tato vai sadajāyata) Tait. Up.2.7.1; नासतो विद्यते भावः (nāsato vidyate bhāvaḥ) Bg.2.16. Ms.12.118;1.11,14,74.

2) An evil, a harm.

3) Untruth, falsehood.

-tī An unchaste woman; असती भवति सलज्जा (asatī bhavati salajjā) Pt.1.418.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 29 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Asadacara
Asadācāra (असदाचार).—a. following evil practices, wicked. -raḥ an evil practice. Asadācāra is a...
Asajjana
Asajjana (असज्जन).—a bad, wicked, or contemptible man. Derivable forms: asajjanaḥ (असज्जनः).Asa...
Asadvyavahara
Asadvyavahāra (असद्व्यवहार).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Following evil practices. m. (-raḥ) Evil practi...
Asatkarman
Asatkarman (असत्कर्मन्).—a. Of bad conduct, wicked. n. (-rma)1) A bad action (prohibited by the...
Asatpatha
Asatpatha (असत्पथ).—1) a bad road (lit.) 2) evil practices or doctrines; नाशो हन्त सतामसत्पथजुष...
Asadbhava
Asadbhāva (असद्भाव).—1) non-existence, absence. 2) a bad or wicked opinion. 3) an evil disposit...
Asatpratigraha
Asatpratigraha (असत्प्रतिग्रह).—1) present of bad things; Ms.11.194. 2) receiving unfit present...
Asatkalpana
Asatkalpanā (असत्कल्पना).—1) an untrue action, one which never took place. 2) fabrication of fa...
Asadvritti
Asadvṛtti (असद्वृत्ति).—a. following evil practices, wicked. -ttiḥ f.) Asadvṛtti is a Sanskrit ...
Asadagama
Asadāgama (असदागम).—1) a heterodox Śāstra or doctrine. 2) acquisition (of wealth) by unfair or ...
Asacchastra
Asacchāstra (असच्छास्त्र).—1) a wrong doctrine. 2) a heterodox doctrine (such as that of the Ba...
Asadvadin
Asadvādin (असद्वादिन्).—a. one who says that a matter (or idea) is non-existent, who negatives ...
Asaccheshtita
Asaccheṣṭita (असच्छेष्टित).—harm, injury; प्राणिष्वसच्चेष्टितम् (prāṇiṣvasacceṣṭitam) Ś.5.9. De...
Asatparigraha
Asatparigraha (असत्परिग्रह).—acceptance of unfit presents, receiving presents from improper per...
Asadacarin
Asadācārin (असदाचारिन्).—a. one who follows evil practices, wicked, vile. Asadācārin is a Sansk...

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