Activity: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Activity means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: INSA Digital Repository: Caraka’s Approach to Knowledge

Activity (Sanskrit: karma) refers to one of the various Padarthas (categories of all that exists) which were adapted by Caraka in his Charakasamhita.—Vaisheshika was an ancient system dating back to the time of the Buddha and drew within its fold ‘physics, metaphysics, and logical discussions skillfully dovetailed’ (Cf. Charaka Samhita verse 11.44-56).—[...] The primary classification of Padarthas into substance, quality, activity (karma), generality, particularity and inherence was adopted by Charaka without changes. But other adoptions from Vaisheshika were qualified.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Activity in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Activity can be denoted by the Sanskrit terms Ceṣṭita, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise which deals absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—The Amanaska referred to (or qualified) Samādhi with several terms, which are all negative; [e.g., it is devoid of all activity (niḥśeṣāśeṣa-ceṣṭita);] [...] The fact that such terminology is found in the Amanaska indicates that descriptions of Śiva and the void-like meditative states in Mantramargic Śaivism, were the basis of the descriptions of Samādhi and Paratattva (the highest reality) in this treatise. The Amanaska Yoga was consistent with the Pātañjala Yogaśāstra’s definition of Yoga, yet it described Samādhi in terms different to those of Pātañjalayoga; such as “that which is devoid of all activity (niḥśeṣāśeṣa-ceṣṭita)”.

2) Activity (of the mind) is denoted by the Sanskrit term Vyāpāra, according to Rājānaka Alaka’s commentary on the 9th-century Haravijaya by Rājānaka Ratnākara.—Accordingly, “[This] state of yoga is without discursive cognition, that is, without the activity of the mind (manas-vyāpāra) whose nature is discursive thought. [That is to say, it is] without mind”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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