Narada, aka: Nārada, Nāradā; 15 Definition(s)
Narada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Nārada (नारद).—The beloved tenth son of Brahmā, born of his lap; one of the twelve, who knew the dharma ordained by Hari; a celibate; an attendant of Hari; was taught the bhāgavata by the father; and he gave it in his turn to Vyāsa; guru of Viśoka (s.v.) author of sātvatatantra; worshipped Nārāyaṇa in Bhāratavarṣa by following the course of Sānkhya and yoga; did not comprehend Hari's māyā; faith in Kriyayoga which he expounded; in previous births, he was a Gandharva by name Upabarhaṇa and a son of a dāsi.1 A devaṛṣi holding the vīṇā in his hand; called on Vyāsa and complimented him on having produced the bhārata and asked him why he looked uneasy; when he admitted his inability to explain the cause, the sage treated him to a discourse on devotion to Hari and incidentally gave an account of his own past; how in a previous birth he was a son of a servant-maid in the service of seers and Brahmanas, how he was brought up by the latter with affection, how their association helped him to cultivate devotion to Lord, how after their departure he wandered aimlessly with his mother who soon died, how he was sitting in the forest meditating on the Lord when He appeared in his mind; in a later Kalpa he was born of Brahmā as Nārada;2 advised Haryaśvās on the path of ‘not returning’ (anivartana) which they adopted; with his mind set on Īśvara-Brahman he advised again their brothers Śabalāśvās in the same way and they followed it too; for so advising his sons, he was cursed by Dakṣa to be always a wanderer with no settled home;3 accompanied Angiras to the court of Citraketu lamenting his child's death; instructed him in mantropaniṣad to realise the presence of Sankarṣaṇa; showed the king and his relations the jīva of the dead child but pointing how the ātman alone is eternal; the text of the vidyā imparted to Citraketu; went back to Angiras in Brahmaloka; could not find fault with Hara for violating Brahmaloka dharma; told Śuka the story of Citraketu; could not comprehend the Great Being;4 could not comprehend Hari's māyā;5 cursed Nalakūbera and Maṇigrīva, sons of Kubera, for their intoxicated pride; his view on the merits of poverty as contrasted with wealth; went to Nara-Nārāyaṇa's abode after cursing Kubera's sons.6
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 32-33; II. 9. 40-44; III. 12. 22-3; IV. 8. 15; 13. 3-4; V. 19. 10-15; VI. 3. 20; 4. 39; VII. 1. 5; 11. 3; 15. 69-73; X. 1. 61 , 64; 39. 54; 90. 34 ; XI. 27. 2; XII. 4. 41; 13. 19; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 130; 65. 135, 142; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 111; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 5-11; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 139, 146-50, 156.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. chh. 5 and 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 3.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 5 (whole); Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 67; 15. 3.
- 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 14. 9-61; chh. 15, 16 and 17.
- 5) Ib. IX. 4. 57.
- 6) Ib. X. 9. 23; 10. 8-18, 23.
1b) A Mauneya Gandharva presiding over the month of Mādhava.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 86; 69. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 5.
1c) A mountain on the base of Meru.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 77.
1d) A mountain in Plakṣadvīpa; a citadel in itself; Here were born Nārada and Parvata.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7.
1e) A mountain that entered the sea for fear of Indra; of Śākadvīpa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 121. 74; 122. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 74.
1f) An author on architecture.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 2.
- 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 85; 86. 48; 94. 19; 105. 2; 108. 1 and 41; 110. 1 and 61. 111. 23, 38 and 57; 112. 27.
- 2) Ib. 70. 79.
1h) A son of Prajāpati.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 64.
2) Nāradā (नारदा).—A śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 91.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Nārada (नारद):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Nārada (नारद) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Itihasa (narrative history)
Nārada (नारद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.48.8, I.53, I.59.43, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nārada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Nārada (नारद).—An authoritative writer on Smṛti, who is supposed to have flourished between 100 and 300 A.D. His work on Vyavahāra exists in two versions, one longer and the other shorter. Date uncertain. Appears to have been later than Yājñavalkya. To a Nārada is ascribed also the works on music called Saṅgītamakaranda, Nāradaśikṣā, Pañcamasārasaṃhitā and Rāganirūpaṇa.(Source): Google Books: A Companion to Sanskrit Literature
Narada is one of the Manasaputra's (wish-born-sons) of Brahma. He has taken a vow of celibacy and wanders around, spreading the divine name of Vishnu everywhere. He is fond of mischief, and appears in many stories, starting conflict by spreading rumors.
He is one of the greatest devotees of Vishnu. He had believed himself to be above Maya (illusion), but was once tricked by Vishnu in his incarnation as Krishna, into entering married life and having a large family. (Of course all this was merely an illusion, created by Krishna, to teach Narada that no one is above Maya.)
He is always depicted as carrying a Tampura (a stringed instrument) in his hands, with a garland of flowers about his neck and the divine name of Vishnu "Om Namo Naraayana" on his lips.(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Nārada (नारद): Narada is the Hindu divine sage, who is an enduring chanter of the names Hari and Narayana which other names for Vishnu, considered to be the supreme God by Vaishnavites and many other Hindus. He is regarded the Manasputra of Brahma as he was born of his thoughts. He is regarded as the Triloka sanchaari, the ultimate nomad, who roams the three lokas of Swargaloka, Mrityuloka and Patalloka to find out about the life and welfare of people.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Nārada (नारद) is first of all known to us in the medical context as a participant of the meeting of Great Seers, which came together in the Himālayas in order to find a solution for the problem of multiplying diseases creating impediments to all kinds of activities of living beings. A description of this event is found in the first chapter of Caraka-saṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna 1.6ff).(Source): Academia.edu: The Nepalese version of the Suśrutasaṃhitā
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Narada Buddha
The ninth of the twenty four Buddhas,he was born in the Dhananjaya park at Dhannavati, his father being king Sudeva and his mother Anoma. For nine thousand years he lived as a layman in three palaces: Jita, Vijjta and Abhirama (BuA. calls them Vijita, Vijitavi and Jitabhirama). His wife was Jitasena (v.l. Vijitasena), and his son Nanduttara. He made his Renunciation on foot accompanied by his retinue. He practised austerities for only seven days, then, having accepted a meal of milk rice from his wife, he sat at the foot of a mahasona tree, on grass given by the parkkeeper Sudassana. His first sermon was preached in the Dhananjaya Park. His body was eighty eight cubits high, and his aura always spread round him to a distance of one league. He died at the age of ninety thousand years in Sudassana, and his thupa was four leagues high. Bhaddasala and Jjtamitta were his chief monks and Uttara and Phagguna his chief nuns. Vasettha was his personal attendant, and chief among his patrons were Uggarinda and Vasabha, and Indavari and Candi. Among his converts were the Naga kings Mahadona and Veracona.
The Bodhisatta was a Jatila in Himava, and the Buddha, with his followers, visited his hermitage, where they were fed for seven days and received gifts of red sandalwood. Bu.x.1ff.; BuA.151ff.; J.i.35f.2. Narada
The personal attendant of Sujata Buddha. Bu.xiii.25.3. Narada
A Brahmin in the time of Padumuttara Buddha, who praised the Buddha in three stanzas. He was a former birth of Nagita (or Atthasandassaka) Thera. ThagA.i.180; Ap.i.168.4. Narada
A brahmin in the time of Atthadassi Buddha, a former birth of Pavittha (or Ekadamsaniya) Thera. He was also called Kesava. ThagA.i.185; Ap.i.168f.5. Narada
Minister of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. He was entrusted with escorting the ascetic Kesava, when lie fell ill, to Kappas hermitage in Himava. Narada is identified with Sariputta. For details see the Kesava Jataka. J.iii.143ff., 362; DhA.i.344.6. Narada
A sage, younger brother of Kaladevala and pupil of Jotipala (Sarabhanga). He lived in the Majjhimapadesa in Aranjaragiri. He became enamoured of a courtesan, and was saved only through the intervention of Sarabhanga. For details see the Indriya Jataka. J.iii.463ff.; v.133f.7. Narada
An ascetic, son of the ascetic Kassapa. He was tempted by a maiden fleeing from brigands, but his father came to his rescue. For details see the Culla Narada Jataka. J.iv.220ff.8. Narada
King of Mithila, seventh in direct descent from Sadhina. He is identified with Ananda. For details see the Sadhina Jataka. J.iv.355ff.9. Narada
A brahmin sage, called a devabrahmana, and Naradadeva.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)
Nārada (नारद) is the name of a gandharva god according to both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara traditions. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.
The deities such as Nārada are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Narada, (nt.) (Sk. nalada, Gr. naρdos, of Semitic origin, cp. Hebr. nīrd) nard, ointment J. VI, 537. (Page 347)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
naraḍa (नरड).—m A destructive disorder incidental to horned cattle.
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narada (नरद).—f ( P) A counter, a chessman, a man at draughts and similar games.
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nārada (नारद).—m (S) or nāradamuni m (S) Narad, the son of Brahma, and one of the ten original Muni or Rishi. He delighted in exciting quarrels. Hence An incendiary, embroiler, make-bate.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
narada (नरद).—f A counter, a chessman, a man at draughts and similar games.
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nārada (नारद) [or nāradamunī, or नारदमुनी].—m Narad the son of Brahma and one of the ten original Munis or Rishis. He delighted in exciting quarrels. Hence, an incen- diary, embroiler.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Nārada (नारद).—[narasya dharmo nāraṃ, tat dadāti dā-ka] Name of a celebrated Devarṣi (deified saint or divine sage). [He is one of the ten mind-born sons of Brahmā, being supposed to have sprung from his thigh (Ms.1. 35). He is represented as a messenger from the gods to men and vice versa and as being very fond of promoting discords among gods and men; hence his epithet of Kalipriya. He is said to have been the inventor of the lute or Vīṇā. He is also the author of a code of laws which goes by his name.]
Derivable forms: nāradaḥ (नारदः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 96 books and stories containing Narada, Nārada or Nāradā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A Manual of Abhidhamma (by Nārada Thera)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 5 - Narada Muni Cursed by Prajapati Daksa < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
Chapter 69 - Narada Muni Visits Lord Krishna’s Palaces in Dvaraka < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 10 - Deliverance of the Yamala-arjuna Trees < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)