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Narada, aka: Nārada, Nāradā; 8 Definition(s)


Narada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Nārada (नारद):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

about this context:

Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śāka literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Nārada (नारद) is first of all known to us in the medical context as a participant of the meeting of Great Seers, which came together in the Himālayas in order to find a solution for the problem of multiplying diseases creating impediments to all kinds of activities of living beings. A description of this event is found in the first chapter of Caraka-saṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna 1.6ff).

Source: Academia.edu: The Nepalese version of the Suśrutasaṃhitā

Nārada (नारद): Narada is the Hindu divine sage, who is an enduring chanter of the names Hari and Narayana which other names for Vishnu, considered to be the supreme God by Vaishnavites and many other Hindus. He is regarded the Manasputra of Brahma as he was born of his thoughts. He is regarded as the Triloka sanchaari, the ultimate nomad, who roams the three lokas of Swargaloka, Mrityuloka and Patalloka to find out about the life and welfare of people.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Narada is one of the Manasaputra's (wish-born-sons) of Brahma. He has taken a vow of celibacy and wanders around, spreading the divine name of Vishnu everywhere. He is fond of mischief, and appears in many stories, starting conflict by spreading rumors.

He is one of the greatest devotees of Vishnu. He had believed himself to be above Maya (illusion), but was once tricked by Vishnu in his incarnation as Krishna, into entering married life and having a large family. (Of course all this was merely an illusion, created by Krishna, to teach Narada that no one is above Maya.)

He is always depicted as carrying a Tampura (a stringed instrument) in his hands, with a garland of flowers about his neck and the divine name of Vishnu "Om Namo Naraayana" on his lips.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism


Narada, (nt.) (Sk. nalada, Gr. naρdos, of Semitic origin, cp. Hebr. nīrd) nard, ointment J. VI, 537. (Page 347)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Narada Buddha

The ninth of the twenty four Buddhas,

he was born in the Dhananjaya park at Dhannavati, his father being king Sudeva and his mother Anoma. For nine thousand years he lived as a layman in three palaces: Jita, Vijjta and Abhirama (BuA. calls them Vijita, Vijitavi and Jitabhirama). His wife was Jitasena (v.l. Vijitasena), and his son Nanduttara. He made his Renunciation on foot accompanied by his retinue. He practised austerities for only seven days, then, having accepted a meal of milk rice from his wife, he sat at the foot of a mahasona tree, on grass given by the parkkeeper Sudassana. His first sermon was preached in the Dhananjaya Park. His body was eighty eight cubits high, and his aura always spread round him to a distance of one league. He died at the age of ninety thousand years in Sudassana, and his thupa was four leagues high. Bhaddasala and Jjtamitta were his chief monks and Uttara and Phagguna his chief nuns. Vasettha was his personal attendant, and chief among his patrons were Uggarinda and Vasabha, and Indavari and Candi. Among his converts were the Naga kings Mahadona and Veracona.

The Bodhisatta was a Jatila in Himava, and the Buddha, with his followers, visited his hermitage, where they were fed for seven days and received gifts of red sandalwood. Bu.x.1ff.; BuA.151ff.; J.i.35f.

2. Narada

The personal attendant of Sujata Buddha. Bu.xiii.25.

3. Narada

A Brahmin in the time of Padumuttara Buddha, who praised the Buddha in three stanzas. He was a former birth of Nagita (or Atthasandassaka) Thera. ThagA.i.180; Ap.i.168.

4. Narada

A brahmin in the time of Atthadassi Buddha, a former birth of Pavittha (or Ekadamsaniya) Thera. He was also called Kesava. ThagA.i.185; Ap.i.168f.

5. Narada

Minister of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. He was entrusted with escorting the ascetic Kesava, when lie fell ill, to Kappas hermitage in Himava. Narada is identified with Sariputta. For details see the Kesava Jataka. J.iii.143ff., 362; DhA.i.344.

6. Narada

A sage, younger brother of Kaladevala and pupil of Jotipala (Sarabhanga). He lived in the Majjhimapadesa in Aranjaragiri. He became enamoured of a courtesan, and was saved only through the intervention of Sarabhanga. For details see the Indriya Jataka. J.iii.463ff.; v.133f.

7. Narada

An ascetic, son of the ascetic Kassapa. He was tempted by a maiden fleeing from brigands, but his father came to his rescue. For details see the Culla Narada Jataka. J.iv.220ff.

8. Narada

King of Mithila, seventh in direct descent from Sadhina. He is identified with Ananda. For details see the Sadhina Jataka. J.iv.355ff.

9. Narada

A brahmin sage, called a devabrahmana, and Naradadeva.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nārada (नारद) is the name of a gandharva god according to both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara traditions. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Nārada are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

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