Narada, aka: Nārada, Nāradā; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Narada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Nārada (नारद).—The beloved tenth son of Brahmā, born of his lap; one of the twelve, who knew the dharma ordained by Hari; a celibate; an attendant of Hari; was taught the bhāgavata by the father; and he gave it in his turn to Vyāsa; guru of Viśoka (s.v.) author of sātvatatantra; worshipped Nārāyaṇa in Bhāratavarṣa by following the course of Sānkhya and yoga; did not comprehend Hari's māyā; faith in Kriyayoga which he expounded; in previous births, he was a Gandharva by name Upabarhaṇa and a son of a dāsi.1 A devaṛṣi holding the vīṇā in his hand; called on Vyāsa and complimented him on having produced the bhārata and asked him why he looked uneasy; when he admitted his inability to explain the cause, the sage treated him to a discourse on devotion to Hari and incidentally gave an account of his own past; how in a previous birth he was a son of a servant-maid in the service of seers and Brahmanas, how he was brought up by the latter with affection, how their association helped him to cultivate devotion to Lord, how after their departure he wandered aimlessly with his mother who soon died, how he was sitting in the forest meditating on the Lord when He appeared in his mind; in a later Kalpa he was born of Brahmā as Nārada;2 advised Haryaśvās on the path of ‘not returning’ (anivartana) which they adopted; with his mind set on Īśvara-Brahman he advised again their brothers Śabalāśvās in the same way and they followed it too; for so advising his sons, he was cursed by Dakṣa to be always a wanderer with no settled home;3 accompanied Angiras to the court of Citraketu lamenting his child's death; instructed him in mantropaniṣad to realise the presence of Sankarṣaṇa; showed the king and his relations the jīva of the dead child but pointing how the ātman alone is eternal; the text of the vidyā imparted to Citraketu; went back to Angiras in Brahmaloka; could not find fault with Hara for violating Brahmaloka dharma; told Śuka the story of Citraketu; could not comprehend the Great Being;4 could not comprehend Hari's māyā;5 cursed Nalakūbera and Maṇigrīva, sons of Kubera, for their intoxicated pride; his view on the merits of poverty as contrasted with wealth; went to Nara-Nārāyaṇa's abode after cursing Kubera's sons.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 32-33; II. 9. 40-44; III. 12. 22-3; IV. 8. 15; 13. 3-4; V. 19. 10-15; VI. 3. 20; 4. 39; VII. 1. 5; 11. 3; 15. 69-73; X. 1. 61 [1], 64; 39. 54; 90. 34 [1]; XI. 27. 2; XII. 4. 41; 13. 19; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 130; 65. 135, 142; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 111; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 5-11; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 139, 146-50, 156.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. chh. 5 and 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 3.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 5 (whole); Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 67; 15. 3.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 14. 9-61; chh. 15, 16 and 17.
  • 5) Ib. IX. 4. 57.
  • 6) Ib. X. 9. 23; 10. 8-18, 23.

1b) A Mauneya Gandharva presiding over the month of Mādhava.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 86; 69. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 5.

1c) A mountain on the base of Meru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 77.

1d) A mountain in Plakṣadvīpa; a citadel in itself; Here were born Nārada and Parvata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7.

1e) A mountain that entered the sea for fear of Indra; of Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 121. 74; 122. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 74.

1f) An author on architecture.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 2.

1g) A son of Kaśyapa;1 gave his sister Arundhatī to Vasiṣṭha and was cursed by Dakṣa.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 85; 86. 48; 94. 19; 105. 2; 108. 1 and 41; 110. 1 and 61. 111. 23, 38 and 57; 112. 27.
  • 2) Ib. 70. 79.

1h) A son of Prajāpati.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 64.

2) Nāradā (नारदा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 91.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Nārada (नारद):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Śāktism book cover
context information

Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Nārada (नारद).—An authoritative writer on Smṛti, who is supposed to have flourished between 100 and 300 A.D. His work on Vyavahāra exists in two versions, one longer and the other shorter. Date uncertain. Appears to have been later than Yājñavalkya. To a Nārada is ascribed also the works on music called Saṅgītamakaranda, Nāradaśikṣā, Pañcamasārasaṃhitā and Rāganirūpaṇa.

(Source): Google Books: A Companion to Sanskrit Literature

Narada is one of the Manasaputra's (wish-born-sons) of Brahma. He has taken a vow of celibacy and wanders around, spreading the divine name of Vishnu everywhere. He is fond of mischief, and appears in many stories, starting conflict by spreading rumors.

He is one of the greatest devotees of Vishnu. He had believed himself to be above Maya (illusion), but was once tricked by Vishnu in his incarnation as Krishna, into entering married life and having a large family. (Of course all this was merely an illusion, created by Krishna, to teach Narada that no one is above Maya.)

He is always depicted as carrying a Tampura (a stringed instrument) in his hands, with a garland of flowers about his neck and the divine name of Vishnu "Om Namo Naraayana" on his lips.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Nārada (नारद): Narada is the Hindu divine sage, who is an enduring chanter of the names Hari and Narayana which other names for Vishnu, considered to be the supreme God by Vaishnavites and many other Hindus. He is regarded the Manasputra of Brahma as he was born of his thoughts. He is regarded as the Triloka sanchaari, the ultimate nomad, who roams the three lokas of Swargaloka, Mrityuloka and Patalloka to find out about the life and welfare of people.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Nārada (नारद) is first of all known to us in the medical context as a participant of the meeting of Great Seers, which came together in the Himālayas in order to find a solution for the problem of multiplying diseases creating impediments to all kinds of activities of living beings. A description of this event is found in the first chapter of Caraka-saṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna 1.6ff).

(Source): Academia.edu: The Nepalese version of the Suśrutasaṃhitā

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Narada Buddha

The ninth of the twenty four Buddhas,

he was born in the Dhananjaya park at Dhannavati, his father being king Sudeva and his mother Anoma. For nine thousand years he lived as a layman in three palaces: Jita, Vijjta and Abhirama (BuA. calls them Vijita, Vijitavi and Jitabhirama). His wife was Jitasena (v.l. Vijitasena), and his son Nanduttara. He made his Renunciation on foot accompanied by his retinue. He practised austerities for only seven days, then, having accepted a meal of milk rice from his wife, he sat at the foot of a mahasona tree, on grass given by the parkkeeper Sudassana. His first sermon was preached in the Dhananjaya Park. His body was eighty eight cubits high, and his aura always spread round him to a distance of one league. He died at the age of ninety thousand years in Sudassana, and his thupa was four leagues high. Bhaddasala and Jjtamitta were his chief monks and Uttara and Phagguna his chief nuns. Vasettha was his personal attendant, and chief among his patrons were Uggarinda and Vasabha, and Indavari and Candi. Among his converts were the Naga kings Mahadona and Veracona.

The Bodhisatta was a Jatila in Himava, and the Buddha, with his followers, visited his hermitage, where they were fed for seven days and received gifts of red sandalwood. Bu.x.1ff.; BuA.151ff.; J.i.35f.

2. Narada

The personal attendant of Sujata Buddha. Bu.xiii.25.

3. Narada

A Brahmin in the time of Padumuttara Buddha, who praised the Buddha in three stanzas. He was a former birth of Nagita (or Atthasandassaka) Thera. ThagA.i.180; Ap.i.168.

4. Narada

A brahmin in the time of Atthadassi Buddha, a former birth of Pavittha (or Ekadamsaniya) Thera. He was also called Kesava. ThagA.i.185; Ap.i.168f.

5. Narada

Minister of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. He was entrusted with escorting the ascetic Kesava, when lie fell ill, to Kappas hermitage in Himava. Narada is identified with Sariputta. For details see the Kesava Jataka. J.iii.143ff., 362; DhA.i.344.

6. Narada

A sage, younger brother of Kaladevala and pupil of Jotipala (Sarabhanga). He lived in the Majjhimapadesa in Aranjaragiri. He became enamoured of a courtesan, and was saved only through the intervention of Sarabhanga. For details see the Indriya Jataka. J.iii.463ff.; v.133f.

7. Narada

An ascetic, son of the ascetic Kassapa. He was tempted by a maiden fleeing from brigands, but his father came to his rescue. For details see the Culla Narada Jataka. J.iv.220ff.

8. Narada

King of Mithila, seventh in direct descent from Sadhina. He is identified with Ananda. For details see the Sadhina Jataka. J.iv.355ff.

9. Narada

A brahmin sage, called a devabrahmana, and Naradadeva.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

Narada, (nt.) (Sk. nalada, Gr. naρdos, of Semitic origin, cp. Hebr. nīrd) nard, ointment J. VI, 537. (Page 347)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nārada (नारद) is the name of a gandharva god according to both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara traditions. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Nārada are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

naraḍa (नरड).—m A destructive disorder incidental to horned cattle.

--- OR ---

narada (नरद).—f ( P) A counter, a chessman, a man at draughts and similar games.

--- OR ---

nārada (नारद).—m (S) or nāradamuni m (S) Narad, the son of Brahma, and one of the ten original Muni or Rishi. He delighted in exciting quarrels. Hence An incendiary, embroiler, make-bate.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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