Anaranya, Anaraṇya, Anāraṇya: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Anaranya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Anaranya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य):—Son of Trasaddasyu (son of Purukutsa). He had a son named Haryaśva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.4)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Anaraṇya (अनरण्य).—(ANĀRAṆYA). A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 236). For genealogy, see IKṢVĀKU. Anaraṇya was a vegetarian. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 59). Rāvaṇa once attacked his country whom he challenged to a duel. In the duel Anaraṇya died. Before dying he cursed Rāvaṇa that he would be killed by Rāma, son of King Daśaratha. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 45).

2) Anāraṇya (अनारण्य).—(See ANARAṆYA).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य) is the name of an ancient king, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.34 (“The Story of Anaraṇya”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat (Himācala): “The king Anaraṇya hailed from the race of the fourteenth Manu Indrasāvarṇi, The great king Anaraṇya, born of Maṅgalāraṇya was very strong. He was a special devotee of Śiva and ruled over the seven continents. Having Bhṛgu as his priest he performed a hundred sacrifices. He did not accept the position of Indra even when offered by the gods. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anaraṇya (अनरण्य).—The son of Trasaddasyu and father of Haryaśva (Pṛṣadaśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); killed by Rāvaṇa in his digvijaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 17-18.

1b) The son of Sambhūta, killed by Rāvaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 74; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 75-6.

1c) The son of Sarvakarman.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 12. 47.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.65, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anaraṇya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Anaranya is a King of the Solar dynasty and an ancestor of Rama. He is the son of Bana, and the father of Prithu.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य) is the name of an ancient king from Sāketa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “In Sāketa there was a king, Anaraṇya by name, the refuge of those seeking a refuge, discharging the debts of friends. He had two sons by Queen Pṛthvī, one named Anantaratha and the other Daśaratha. Now Anaraṇya’s friend, King Sahasrakiraṇa, was defeated in battle by Rāvaṇa and took the vow from disgust with existence”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य).—Name of a king of the solar race, a descendant of Ikṣvāku and king of Ayodhyā, who was overthrown by Rāvaṇa.

Derivable forms: anaraṇyaḥ (अनरण्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य):—[=an-araṇya] m. Name of a king of Ayodhyā, said by some to have been Pṛthu’s father.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य):—[bahuvrihi compound] m.

(-ṇyaḥ) The proper name of a king of Ayodhyā, of the solar race; according to one authority, a son of Vāna and father of Pṛthu, according to others, a son of Sambhūta and father of Pṛṣadaśva or, again, a son of Sarwakarman and father of Nighna. Those who make him a son of Sambhūta, relate that he was slain by Rāvaṇa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anaraṇya (अनरण्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇaraṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anaranya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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