Shani, Sāṇi, Sāṇī, Śani, Sani, Śāṇi, Śāṇī, Saṇi, Sanī: 23 definitions



Shani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śani and Śāṇi and Śāṇī can be transliterated into English as Sani or Shani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śani (शनि).—(ŚANAIŚCARA-SATURN). General. Śani is the son of Sūrya by Chāyā, the maid-servant of Saṃjñā. Sūrya had three sons by Chāyā, Manu, Tapatī and Śani. (See under Chāyā). Other information.

(i) Śani worships Brahmā in Brahmasabhā. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 29).

(ii) Śani is very effulgent and intense in his form and character. When Śani threatens the star Rohiṇī, great disasters occur on earth. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 143, Verse 8).

(iii) Śani will incarnate as Manu in the coming Yuga. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 349, Verse 55).

(iv) Śani is one of the planets to be daily worshipped. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 165, Verse 17).

(v) In the battle between Śiva and Tripura, Śani mounted in a chariot clashed with Narakāsura. (Bhāgavata, 6th Skandha). (See full article at Story of Śani from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śani (शनि).—A son of Vivasvat and Chāyā; attained the status of a planet by penance; see Śanaiścara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 9 and 38.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Sani (सनि) (Śani?) was born to Tapatī: (possibly ) the daughterr of Chāyā and Bhāskara (sun-god): the son of Aditi and Kaśyapa according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Saurapurāṇa 30.27-73 and chapter 31 descibes the vaṃśānucarita in an abridged form. It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives—Saṃjñā, Rājñī, Prabhā and Chāyā. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the Sun-god in whose race were born the kings. Chāyā gave birth to Sāvarṇi (and possibly a daughter Tapatī). Tapatī gave birth to Sani and Viṣṭi.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Śani (शनि) refers to the planet saturn. The corresponding day of the week is wednesday (śanivāra). The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Śani (शनि, “saturday”) corresponds with saturn and refers to the last of seven vāra (days), according to the Mānasāra. Vāra is the fifth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular day, or vāra (e.g., śani) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Among these vāras, Guru (Thursday), Śukra (Friday), Budha (Wednesday) and Śaśi or Candra (Monday), are considered auspicious and therefore, to be preferred. The text states, however, that the inauspiciousness of the other three days are nullified if there occurs a śubhayoga, “auspicious conjunction (of planets)” on those days.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Śani (शनि, “saturn”) or Śanaiścara refers to one of the Navagraha (“nine planetary divinities”), as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In images Śanaiścara [Śani] is found with two hands in sthānaka posture. The right hand is in abhaya-hasta and the left hand is in urū-hasta.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Shani, or Saturn, is one of the strongest planets in Indian astrology. He is the son of Surya and Sangya, the daughter of Vishwakarma, the architect of the Devas. Among the Navagrahas, he is considered to bestow the most riches as well as cause the most trouble, based on his position in the sky. His influence (Dasa) runs for seven and half years at a time, which is refered to in Tamil as Ezharai Nattu Shani.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Śani (शनि) or Śanaiścara refers to the planet Saturn and represents one of the nine planets (Navagraha), commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—His colour is blue; his Vehicle is the tortoise; his Symbol is the rod.

Śani is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Śanaiścara (Śani) rides on a tortoise and is blue in colour. He holds the rod”.

[Saturn (viz., Śani) is not represented in the Chinese collection. The selection of the slowest animal tortoise for the slowest of the planets, Saturn, is very significant].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Śani (शनि) (the planet Saturn) is the name of a deity from the Jyotiṣka-Devas or Navagraha group of deities commonly depicted as in Jaina iconography.—The Saturn-god [Śani] has the Śvetāmbara figure, which caronically should ride a tortoise and bear the attribute of an axe. The attribute of the Digambara is only mentioned as a three-fold thread. According to the former view, the planet is the ruler of the west.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Shani is the name of a herb (oshadhi) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D). Shani and Arka plants are also mentioned as being auspicious plants.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees, creepers medicinal and flowering plants (e.g., Shani) and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Gardens of herbs were specially maintained in big cities. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Shani, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śāni.—(SITI), Dravidian; wife; a term by which a Brāhmaṇa woman was referred to. Note: śāni is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāṇi : (f.) a screen; a curtain.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāṇī, (f.) (fr. saṇa) hemp-cloth D. II, 350; Vin. III, 17; a screen, curtain, tent J. I, 58, 148 sq. , 178, 419; DhA. I, 194; II, 49. °-pākāra a screen-wall Vin. IV, 269, 279; J. II, 88; DhA. II, 68, 71, 186; VvA. 173; PvA. 283; Mhvs 7, 27; sāṇipasibbaka a sack or bag of hempcloth Vin. III, 1710.—paṭṭa-sāṇī a screen of fine cloth J. I, 395. (Page 702)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śani (शनि).—m (S) The planet Saturn or the regent of it. 2 A term applied to an adversary, or to a creditor or dun, that is always at one's heels to urge and worry. 3 Applied also to one of dull understanding or of sluggish and cold temperament. 4 or śanipriya m A sapphire. śani udarīṃ, dṛṣṭīsa &c. yēṇēṃ See under śanaiśrcara.

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saṇī (सणी).—f A couple of pice. 2 A measure of land,--six rukā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śani (शनि).—m The planet Saturn. An adversary.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śani (शनि).—[śo-ani kicca Tv.]

1) The planet Saturn (the son of the sun and represented as of a black colour or dressed in dark coloured clothes).

2) Saturday.

3) Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: śaniḥ (शनिः).

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Śāṇi (शाणि).—A plant from the fibres of which a coarse -cloth is prepared.

Derivable forms: śāṇiḥ (शाणिः).

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Śāṇī (शाणी).—

1) A touchstone.

2) A white stone.

3) A saw.

4) A hempen garment; वस्त्राणां प्रवरा शाणी (vastrāṇāṃ pravarā śāṇī) Mb.3.19.19.

5) A ragged garment; शाणीवालपरीधानो व्याघ्रचर्मपरिच्छदः (śāṇīvālaparīdhāno vyāghracarmaparicchadaḥ) Mb.12.33.13.

6) A small screen or tent.

7) Gesticulation, a sign made with the hands or eyes.

8) A weight of four Māṣas.

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Saṇi (सणि).—The smell of the breath of a cow.

Derivable forms: saṇiḥ (सणिः).

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Sani (सनि).—[san-iḥ Uṇ.4.151]

1) Worship,, service.

2) A gift, donation.

3) An entreaty, a respectful solicitation (f. also in this sense).

4) Obtaining; तद्वां नरा सनये दंस उग्रमाविष्कृणोमि (tadvāṃ narā sanaye daṃsa ugramāviṣkṛṇomi) Bṛ. Up.2.5.16.

5) A quarter or point of the compass (f. also).

Derivable forms: saniḥ (सनिः).

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Sanī (सनी).—

1) A respectful entreaty.

2) A quarter or point of the compass.

3) Flapping of the elephant's ears.

4) Light, lustre.

5) An epithet of Gaurī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śani (शनि).—m.

(-niḥ) 1. The planet Saturn; he is the son of the Sun and represented as of a black colour or dressed in dark clothes. 2. Saturday. E. śaṇ to give, aff. in; or śo-ani-kicca .

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Śāṇi (शाणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. A plaut from the fibres of which a coarse cloth is prepared, (Corehorus olistorius.) 2. A touchstone. E. śaṇa Bengal San, and iṇ or īñ aff. implying descent or resemblance.

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Sani (सनि).—m.

(-niḥ) 1. Service, worship. 2. Giving, donation. mf. (-niḥ-nī) Request, solicitation, respectful solicitation as addressed to a spiritual preceptor, &c. 2. Quarter, region, point of the compass. E. ṣan to honour, to give, ini Unadi aff. ṅīṣ optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śani (शनि).— (cf. śanais), and śanaiścara śanaiścara, i. e. śanais-cara, m. The planet Saturn, [Pañcatantra] 50, 19 (śanaiścara); [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 52, 15 (śanaiścara).

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Sani (सनि).—[san + i], I. m. 1. Worship, service. 2. Giving, donation. Ii. m., f., and , f. A respectful solicitation. Iii. f. , A quarter or point of the compass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śani (शनि).—[masculine] the planet Saturn.

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Sani (सनि).—[masculine] [feminine] gain, reward, gift, alms; [accusative] [with] i go begging.

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Sanī (सनी).—lead together, gather, collect, unite; mix together, stir up ([ritual or religion]); bring near, fetch, get, procure; present with ([instrumental]); give back, restore, return. — Cf. apanīta, abhinīta, abhivinīta, nirṇīta, pariṇīta, pra/ṇīta, vinīta.

Sanī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (नी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śani (शनि):—[from śana] m. ([probably] ‘slow-moving’; cf. manda) the planet Saturn or its regent (fabled as the offspring of the Sun; he is represented as of a black colour or dressed in dark-coloured clothes; cf. nīla-vāsas), [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Atri, [Vāyu-purāṇa]

4) Śāṇī (शाणी):—[from śāṇa] a f. See below.

5) Śāṇi (शाणि):—[from śāṇa] m. Corchorus Olitorius (a plant from the fibres of which a coarse cloth or cordage is prepared), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Śāṇī (शाणी):—[from śāṇa] b f. a hempen cloth or garment, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] ragged or torn raiment, the tattered clothes of a Jain ascetic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a single breadth of cloth given to a student at his investiture, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] a small tent or screen, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] gesture, gesticulation, [ib.]

11) Śānī (शानी):—[from śāna > śān] f. a sort of cucumber or colocynth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Śāni (शानि):—[from śān] f., [Siddhānta-kaumudī]

13) Saṇi (सणि):—m. the smell of the breath of a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) mfn. smelling like the breath of a cow, [ib.]

15) Sani (सनि):—[from san] 1. sani mf. (for 2. See p. 1141, col. 3) gain, acquisition, gift, reward ([dative case] with √dhā, ‘to grant, fulfil’; acc with √i, ‘to go after gifts, go begging’), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] mfn. gaining, procuring, bestowing (cf. aśva-, dhana-s etc.)

17) Sanī (सनी):—[from san] f. = sani1, gift, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Sani (सनि):—2. sani f. (for 1. See p. 1140, col. 3) a quarter of the sky, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śani (शनि):—(niḥ) 2. m. The planet Saturn or its regent.

2) Śāṇi (शाणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. m. A plant from which a coarse cloth is made.

3) Sani (सनि):—(niḥ) 2. m. Service; donation. m. and f. (ī) Request; quarter, region.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śani (शनि):—m. = śanaiścara der langsam Einherschreitende, Bez. des Planeten Saturn (eines Sohnes des Sonnengottes) [Amarakoṣa.1,1,2,27.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.1,1,94.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 120.] [Hārāvalī 12.] [Oxforder Handschriften 184,b,9.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio.2,40,10.] ravervyāpāramādatte pradīpo na punaḥ śaniḥ [Spr. (II) 3341. (I) 2949.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 97, 2. 103, 5. 6.] [GAṆIT.] [MADHYAM. 1.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 240.] [Oxforder Handschriften 86], b, [44. 339], b, [14. 23.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 878.] stotra [1274.] cakra [JYOTISTATTVA im Śabdakalpadruma] prasū f. die Mutter Śaṇi’s d. i. Chāyā [Bhūriprayoga im Śabdakalpadruma] Śaṇi als Sohn des Atri [Vāyupurāṇa] in [Viṣṇupurāṇa 83, Nalopākhyāna 4.]

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Śāṇi (शाणि):—m. eine best. Pflanze, = rājaśaṇa [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Śāni (शानि):—f. [Siddhāntakaumudī 247,b,15.]

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Sani (सनि):—

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Sani (सनि):—2. f. Weltgegend [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Sanī (सनी):—f. = 1. sani [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] nach [Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. auch unter 3. sana .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śani (शनि):—(nm) Saturn-the seventh of the nine planets; Saturday; ~[vāra] Saturday; ~[vāsara] Saturday; —[kī dṛṣṭi] to be under the influence of evil stars, to be badly afflicted.

2) Sānī (सानी):—(nf) cattle-food (consisting of chaff and oilcake mixed together); (nm) a match, an equal.

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