Kanaka, Kanakā, Kānaka: 36 definitions


Kanaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kanak.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kaṇaka (कणक) [=kaṇa?] refers to “drops (of semen)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.49 (“The delusion of Brahmā”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] O dear, my semen pressed very frequently, turned into several sparkling drops (kaṇaka). Thousands of sages called Vālakhilyas sprang up from the sparkling drops. O sage, then the sages, gathered near me with great pleasure and said—‘O father O father’. They were then sternly told by you urged by Śiva’s wish. The Vālakhilyas were rebuked angrily by you”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kanaka (कनक).—A big forest on the southern base of Mahāmeru. Añjanādevī gave birth to Hanūmān in this forest. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kanaka (कनक).—A Saṃhikeya Asura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 20.

1b) A son of Durmada (Durdama-matsya p.); father of Kṛtavīrya and three other sons, Kārtavīrya, Kṛtavarma and Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 7-9.

1c) A son of Hṛdika.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 141.

1d) A son of Bṛhati.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 256.

1e) A king who ruled over Strīrāṣṭra, Bhojaka and other kingdoms.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 199.

1f) Enjoy kingdoms of Trairājya and Mūṣika.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 67.

1g) Two sons of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 189.

1h) Raudram metal, dear to Pitṛs.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 60; 11. 5.

2) Kanakā (कनका).—(River) a Mahānadī, remembered by Lomaśa performing penance at the Muṇdapṛṣṭa hill; fit for performance of śrāddha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 80.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kanaka (कनक, “gold”) refers to one of the four primary colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the name Tapanīya. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “among the inhabitants of Jambudvīpa were men of various colours live, every one except those who dwell in the North Kuru region should be given the colour of gold (kanaka)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kanaka (कनक) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Kanaka) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Kanaka (कनक) refers to one of the seven forest-products that are fit for oblation according to verse 25.59 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Accordingly, “bamboo (veṇu), śyāmāka, nīvāra (wild gram), jartila, gavīdhuka, karkaṭa and kanaka are the seven which grow in the forest. Śāli is important among them. Others are to be taken in its absence, or that of others”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kanaka (कनक) is another name for Kāsamarda, a medicinal plant identified with Senna occidentalis (formerly known as Cassia occidentalis Linn.) or “septicweed” from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.171-172 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kanaka and Kāsamarda, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kanaka (कनक):—Element Gold-Aurum with symbol Au at At. no 79

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Kanaka (कनक) refers to “(the colour of) (molten) gold”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Glory be to the Sun who is the author and the Soul of the Universe, the ornament of the firmament and who is enveloped in a thousand rays of the colour of molten gold [i.e., druta-kanaka]. Having correctly examined the substance of the voluminous works of the sages of the past, I attempt to write a clear treatise neither too long nor too short”.

2) Kanaka (कनक) refers to a “golden-colored sun”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “If in Śiśira (February, March) the sun be of copper colour or red black, if, in Vasanta (April, May), blue crimson, if, in Grīṣma (June, July), slightly white and of gold color [i.e., kanaka], if, in Varṣā (August, September), white, if, in Śarada (October, November), of the colour of the centre of the lotus, if, in Hemanta (December, January), of blood color, mankind will be happy. If, in Varṣā (August, September), the rays of the sun be soft, mankind will be happy even though the sun should be of any of the colors mentioned above”.

3) Kanaka (कनक) or Kanakaketu refers to certain Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11).—Accordingly, “Thus have been stated briefly 101 Ketus and we will now proceed to state clearly the 1,000 Ketus already referred to. The comets that appear in the north and north-east are 84 in number; they are the sons of Venus; they have large, white and shining discs and when they appear mankind will not be happy. The comets that appear glossy, with rays and double-tailed are sixty in number; they are the sons of Saturn; they appear anywhere and are named Kanaka Ketus; when they appear mankind will feel very miserable”.

4) Kanaka (कनक) refers to a country belonging to “Apara or Aparadeśa (western divisions)” classified under the constellations of Jyeṣṭhā, Mūla and Pūrvāṣāḍha, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Jyeṣṭhā, Mūla and Pūrvāṣāḍha represent the western divisions consisting of [i.e., Kanaka] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Kanaka (कनक) (Cf. Heman) refers to “golden” (ornaments), according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages in the Pine Park, the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels (heman-ratna) as an ornament on their body. You do not even wear gold (kanaka) the size of a berry on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty, surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

2) Kanaka (कनक) refers to “(the element of) gold”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 327–331).—Accordingly, “When, further, these elements of prāṇa, body, etc., [already] penetrated by the elixir of Awareness, are thoroughly permeated [by it], they are [then] “digested” like the element of gold (kanaka-dhātu) [is by mercury], by which [process] their purifier, the “liquefied essence” [of Awareness] as it were, alone remains—then that too is the state Beyond the Fourth”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Kanaka (कनक) or “gold” refers to one of the materials used to make Colours in the ancient Indian tradition of Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, five colours are regarded as the primary ones, (viz., white, yellow, colour of vilomata, black, dark blue.). Various materials are seen to be used to make colours. e.g., kanaka (“gold”). A painter can create hundreds or thousands of colours by amalgamating the primary colours

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kanaka (कनक) refers to “gold”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Just as gold (kanaka) which has been smelted and has left behind its impurities, becomes pure, and water, which is waveless [when] in [a place] without wind, becomes nothing but its own transparent nature, so, this entire world, which has left behind its aspected [nature], shines intensely, aspectless. That is the pure reality, whose essential nature is innate, and certainly [arises] when the no-mind [state] has arisen. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kanaka (कनक) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kanaka).

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Kanaka (कनक) refers to a “golden (color)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Locanī, having a golden color (kanaka-varṇā), arrow and shining appearance, Māmakī, having a dark-blue color, water, grain and a bouquet, Pāṇḍarā, having a red color, and drawing a bow and arrow, Holy goddess Ārya Tārā, having a green color and blue lotus”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Kanaka (कनक) is the name of an Asura appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Campā, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Asura Kanaka in Campā], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Kanaka (कनक) refers to the “golden (ornaments)” [i.e., maṇikanakavicitrābharaṇavibhūṣitaśarīre], [as mentioned in the Vajra-beak dhāraṇī taught by the Garuḍa-king], according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Kanaka (कनक) is the name of a mountain, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as the Vidyādharas said to Anantavīrya:—“Do not show disrespect to the holy Arhats here. There are many shrines of the Jinas on Mount Kanaka. After Your Honor has worshipped them properly, go from here”.

2) Kanaka (कनक) is the father of Vidyutprabhā, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa].—Accordingly, “One day Rāvaṇa went for amusement to the mountain Megharava which has wings, as it were, with layers of Clouds clinging to its sides. He saw six thousand Khecara-maidens bathing in a pool there like Apsarases in the Ocean of Milk. Desiring a husband, they looked at him with affection, their lotus-eyes wide-open, like day-blooming lotuses looking at the sun. Casting aside modesty at once, afflicted by strong love, they themselves asked him, ‘Be our husband.’ Among these was [e.g., Vidyutprabhā, daughter of Kanaka and Sandhyā, ...]”.

3) Kanakā (कनका) is the wife of king from Śatrudamana, according to chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā].—Accordingly: as someone said to Lakṣmaṇa: “The king here is named Śatrudamana, very powerful. He has a daughter, borne by Queen Kanakā, most superior of maidens, named Jitapadmā, the sole abode of Padmā, lotus-eyed. The king undertakes this daily to test the strength of a husband. Such a man does not come”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kaṇaka.—(LP), grains. Note: kaṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kanaka [ಕನಕ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Cynometra iripa Kostel. from the Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kanaka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kanaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Senna occidentalis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cassia laevigata sensu auct. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora de Filipinas, ed. 3 (1877)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1995)
· Kagoshima University Research Center for the Pacific Islands, Occasional Papers (2001)
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1840)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1997)
· Florula Ludoviciana (1817)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kanaka, for example diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kanaka : (nt.) gold.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kanaka, (nt.) (cp. Sk. kanaka; Gr. knh_kos yellow; Ags. hunig=E. honey. See also kañcana) gold, usually as uttatta° molten gold; said of the colour of the skin Bu I. 59; Pv III, 32; J. V, 416; PvA. 10 suvaṇṇa).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇaka (कणक).—f Lancinating pain (in the belly, loins, back, head, limbs) from strains or rheumatism. v bhara, nigha, cāla. The word differs from usaṇa, but agrees with kaḷa & tiḍīka. See under dhamaka.

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kaṇakā (कणका).—m Preferably kanakā.

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kanaka (कनक).—n S Gold. 2 Thorn-apple, Datura. kanakanārāyaṇa m A term for a wealthy person, a Crœsus or Crassus.

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kanakā (कनका).—m (Imit.) Fieriness or sharpness of disposition, temper, manner, or proceeding; sternness, severity, rigor. Ex. hyācyā kanakyākhālīṃ kōṇa ṭikēla barēṃ? tyācā ka0 kaṭhīṇa hō. 2 (Commonly kaḍakā) Rigor of severity (of weather, esp. of cold, sometimes of wind and of rain). v paḍa, suṭa, cāla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kanaka (कनक).—n Gold. Thorn-apple. kanaka nārāyaṇa A wealthy person-a Croesus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—Gold; कनकवलयं स्रस्तं स्रस्तं मया प्रतिसार्यते (kanakavalayaṃ srastaṃ srastaṃ mayā pratisāryate) Ś.3.12; Meghadūta 2,39,67.

-kaḥ 1 The Palāś tree.

2) The Dhattūra tree (several other plants as gugguḷa, candana, campaka &c.)

3) Mountain ebony.

Derivable forms: kanakam (कनकम्).

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Kānaka (कानक).—a. [kanaka-aṇ] Golden.

-kam The seed of a plant (jayapāla-bīja).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—m. (in Sanskrit gold, only nt.), (1) gold: Lalitavistara 165.9 dhana-maṇi-kanakāḥ, acc. pl., all mss. and Calcutta (see LV.) (Lefm. em. °kā); (2) = Kanakamuni, q.v.; (3) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.1.

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Kāṇaka (काणक).—adj. (= Sanskrit kāṇa; pejorative ka, or m.c.?), one-eyed: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 113.11 (verse) vaṅkāś ca ye kāṇaka kuṇṭhakāś ca; in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 94.13 (verse) KN bībhatsakāḥ kāṇaku (nom. pl.!) kaṇḍakāś ca, but read with WT for the last kuṇṭhakāś ca, and possibly before it kāṇa ku-(kuṇṭh°), see kuṇṭhaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Gold. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The name of a tree which bears red flowers, (Butea frondosa:) see palāśa. 2. Thorn apple, (Datura metel, &c.) 3. Another plant, (Mesua ferrea:) see nāgakeśara. 4. Mountain ebony, (Bauhinia variegata, &c.) see kāñcanāla. 5. A black sort of agallochum. 6. A shrub yielding a yellow fragrant flower, (Michelia champaca.) E. kana to shine, aka Unadi aff.

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Kānaka (कानक).—n.

(-kaṃ) The seed of the croton.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—[kan + aka], n. Gold, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 28; 30.

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Kānaka (कानक).—i. e. kanaka + a, adj. Golden, [Suśruta] 1, 99, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—[neuter] gold; [masculine] [Name] of [several] plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kanaka (कनक):—[from kan] a n. (Comm. on [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 32]) gold, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. thorn-apple, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] Mesua Ferrea, [Bhartṛhari]

4) [v.s. ...] several other plants (Michelia Campaka, Butea Frondosa, Bauhinea Variegata, Cassia Sophora, a kind of bdellium, a kind of sandal-wood), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of decoction, [Caraka]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of particular Grahas or Ketus, [Atharvaveda-pariśiṣṭa]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of several men

8) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) Kanakā (कनका):—[from kanaka > kan] f. one of the seven tongues of fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Kanaka (कनक):—[from kan] mfn. of gold, golden, [Saṃhitā-upaniṣad-brāhmaṇa 44, 1.]

11) b See under √kan.

12) Kānaka (कानक):—mfn. ([from] kanaka), golden, [Suśruta i, 99, 5]

13) n. the seed of Croton Jamalgota, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kanaka (कनक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Gold. m. A tree, (Butea frondosa.)

2) Kānaka (कानक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Seed of the croton.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kānaka (कानक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kaṇaga, Kaṇagā, Kaṇaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kanaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kanaka (कनक) [Also spelled kanak]:—(nm) see [gehūṃ]; see [sonā]; see [dhatūrā].

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṇaka (ಕಣಕ):—[noun] dough made of wheat flour, a premix for making different food items, esp. for making ಹೋಳಿಗೆ [holige] a sweet dish.

--- OR ---

Kanaka (ಕನಕ):—

1) [noun] a yellow malleable ductile high-density metallic element resistant to chemical reaction, occurring naturally in quartz veins and gravel, and precious as a monetary medium, widely used in jewellery (symbol Au); gold.

2) [noun] the tree Cynometra nimosoides (= C. ramiflora) of Caesalpiniaceae family.

3) [noun] the plant Datura metel of Solanaceae family.

4) [noun] the tree Butea frondosa of Papilionaceae family; flame of the forest.

5) [noun] the mountain ebony.

6) [noun] the seventh largest planet of the solar system and the fourth in distance from the sun; the Mars.

7) [noun] (myth.) name of one of the seven tongues (flames) of fire.

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Kānaka (ಕಾನಕ):—[adjective] made of, containing, yielding or having the colour or lustre of, gold; golden.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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