Kanaka, Kanakā, Kānaka: 27 definitions
Kanaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Kanak.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kanaka (कनक).—A big forest on the southern base of Mahāmeru. Añjanādevī gave birth to Hanūmān in this forest. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kanaka (कनक).—A Saṃhikeya Asura.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 20.
1b) A son of Durmada (Durdama-matsya p.); father of Kṛtavīrya and three other sons, Kārtavīrya, Kṛtavarma and Kṛta.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 7-9.
1c) A son of Hṛdika.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 141.
1d) A son of Bṛhati.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 256.
1e) A king who ruled over Strīrāṣṭra, Bhojaka and other kingdoms.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 199.
1f) Enjoy kingdoms of Trairājya and Mūṣika.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 67.
1g) Two sons of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 189.
1h) Raudram metal, dear to Pitṛs.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 60; 11. 5.
2) Kanakā (कनका).—(River) a Mahānadī, remembered by Lomaśa performing penance at the Muṇdapṛṣṭa hill; fit for performance of śrāddha.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 80.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Kanaka (कनक, “gold”) refers to one of the four primary colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the name Tapanīya. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “among the inhabitants of Jambudvīpa were men of various colours live, every one except those who dwell in the North Kuru region should be given the colour of gold (kanaka)”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Kanaka (कनक) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Kanaka) in 20 verses.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Kanaka (कनक) refers to one of the seven forest-products that are fit for oblation according to verse 25.59 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Accordingly, “bamboo (veṇu), śyāmāka, nīvāra (wild gram), jartila, gavīdhuka, karkaṭa and kanaka are the seven which grow in the forest. Śāli is important among them. Others are to be taken in its absence, or that of others”.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Kanaka (कनक):—Element Gold-Aurum with symbol Au at At. no 79Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Kanaka (कनक) is another name for Kāsamarda, a medicinal plant identified with Senna occidentalis (formerly known as Cassia occidentalis Linn.) or “septicweed” from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.171-172 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kanaka and Kāsamarda, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
1) Kanaka (कनक) refers to “(the colour of) (molten) gold”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Glory be to the Sun who is the author and the Soul of the Universe, the ornament of the firmament and who is enveloped in a thousand rays of the colour of molten gold [i.e., druta-kanaka]. Having correctly examined the substance of the voluminous works of the sages of the past, I attempt to write a clear treatise neither too long nor too short”.
2) Kanaka (कनक) refers to a “golden-colored sun”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “If in Śiśira (February, March) the sun be of copper colour or red black, if, in Vasanta (April, May), blue crimson, if, in Grīṣma (June, July), slightly white and of gold color [i.e., kanaka], if, in Varṣā (August, September), white, if, in Śarada (October, November), of the colour of the centre of the lotus, if, in Hemanta (December, January), of blood color, mankind will be happy. If, in Varṣā (August, September), the rays of the sun be soft, mankind will be happy even though the sun should be of any of the colors mentioned above”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Kanaka (कनक) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kanaka).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Kanaka (कनक) is the name of a mountain, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as the Vidyādharas said to Anantavīrya:—“Do not show disrespect to the holy Arhats here. There are many shrines of the Jinas on Mount Kanaka. After Your Honor has worshipped them properly, go from here”.
2) Kanaka (कनक) is the father of Vidyutprabhā, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa].—Accordingly, “One day Rāvaṇa went for amusement to the mountain Megharava which has wings, as it were, with layers of Clouds clinging to its sides. He saw six thousand Khecara-maidens bathing in a pool there like Apsarases in the Ocean of Milk. Desiring a husband, they looked at him with affection, their lotus-eyes wide-open, like day-blooming lotuses looking at the sun. Casting aside modesty at once, afflicted by strong love, they themselves asked him, ‘Be our husband.’ Among these was [e.g., Vidyutprabhā, daughter of Kanaka and Sandhyā, ...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kaṇaka.—(LP), grains. Note: kaṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
kanaka : (nt.) gold.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kanaka, (nt.) (cp. Sk. kanaka; Gr. knh_kos yellow; Ags. hunig=E. honey. See also kañcana) gold, usually as uttatta° molten gold; said of the colour of the skin Bu I. 59; Pv III, 32; J. V, 416; PvA. 10 suvaṇṇa).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kaṇaka (कणक).—f Lancinating pain (in the belly, loins, back, head, limbs) from strains or rheumatism. v bhara, nigha, cāla. The word differs from usaṇa, but agrees with kaḷa & tiḍīka. See under dhamaka.
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kaṇakā (कणका).—m Preferably kanakā.
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kanaka (कनक).—n S Gold. 2 Thorn-apple, Datura. kanakanārāyaṇa m A term for a wealthy person, a Crœsus or Crassus.
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kanakā (कनका).—m (Imit.) Fieriness or sharpness of disposition, temper, manner, or proceeding; sternness, severity, rigor. Ex. hyācyā kanakyākhālīṃ kōṇa ṭikēla barēṃ? tyācā ka0 kaṭhīṇa hō. 2 (Commonly kaḍakā) Rigor of severity (of weather, esp. of cold, sometimes of wind and of rain). v paḍa, suṭa, cāla.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kanaka (कनक).—n Gold. Thorn-apple. kanaka nārāyaṇa A wealthy person-a Croesus.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kanaka (कनक).—Gold; कनकवलयं स्रस्तं स्रस्तं मया प्रतिसार्यते (kanakavalayaṃ srastaṃ srastaṃ mayā pratisāryate) Ś.3.12; Me.2,39,67.
-kaḥ 1 The Palāś tree.
2) The Dhattūra tree (several other plants as gugguḷa, candana, campaka &c.)
3) Mountain ebony.
Derivable forms: kanakam (कनकम्).
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Kānaka (कानक).—a. [kanaka-aṇ] Golden.
-kam The seed of a plant (jayapāla-bīja).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kanaka (कनक).—m. (in Sanskrit gold, only nt.), (1) gold: Lalitavistara 165.9 dhana-maṇi-kanakāḥ, acc. pl., all mss. and Calcutta (see LV.) (Lefm. em. °kā); (2) = Kanakamuni, q.v.; (3) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.1.
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Kāṇaka (काणक).—adj. (= Sanskrit kāṇa; pejorative ka, or m.c.?), one-eyed: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 113.11 (verse) vaṅkāś ca ye kāṇaka kuṇṭhakāś ca; in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 94.13 (verse) KN bībhatsakāḥ kāṇaku (nom. pl.!) kaṇḍakāś ca, but read with WT for the last kuṇṭhakāś ca, and possibly before it kāṇa ku-(kuṇṭh°), see kuṇṭhaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaṃ) Gold. m.
(-kaḥ) 1. The name of a tree which bears red flowers, (Butea frondosa:) see palāśa. 2. Thorn apple, (Datura metel, &c.) 3. Another plant, (Mesua ferrea:) see nāgakeśara. 4. Mountain ebony, (Bauhinia variegata, &c.) see kāñcanāla. 5. A black sort of agallochum. 6. A shrub yielding a yellow fragrant flower, (Michelia champaca.) E. kana to shine, aka Unadi aff.
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(-kaṃ) The seed of the croton.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kanaka (कनक).—[kan + aka], n. Gold, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 28; 30.
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Kānaka (कानक).—i. e. kanaka + a, adj. Golden, [Suśruta] 1, 99, 5.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kanaka (कनक).—[neuter] gold; [masculine] [Name] of [several] plants.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kanaka (कनक):—[from kan] a n. (Comm. on [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 32]) gold, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Śakuntalā] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] m. thorn-apple, [Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] Mesua Ferrea, [Bhartṛhari]
4) [v.s. ...] several other plants (Michelia Campaka, Butea Frondosa, Bauhinea Variegata, Cassia Sophora, a kind of bdellium, a kind of sandal-wood), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a kind of decoction, [Caraka]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of particular Grahas or Ketus, [Atharvaveda-pariśiṣṭa]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of several men
8) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
9) Kanakā (कनका):—[from kanaka > kan] f. one of the seven tongues of fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) Kanaka (कनक):—[from kan] mfn. of gold, golden, [Saṃhitā-upaniṣad-brāhmaṇa 44, 1.]
11) b See under √kan.
12) Kānaka (कानक):—mfn. ([from] kanaka), golden, [Suśruta i, 99, 5]
13) n. the seed of Croton Jamalgota, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kanaka (कनक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Gold. m. A tree, (Butea frondosa.)
2) Kānaka (कानक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Seed of the croton.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Kanaka (कनक) [Also spelled kanak]:—(nm) see [gehūṃ]; see [sonā]; see [dhatūrā].
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Kaṇaka (ಕಣಕ):—[noun] dough made of wheat flour, a premix for making different food items, esp. for making ಹೋಳಿಗೆ [holige] a sweet dish.
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1) [noun] a yellow malleable ductile high-density metallic element resistant to chemical reaction, occurring naturally in quartz veins and gravel, and precious as a monetary medium, widely used in jewellery (symbol Au); gold.
2) [noun] the tree Cynometra nimosoides (= C. ramiflora) of Caesalpiniaceae family.
3) [noun] the plant Datura metel of Solanaceae family.
4) [noun] the tree Butea frondosa of Papilionaceae family; flame of the forest.
5) [noun] the mountain ebony.
6) [noun] the seventh largest planet of the solar system and the fourth in distance from the sun; the Mars.
7) [noun] (myth.) name of one of the seven tongues (flames) of fire.
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Kānaka (ಕಾನಕ):—[adjective] made of, containing, yielding or having the colour or lustre of, gold; golden.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+154): Kanaka-haya, Kanaka-tulapurusha, Kanakabha, Kanakabhanga, Kanakabhujendra, Kanakabimbabha, Kanakabindu, Kanakabja, Kanakacala, Kanakacampaka, Kanakacandra, Kanakaccha, Kanakacchapa, Kanakacchavi, Kanakachala, Kanakachavin, Kanakadanda, Kanakadandaka, Kanakadandika, Kanakadanta.
Ends with (+3): Akanaka, Avalokanaka, Bakanaka, Citrakanaka, Drutakanaka, Hakanaka, Hakkanaka, Hankanaka, Kakanaka, Kanakanaka, Kankanaka, Konkanaka, Krishnakanaka, Lakanaka, Mankanaka, Nishtaptakanaka, Olokanaka, Parmakanaka, Patkanaka, Shringikanaka.
Full-text (+173): Kanaga, Kanakamaya, Kanakabhanga, Kanakatanka, Kanakasutra, Kanakasthali, Kanakaluka, Kanakakshara, Kanakarasa, Kanakadri, Kanakapala, Kanakahva, Kanakadhyaksha, Kanakakalasha, Kanakakara, Kanakaprasava, Kanaya, Kanakavati, Kanakapida, Shringikanaka.
Search found 42 books and stories containing Kanaka, Kanakā, Kaṇaka, Kaṇakā, Kānaka, Kāṇaka; (plurals include: Kanakas, Kanakās, Kaṇakas, Kaṇakās, Kānakas, Kāṇakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 1 - Family of Camarendra < [Chapter 5]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Winning of Jitapadmā < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 2: Rāvaṇa’s marriage < [Chapter II - Rāvaṇa’s expedition of Conquest]
List of 14 ornaments < [Notes]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 17 - The Superintendent of Forest Produce < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 3176-3177 < [Chapter 26 - Examination of the ‘Person of Super-normal Vision’]
Verse 3178-3179 < [Chapter 26 - Examination of the ‘Person of Super-normal Vision’]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)