Kanaka, Kanakā, Kānaka: 17 definitions

Introduction

Kanaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kanaka (कनक) is another name (synonym) for Kāsamarda, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Cassia occidentalis (septicweed). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.171-172), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kanaka (कनक).—A big forest on the southern base of Mahāmeru. Añjanādevī gave birth to Hanūmān in this forest. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kanaka (कनक).—A Saṃhikeya Asura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 20.

1b) A son of Durmada (Durdama-matsya p.); father of Kṛtavīrya and three other sons, Kārtavīrya, Kṛtavarma and Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 7-9.

1c) A son of Hṛdika.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 141.

1d) A son of Bṛhati.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 256.

1e) A king who ruled over Strīrāṣṭra, Bhojaka and other kingdoms.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 199.

1f) Enjoy kingdoms of Trairājya and Mūṣika.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 67.

1g) Two sons of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 189.

1h) Raudram metal, dear to Pitṛs.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 60; 11. 5.

2) Kanakā (कनका).—(River) a Mahānadī, remembered by Lomaśa performing penance at the Muṇdapṛṣṭa hill; fit for performance of śrāddha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 80.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kanaka (कनक, “gold”) refers to one of the four primary colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the name Tapanīya. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “among the inhabitants of Jambudvīpa were men of various colours live, every one except those who dwell in the North Kuru region should be given the colour of gold (kanaka)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kanaka (कनक) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Kanaka) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Kanaka (कनक) refers to one of the seven forest-products that are fit for oblation according to verse 25.59 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Accordingly, “bamboo (veṇu), śyāmāka, nīvāra (wild gram), jartila, gavīdhuka, karkaṭa and kanaka are the seven which grow in the forest. Śāli is important among them. Others are to be taken in its absence, or that of others”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kaṇaka.—(LP), grains. Note: kaṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kanaka : (nt.) gold.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kanaka, (nt.) (cp. Sk. kanaka; Gr. knh_kos yellow; Ags. hunig=E. honey. See also kañcana) gold, usually as uttatta° molten gold; said of the colour of the skin Bu I. 59; Pv III, 32; J. V, 416; PvA. 10 suvaṇṇa).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇaka (कणक).—f Lancinating pain (in the belly, loins, back, head, limbs) from strains or rheumatism. v bhara, nigha, cāla. The word differs from usaṇa, but agrees with kaḷa & tiḍīka. See under dhamaka.

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kaṇakā (कणका).—m Preferably kanakā.

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kanaka (कनक).—n S Gold. 2 Thorn-apple, Datura. kanakanārāyaṇa m A term for a wealthy person, a Crœsus or Crassus.

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kanakā (कनका).—m (Imit.) Fieriness or sharpness of disposition, temper, manner, or proceeding; sternness, severity, rigor. Ex. hyācyā kanakyākhālīṃ kōṇa ṭikēla barēṃ? tyācā ka0 kaṭhīṇa hō. 2 (Commonly kaḍakā) Rigor of severity (of weather, esp. of cold, sometimes of wind and of rain). v paḍa, suṭa, cāla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kanaka (कनक).—n Gold. Thorn-apple. kanaka nārāyaṇa A wealthy person-a Croesus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—Gold; कनकवलयं स्रस्तं स्रस्तं मया प्रतिसार्यते (kanakavalayaṃ srastaṃ srastaṃ mayā pratisāryate) Ś.3.12; Me.2,39,67.

-kaḥ 1 The Palāś tree.

2) The Dhattūra tree (several other plants as gugguḷa, candana, campaka &c.)

3) Mountain ebony.

Derivable forms: kanakam (कनकम्).

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Kānaka (कानक).—a. [kanaka-aṇ] Golden.

-kam The seed of a plant (jayapāla-bīja).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—m. (in Sanskrit gold, only nt.), (1) gold: Lalitavistara 165.9 dhana-maṇi-kanakāḥ, acc. pl., all mss. and Calcutta (see LV.) (Lefm. em. °kā); (2) = Kanakamuni, q.v.; (3) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.1.

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Kāṇaka (काणक).—adj. (= Sanskrit kāṇa; pejorative ka, or m.c.?), one-eyed: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 113.11 (verse) vaṅkāś ca ye kāṇaka kuṇṭhakāś ca; in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 94.13 (verse) KN bībhatsakāḥ kāṇaku (nom. pl.!) kaṇḍakāś ca, but read with WT for the last kuṇṭhakāś ca, and possibly before it kāṇa ku-(kuṇṭh°), see kuṇṭhaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Gold. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The name of a tree which bears red flowers, (Butea frondosa:) see palāśa. 2. Thorn apple, (Datura metel, &c.) 3. Another plant, (Mesua ferrea:) see nāgakeśara. 4. Mountain ebony, (Bauhinia variegata, &c.) see kāñcanāla. 5. A black sort of agallochum. 6. A shrub yielding a yellow fragrant flower, (Michelia champaca.) E. kana to shine, aka Unadi aff.

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Kānaka (कानक).—n.

(-kaṃ) The seed of the croton.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanaka (कनक).—[kan + aka], n. Gold, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 28; 30.

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Kānaka (कानक).—i. e. kanaka + a, adj. Golden, [Suśruta] 1, 99, 5.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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