Harmya, Hamrya: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Harmya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Harmya (हर्म्य) refers to a “temple”, and in a broader sense represents “devotional place” or “residence of God”. It is one of commonly used names for a temple, as found in Vāstuśāstra literature such the Mayamata and the Mānasāra.

2) Harmya (हर्म्य) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12 and the Mānasāra XIX.108-12, both populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Harmya (हर्म्य) refers to “temple §§ 4.2; 5.19.—see dvāraharmya”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Harmya (हर्म्य) refers to the “house”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[Now the pala-verses]: Do not, O pretty one, at the end of the bright fortnight, sleep at a place open to the sky. Should it turn night, the cruel Rāhu, starving with hunger and roaming hither and thither, may eat you up, taking your pretty round face for the full moon. Therefore, after darkness, make your bed at a secluded place inside the house [i.e., harmya]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Harmya (हर्म्य) refers to a “temple”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, [...]. This (great sacrifice) brings every success and is the sure means of getting (whatever) one thinks about. I will tell (you) that clearly as it (truly) is. One should make a level canopy measuring sixteen (handspans) in a frightening forest, or (beside) a solitary tree or a single beautiful Liṅga, in a temple dedicated to the Mothers [i.e., mātṛ-harmya], on a battle ground, on a threshing floor, in a house, or (places) that are tranquil, terrifying, or romantic as one pleases. Beautiful with flags and garlands, (it is erected) to (win) victory in battle with the enemy and for other purposes as they arise, each separately”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Harmya (हर्म्य) denotes the Vedic ‘house’ as a unity including the stabling and so forth, and surrounded by a fence or wall of some sort. It is several times referred to in the Rigveda and later. Cf. Gṛha.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Harmya (हर्म्य) refers to “dwellings” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “houses (gṛha) such as dwellings (harmya), palaces (rājakula), temples (prāsāda), etc., built of earth, wood or precious objects, to protect from cold (śīta), heat (uṣṇa), wind (vāta), rain (vṛṣṭi), thieves (caura)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Harmya.—(LL), a temple or pavilion. Note: harmya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harmya (हर्म्य).—[hṛ-yat muṭ ca]

1) A palace, mansion, any large or palatial building; हर्म्यपृष्ठं समारूढः काकोऽपि गरु- डायते (harmyapṛṣṭhaṃ samārūḍhaḥ kāko'pi garu- ḍāyate) Subhāṣ.; बाह्योद्यानस्थितहरशिरश्चन्द्रिकाधौतहर्म्या (bāhyodyānasthitaharaśiraścandrikādhautaharmyā) Meghadūta 7; Ṛtusaṃhāra 1.28; Bhaṭṭikāvya 8.36; R.6.47; Kumārasambhava 6.42.

2) An oven, a fire-place, hearth.

3) A fiery pit, abode of evil spirits, the infernal regions.

Derivable forms: harmyam (हर्म्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harmya (हर्म्य).—n. A palace, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 56; a mansion, a house, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harmya (हर्म्य).—[neuter] stronghold, castle, mansion, palace, house, home.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harmya (हर्म्य):—n. (ifc. f(ā). ; said to be [from] √hṛ, ‘to captivate or charm the mind’; but rather connected with √2. ghṛ and gharma, and perhaps originally signifying ‘the domestic fire-hearth’), a large house, palace, mansion, any house or large building or residence of a wealthy person, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a stronghold, prison, [Ṛg-veda v, 32, 5; viii, 5, 23]

3) a fiery pit, place of torment, region of darkness, the nether world, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) mfn. living in houses, [ib.]

5) Hārmya (हार्म्य):—n. [varia lectio] for harmya, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harmya (हर्म्य):—(rmmyaṃ) 1. n. A palace, a mansion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Harmya (हर्म्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Hamma, Hammia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harmya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hamrya (ಹಮ್ರ್ಯ):—[noun] a big, magnificient, stately house.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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