Nandana, aka: Nandanā, Nāndana; 20 Definition(s)
Nandana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nandana (नन्दन) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Nandana) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Nandana is mentioned in another list from the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56, being part of the group named Sāndhāna, containing 9 unique temple varieties.
Nandana is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).
Nandana is also mentioned as a classification of ‘temple’ in the Matsyapurāṇa which features a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.
Nandana is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Nandana (नन्दन) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The nandana-maṇḍapa is to be built with 30 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.
Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., nandana) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”(Source): Wisdom Library: Purāṇas
1a) Nandana (नन्दन).—A Yakṣa: a son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 122; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 154.
1b) A son of Madhu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 46.
1c) A son of Śiva; father of Rantī and Rantipāla (Tanti and Tantipāla, Vāyu-purāṇa).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 149 and 192; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 27.
1d) A younger brother of Candrahāsa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 113.
1e) A temple with several peaks; the toraṇa is of 30 hastas.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 29, 33, 48.
1f) A disciple of Brahmā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 16.
1g) One of the eight nidhis of Kubera.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 10.
1h) A brother of Vasudeva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 148.
1i) A son of Vanga and father of Sunandi.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 56.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 40; V. 16. 14; Matsya-purāṇa 38. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 46. 4; 47. 3; 69. 136; 91. 6; 93. 69.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [65 (v) 12-21]; [67 (v) 34].
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 4; III. 7. 102; 66. 6; IV. 9. 39; Matsya-purāṇa 183. 2; 212. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 25; V. 7. 66; 30. 30; 36. 12.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 5; 131. 48; 133. 9.
2) Nandanā (नन्दना).—A river from the Pāriyātra hill (Ṛṣyavat).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 28; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)
Nandana (नन्दन) refers to a weapon (name of a sword). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Nandana (नन्दन) is the name of a big forest in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī in these forests.
The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Nandana (नन्दन, “joy”) refers to a term to be used by women in love addressing their beloved during amorous union, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who is high-born, patient, clever, kind, master of words and fit to be praised among women friends, is called ‘joy’ (nandana)”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Nandana (नन्दन) refers to the twenty-sixth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘nandana’ gets water tank, well, dug and gets constructed Dharamshala (a lodge for the stay of pilgrims). He is always interested in donating grains as alms . He has pure heart and remains happy as he has wife and sons.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year nandana (2012-2013 AD) will delight every body, enjoy the favour of kings and will be conversant with the meaning of the sacred hymns in scripture.(Source): The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Nandana (नन्दन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.34) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nandana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Nandana (नन्दन) is a Sanskrit word referring to a dwelling place or resort of the celestial nymphs (apsaras). They live chiefly on earth around rivers or on mountains, as in the courts of all the gods.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A devaputta who visited the Buddha at Savatthi and asked him questions regarding virtue, wisdom, etc. The Buddha answered them, and he went away satisfied. S.i.62.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Nandana (नन्दन) or Nandanavana is the name of one of the four parks of the Sudarśana city according to appendix 8 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Nandana).
According to the Tch’ang a han, “Why is it called Pāruṣya-vana? Because when one enters it, one’s thoughts (chen t’i) become harsh (paruṣa)… Why is it called Nanadana-vana? Because when one enters it, one is happy and joyful”.
According to the P’i p’o cha, “In the Pāruṣya-vana, when the gods want to go to war, armor and weapons appear according to their needs… In the Nanadana-vana, all kinds of marvels and joys are gathered and they go from one to another without getting tired”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Nandana (नन्दन) is the name of a caitya (‘shrine’, dedicated to a deity), located in the town Mokā, according to the Bhagavatī-sūtra, also known as The Vyākhyāprajñapti (“Exposition of Explanations”). The Bhagavatī-sūtra is the largest of twelve Jain āgamas and was composed by Sudharmāsvāmī in the 6th century.
2) Nandana (नन्दन) is the name of a terrace grove situated 500 yojanas from Bhadraśālā, which is located at the base of mount Meru, which lies at in the center of Jambudvīpa. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Nandana (नन्दन) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning nandana) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
Nandana (नन्दन) or Nandanavana is the name of a forest situated on mount Sumeru, which lies at the centre of Jambūdvīpa: the tree enveloping the continent of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.—There are four forests (vana) on Sumeru Mount. They are called Bhadraśāla, Nandanavana, Saumanasavana and Pāṇḍukavana. The first forest lies at the foot of the mountain and the rest in its platform. How many Jina temples are there in the four forests? There are four Jina temples in four directions in each forest for a total of 16 temples on the mount.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
nandana : (nt.) rejoicing; name of a garden in Indra's city. || nandanā (f.), rejoicing.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Nandanā, (f.) (Sk. nandanā) rejoicing, delight, pleasure S. I, 6=Sn. 33. (Page 346)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
nandana (नंदन).—m (S) A son. 2 n Indra's pleasure-ground, Elysium. 3 S Delighting, making pleased or happy.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
nandana (नंदन).—m A son. n Indra's pleasure- ground. Delighting.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Nandana (नन्दन).—a. [nand-lyu] Delighting, pleasing, gladdening; Ś.7; सोऽयमद्य मकरन्दनन्दनो जीवलोकतिलकः प्रलीयते (so'yamadya makarandanandano jīvalokatilakaḥ pralīyate) Māl.9.21.
-naḥ 1 A son; Y.1.174; R.3.41.
2) A frog.
3) An epithet of Viṣṇu.
4) Name of Śiva.
5) Name of twentysixth year (saṃvatsara).
-nā A daughter.
-nam 1 Name of the garden of Indra, the Elysium; हन्त गच्छत भद्रं वो नन्दने पश्यत स्थितम् (hanta gacchata bhadraṃ vo nandane paśyata sthitam) Mb.3.142.59; R.8.95; पुरीमवस्कन्द लुनीहि नन्दनं मुषाण रत्नानि हरामराङ्गनाः (purīmavaskanda lunīhi nandanaṃ muṣāṇa ratnāni harāmarāṅganāḥ) Śi.1.51.
2) Rejoicing, being glad.
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Nāndana (नान्दन).—a. Gladdening, pleasing; सैषा विदृतिर्नाम द्वास्तदेतन्नान्दनम् (saiṣā vidṛtirnāma dvāstadetannāndanam) Ait. Up.3.12.
-nam A pleasure-garden, paradise.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 164 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Nandanavana (नन्दनवन) is the name of a forest situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of anci...
Kulanandana (कुलनन्दन).—a. gladdening or doing honour to a family. Kulanandana is a Sanskrit co...
Dharmanandana (धर्मनन्दन).—A king of the family of Bhārgava. (Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata).
Raghunandana (रघुनन्दन).—&c. epithets of Rāma; रघुनाथोऽप्यगस्त्येन मार्गसंदर्शितात्मना (raghunā...
Devakīnandana (देवकीनन्दन) is the father of Jānakīnandana who was the patron of Kṛṣṇadeva Tripā...
Nandanadruma (नन्दनद्रुम).—a tree of the divine garden; अभिज्ञाश्छेदपातानां क्रियन्ते नन्दन- द्...
Kaśyapanandana (कश्यपनन्दन).—an epithet of Garuḍa.Derivable forms: kaśyapanandanaḥ (कश्यपनन्दनः...
Gādhinandana (गाधिनन्दन).—an epithet of Viśvāmitra. Derivable forms: gādhinandanaḥ (गाधिनन्दनः)...
Girinandana (गिरिनन्दन).—1) an epithet of Kārtikeya. 2) of Gaṇeśa. °धवः, °पतिः (dhavaḥ, °patiḥ)...
Nandanandana (नन्दनन्दन).—an epithet of Kṛṣṇa Derivable forms: nandanandanaḥ (नन्दनन्दनः).Nanda...
Nandanaja (नन्दनज).—yellow sandal-wood (haricandana). Derivable forms: nandanajam (नन्दनजम्).Na...
Amṛtanandana (अमृतनन्दन).—A pavilion with 58 pillars (Matsya P.27.8.). Derivable forms: amṛtana...
Pārvatīnandana (पार्वतीनन्दन).—1) an epithet of Kārtikeya. 2) of Gaṇeśa. Derivable forms: pārva...
Bhṛgunandana (भृगुनन्दन).—1) an epithet of Paraśurāma; वीरो न यस्य भगवान् भृगुनन्दनोऽपि (vīro n...
Mātṛnandana (मातृनन्दन).—an epithet of Kārtikeya. Derivable forms: mātṛnandanaḥ (मातृनन्दनः).Mā...
Search found 45 books and stories containing Nandana, Nandanā or Nāndana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.216 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.6.41 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Verse 2.4.125 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.63 < [Section VI - Offences: their Classification]
Verse 9.225 < [Section XXX - Gambling]
Verse 9.259 < [Section XXXVI - Who are ‘Thorns’ (kaṇṭaka)?]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 8 - The four gardens of the Trāyastriṃśa gods < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Act 5.4: The softening of the earth makes beings joyful < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Appendix 1 - The temptation of Anuruddha (visit of the Manāpakāyikā-devatās) < [Chapter XVII - The Virtue of Generosity]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Birth of Nandana and Datta < [Chapter V - Dattanandanaprahlādacaritra]
Part 6: Fight with Prahlāda < [Chapter V - Dattanandanaprahlādacaritra]
Part 12: Future Rāmas < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)