Nandana, aka: Nandanā, Nāndana; 18 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nandana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Nandana (नन्दन) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Nandana) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Nandana is mentioned in another list from the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56, being part of the group named Sāndhāna, containing 9 unique temple varieties.

Nandana is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).

Nandana is also mentioned as a classification of ‘temple’ in the Matsyapurāṇa which features a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Nandana is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Purāṇa

Nandana (नन्दन) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The nandana-maṇḍapa is to be built with 30 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., nandana) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

1a) Nandana (नन्दन).—A Yakṣa: a son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 122; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 154.

1b) A son of Madhu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 46.

1c) A son of Śiva; father of Rantī and Rantipāla (Tanti and Tantipāla, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 149 and 192; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 27.

1d) A younger brother of Candrahāsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 113.

1e) A temple with several peaks; the toraṇa is of 30 hastas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 29, 33, 48.

1f) A disciple of Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 16.

1g) One of the eight nidhis of Kubera.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 10.

1h) A brother of Vasudeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 148.

1i) A son of Vanga and father of Sunandi.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 56.

1j) A pleasure garden of gods and Indra, noted for Pārijāta;1 visited by Kṛṣṇa and Satyabhāmā;2 in the Kailāsa on the north of Ilāvṛta destroyed by Daityas;3 on the banks of Mandākinī.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 40; V. 16. 14; Matsya-purāṇa 38. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 46. 4; 47. 3; 69. 136; 91. 6; 93. 69.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [65 (v) 12-21]; [67 (v) 34].
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 4; III. 7. 102; 66. 6; IV. 9. 39; Matsya-purāṇa 183. 2; 212. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 25; V. 7. 66; 30. 30; 36. 12.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 5; 131. 48; 133. 9.

2) Nandanā (नन्दना).—A R. from the Pāriyātra hill (Ṛṣyavat).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 28; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 25.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Nandana (नन्दन) refers to a weapon (name of a sword). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Nandana (नन्दन) is the name of a big forest in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī in these forests.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Kathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nandana (नन्दन, “joy”) refers to a term to be used by women in love addressing their beloved during amorous union, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who is high-born, patient, clever, kind, master of words and fit to be praised among women friends, is called ‘joy’ (nandana)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Nandana (नन्दन) refers to the twenty-sixth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘nandana’ gets water tank, well, dug and gets constructed Dharamshala (a lodge for the stay of pilgrims). He is always interested in donating grains as alms . He has pure heart and remains happy as he has wife and sons.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year nandana (2012-2013 AD) will delight every body, enjoy the favour of kings and will be conversant with the meaning of the sacred hymns in scripture.

(Source): The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Nandana (नन्दन) is a Sanskrit word referring to a dwelling place or resort of the celestial nymphs (apsaras). They live chiefly on earth around rivers or on mountains, as in the courts of all the gods.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A devaputta who visited the Buddha at Savatthi and asked him questions regarding virtue, wisdom, etc. The Buddha answered them, and he went away satisfied. S.i.62.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

nandana : (nt.) rejoicing; name of a garden in Indra's city. || nandanā (f.), rejoicing.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nandanā, (f.) (Sk. nandanā) rejoicing, delight, pleasure S. I, 6=Sn. 33. (Page 346)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Nandana (नन्दन) or Nandanavana is the name of one of the four parks of the Sudarśana city according to appendix 8 of the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Nandana).

According to the Tch’ang a han, “Why is it called Pāruṣya-vana? Because when one enters it, one’s thoughts (chen t’i) become harsh (paruṣa)… Why is it called Nanadana-vana? Because when one enters it, one is happy and joyful”.

According to the P’i p’o cha, “In the Pāruṣya-vana, when the gods want to go to war, armor and weapons appear according to their needs… In the Nanadana-vana, all kinds of marvels and joys are gathered and they go from one to another without getting tired”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1) Nandana (नन्दन) is the name of a caitya (‘shrine’, dedicated to a deity), located in the town Mokā, according to the Bhagavatī-sūtra, also known as The Vyākhyāprajñapti (“Exposition of Explanations”). The Bhagavatī-sūtra is the largest of twelve Jain āgamas and was composed by Sudharmāsvāmī in the 6th century.

2) Nandana (नन्दन) is the name of a terrace grove situated 500 yojanas from Bhadraśālā, which is located at the base of mount Meru, which lies at in the center of Jambudvīpa. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Nandana (नन्दन) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning nandana) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Nandana (नन्दन) or Nandanavana is the name of a forest situated on mount Sumeru, which lies at the centre of Jambūdvīpa: the tree enveloping the continent of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.—There are four forests (vana) on Sumeru Mount. They are called Bhadraśāla, Nandanavana, Saumanasavana and Pāṇḍukavana. The first forest lies at the foot of the mountain and the rest in its platform. How many Jina temples are there in the four forests? There are four Jina temples in four directions in each forest for a total of 16 temples on the mount.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

nandana (नंदन).—m (S) A son. 2 n Indra's pleasure-ground, Elysium. 3 S Delighting, making pleased or happy.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nandana (नंदन).—m A son. n Indra's pleasure- ground. Delighting.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nandana (नन्दन).—a. [nand-lyu] Delighting, pleasing, gladdening; Ś.7; सोऽयमद्य मकरन्दनन्दनो जीवलोकतिलकः प्रलीयते (so'yamadya makarandanandano jīvalokatilakaḥ pralīyate) Māl.9.21.

-naḥ 1 A son; Y.1.174; R.3.41.

2) A frog.

3) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

4) Name of Śiva.

5) Name of twentysixth year (saṃvatsara).

-nā A daughter.

-nam 1 Name of the garden of Indra, the Elysium; हन्त गच्छत भद्रं वो नन्दने पश्यत स्थितम् (hanta gacchata bhadraṃ vo nandane paśyata sthitam) Mb.3.142.59; R.8.95; पुरीमवस्कन्द लुनीहि नन्दनं मुषाण रत्नानि हरामराङ्गनाः (purīmavaskanda lunīhi nandanaṃ muṣāṇa ratnāni harāmarāṅganāḥ) Śi.1.51.

2) Rejoicing, being glad.

3) joy.

--- OR ---

Nāndana (नान्दन).—a. Gladdening, pleasing; सैषा विदृतिर्नाम द्वास्तदेतन्नान्दनम् (saiṣā vidṛtirnāma dvāstadetannāndanam) Ait. Up.3.12.

-nam A pleasure-garden, paradise.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 143 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Raghunandana
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Shambhunandana
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Shrinandana
Śrīnandana (श्रीनन्दन).—1) an epithet of Kāma. 2) (in music) a kind of measure. Derivable forms...
Parvatinandana
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Bhaganandana
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Nandananaga
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Aditinandana
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Amritanandana
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Dharmanandana
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Girinandana
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