Vishvarupa, aka: Viśvarūpā, Visvarupa, Viśvarūpa, Vishva-rupa; 11 Definition(s)
Vishvarupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Viśvarūpā and Viśvarūpa can be transliterated into English as Visvarupa or Vishvarupa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Viśvarūpa means omnipresent, manifold nature of Brahman. The Brahman has different forms and shapes as the Brahman exists in every living and non-living being in this universe. In the case of non-living beings, they do not have souls and hence no action takes place on their own. There is no place in the universe, where the Brahman does not exist. The creation takes place first in the form of total darkness. From this darkness intellect arises. From intellect the ego and this ego gives rise to the modifications of the five elements which ultimately creates lives in this universe.Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 4.1-6
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
1a) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A son of Tvaṣṭri and Rocanā (Yaśodharā, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) adopted by Suragaṇas when their guru Angiras left them. At first he did not agree as Paurodhasa was not a coveted profession. Finally he accepted and initiated Indra into a mantra known as varma nārāyaṇātmaka; with this Indra enjoyed once more the Trailokyalakṣmī: Father of Pañcajanī.1 Viśvarūpa had three heads Somapīṭḥa, Surāpīṭḥa, and Annāda. Finding the ācārya giving a part of his sacrificial offerings to Asuras, Indra cut off his heads which became Kapiñjala, Kalavinka and Tittiri birds. His vadha,2 in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 44-5; ch. 7-8 (whole); V. 7. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 86.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 9. 1-5; 13. 5.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 161. 80.
1b) A Śukradeva (ajita).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.
1c) A son of Rūpavatī, and devoted to Nārāyaṇa: elected Purohita in the absence of Bṛhaspati who went to the earth due to a curse by sages: Indra quarrelled with him, and the latter repaired to spend his life in penance. Sages cursed Indra for this.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 4-8.
1d) A name of Triśiras, a son of Tvaṣṭa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 85.
2a) Viśvarūpā (विश्वरूपा).—In the 33rd Kalpa Sarasvatī became Viśvarūpā with four hands, four feet, four teeth, four eyes, etc. Brahmā prayed to Viśveśa who explained the nature of Sarasvatī as Prakṛti and made aṭṭahāsa when Jati, Muṇḍi and other sons came; after performing austerities for 1000 years they attained Rudrahood.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 36-61.
2b) Wife of Dharma and mother of Dharmavratā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 107. 2.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Ruru, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Ruru) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Viśvarūpa), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.
When depicting Viśvarūpa according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Ruru) having a pure white color, adorned with ornaments set with rubies; he should carry an akṣamālā, the aṅkuśa, a pustaka and a vīṇā. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Viśvarūpanṛsiṃha or Viśvarūpanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.217-231.—Accordingly, “that God, Lord of all, who stays within as a witness (of all deeds of the person within whom He stays) bears all the things as a crystal bears the existent things by His power in order that (His) devotees who are exposed to nescience, could get a good status. Of him (Viśvarūpa), one shall think as having no beginning, who is the lord of the worlds and who is staying between the sky and earth, externally in a gross form. He has many faces, feet and eyes marked by many (emblems) fish. Though He has many faces and bedecked with many hands, He is (admitted to) having various faces thirty-three in number, has huge divine hands forty-four in number. Brahmā, Rudra, Indra, Dakṣa, sun, moon, siddhas and Vedas are in His face above the mouth of man”.
These Vibhavas (eg., Viśvarūpa) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in. Note: the name Viśvarūpa for this prādurbhāva (appearance) is significat in that the description of the form given here is highly suggestive of the form of god contained in the 11th chapter of the Bhagavadgītā which is well-known as Viśvarūpādhyāya (vide Tātparyacandrikā of Vedāntadeśika on Ramanuja’s Bhagavadgītābhāṣya. Introduction, Chapter XI)Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A grammarian of the sixteenth century who has written a small grammar treatise called विश्वरूप-निबन्ध (viśvarūpa-nibandha).Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśvarūpa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Viśvarūpa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Visvarupa (विस्वरुप): Name of Twashta's son who became the preceptor of the gods, Brihaspati having left when insulted by Indra.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—a S That takes or exists in all forms; that is in every substance in the universe. A title of brahma q. v.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—a. omnipresent, existing everywhere; तस्मिन् यशो निहितं विश्वरूपम् (tasmin yaśo nihitaṃ viśvarūpam) Bṛ. Up.2.2.2.
-paḥ an epithet of Viṣṇu.
Viśvarūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viśva and rūpa (रूप).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 31 books and stories containing Vishvarupa, Viśvarūpā, Visvarupa, Viśvarūpa or Vishva-rupa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 1 - The five incarnations of the supreme Brahman < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Chapter 20 - The celebration of Gaṇeśa’s marriage < [Section 2.4 - Rudra-saṃhitā (4): Kumāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 9 - Boasting of Tāraka and fight between him and Indra, Viṣṇu, Vīrabhadra < [Section 2.4 - Rudra-saṃhitā (4): Kumāra-khaṇḍa]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.36 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
Verse 3.1.19 < [Part 1 - Neutral Love of God (śānta-rasa)]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 7 - Indra Offends His Spiritual Master, Brhaspati. < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
Chapter 9 - Appearance of the Demon Vrtrasura < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
Chapter 8 - The Narayana-kavaca Shield < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XLIX - Description of dasura’s kadamba forest < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
Chapter XCII - Description of the current air, as the universal spirit < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter XI - Triads or triples or tripartite om in trinitarian systems < [The om tat sat]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)