Vishvarupa, aka: Viśvarūpā, Visvarupa, Viśvarūpa, Vishva-rupa; 11 Definition(s)


Vishvarupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśvarūpā and Viśvarūpa can be transliterated into English as Visvarupa or Vishvarupa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vishvarupa in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Viśvarūpa means omnipresent, manifold nature of Brahman. The Brahman has different forms and shapes as the Brahman exists in every living and non-living being in this universe. In the case of non-living beings, they do not have souls and hence no action takes place on their own. There is no place in the universe, where the Brahman does not exist. The creation takes place first in the form of total darkness. From this darkness intellect arises. From intellect the ego and this ego gives rise to the modifications of the five elements which ultimately creates lives in this universe.

Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 4.1-6
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vishvarupa in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1a) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A son of Tvaṣṭri and Rocanā (Yaśodharā, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) adopted by Suragaṇas when their guru Angiras left them. At first he did not agree as Paurodhasa was not a coveted profession. Finally he accepted and initiated Indra into a mantra known as varma nārāyaṇātmaka; with this Indra enjoyed once more the Trailokyalakṣmī: Father of Pañcajanī.1 Viśvarūpa had three heads Somapīṭḥa, Surāpīṭḥa, and Annāda. Finding the ācārya giving a part of his sacrificial offerings to Asuras, Indra cut off his heads which became Kapiñjala, Kalavinka and Tittiri birds. His vadha,2 in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 44-5; ch. 7-8 (whole); V. 7. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 86.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 9. 1-5; 13. 5.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 161. 80.

1b) A Śukradeva (ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.

1c) A son of Rūpavatī, and devoted to Nārāyaṇa: elected Purohita in the absence of Bṛhaspati who went to the earth due to a curse by sages: Indra quarrelled with him, and the latter repaired to spend his life in penance. Sages cursed Indra for this.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 4-8.

1d) A name of Triśiras, a son of Tvaṣṭa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 85.

2a) Viśvarūpā (विश्वरूपा).—In the 33rd Kalpa Sarasvatī became Viśvarūpā with four hands, four feet, four teeth, four eyes, etc. Brahmā prayed to Viśveśa who explained the nature of Sarasvatī as Prakṛti and made aṭṭahāsa when Jati, Muṇḍi and other sons came; after performing austerities for 1000 years they attained Rudrahood.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 36-61.

2b) Wife of Dharma and mother of Dharmavratā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 107. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśvarūpa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Viśvarūpa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Ruru, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Ruru) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Viśvarūpa), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Viśvarūpa according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Ruru) having a pure white color, adorned with ornaments set with rubies; he should carry an akṣamālā, the aṅkuśa, a pustaka and a vīṇā. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Vishvarupa in Pancaratra glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Viśvarūpanṛsiṃha or Viśvarūpanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.217-231.—Accordingly, “that God, Lord of all, who stays within as a witness (of all deeds of the person within whom He stays) bears all the things as a crystal bears the existent things by His power in order that (His) devotees who are exposed to nescience, could get a good status. Of him (Viśvarūpa), one shall think as having no beginning, who is the lord of the worlds and who is staying between the sky and earth, externally in a gross form. He has many faces, feet and eyes marked by many (emblems) fish. Though He has many faces and bedecked with many hands, He is (admitted to) having various faces thirty-three in number, has huge divine hands forty-four in number. Brahmā, Rudra, Indra, Dakṣa, sun, moon, siddhas and Vedas are in His face above the mouth of man”.

These Vibhavas (eg., Viśvarūpa) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in. Note: the name Viśvarūpa for this prādurbhāva (appearance) is significat in that the description of the form given here is highly suggestive of the form of god contained in the 11th chapter of the Bhagavadgītā which is well-known as Viśvarūpādhyāya (vide Tātparyacandrikā of Vedāntadeśika on Ramanuja’s Bhagavadgītābhāṣya. Introduction, Chapter XI)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

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Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A grammarian of the sixteenth century who has written a small grammar treatise called विश्वरूप-निबन्ध (viśvarūpa-nibandha).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Visvarupa (विस्‍वरुप): Name of Twashta's son who became the preceptor of the gods, Brihaspati having left when insulted by Indra.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vishvarupa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—a S That takes or exists in all forms; that is in every substance in the universe. A title of brahma q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vishvarupa in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—a. omnipresent, existing everywhere; तस्मिन् यशो निहितं विश्वरूपम् (tasmin yaśo nihitaṃ viśvarūpam) Bṛ. Up.2.2.2.

-paḥ an epithet of Viṣṇu.

-pam agallochum.

Viśvarūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viśva and rūpa (रूप).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 807 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rūpa (रूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Like, resembling, (in composition, as pitṛrūpaḥ puttraḥ a son li...
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—a. 1) taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः (jān...
Surūpā (सुरूपा) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin...
Viśvāmitra (विश्वामित्र) or Viśvāmitrasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classi...
Viśva (विश्व) or Viśvasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa...
Svarūpa.—(SITI), an estate of the Nambūdris, royal per- sonages, etc., of Malai-nāḍu. Note: sva...
Bahurūpa (बहुरूप) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Bahurūpa is rec...
Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर).—m. (-raḥ) Siva, under a form or appellation in which especially he is ...
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप) refers to “name and bodily-form” and represents the fourth of the “twelve fac...
Pūrvarūpa (पूर्वरूप) or Pūrvvarūpa.—n. (-paṃ) 1. Indication of some approaching change. 2. Rete...
Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ) is the author of the Muktāvalī-ullāsa: a commentary on the Bhāṣāparicched...
Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—n. (-paṃ) A picture, an image, the counterpart of any real form. Adj. Cor...
Śatarūpā (शतरूपा).—Wife of Svāyambhuva Manu, who took his sister Śatarūpā herself as his wife. ...
Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E....
Kurūpa (कुरूप).—mfn. (-paḥ-pī-paṃ) Ugly, ill made, deformed. n. (-ṣaṃ) Ugliness. E. ku, and rūp...

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