Vishvarupa, Viśvarūpā, Visvarupa, Viśvarūpa, Vishva-rupa: 17 definitions

Introduction

Vishvarupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśvarūpā and Viśvarūpa can be transliterated into English as Visvarupa or Vishvarupa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvarupa in Shaivism glossary
Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 4.1-6

Viśvarūpa means omnipresent, manifold nature of Brahman. The Brahman has different forms and shapes as the Brahman exists in every living and non-living being in this universe. In the case of non-living beings, they do not have souls and hence no action takes place on their own. There is no place in the universe, where the Brahman does not exist. The creation takes place first in the form of total darkness. From this darkness intellect arises. From intellect the ego and this ego gives rise to the modifications of the five elements which ultimately creates lives in this universe.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvarupa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A Rākṣasa (giant). Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 14, that this giant sits in the palace of Varuṇa glorifying him.

2) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—The son of Tvaṣṭā, the son of Viśvakarmā. This Viśvarūpa is also known as Triśiras. (For further details see under Indra, Para 7).

3) Viśvarūpā (विश्वरूपा).—The wife of Sage Dharma. It is stated in Vāyu Purāṇa that from sage Dharma, a daughter named Dharmavratā was born to Viśvarūpā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A son of Tvaṣṭri and Rocanā (Yaśodharā, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) adopted by Suragaṇas when their guru Angiras left them. At first he did not agree as Paurodhasa was not a coveted profession. Finally he accepted and initiated Indra into a mantra known as varma nārāyaṇātmaka; with this Indra enjoyed once more the Trailokyalakṣmī: Father of Pañcajanī.1 Viśvarūpa had three heads Somapīṭḥa, Surāpīṭḥa, and Annāda. Finding the ācārya giving a part of his sacrificial offerings to Asuras, Indra cut off his heads which became Kapiñjala, Kalavinka and Tittiri birds. His vadha,2 in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 44-5; ch. 7-8 (whole); V. 7. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 86.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 9. 1-5; 13. 5.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 161. 80.

1b) A Śukradeva (ajita).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.

1c) A son of Rūpavatī, and devoted to Nārāyaṇa: elected Purohita in the absence of Bṛhaspati who went to the earth due to a curse by sages: Indra quarrelled with him, and the latter repaired to spend his life in penance. Sages cursed Indra for this.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 4-8.

1d) A name of Triśiras, a son of Tvaṣṭa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 85.

2a) Viśvarūpā (विश्वरूपा).—In the 33rd Kalpa Sarasvatī became Viśvarūpā with four hands, four feet, four teeth, four eyes, etc. Brahmā prayed to Viśveśa who explained the nature of Sarasvatī as Prakṛti and made aṭṭahāsa when Jati, Muṇḍi and other sons came; after performing austerities for 1000 years they attained Rudrahood.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 36-61.

2b) Wife of Dharma and mother of Dharmavratā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 107. 2.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viśvarūpa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Viśvarūpa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Ruru, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Ruru) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Viśvarūpa), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Viśvarūpa according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Ruru) having a pure white color, adorned with ornaments set with rubies; he should carry an akṣamālā, the aṅkuśa, a pustaka and a vīṇā. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Viśvarūpanṛsiṃha or Viśvarūpanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.217-231.—Accordingly, “that God, Lord of all, who stays within as a witness (of all deeds of the person within whom He stays) bears all the things as a crystal bears the existent things by His power in order that (His) devotees who are exposed to nescience, could get a good status. Of him (Viśvarūpa), one shall think as having no beginning, who is the lord of the worlds and who is staying between the sky and earth, externally in a gross form. He has many faces, feet and eyes marked by many (emblems) fish. Though He has many faces and bedecked with many hands, He is (admitted to) having various faces thirty-three in number, has huge divine hands forty-four in number. Brahmā, Rudra, Indra, Dakṣa, sun, moon, siddhas and Vedas are in His face above the mouth of man”.

These Vibhavas (eg., Viśvarūpa) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in. Note: the name Viśvarūpa for this prādurbhāva (appearance) is significat in that the description of the form given here is highly suggestive of the form of god contained in the 11th chapter of the Bhagavadgītā which is well-known as Viśvarūpādhyāya (vide Tātparyacandrikā of Vedāntadeśika on Ramanuja’s Bhagavadgītābhāṣya. Introduction, Chapter XI)

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvarupa in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—A grammarian of the sixteenth century who has written a small grammar treatise called विश्वरूप-निबन्ध (viśvarūpa-nibandha).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to “universal form”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvarupa in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Visvarupa (विस्‍वरुप): Name of Twashta's son who became the preceptor of the gods, Brihaspati having left when insulted by Indra.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvarupa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—a S That takes or exists in all forms; that is in every substance in the universe. A title of brahma q. v.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvarupa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—a. omnipresent, existing everywhere; तस्मिन् यशो निहितं विश्वरूपम् (tasmin yaśo nihitaṃ viśvarūpam) Bṛ. Up.2.2.2.

-paḥ an epithet of Viṣṇu.

-pam agallochum.

Viśvarūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viśva and rūpa (रूप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pī-paṃ) Taking all forms, existing in all forms, universal, omnipresent. m.

(-paḥ) Vishnu. n.

(-paṃ) Agallochum. E. viśva all, rūpa form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप).—([feminine] ā & viśvarūpī) [adjective] many-coloured, multiform, manifold, various. [masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu, [Name] of a son of Tvaṣṭṛ, of an Asura, & of [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Oppert. 3010. 6209 ([anonymous]).

2) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप):—lexicographer. Quoted by Maheśvara Oxf. 188^a, by Medinīkara, by Bhaṭṭoji Oxf. 162^b.

3) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप):—lawyer. Quoted by Hemādri in Pariśeṣakhaṇḍa 1, 159, by Śūlapāṇi Oxf. 283^a, in Madanapārijāta, by Vācaspatimiśra Oxf. 273^b, by Allāḍanātha W. p. 332, by Raghunandana in Dāyabhāgatattva, by Kamalākara in Nirṇayasindhu, and others. See Viśvarūpanibandha and Viśvarūpasamuccaya. Perhaps it is the same author who wrote a
—[commentary] to the Yājñavalkyasmṛti, and is quoted by Vijñāneśvara Oxf. 356^a.

4) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप):—civilly called Maṇḍanamiśra, a disciple of Śaṅkarācārya: Kāśīmokṣanirṇaya. Taittirīyaśrutivārttika. Naiṣkarmyasiddhi. Pañcīkaraṇavārttika. Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣadvārttika. Brahmasiddhi. Brahmasūtrabhāṣyavārttika. Compare Vivaraṇatattvadīpana. Bhāvanāviveka. Mānasollāsa or Dakṣiṇāmūrtistotravārttika. Laghuvārttika. Vārttika (which?). Np. Viii, 38. Oppert. 1646. Ii, 5070. Vārttikasāra. Vārttikasārasaṃgraha.

Viśvarūpa has the following synonyms: Sureśvara ācārya.

5) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप):—lawyer. Quoted by Devaṇṇa in Vyavahārakāṇḍa, and said to be later than Dhāreśvara.

6) Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप):—Siddhāntadīpikā [nyāya]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vishvarupa or visvarupa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: