Datri, Dātṛ: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Datri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dātṛ can be transliterated into English as Datr or Datri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Dātṛ (दातृ) refers to one who is “generous”, as mentioned in verse 4.35 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (by) always keeping to wholesome nourishment and deportment, acting upon mature consideration, being indifferent to worldly objects, generous [viz., dātṛ], balanced, intent on truth, (and) full of patience, and keeping to the great: one becomes free from disease”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dātṛ (दातृ) refers to a “donor”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Indra said to Kāma: “[...] Time being accursed, a great irremediable misery has befallen me. None other than you can dispel it. The test of a donor [i.e., dātṛ] is at the time of famine; the test of a warrior is at the time of battle; the test of a friend is at the time of adversity and the test of a woman is in the financial weakness of the family. O dear, the test of a real friend is in the time of distress and is also based on what he does behind the back. It is not otherwise. This is truth. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dātṛ (दातृ) refers to “she who bestows (of perpetual bliss)”, according to the according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya.—Accordingly, “[...] (The Command is the goddess) Nityaklinnā (Perpetually Wet). Free and desirous of herself, she bestows perpetual bliss (sadānanda-dātṛ), which is delighted by phenomenal existence. In the middle of that (Drop) is the Divine Liṅga, which is eternal bliss that generates supreme bliss, (its) form the Drop and nature the Void. Churned by both, it is divided by the six parts. I salute the venerable (Goddess) called Kubjikā whose beautiful body is aroused and makes love there. I salute the one whose name is the Nameless, who contemplates the phenomenal being of the Wheel of the Earth (which is the syllable AIṂ). Salutations to the goddess of bliss. Salutations to you whose form is the Yoni”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Dātṛ (दातृ) refers to a “donor”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If [some other man] who stands beside the donor (dātṛ) announces a [creature’s] name while a cord is being cast, then there is an impure substance, i.e. a bone of the creature of the name beneath the site on which the donor is standing. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dātṛ (दातृ).—a. (-trī f.) [दा-तृच् (dā-tṛc)]

1) Giving, offering, granting, prsenting, bestowing, imparting, &c.

2) Liberal. -m. (-) 1 A giver (in general); दाता मे भूभृतां नाथः (dātā me bhūbhṛtāṃ nāthaḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.1.

2) A donor; एवं दातृगुरोर्गुणाः सुरतरोः सर्वेऽपि लोकोत्तराः (evaṃ dātṛgurorguṇāḥ surataroḥ sarve'pi lokottarāḥ) Bv.1.66.

3) A lender, creditor.

4) A teacher.

5) A cutter.

6) A guardian; अदत्तमेवाददीत दातुर्वित्तं ममेति च (adattamevādadīta dāturvittaṃ mameti ca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.132.5.

7) One who gives daughter or sister in marriage; Manusmṛti 3.172.

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Dātṛ (दातृ).—&c. See under दा ().

See also (synonyms): dāka, dāti, dāna, dānu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dātṛ (दातृ).—mfn. (-tā-trī-tṛ) A donor, a giver, giving, bestowing. E. to give, tṛc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dātṛ (दातृ).—[dā + tṛ], m., f. trī, n. 1. A donor, a giver, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 9; [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 20, 4. 2. Giving in marriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 172. 3. Communicating, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 146. 4. A creditor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 161.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dātṛ (दातृ).—1. dātṛ [adjective] giving ([especially] in marriage), bestowing, granting, conceding, paying; imparting, teaching; causing, producing ([genetive] or —°); liberal, generous. [masculine] giver, donor; payer, creditor. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Dātṛ (दातृ).—[adjective] giving ([especially] in marriage), bestowing, granting, conceding, paying; imparting, teaching; causing, producing ([genetive] or —°); liberal, generous. [masculine] giver, donor; payer, creditor. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Dātṛ (दातृ).—2. [masculine] cutter, mower, reaper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dātṛ (दातृ):—[from ] 1. dātṛ (with [accusative]; once without, [Ṛg-veda iv, 31, 7]), dātṛ (with or without [genitive case]; exceptionally with acc, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi, 5, 1, 12]), m. giving, a giver, donor, liberal, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one who gives a daughter ([genitive case]) in marriage (cf. kanyā-), [Kumāra-sambhava vi, 1]

3) [v.s. ...] a father or brother who gives a daughter or sister in marriage, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra i, 8; Manu-smṛti iii, 172; Paiṭh.; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] one who offers (his wife [genitive case]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a creditor, [Manu-smṛti viii, 161] the arranger of a meal, [iii, 236]

6) [v.s. ...] granting, permitting (ifc. or with [genitive case]), [v, viii, xi; Mahābhārata etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a founder (of a household, kutumbānām), [xiii, 1663]

8) [v.s. ...] cf. a-, ṛṇa-, brahma-; δωτήρ, δοτήρ, [Latin] dator, daturus

9) [from ] 2. dātṛ m. mowing, a mower (with [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda v, 7, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dātṛ (दातृ):—[(tā-trī-tṛ) a.] A donor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dātṛ (दातृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dāu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dātrī (दात्री):—(nf) feminine of [dātā] (see).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dātṛ (ದಾತೃ):—[adjective] being generous in sharing, donating, etc.

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Dātṛ (ದಾತೃ):—[noun] = ದಾತ [data]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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