Carana, Cāraṇa, Caraṇa: 24 definitions

Introduction

Carana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charana.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Cāraṇa (चारण):—Tenth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Cāraṇa-saṃskāra is mainly used for transmutational alchemical purposes. In other words: the last ten saṃskāras are sequentially used for the ends of transmutational and elixir alchemy. Cāraṇa refers to the process called the ‘coursing’ of the mercury. What happens, is the corrosion (cāraṇa) of the mica or metal by mercury.

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Cāraṇa (literally “coursing”) is a phase in an alchemical process, invloving the “chewing” of the mica or metal by mercury.

Source: archive.org: History of Indian Science Technology (rasashastra)

Caraṇa (चरण, “amalgamation”) represents to the tenth of eighteen alchemical purification processes of mercury (mahārasa, rasendra or pārada). A religio-philosophic base was given to mercury-based alchemy in India. Mercury was looked upon as the essence of God Śiva, and sulphur as that of Goddess Pārvatī.

Mercury had to undergo 18 processes (eg., caraṇa) before it could be used for transforming either metals or the human body. A combination of male and female principles (i.e. mercury and sulphur) forming cinnabar or mercuric sulphide or even of mercury and mica, was supposed to be highly potent and was therefore consumed as a Rasāyana or medicine for increasing body fluids or vitality. The earliest mention of Rasāyana was found in Āyurveda which was probably composed by 8th or 9th century BC, since it was a part of Atharvaveda, the last of the four Vedas.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Cāraṇa (चारण) refers to a class of professional singers that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Nīlamata refers to four classes of professional singers viz. Sūta, Māgadha, Vandī and Cāraṇa who, according to the Dharmaśāstras, maintained themselves by lauding the deeds of others. Their mention in one and the same line indicates that some difference, may be minute, was believed to be existing in these different types of singers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Cāraṇa (चारण).—Spies employed by Pṛthu, also Cāras (s.v.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 16. 12.

1b) Divine songsters.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 36; 6. 14; IV. 20. 35; V. 1. 8; VI. 7. 3; VII. 8. 38; X. 3. 6; 4. 11; 25-31; 62. 19. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 10, 23, III. 5. 16; 10. 37; IV. 33. 11. Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 191; 34. 21; 35. 19 and 58. 47. 46; 72. 35.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Cāraṇa (चारण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Cāraṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Caraṇa (चरण) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Caraṇa (चरण).—Explained as a synonym of the word शाखा (śākhā) which means a branch or a school of Vedic Learning; cf. चरण-शब्दाः कठकलापादयः (caraṇa-śabdāḥ kaṭhakalāpādayaḥ): Kas. on P.IV.2.46.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Cāraṇa (चारण) are singing songs for the Lord, who have come down from the heaven on his vehicle Garuḍa to save the elephant.

The five cāraṇas are

  1. Uragendra,
  2. Kinnara,
  3. Apsaras,
  4. Sudakṣa (yakṣa),
  5. Siddha.

As there is a practice to give comfort to lord by using cāmara (a fan), the celestial beings pray to God and with their prayers try to make God happy. In the verse 138 of the Vṛttagajendramokṣa, which is written in Pañcacāmara metre, five wondering singers, dancers etc. Hence the name of the metre is justified.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Chandas from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Caraṇa (चरण) refers to the “root” of a tree, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Caraṇa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

s. vijjā-carana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Cāraṇa (चारण) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Cāraṇa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Cāraṇa (चारण) or Cāraṇariddhi refers to the “capability to move in the sky” and represents one of the two types of extraordinary activity (kriyā), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

Cāraṇa means experts who have attained high standards in right conduct, self restraint and abstinence from sinful activities. The extraordinary capability to move in the sky (without causing obstructions or hurt others) is called Cāraṇa-riddhi. It is of nine types namely:

  1. walk above water (jalacāraṇa),
  2. walk over earth (jaṅghācāraṇa),
  3. walk over flowers (puṣpacāraṇa),
  4. walk over fruits (phalacāraṇa),
  5. walking over leaves (patracāraṇa),
  6. walking over mountain peaks (śreṇicāraṇa),
  7. walking over creepers and spider webs (tantucāraṇa),
  8. walking over flames of fire (agniśikhācāraṇa).

 

 

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Caraṇa.—(CII 4; IA 18, 20), a Vedic school; a sect or school studying a particular śākhā of the Vedas; e. g. Taittirīya-caraṇa. (CII 1), same as ācaraṇa; cf. dharma-caraṇa for dharm-ācaraṇa. Note: caraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Cāraṇa.—(EI 3), same as Vidyā-cāraṇa, a Jain monk endowed with magical powers. Cf. harita-pakva-sasy-ekṣu-cāraṇa-lavaṇ-opamardana (IE 8-5); grazing of cattle. Note: cāraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

caraṇa : (nt.) walking about; the foot; conduct; behaviour. || caraṇā (f.), wandering. cāraṇa (nt.) to causing move or act; management.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cāraṇa, (adj.)=cāraka Sn. 162 (saṃsuddha°). (Page 265)

— or —

Caraṇa, (nt.) (of a deer, called pañca-hattha “having 5 hands,” i.e. the mouth and the 4 feet) 1. walking about, grazing, feeding VvA. 308 (°ṭṭhāna).—2. the foot Vin. IV, 212; J. V, 431.—3. acting, behaviour, good conduct, frequent in combination with vijjā, e.g. A. II, 163; V, 327; Dh. 144; Vism. 202 (in detail); PvA. 1, etc. ‹-› D. III, 97, 156; Sn. 410, 462, 536; Miln. 24. sampannacaraṇa (adj.) accomplished in right behaviour S. I, 153, 166; Sn. 1126; Pv. II, 138.—Cp. sañ°. (Page 263)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caraṇa (चरण).—n (S) A foot. 2 fig. A metrical foot. 3 A quarter or fourth (as of a shlok, of a rupee &c.) 4 or prathamacaraṇa The beginning or first part. 5 A portion of a Prakrit poem or song as defined by the choral stanza. 6 n m A foot or a fourth part of hastanakṣatra. The four parts are, according to Kun̤bi-authority, lōkhaṇḍācā, tāmbyācā, rupyācā, sō- nyācā, or lōkhaṇḍī, tāmbērī, rupērī, sōnērī. Because rain, falling under the first, hardens the ground; falling under the second, it is better, and so on improvingly. caraṇa dharaṇēṃ or caraṇīṃ lāgaṇēṃ g. of o. To seek the protection of; to take refuge with, or to cling to dependently or humbly: also to embrace the feet in supplication or entreaty. Ex. saumitra caraṇīṃ lāgalā || tē sthaḷīṃ śaṅkara sthāpilā ||.

--- OR ---

caraṇa (चरण).—f (caraṇēṃ) Pasture; pasture-grass or a pasture-ground. 2 unc Price of pasturage. 3 unc Depasturing or grazing. Ex. tyā mhaśīcī ca0 tvarita.

--- OR ---

cāraṇa (चारण).—m (cara S Because they are always on the move.) A caste or an individual of it. They are carriers of grain, salt &c. The is tsa.

--- OR ---

cāraṇa (चारण).—m S A personage among the gods, the panegyrist.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caraṇa (चरण).—n A foot. A metrical foot. A quarter or fourth. caraṇa varaṇēṃ or caraṇī lāgaṇēṃ To seek the protection of.

--- OR ---

caraṇa (चरण).—f Pasture; pasture-grass or a pas- ture-ground. Price of pasturage. Depasturing or grazing.

--- OR ---

cāraṇa (चारण).—m The panegyrist. A caste.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caraṇa (चरण).—[car-karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) A foot; शिरसि चरण एष न्यस्यते वारयैनम् (śirasi caraṇa eṣa nyasyate vārayainam) Ve.3.38; जात्या काममवध्योऽसि चरणं त्विदमुद्धृतम् (jātyā kāmamavadhyo'si caraṇaṃ tvidamuddhṛtam) 39.

2) A support, pillar, prop.

3) The root of a tree.

4) The single line of a stanza.

5) A quarter.

6) A school or branch of any of the Vedas; e. g. चरणगुरवः (caraṇaguravaḥ) Mv.1; Māl.1; Pt.4.3.

7) A race.

8) (In prosody) A dactyl.

-ṇaḥ A foot-soldier.

2) A ray of light.

-ṇam 1 Moving, roaming, wandering.

2) Performance, practising; Ms.6.75.

3) Conduct of life, behaviour (moral).

4) Accomplishment.

5) Eating, consuming.

6) Course.

7) Acting, dealing, managing, conduct.

8) Fixed observance of any class, age (as priesthood &c.);

9) studying under strict rules of ब्रह्मचर्य (brahmacarya); विशुद्धवीर्याश्चरणोपपन्नाः (viśuddhavīryāścaraṇopapannāḥ) Mb.5.3.7.

Derivable forms: caraṇaḥ (चरणः), caraṇam (चरणम्).

--- OR ---

Cāraṇa (चारण).—[cārayati kīrtiṃ car-ṇic lyu]

1) A wanderer, a pilgrim.

2) A wandering actor or singer, a dancer, mimic, bard; Ms.12.44.

3) A celestial singer, heavenly chorister; सिद्धचारणविद्याध्रानृषीन् पितृपतीन् मनून् (siddhacāraṇavidyādhrānṛṣīn pitṛpatīn manūn) Bhāg.7.4.6; Ś.2.14.

4) A reader of scriptures.

5) A spy. अन्तर्बहिश्च भूतानां पश्यन् कर्माणि चारणैः (antarbahiśca bhūtānāṃ paśyan karmāṇi cāraṇaiḥ) Bhāg.4.16.12.

Derivable forms: cāraṇaḥ (चारणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caraṇa (चरण).—nt., (1) a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7914 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha; Tibetan gdab yas); Gaṇḍavyūha 106.16; 133.26; (2) residence (of a king): rājñaś caraṇa-koṣṭhe Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.61.12, on the top part of the king's residence; so Tibetan, rgyal poḥi (king's) khap (read khab, residence, of a king) kyi (gen. suffix) khaṅ (house) tog tu (on top); for this meaning of koṣṭha compare dvāra-koṣṭha(ka).

--- OR ---

Cāraṇa (चारण).—(nt.; = Pali id., see below; = Sanskrit caraṇa), (1) conduct, practice; in Pali, Sn 162, commentary takes ā as m.c., which it could be in Mahāvastu i.177.2, but elsewhere in prose: Mahāvastu i.177.2 (verse) anupakruṣṭa-cāraṇā; Gaṇḍavyūha 333.2 dharmāṇāṃ grahaṇa-cāraṇa-pratibodhiṣu (dvandva); (2) trained, skilled behavior; practice of an acquired art (Tibetan cited as bslab pa, regularly = śikṣā): Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.34.11 (hasti- damako…) hastiratnam ekāhnā sarva-cāraṇebhir upa- saṃkrāmati, and in sequel; likewise with aśvaratnam (both of a cakravartin) i.35.11 ff.; both prose; (3) (rare in Sanskrit: pasturing, tending of animals: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.227.18.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caraṇa (चरण).—mn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) 1. A foot. 2. The root of a tree. A race, a family. 4. A portion of the Vedas, 5. Fixed or instituted observance. 6. The peculiarity of condition or conduct implied by the English affix hood, as manhood, priesthood, &c. 7. The fourth part of a stanza. 4. (in Prosody,) A dactyl. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Wandering, roaming, going round or about. 2. Eating. E. to car go affix karaṇe lyuṭ.

--- OR ---

Cāraṇa (चारण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A dancer, a mime. 2. An actor of note. 3. A reader of scripture. 4. A panegyrist of the gods. 5. A bard, a herald. 6. A celestial singer. 7. A spy. 8. A pilgrim. E. cara in the causal, to cause to go, to diffuse, (fame, &c.) and ṇic lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caraṇa (चरण).—i. e. car + ana, I. m. A foot soldier, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 5957. Ii. m. and n. 1. A foot, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 277. 2. A verse, Śrut. 22. 3. A school, Mahābhārata 12, 6369. Iii. n. 1. Fixed observances, good conduct, Mahābhārata 13, 3044. 2. Practice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 31, 2.

--- OR ---

Cāraṇa (चारण).—i. e. caraṇa + a, m. 1. A strolling player, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 44. 2. A panegyrist of the gods, Chr. 24, 46. 3. A spy, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 16, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caraṇa (चरण).—[masculine] [neuter] foot, [masculine] [plural] the feet of — i.e. the venerable (—°); line or verse of a stanza; sect or school of the Veda. [neuter] moving, walking, course, way; practice, performance, [especially] rel. observance; behaving, conduct, [especially] good conduct, morality.

--- OR ---

Cāraṇa (चारण).—[adjective] belonging to the (same) sect or school; [masculine] wandering actor, celestial singer; spy, scout.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caraṇa (चरण):—[from car] mn. ([gana] ardharcādi) a foot, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Manu-smṛti ix, 277; Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Harivaṃśa 3914; Mālavikāgnimitra])

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. [plural]) ‘the feet of’, the venerable (Name Name), [Mahābhārata xii, 174, 24 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] a pillar, support, [Harivaṃśa 4643]

4) [v.s. ...] the root (of a tree), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a Pāda or line of a stanza, [Śrutabodha]

6) [v.s. ...] a dactyl

7) [v.s. ...] a 4th part (pāda), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Līlāvatī of bhāskara]

8) [v.s. ...] a section, subdivision, [Bhāvaprakāśa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] (catuś- q.v.)

9) [v.s. ...] a school or branch of the Veda, [Nirukta, by Yāska i, 17; Pāṇini; Mahābhārata xii, xiii; Pañcatantra iv, 3]

10) [v.s. ...] n. going round or about, motion, course, [Ṛg-veda iii, 5, 5; ix, 113, 9; x, 136, 6 and 139, 6; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii, x; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] acting, dealing, managing, (liturgical) performance, observance, [Atharva-veda vii, 106, 1; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 5, 13]

12) [v.s. ...] behaviour, conduct of life, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Chāndogya-upaniṣad v, 10]

13) [v.s. ...] good or moral conduct, [Kauśika-sūtra 67; Mahābhārata xiii, 3044; Lalita-vistara]

14) [v.s. ...] practising (generally ifc. cf. tapaś- [tapasaś c, [Manu-smṛti vi, 75]], bhikṣā-, bhaikṣa-), [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa iii, 1, 12; Nalopākhyāna]

15) [v.s. ...] grazing, [Horace H. Wilson]

16) [v.s. ...] consuming, eating, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] a particular high number, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. dvi-, puraś-, ratha-).

18) Cāraṇa (चारण):—[from cāra] mfn. depending on a Vedic school (caraṇa), [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra]

19) [v.s. ...] belonging to the same Vedic school (‘reading the scripture’ [Horace H. Wilson]), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

20) [v.s. ...] m. a wandering actor or singer, [Manu-smṛti xii, 44; Mahābhārata v, 1039 and 1442; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra] etc.

21) [v.s. ...] a celestial singer, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Gīta-govinda i, 2]

22) [v.s. ...] a spy, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 16, 12; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

23) [v.s. ...] n. (√car, [Causal]) ‘pasturing, tending’ See go-

24) [v.s. ...] a kind of process applied to mercury

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of carana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: