Tvashtri, aka: Tvaṣṭṛ, Tvastri, Tvāṣṭrī; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tvashtri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tvaṣṭṛ and Tvāṣṭrī can be transliterated into English as Tvastr or Tvashtri or Tvastri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Tvashtri in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tvāṣṭrī (त्वाष्ट्री).—A wife of Kali.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Tvashtri in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tvaṣṭṛ (त्वष्टृ) is employed once in the Atharvaveda1 to denote a ‘carpenter’, with a deliberate play on the name of the god Tvaṣṭṛ. He is there mentioned as using an axe (svadhiti) to fashion (from wood) ‘a well-made form’ (rūpaṃ sukṛtam). See Taṣṭṛ.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tvashtri in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tvaṣṭṛ (त्वष्टृ).—m. [tvakṣ-tṛc]

1) A carpenter, builder, workman, त्वष्ट्रेव विहितं यन्त्रम् (tvaṣṭreva vihitaṃ yantram) Mb.12.33.22.

2) Viśvakarman, the architect of the gods. [Tvaṣtṛ is the Vulcan of the Hindu mythology. He had a son named Triśiras and a daughter called संज्ञा (saṃjñā), who was given in marriage to the sun. But she was unable to bear the severe light of her husband, and therefore Tvaṣtṛ mounted the sun upon his lathe, and carefully trimmed off a part of his bright disc; cf. आरोप्य चक्रभ्रमिमुष्णतेजास्त्वष्ट्रेव यत्नो- ल्लिखितो विभाति (āropya cakrabhramimuṣṇatejāstvaṣṭreva yatno- llikhito vibhāti) R.6.32. The part trimmed off is said to have been used by him in forming the discus of Viṣṇu, the Triśūla of Śiva, and some other weapons of the gods.] पर्वतं चापि जग्राह क्रुद्धस्त्वष्टा महाबलः (parvataṃ cāpi jagrāha kruddhastvaṣṭā mahābalaḥ) Mb.1.227. 34.

3) Prajāpati (the creator); यां चकार स्वयं त्वष्टा रामस्य महिषीं प्रियाम् (yāṃ cakāra svayaṃ tvaṣṭā rāmasya mahiṣīṃ priyām) Mb.3.274.9.

4) Āditya, a form of the sun; निर्भिन्ने अक्षिणी त्वष्टा लोकपालोऽविशद्विभोः (nirbhinne akṣiṇī tvaṣṭā lokapālo'viśadvibhoḥ) Bhāg.3.6.15.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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