Kundi, Kuṇḍi, Kuṇḍī, Kumdi: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Kundi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी) is the town associated with Varadeva, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Varadeva was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी) is the name of a Gaṇa-chief who participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“O Nārada, listen to the numerical strength of the most important and courageous of those groups. [...] O sage, Kuṇḍī the most excellent of the Gaṇas and Pavataka went each with twelve crores in order to destroy Dakṣa’s sacrifice. [...] Thus at the bidding of Śiva, the heroic Vīrabhadra went ahead followed by crores and crores, thousands and thousands, hundreds and hundreds of Gaṇas [viz., Kuṇḍī]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kumdi in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Jasminum arborescens Roxb. from the Oleaceae (Jasmine) family having the following synonyms: Jasminum montanum, Jasminum roxburghianum, Jasminum latifolium. For the possible medicinal usage of kumdi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kundi in the Marathi language, ibid. previous identification.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Kundi, Kundiya - A village of the Kurus. Near the village was a forest where lived Anganika Bharadvaja. Close by was the Uggarama. v.l. Kundikola. ThagA.i.339.

2. Kundi - A village of the Koliyans, near which was the Kundadhana vana (q.v.). It was the birthplace of Kundanagariya (Potthapada) Thera. Near it was the Sanavasipabbata where once Ananda stayed. PvA.178.

3. Kundiya: See Kundadhanavana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (history)

Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी) refers to a “vessel” or “basin”.—From about the fourth century A.D. up to recent times the water clock of the sinking bowl type (Ghaṭikā or Ghaṭīyantra) has been the chief device in India for measuring time. The instrument consists of a hemispherical bowl (ghaṭikā or ghaṭī) with a minute perforation at the bottom. When this bowl is placed on the surface of water in a larger vessel or basin (kuṇḍa, kuṇḍikā, kuṇḍī), water slowly percolates into the bowl through the perforation. When the bowl is full, it sinks to the bottom of the vessel with a clearly audible thud. The weight of the vessel and the size of the perforation are so regulated that the bowl sinks sixty times in a nychthemeron (ahorātra). Thus the time taken for filling the bowl once is one-sixtieth part of a nychthemeron, or twenty-four minutes. This was the standard unit of time measurement in India and is called ghaṭikā or ghaṭī after the name of the bowl. The ghaṭikā is subdivided into sixty vighaṭikās, which are also called palas.

Source: archive.org: S.V.U.Oriental Journal, Vol. XI, Jan-Dec 1968, Parts 1&2

Kuṇḍi is another name for the river Brahmakuṇḍi of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The Brahmakuṇḍi or Guṇḍlakamma unlike several other larger rivers which are tributaries, has an independent course and falls into the Bay of Bengal. It had more in common with the larger rivers except in its length where it resembles the minor rivers. On either side of the holy river (viz., Kuṇḍi), flourished kingdoms of the Yādavas of Addanki and of the Reḍḍis subsequently. Centres of pilgrimage, eg., Kanuparti had their heyday. The region and the river are celebrated in the records and literature of the Reḍḍis and relics of bygone glory are seen even today.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

1) Kuṇḍī is the name of a village mentioned in the “Miraj plates of Mārasiṃha”. Kuṇḍī represents the region round modern Belgaon.

2) Kuṇḍi is the name of a country mentioned in the “Tālale plates of Gaṇḍarāditya ”. Accordingly, “That Gaṇḍaradeva, the lord of the maṇḍala, is shining on the earth—being surprised by the marvellous and fierce stroke of whose sword, king Daṇḍabrahman, the lord of the Kuṇḍi country, went to the abode of gods (i.e. died), leaving here his extremely lovely kingdom and matchless fortune acquired by his arm”.

3) Kuṇḍi is also mentioned as a village in the “Kolhāpur plates of Gaṇḍarāditya”. Kuṇḍi was the ancient name of the Belgaon region.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kūṇḍi.—(EI 23), a land measure. Note: kūṇḍi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṇḍī : (f.) a pitcher; water-jug.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuṇḍi, (f.) (=kuṇḍikā) a pail or pot, in phrase kuṇḍipaddhana giving a pailful of milk J. VI, 504 (Kern, Toev. s. v. compares phrase Sk. kāṃsy’ôpadohana & proposes reading kuṇḍ’opadohana. See also kaṃsupadhāraṇa). (Page 220)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṇḍī (कुंडी).—f (S) A vessel of stone or earth (for grinding snuff, bhang &c.) 2 A jar of a wide open mouth and tapering; a flower-pot &c.

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kundī (कुंदी).—f ( H) Calendering or mangling of cloth. 2 Kneading and rubbing (of clothes in washing). 3 fig. A sound beating. v kāḍha, gājava g. of o.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṇḍī (कुंडी).—f A flower pot. A vessel of stone or earth.

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kundī (कुंदी).—f Mangling of cloth. Fig. A sound beating.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी).—[cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 1.112]

1) A bowl-shaped vessel, a basin, bowl.

2) A round hole in the ground for receiving and preserving water. बलं नागसहस्रस्य यस्मि- न्कुण्डे प्रतिष्ठितम् (balaṃ nāgasahasrasya yasmi- nkuṇḍe pratiṣṭhitam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.128.68.

3) A hole in general; अग्निकुण्डम् (agnikuṇḍam).

4) A pool, well; especially one consecrated to some deity or holy purpose.

5) The bowl of a mendicant.

6) A water-jar (kamaṇḍalu).

-ḍaḥ (-ḍā f.) A son born in adultery, the son of a woman by a man other than her husband while the husband is alive; पत्यौ जीवति कुण्डः स्यात् (patyau jīvati kuṇḍaḥ syāt) Manusmṛti 3.174; Y.1.22.

-ṇḍā An epithet of Durgā.

See also (synonyms): kuṇḍa.

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Kuṇḍi (कुण्डि) or Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी).—a. Strong, powerful.

-raḥ A man.

See also (synonyms): kuṇḍīra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी):—[from kuṇḍa] f. ([Pāṇini 4-1, 42]) a bowl, pitcher, pot, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi; Prasannarāghava]

2) Kuṇḍi (कुण्डि):—[from kuṇḍa] m. or f. a waterjar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuṇḍī (कुण्डी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuṃḍī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kundi in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a hasp; an ironchain fixed in a door (for locking purposes); see [kumdi; —khatakhatana/khadakhadana] to rattle the chain (signifying a request to open the door); —[lagana] to bolt, to fasten the door-chain..—kundi (कुंडी) is alternatively transliterated as Kuṃḍī.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kuṃḍī (कुंडी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuṇḍī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṃḍi (ಕುಂಡಿ):—[noun] = ಕುಂಡೆ [kumde]1.

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Kuṃḍi (ಕುಂಡಿ):—[noun] a small water-carrier made of coconut-shell.

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Kuṃḍi (ಕುಂಡಿ):—[noun] Śiva, the holder of Gaṃgā, the celestial river, on his head.

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Kuṃdi (ಕುಂದಿ):—[noun] = ಕುಂದ [kumda]2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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